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2017–18 Basketball Champions League

The 2017–18 Basketball Champions League was the second season of the Basketball Champions League (BCL), a European-wide professional basketball competition for clubs, that was launched by FIBA. The competition began on 19 September 2017, with the qualifying rounds, and concluded on 6 May 2018.

Basketball Champions League
Award ceremony - Basketball - Special Olympics 2011 (5898972026).jpg
Competition details
Season 2017–18
Teams 32 (competition proper)
56 (qualifying)
Dates 19 September – 2 October 2017
(qualifying)
10 October 2017 – 6 May 2018
(competition proper)
Final positions
Champions Greece AEK Athens (1st title)
Runners-up France Monaco
Third place Spain UCAM Murcia
Fourth place Germany MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg
Awards
MVP United States Manny Harris
Final Four MVP United States Mike Green
Statistical leaders
Index Rating United States D. J. Kennedy
21.4
Points United States D. J. Kennedy
19.0
Rebounds United States D. J. Kennedy
9.0
Assists Montenegro Omar Cook
7.2
Records
Winning streak 13 games
Monaco
Highest attendance 17,984
Monaco 94–100 AEK Athens
(6 May 2018)

The Final Four, which was held 4–6 May, was hosted at the Olympic Indoor Hall in Athens, Greece. Hosts AEK Athens won their first Champions League title after defeating Monaco in the final. UCAM Murcia finished in third place while MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg was fourth.

Contents

Format changesEdit

For the 2017–18 season, the league went back to the initial format of the 2016–17 season, which includes a regular season of four groups of eight teams, followed by a knock-out stage. 24 teams will be qualified directly, while eight teams will come from the three qualifying rounds that will be implemented. In the Round of 16 and quarterfinals, two-legged series will be played, and the season will be capped off with the Final Four.[1]

Eligibility of playersEdit

FIBA agreed to adopt eligibility rules, forcing the clubs to have at least 5 home-grown players in rosters of 11 or 12 players, or at least four, if the team has got less players.[1]

Team allocationEdit

A total of 56 teams (of which 20 were champions) from 32 countries participated in the 2017–18 Basketball Champions League.[2]

TeamsEdit

The labels in the parentheses show how each team qualified for the place of its starting round (TH: Basketball Champions League title holders; FEC: FIBA Europe Cup title holders):

  • 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, etc.: League position after eventual Playoffs
  • RW: Regular season winners
  • CW: Cup winners
Regular season
  Élan Chalon (1st)   Umana Reyer Venezia (1st)   EWE Baskets Oldenburg (2nd)   Hapoel Unet Holon (RW)
  SIG Strasbourg (2nd)   Sidigas Scandone (4th)   medi Bayreuth (5th)   Ventspils (2nd)
  Monaco (RW)[Note FRA]   Dinamo Sassari (5th)   Iberostar TenerifeTH (5th)   Neptūnas (4th)
  AEK Athens (3rd)   Beşiktaş Sompo Japan (2nd)   UCAM Murcia (9th)   Stelmet Enea Zielona Góra (1st)
  Aris (4th)   Banvit (5th)   Oostende (1st)   Enisey (6th)
  PAOK (5th)   Gaziantep (7th)   ČEZ Nymburk (1st)   Petrol Olimpija (1st)
Third qualifying round
  Basic-Fit Brussels (2nd)   Telekom Baskets Bonn (7th)   Juventus (5th)   Movistar Estudiantes (11th)
  Nanterre 92FEC (CW)   SikeliArchivi Capo d'Orlando (8th)   Rosa Radom (6th)   Pınar Karşıyaka (9th)
Second qualifying round
  Lukoil Academic (1st)   Kataja (1st)   Mornar (2nd)   Nizhny Novgorod (9th)
  Bakken Bears (1st)   Alba Fehérvár (1st)   U-BT Cluj-Napoca (1st)   Budivelnyk (1st)
First qualifying round
  ece Bulls Kapfenberg (1st)   Keravnos (1st)   Sigal Prishtina (1st)   Benfica (1st)
  Tsmoki-Minsk (1st)   Kalev/Cramo (1st)   Vytautas (6th)   Avtodor (10th)
  Telenet Giants Antwerp (3rd)   Dinamo Tbilisi (1st)   Karpoš Sokoli (2nd)   Divina Seguros Joventut (14th)
  Bosna (2nd)   MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg (8th)   Donar (1st)   Luleå (1st)
Notes
  1. ^ France (FRA): Monaco are a club based in Monaco (which does not qualify for European competitions), but participated in European competitions through one of the berths for France (any coefficient points they earn count toward France).

