2018 Ethiopian presidential election

A snap presidential election was held in Ethiopia on 25 October 2018, prompted by the resignation of incumbent Mulatu Teshome.[1][2] It was the fifth presidential election of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to elect the country's fourth president.[3]

2018 Ethiopian presidential election

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  Sahle-Work Zewde.jpg
Nominee Sahle-Work Zewde
Party Independent
Electoral vote 659 (unanimous)[citation needed]

President before election

Mulatu Teshome

Elected President

Sahle-Work Zewde

Diplomat Sahle-Work Zewde was elected without contest to a six-year term, becoming Ethiopia's first non-royal female head of state[4][5] and the first female head of state since the death of Empress Zewditu in 1930.[1]

Background and electoral processEdit

As a parliamentary republic, most administrative power and the effective ability is vested in the prime minister and his government, rather than the president, leaving the president as primarily a figurehead executive. However, the president retains significant Reserve powers granted by the constitution.[citation needed]

A presidential candidate is required to be elected by a joint session of the upper house and lower house of the Ethiopian parliament, the Federal Parliamentary Assembly, the House of Federation and the House of People's Representatives, respectively.[6]

The outgoing President, Mulatu Teshome had been elected in 2013 to a six-year term ending in 2019, but resigned for unspecified reasons, necessitating an early election.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Sahle-Work Zewde named Ethiopia's first woman president". Al Jazeera English. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Ethiopian President Mulatu Teshome resigns amid Cabinet reshuffle, state media says". www.msn.com. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Ethiopia Election Guide". International Elections Guide. IFES. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Ethiopia gets first female president". BBC News. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  5. ^ Adebayo, Bukola. "Ethiopia appoints its first female president". CNN. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Ethiopian president reelected for new six-year-term" Archived 11 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine, AFP, 9 October 2007.