The 2017 Peru Census was a detailed enumeration and twelfth national population census of Peru. It was conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática[3] on Sunday, October 22, 2017. Its full name in Spanish is XII Censo de Población, VII de Vivienda y III de Comunidades Indígenas. The previous census performed in Peru was the 2007 Census.

Twelfth census of Peru
General information
CountryPeru
Date takenOctober 22, 2017 (2017-10-22)
Total population31 800 000 [1][2]
Percent changeIncrease
Most populous regionLima
Least populous regionMadre de Dios

QuestionsEdit

The census form had 47 questions referring to households and basic services, housing, methods of travel and formation of families; such as gender, disability and ethnicity.[4] A question on ethnic self-identification was included in the 2017 census.[5][6]

ResultsEdit

 
President of Peru Pedro Pablo Kuczynski inviting the population to participate in the 2017 census.

PopulationEdit

Comparison between the 2007 and 2017 census.

Population by region[7]
Region Population
2007
Population
2017
Change
  Lima 8,442,409 9,485,405 1,042,996  
  Piura 1,676,315 1,856,809 180,494  
  La Libertad 1,617,050 1,778,080 161,030  
  Arequipa 1,152,303 1,382,730 230,427  
  Cajamarca 1,387,809 1,341,012 −46,797  
  Junín 1,225,474 1,246,038 20,564  
  Cusco 1,171,403 1,205,527 34,124  
  Lambayeque 1,112,868 1,197,260 84,392  
  Puno 1,268,441 1,172,697 −95,744 
  Ancash 1,063,459 1,083,519 20,060  
  Callao 879,679 994,494 114,815  
  Loreto 891,732 883,510 −8,222  
  Ica 711,932 850,765 138,833  
  San Martín 728,808 813,381 84,573 
  Huánuco 762,223 721,047 −41,176  
  Ayacucho 612,489 616,176 3,687  
  Ucayali 432,159 496,459 64,300  
  Apurímac 404,190 405,759 1,569  
  Amazonas 375,993 379,384 3,391  
  Huancavelica 454,797 347,639 −107,158  
  Tacna 288,781 329,332 40,551  
  Pasco 280,449 254,065 −26,384  
  Tumbes 200,306 224,863 24,557  
  Moquegua 161,533 174,863 13,330  
  Madre de Dios 109,555 141,070 31,515  
  Peru 27,412,157 29,381,884 1,969,727  

Ethnic group and religionEdit

Self-identified ethnicityEdit

Responses are for the population of 12 years old and above.

Ethnic group Population Percentage
Mestizo 13,965,254 60.2%
Quechua 5,176,809 22.3%
White 1,366,931 5.9%
Afro-descendant 828,841 3.6%
Aymara 548,292 2.4%
Native or indigenous to the Amazon 79,266 0.3%
Asháninka 55,489 0.2%
Part of another Indigenous 49,838 0.2%
Aguaruna/Awajún 37,690 0.2%
Shipibo-Conibo/Konibo 25,222 0.1%
Japanese (Nikkei) 22,534 0.1%
Chinese (Tusan) 14,307 0.1%
Other 254,892 1.1%
Don’t know / no response 771,026 3.3%
Total 23,196,391 100.0%
Source:INEI[7]

ReligionEdit

Distribution of religious denominations.[8]

Religion Population Percentage Change
2007-2017
Catholic 17,635,339 76.0%   4.0%
Evangelical 3,264,819 14.1%   25.3%
Total, other 1,115,872 4.8%   64.3%
    Christian 381,031 1.64% -
    Adventists 353,430 1.52% -
    Jehovah's Witnesses 173,602 0.75% -
    Mormon 113,659 0.49% -
    Other 94,150 0.41% -
No religion 1,180,361 5.1%   94.0%
Total 23,196,391 100.0%   11.3%

Note: ‘Other’ religions such as Buddhist, Hindu, Islam.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "INEI realizará censos de población y vivienda en setiembre de este año". Andina. 27 January 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  2. ^ El INEI estima que 31 millones 800 mil peruanos serán censados este domingo.
  3. ^ "Mediante una aplicación, afroperuanos podrán participar en el Censo Virtual Afroperuano". La República. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Censo Nacional 2017: la orden de inamovilidad y otros detalles a tener en cuenta". El Comercio. 3 August 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Se instaló el Comité Técnico sobre Estadísticas Étnicas con participación de organizaciones indígenas y afroperuanas". cultura.gob.pe. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  6. ^ "INEI incluirá por primera vez dos preguntas de autoidentificación étnica en Censo 2017". Gestión. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Perú: Perfil Sociodemográfico" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática: 214. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "Más de medio millón de peruanos se convirtieron en evangélicos durante los últimos 10 años". El Antídoto.pe. October 1, 2018. Archived from the original on November 19, 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2018.