Round and draw datesEdit

The schedule of the competition is as follows (all draws are held at the FIBA headquarters in Mies, Switzerland, unless stated otherwise):[3]

Phase Round Draw date First leg Second leg
Qualifying rounds First qualifying round 11 July 2017 19 September 2017 21 September 2017
Second qualifying round 24 September 2017 26 September 2017
Third qualifying round 29 September 2017 2 October 2017
Regular season Matchday 1 10–11 October 2017
Matchday 2 17–18 October 2017
Matchday 3 24–25 October 2017
Matchday 4 31 October–1 November 2017
Matchday 5 7–8 November 2017
Matchday 6 14–15 November 2017
Matchday 7 5–6 December 2017
Matchday 8 12–13 December 2017
Matchday 9 19–20 December 2017
Matchday 10 9–10 January 2018
Matchday 11 16–17 January 2018
Matchday 12 23–24 January 2018
Matchday 13 30–31 January 2018
Matchday 14 6–7 February 2018
Play-offs Round of 16 14 February 2018 6–7 March 2018 13–14 March 2018
Quarter-finals 27–28 March 2018 3–4 April 2018
Final Four Semi-finals 12 April 2018 4 May 2018
Final 6 May 2018

Qualifying roundsEdit

The draw for the qualifying rounds was held on 11 July 2017, at the FIBA headquarters in Mies, Switzerland.[4][5]

In the qualifying rounds, teams are divided into seeded and unseeded teams, based on their club coefficients, and then drawn into two-legged home-and-away ties. Teams from the same country cannot be drawn against each other. However, 19 of 24 losing teams enter the 2017–18 FIBA Europe Cup regular season.

First qualifying roundEdit

A total of 16 teams played in the first qualifying round. The first legs were played on 19 September, and the second legs were played on 21 September 2017.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Dinamo Tbilisi   126–158   Divina Seguros Joventut 60–72 66–86
Keravnos   139–146   Avtodor 72–83 67–63
Bosna   118–187   MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg 59–85 59–102
Karpoš Sokoli   160–165   Kalev/Cramo 79–87 81–78
Donar   159–138   Vytautas 75–77 84–61
Sigal Prishtina   124–146   Tsmoki-Minsk 50–57 74–89
ece Bulls Kapfenberg   134–142   Benfica 72–75 62–67
Luleå   153–164   Telenet Giants Antwerp 79–81 74–83

Second qualifying roundEdit

A total of 16 teams played in the second qualifying round: eight teams which enter in this round, and the eight winners of the first qualifying round. The first legs were played on 24 September, and the second legs were played on 26 September 2017.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Kalev/Cramo   142–150   Alba Fehérvár 78–71 64–79
Divina Seguros Joventut   146–150   Kataja 75–79 71–71
Telenet Giants Antwerp   156–149   Nizhny Novgorod 90–87 66–62
Avtodor   158–132   Mornar 88–70 70–62
Benfica   153–178   Lukoil Academic 82–91 71–87
MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg   166–149   U-BT Cluj-Napoca 78–72 88–77
Donar   169–163   Bakken Bears 78–80 91–83
Tsmoki-Minsk   129–117   Budivelnyk 69–64 60–53

