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The 2016 general election in Yukon, Canada, took place on November 7, 2016 to return members to the 34th Yukon Legislative Assembly.[1]

2016 Yukon general election

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All 19 seats to the Legislative Assembly
10 seats needed for a majority
Turnout79.9%
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  20170607-OSEC-LSC-093 (34351769463) (cropped).jpg Darrell Pasloski.jpg Liz Hanson.jpg
Leader Sandy Silver Darrell Pasloski Elizabeth Hanson
Party Liberal Yukon Party New Democratic
Leader since August 17, 2012 May 28, 2011 September 26, 2009
Leader's seat Klondike Mountainview
(lost re-election)
Whitehorse Centre
Last election 2 seats, 25.2% 11 seats, 40.5% 6 seats, 32.6%
Seats before 1 11 6
Seats won 11 6 2
Seat change Increase10 Decrease5 Decrease4
Popular vote 7,404 6,272 4,928
Percentage 39.4% 33.4% 26.2%
Swing Increase14.2pp Decrease7.1pp Decrease6.4pp

Yukon Election 2016 Results Map.svg
Popular vote by riding. As this is a First-Past-The-Post election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote, but instead via results by each riding. Riding names are listed at the bottom of the map.

Premier before election

Darrell Pasloski
Yukon Party

Premier-designate

Sandy Silver
Liberal

The election was fought over issues relating to the economy, the environment, First Nations reconciliation, fracking, and the merits of a territorial carbon tax. The incumbent Yukon Party government, led by Darrell Pasloski, was defeated by the third party Liberal Party of Sandy Silver, ending 14 years of Yukon Party rule.

Premier Darrell Pasloski lost his own seat.

Pre-writ periodEdit

  • August 17, 2012: Darius Elias resigns as interim Liberal leader and sits as an independent.[2]
  • July 8, 2013: Darius Elias crosses the floor to the Yukon Party.[3]
  • March 1, 2014: Sandy Silver agrees to lead the Liberal Party.[4][5]
  • May 10, 2016: David Laxton stepped down as Speaker and as a member of the Yukon Party caucus to sit as an Independent MLA due to personal reasons.[6] It would later come out that the resignation was due to an allegation of sexual harassment leveled at Laxton.[7] One month later, the Yukon Party would bar Laxton from running for the party in the upcoming election.[8]
  • June 8, 2016: Education Minister and veteran territorial and municipal politician Doug Graham announces he will not seek re-election in his riding of Porter Creek North.[9]
  • June 15, 2016: Currie Dixon, minister for Community Services, announces he will not seek a second term as MLA for Copperbelt North. In 2011, Dixon became the Yukon's youngest-ever cabinet minister at the age of 26.[10]
  • Aug. 11, 2016: After saying he would not run in the upcoming territorial election, Education Minister Doug Graham announced he would seek the Yukon Party nomination in Whitehorse Centre. Graham has been the Yukon Party MLA for Porter Creek North since 2011.[11]
  • October 7, 2016: Premier Darrell Pasloski calls the election for November 7, 2016, starting the official 31-day campaign period.[12]

2016 CampaignEdit

During the campaign, the issues of economic diversification, environmental management, and First Nations reconciliation were central themes, as was each party's stance on fracking.[13] The announcement that the federal government would impose a national carbon tax[14] also affected the political direction of the campaign, with the Yukon Party vowing to fight any effort to impose a carbon tax on the Yukon.

The incumbent Yukon Party, led by Darrell Pasloski since 2011, had governed the Yukon since 2002 when it defeated the Yukon Liberal Party. While the Yukon Party had been re-elected in 2011 during a commodity boom, by 2016 the Yukon economy was in a recession.[15] Leading into the 2016 campaign, the Yukon Party was drawing criticism over its poor relationship with First Nations, its stance on the environment, access to healthcare, and a perceived mismanagement of the Yukon economy.[16]

The Yukon Party ran on a campaign of True North. Central to this campaign was prioritizing the creation of jobs, growing the economy, and keeping taxes low. It also adamantly opposed the federal carbon tax.[17]

The Yukon Party entered the 2016 campaign with ten of its twelve MLAs seeking re-election, albeit it with two running in different ridings (Scott Kent and Doug Graham).