Third qualifying roundEdit

A total of 16 teams played in the third qualifying round: Eight teams which enter in this round, and the eight winners of the second qualifying round. The first legs was played on 29 September, and the second legs were played on 2 October 2017.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Tsmoki-Minsk   143–148   Nanterre 92 68–68 75–80
Telenet Giants Antwerp   145–152   Rosa Radom 75–69 70–83
Avtodor   129–161   SikeliArchivi Capo d'Orlando 70–69 59–92
Lukoil Academic   160–168   Juventus 81–82 79–86
Kataja   151–175   Telekom Baskets Bonn 70–90 81–85
Donar   145–153   Movistar Estudiantes 76–76 69–77
Alba Fehérvár   164–171   Pınar Karşıyaka 92–90 72–81
MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg   160–109   Basic-Fit Brussels 85–59 75–50

Regular seasonEdit

Location of teams of the 2017–18 Basketball Champions League regular season.
  Red: Group A;   Green: Group B;   Blue: Group C;   Yellow: Group D.

The draw for the regular season was held on 11 July 2017, at the FIBA headquarters in Mies, Switzerland.[4][5]

The 32 teams are drawn into four groups of eight, with the restriction that teams from the same country cannot be drawn against each other. In each group, teams play against each other home-and-away, in a round-robin format. The group winners, runners-up, third-placed teams and fourth-placed teams, advance to the round of 16, while the fifth-placed teams and sixth-placed teams enter the 2017–18 FIBA Europe Cup round of 16.

A total of 32 teams play in the regular season: 24 teams which enter in this stage, and the 8 winners of the third qualifying round. The match-days will be on 10–11 October, 17–18 October, 24–25 October, 31 October–1 November, 7–8 November, 14–15 November, 5–6 December, 12–13 December, 19–20 December 2016, 9–10 January, 16–17 January, 23–24 January, 30–31 January and 6–7 February 2017.

Group AEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification MON KSK EWE MUR SAS JUV HAP ENI
1   Monaco 14 13 1 1191 952 +239 27 Advance to round of 16 79–65 88–73 83–75 87–55 90–53 94–64 89–73
2   Pınar Karşıyaka 14 10 4 1192 1160 +32 24 84–77 85–86 79–72 70–79 90–78 98–91 97–81
3   EWE Baskets Oldenburg 14 9 5 1192 1142 +50 23 78–84 96–82 100–80 90–72 102–95 87–86 86–89
4   UCAM Murcia 14 7 7 1096 1105 −9 21 63–68 91–96 85–65 78–83 56–70 78–76 82–77
5   Dinamo Sassari 14 7 7 1158 1174 −16 21 Transfer to FIBA Europe Cup 63–81 87–88 76–83 88–94 93–78 98–84 101–94
6   Juventus 14 4 10 1105 1193 −88 18 85–92 76–82 73–77 83–93 90–85 71–69 81–73
7   Hapoel Unet Holon 14 3 11 1160 1244 −84 17 56–85 93–95 94–90 75–81 92–103 106–91 81–75
8   Enisey 14 3 11 1064 1188 −124 17 65–94 74–81 53–79 62–68 65–75 85–81 98–93

Group BEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification TFE LUD PAOK NEP VEN CHA GAZ ORL
1   Iberostar Tenerife 14 12 2 1155 921 +234 26 Advance to round of 16 82–72 93–79 90–67 65–71 82–62 72–53 88–47
2   MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg 14 12 2 1139 974 +165 26 62–83 103–70 95–83 84–68 94–74 86–74 86–61
3   PAOK 14 7 7 1061 1070 −9 21 74–79 63–83 91–70 83–76 90–81 82–85 79–61
4   Neptūnas 14 7 7 1164 1116 +48 21 67–83 71–87 82–69 87–80 75–73 114–73 99–62
5   Ventspils 14 6 8 1034 1085 −51 20 Transfer to FIBA Europe Cup 73–72 61–73 59–80 69–84 78–77 91–103 55–66
6   Élan Chalon 14 6 8 1018 1031 −13 20 61–73 56–70 75–61 86–81 69–75 85–60 67–55
7   Gaziantep 14 4 10 1033 1192 −159 18 74–87 67–72 65–77 98–94 74–99 68–73 82–77
8   SikeliArchivi Capo d'Orlando 14 2 12 887 1102 −215 16 59–106 61–72 58–63 60–90 68–79 69–79 83–57

Group CEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification SIG BAN AEK BAY EST VEN OLI RAD
1   SIG Strasbourg 14 9 5 1103 1055 +48 23 Advance to round of 16 87–72 80–78 77–82 77–74 70–67 83–69 98–81
2   Banvit 14 9 5 1080 1039 +41 23 63–80 78–71 85–74 82–80 90–62 87–83 74–64
3   AEK Athens 14 8 6 1149 1110 +39 22 87–88 70–74 83–81 79–87 84–64 91–73 96–92
4   medi Bayreuth 14 8 6 1145 1115 +30 22 82–80 76–88 80–73 84–90 89–81 78–79 90–85
5   Movistar Estudiantes 14 8 6 1117 1076 +41 22 Transfer to FIBA Europe Cup 81–65 78–73 78–85 68–76 81–80 75–81 78–68
6   Umana Reyer Venezia 14 8 6 1146 1140 +6 22 78–67 108–101 101–103 70–67 92–91 84–67 102–93
7   Petrol Olimpija 14 4 10 996 1105 −109 18 78–77 57–65 71–80 77–90 57–72 66–76 80–72
8   Rosa Radom 14 2 12 1032 1128 −96 16 63–74 49–48 63–69 79–96 77–84 71–81 75–58

Group DEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification BJK NYM NAN ZGA AVE OST BONN ARIS
1   Beşiktaş Sompo Japan 14 10 4 1111 1030 +81 24 Advance to round of 16 91–80 79–74 65–60 80–86 87–77 95–79 83–61
2   ČEZ Nymburk 14 10 4 1152 1100 +52 24 64–70 72–81 84–70 81–77 86–72 106–98 99–70
3   Nanterre 92 14 9 5 1149 1091 +58 23 73–68 84–90 95–82 89–81 75–74 93–90 91–63
4   Stelmet Enea Zielona Góra 14 6 8 1075 1087 −12 20 99–96 82–88 85–82 90–79 98–68 73–69 72–80
5   Sidigas Scandone 14 6 8 1049 1028 +21 20 Transfer to FIBA Europe Cup 90–74 80–63 102–106 57–64 66–57 61–69 79–66
6   Oostende 14 6 8 975 1050 −75 20 49–77 73–79 73–60 82–78 51–61 86–84 69–67
7   Telekom Baskets Bonn 14 5 9 1079 1095 −16 19 73–74 87–89 62–84 72–58 79–74 66–74 76–59
8   Aris 14 4 10 930 1039 −109 18 65–72 65–71 70–62 70–64 59–56 66–70 69–75


PlayoffsEdit

In the playoffs, teams play against each other over two legs on a home-and-away basis, except for the Final Four. In the playoffs draw, the group winners and the runners-up are seeded, and the third-placed teams and the fourth-placed teams are unseeded. The seeded teams are drawn against the unseeded teams, with the seeded teams hosting the second leg. Teams from the same group cannot be drawn against each other.

BracketEdit

 
Round of 16
6–7 and 13–14 March
Quarterfinals
27–28 March and 3–4 April
Semifinals
4 May
Final
6 May
 
                      
 
 
 
 
  EWE Oldenburg 6386149
 
 
 
  Riesen Ludwigsburg 8874 162
 
  Riesen Ludwigsburg 8189170
 
 
 
  medi Bayreuth 8677 163
 
  medi Bayreuth 8184165
 
 
 
  Beşiktaş 7684 160
 
  MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg 65
 
 
 
  Monaco87
 
  Nanterre 92 6664130
 
 
 
  Banvit 7473 147
 
  Banvit 7775152
 
 
 