The Yukon New Democratic Party, led by Liz Hanson, had been the Official Opposition since 2011. The party had been critical of the Yukon Party's relationship with First Nations, its stewardship of the economy, and its management of government services such as healthcare.

The Yukon New Democratic Party ran on a campaign of Building a Better Yukon. The party emphasized the need for a change in government, and championed causes such as improving the healthcare system, transparent government, First Nations reconciliation, and economic diversification. It supported investing a federal carbon tax in green energy and low income supports.[18]

All six Yukon New Democratic Party MLAs sought re-election.

The Yukon Liberal Party, led by Sandy Silver, held only one seat after Darius Elias joined the Yukon Party. The Liberal platform, Be Heard, promoted economic diversification, responsible environmental management, and improving First Nations relations. The Liberals promised to return funds raised from a federal carbon tax back to Yukoners.[19]

Despite having only one seat, the party gained visibility in late 2015 following the election the Liberal Party of Canada to a majority government; it had also been the Third Party. The Yukon Liberal Party had led in the two opinion polls prior to the election period, despite holding just one seat in the legislature – Sandy Silver's district of Klondike. The Liberals also gained attention due to a series of high-profile contested nominations that helped build the profile of their candidates and party in the lead up to the campaign.

The Yukon Green Party, led by Frank De Jong, running in its second election, championed the issue of climate change and electoral reform. It also opposed the public funding of Catholic schools. The Green Party had no incumbent MLAs leading into the election, but managed to run five candidates during the campaign.[20]

Controversy arose when the Chief Electoral Officer launched two inquiries during the campaign, citing concerns about proxy voting, special ballots, and purposeful misinformation by all three candidates in the Mountainview riding, as well as the use of proxy votes by Liberal candidate Tamara Goeppel in the Whitehorse Centre riding. The Chief Electoral Officer eventually ruled that there was no wrongdoing in Mountainview,[21] but her inquiry into Whitehorse Centre led the RCMP to press charges in February 2017.[22][23]

The election also marked a continued trend in the turnout at advance polls, which had doubled in each of the previous two elections.[24] In the 2016 election, advanced turnout doubled again, with 6,437 voters casting advance or special ballots. This represented more than one-in-three votes cast in the election overall (18,787).[25]

ResultsEdit

The Yukon Liberal Party was elected to a majority government on November 7, 2016, with 11/19 seats. The 2016 election resulted in one of the single-largest gain of seats for a party in Yukon history (+10), tying for the Yukon Party win of 2002. It was the Liberals' second time being elected to power in the Yukon.

The Liberals also posted their best ever returns in rural Yukon, winning four of eight rural seats. In Whitehorse, the Liberals posted their second-best returns in party history, taking seven of eleven seats (the party had swept the city in the 2000 election). However, despite winning the popular vote comfortably, many Liberal margins of victory were quite narrow.

A judicial recount was later held to confirm the results in the districts of Vuntut Gwitchin and Mountainview. It was determined that in both instances, the Liberal candidate won by seven votes.

The Yukon Party saw five of its MLAs re-elected, with one new candidate, Geraldine Van Bibber, elected. However, Premier Pasloski, Deputy Premier Elaine Taylor, and ministers Mike Nixon and Doug Graham were all defeated. The party also failed to retain two of the three seats where incumbents had not sought re-election.

The New Democratic Party lost four of its six seats, with party leader Liz Hanson and incumbent Kate White the only two re-elected. In two ridings, New Democrat incumbents lost narrowly to Liberal star candidates: Kevin Barr lost to former Whitehorse City Councillor and environmental scientist John Streicker by 14 votes in Mount Lorne-Southern Lakes and Jan Stick lost to former Ombudsman Tracy McPhee by 37 votes in Riverdale South. It was the party's worst electoral showing since 1978.