  Monaco 8574 159
 
  Zielona Góra 8260142
 
 
 
  Monaco 8490 174
 
  Monaco94
 
 
 
  AEK Athens100
 
  AEK Athens 8893181
 
 
 
  ČEZ Nymburk 9882 180
 
  AEK Athens 7883161
 
 
 
  SIG Strasbourg 6983 152
 
  Neptūnas 7378151
 
 
 
  SIG Strasbourg 6888 156
 
  AEK Athens77
 
 
 
  UCAM Murcia75Third place game
 
  PAOK 7467141
 
  
 
  Pınar Karşıyaka 6879 147
 
  Pınar Karşıyaka 6572137  MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg74
 
 
 
  UCAM Murcia 7981 160  UCAM Murcia85
 
  UCAM Murcia 6683149
 
 
  Iberostar Tenerife 7172 143
 

Round of 16Edit

The first legs were played on 6–7 March, and the second legs on 13–14 March 2018.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
PAOK   141–147   Pınar Karşıyaka 74–68 67–79
Nanterre 92   130–147   Banvit 66–74 64–73
AEK Athens   181–180   ČEZ Nymburk 88–98 93–82
EWE Baskets Oldenburg   149–162   MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg 63–88 86–74
Stelmet Enea Zielona Góra   142–174   Monaco 82–84 60–90
medi Bayreuth   165–160   Beşiktaş Sompo Japan 81–76 84–84
UCAM Murcia   149–143   Iberostar Tenerife 66–71 83–72
Neptūnas   151–156   SIG Strasbourg 73–68 78–88

QuarterfinalsEdit

The first legs were played on 27–28 March, and the second legs were played on 3–4 April 2018.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Banvit   152–159   Monaco 77–85 75–74
Pınar Karşıyaka   137–160   UCAM Murcia 65–79 72–81
AEK Athens   161–152   SIG Strasbourg 78–69 83–83
MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg   170–163   medi Bayreuth 81–86 89–77

Final FourEdit

The concluding Final Four tournament will be played on 4–6 May 2018. The drawing of the pairings took place on 12 April 2018. On 5 April, the O.A.C.A. Olympic Indoor Hall in Athens, Greece was announced as the venue of the 2018 Final Four.[6]

 
Final
 
      
 
4 May
 
 
  MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg 65
 
6 May
 
  Monaco87
 
  Monaco94
 
4 May
 
  AEK Athens100
 
  AEK Athens 77
 
 
  UCAM Murcia75
 
Third place game
 
 
6 May
 
 
  MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg 74
 
 
  UCAM Murcia85

AwardsEdit

Most Valuable PlayerEdit

Player Team Ref.
  Manny Harris   AEK Athens
[7]

Final Four MVPEdit

Player Team Ref.
  Mike Green   AEK Athens
[8]

Star LineupEdit

First team Second team Ref.
Players Teams Players Teams
  Manny Harris   AEK Athens   Gabe York   medi Bayreuth
[9]
  D. J. Kennedy   Pinar Karşıyaka   Kendrick Ray   ČEZ Nymburk
  Ovie Soko   UCAM Murcia   Christopher Evans   Monaco
  Louis Labeyrie   SIG Strasbourg   Dusan Sakota   AEK Athens
  Elmedin Kikanović   Monaco   Gašper Vidmar   Banvit

Best Young PlayerEdit

Player Team Ref.
  Arnoldas Kulboka   SikeliArchivi Capo d'Orlando
[10]

Best CoachEdit

Player Team Ref.
  John Patrick   MHP Riesen Ludwigsburg
[11]

Game Day MVPEdit

After each gameday a selection of five players with the highest efficiency ratings is made by the Basketball Champions League. Afterwards, the official website decides which player is crowned Game Day MVP.