No Green Party candidate was elected.

Surprisingly, the number of individual votes received by the Yukon Party and the New Democrats was also largely unchanged; each party received only about 200 votes less than it had in 2011. The gain in Liberal support (+3,500 votes) could possibly be attributable in part to the increase in Yukon population between 2011 and 2016. In ridings where the population had increased notably in that time - Whitehorse West, Porter Creek Centre, Mount Lorne-Southern Lakes, Whitehorse Centre, Porter Creek North, Takhini-Kopper King, and Copperbelt South - Liberal support rose substantially over the last campaign.[original research?] Despite this increase in votes, however, the Yukon Liberal Party still received a smaller share of the popular vote than the Yukon Party did in the 2011 election. In some of these larger ridings too, the Liberals saw a significant increase in votes, only to lose still.

Turnout was 79.9% (18,787 votes), the highest in Yukon history and the highest since 1996.[26]

Campaign DonationsEdit

The election marked the highest-ever levels of expenditures and revenue (cash and in-kind) by the Yukon political parties in an election year. In 2016, Elections Yukon reported that the Yukon Party raised $236,015, the Yukon Liberal Party raised $233,243, the Yukon New Democrats raised $165,817, and the Yukon Green Party raised $5,948.[27] Compared to the 2011 election, this was a drastic increase. In that campaign, the Yukon Party raised $153,892.90, the Yukon Liberal Party raised $71,159.53, the Yukon New Democrats raised $75,616.35, and the Yukon Green Party raised $575. The then-active Yukon First Nations Party raised $1,104.[28] Nonetheless, despite a significant increase in fundraising revenue, all three major parties reported significant campaign deficits in 2016.

Overall, the Yukon Liberals benefited from the largest single contribution, while the Yukon Party benefited from the most corporate donations and the New Democrats from the most individual donations. Of particular interest was that the Yukon Liberal Party in 2016 raised more than five times what it raised collectively between 2011 and 2015. Nearly a quarter of the Liberals' donations came from large donations from mining companies.[29]

Whitehorse Centre InvestigationEdit

During the 2016 campaign, Liberal candidate for Whitehorse Centre, Tamara Goeppel, was accused of soliciting proxy ballots from ten homeless people in her riding. Proxy votes, a form of franchise in which voters surrender their vote to another in their stead, are intended for use only by voters who have reason to believe they will be absent from the territory on voting day and advanced polling days.

The Chief Electoral Officer opened an investigation into Goeppel during the campaign, and despite calls to drop Goeppel as a candidate, Liberal Leader Sandy Silver continued to support her candidacy. Goeppel was defeated by New Democrat Leader Liz Hanson on election night.[30]

In February 2017, the Chief Electoral Officer's investigation led to the RCMP charging Goeppel with two counts of "aiding or abetting persons in making proxy applications that were not in accordance with Section 106 of the (Yukon Elections) Act," and one count of "inducing persons to falsely declare on proxy application that they would be absent from the Yukon during the hours fixed for voting." If convicted, Goeppel faces a $5,000 fine, up to a year in jail, or both.[31]

Goeppel entered a plea of not guilty in June 2017. Her trial date is not yet determined.[32] She is the first person to be charged under the Yukon Elections Act.[33]

StandingsEdit

Summary of the 2016 Legislative Assembly of Yukon election results (Unofficial results)[34]
Party Party leader Candidates Seats Popular vote
2011 Dissol. 2016 Change # % Change
Liberal Sandy Silver 19 2 1 11 +10 7,404 39.4% +14.2%
Yukon Party Darrell Pasloski 19 11 11 4 -7 6,272 33.4% -7.1%
New Democratic Liz Hanson 19 6 6 2 -4 4,928 26.2% -6.4%
Green Frank De Jong 5 0 0 0 0 145 0.8% +0.1%
  Independent 1 0 1 - 0 38 0.2% -0.3%
Total 63 19 19 19 18,787

CandidatesEdit

Bold incumbents indicates cabinet members and party leaders and the speaker of the assembly are italicized.[35] Results are unofficial.