Regular seasonEdit

Gameday Player Team EFF Ref.
1
  Jarrod Jones   Pınar Karşıyaka
33
2
  Adam Smith   Élan Chalon
31
3
  Byron Allen   EWE Baskets Oldenburg
26
4
  Adonis Thomas   Banvit
23
5
  D. J. Kennedy   Pınar Karşıyaka
35
6
  Arnas Butkevičius   Neptūnas
42
7
  Corey Walden   Hapoel Unet Holon
30
8
  Lefteris Bochoridis   Aris
32
9
  Jamal Shuler   Nanterre 92
26
10
  Dardan Berisha   ČEZ Nymburk
24
11
  Ovie Soko   UCAM Murcia
31
12
  Dee Bost   SIG Strasbourg
30
13
  Goran Suton   Movistar Estudiantes
34
14
  Manny Harris   AEK Athens
31

Round of 16Edit

Player Team EFF Ref.
  Manny Harris (2)   AEK Athens
34 / 32

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Basketball Champions League announces next season's competition format, calendar and improved financial benefits". BasketballCL.com. 8 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Champions line up in battle for European glory". BasketballCL.com. 28 June 2017.
  3. ^ "BCL Competition Regulations 2017-18" (PDF). BasketballCL.com. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Basketball Champions League draw explained". BasketballCL.com. 4 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Basketball Champions League Qualification Rounds and Regular Season draw completed". BasketballCL.com. 11 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Athens to host Basketball Champions League Final Four". Championsleague.basketball. 5 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Mike Green (AEK) - MVP - Final Four 2018 - Basketball Champions League 2017-18". www.youtube.com. 6 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ [3]
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ "MVP Gameday 1 - Jarrod Jones (29pts.) makes the difference in Pinar Karsiyaka's narrow victory". www.youtube.com. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  13. ^ "MVP Gameday 2 - Elan Chalon's Adam Smith (25pts. 8ast. 7reb.) dashed Orlandina's hopes". www.youtube.com. 18 October 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  14. ^ "MVP Gameday 3 - Bryon Allen (21 points) showed a nice performance vs. Pinar Karsiyaka". www.youtube.com. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  15. ^ "MVP Gameday 4 - Banvit's Adonis Thomas (23 points) scoops Gameday 4 MVP award". www.youtube.com. 3 November 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  16. ^ "MVP Gameday 5 - Pinar Karsiyaka's D.J. Kennedy (30pts. 13reb.) dominated against UCAM Murcia". www.youtube.com. 10 November 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  17. ^ "MVP Gameday 6 - Neptunas Klaipeda's Arnas Butkevicius (19pts. 13reb. 10ast.) tears PAOK apart!". www.youtube.com. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  18. ^ "MVP Gameday 7 - Corey Walden drops 31pts in an amazing performance against EWE Baskets Oldenburg!". www.youtube.com. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  19. ^ "MVP Gameday 8 - Bochoridis (22pts & 9ast) leads Aris in scoring against Stelmet Zielona Gora!". www.youtube.com. 15 December 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  20. ^ "MVP Gameday 9 - Jamal Shuler (23pts 9ast & 3reb) makes the difference for Nanterre 92". www.youtube.com. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  21. ^ "MVP Gameday 10: Dardan Berisha drops 24pts 6ast & 5reb vs. Telekom Baskets Bonn!". www.youtube.com. 12 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  22. ^ "MVP Gameday 11: Ovie Soko (27pts & 11reb) shows he can do it all vs. EWE Baskets Oldenburg". www.youtube.com. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  23. ^ "MVP Gameday 12: Dee Bost (23pts) in focus during 1-point win over AEK". www.youtube.com. 26 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  24. ^ "MVP Gameday 13: Goran Suton (25pts 12reb) drops a double-double in a decisive win over Banvit!". www.youtube.com. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  25. ^ "MVP Gameday 14: Manny Harris (23pts 8reb 6ast & 4stl) gave AEK the edge over medi Bayreuth!". www.youtube.com. 9 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  26. ^ "MVP Round of 16: Manny Harris (61PTS!) made the difference in AEK's effort vs. CEZ Nymburk". www.youtube.com. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.

External linksEdit