Rural YukonEdit

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Yukon   NDP   Liberal   Green Other
Klondike Brad Whitelaw
365 (31.4%)
Jay Farr
111 (9.5%)
Sandy Silver
687 (59.1%)
Sandy Silver
Kluane Wade Istchenko
338 (43.3%)
Sally Wright
153 (19.5%)
Mathieya Alatini
289 (37.1%)
Wade Istchenko
Lake Laberge Brad Cathers
558 (46.5%)
Anne Tayler
261 (21.8%)
Alan Young
342 (28.5%)
Julie Anne Ames
38 (3.2%)
Brad Cathers
Mayo-Tatchun Cory Bellmore
166 (22.7%)
Jim Tredger
233 (31.9%)
Don Hutton
331 (45.3%)
Jim Tredger
Mount Lorne-Southern Lakes Rob Schneider
284 (24.2%)
Kevin Barr
437 (37.3%)
John Streicker
451 (38.5%)
Kevin Barr
Pelly-Nisutlin Stacey Hassard
280 (42.4%)
Ken Hodgins
207 (31.3%)
Carl Sidney
152 (23.0%)
Frank De Jong
22 (3.3%)
Stacey Hassard
Vuntut Gwitchin Darius Elias
70 (46.7%)
Skeeter Wright
3 (2.0%)
Pauline Frost
77 (51.3%)
Darius Elias
Watson Lake Patti McLeod
299 (38.9%)
Erin Labonte
219 (28.5%)
Ernie Jamieson
212 (27.6%)
Victor Kisoun
38 (5.0%)
Patti McLeod

WhitehorseEdit

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Yukon   NDP   Liberal   Green Other
Copperbelt North Pat McInroy
529 (42.1%)
André Bourcier
161 (12.8%)
Ted Adel
566 (45.1%)
Currie Dixon
Copperbelt South Scott Kent§
449 (36.9%)
Lois Moorcroft
331 (27.2%)
Jocelyn Curteanu
425 (34.9%)
Phillipe Leblond
12 (1.0%)
Lois Moorcroft
Mountainview Darrell Pasloski
399 (31.4%)
Shaunagh Stikeman
433 (34.1%)
Jeanie Dendys
439 (34.5%)
Darrell Pasloski
Porter Creek Centre Michelle Kolla
379 (36.3%)
Pat Berrel
213 (20.4%)
Paolo Gallina
452 (43.3%)
David Laxton
Porter Creek North Geraldine Van Bibber
435 (44.0%)
Francis van Kessel
145 (14.7%)
Eileen Melnychuk
372 (37.6%)
Mike Ivens
37 (3.7%)
Doug Graham§
Porter Creek South Mike Nixon
285 (39.4%)
Shirley Chua-Tan
102 (14.1%)
Ranj Pillai
337 (46.6%)
Mike Nixon
Riverdale North Mark Beese
258 (23.1%)
Rod Snow
337 (30.2%)
Nils Clarke
486 (43.5%)
Kristina Calhoun
36 (3.2%)
Scott Kent§
Riverdale South Danny Macdonald
323 (28.6%)
Jan Stick
384 (34.0%)
Tracy McPhee
421 (37.3%)
Jan Stick
Takhini-Kopper King Vanessa Innes
229 (17.5%)
Kate White
605 (46.1%)
Jeane Lassen
478 (36.4%)
Kate White
Whitehorse Centre Doug Graham§
193 (17.4%)
Liz Hanson
487 (43.8%)
Tamara Goeppel
432 (38.9%)
Liz Hanson
Whitehorse West Elaine Taylor
433 (43.6%)
Stu Clark
106 (10.7%)
Richard Mostyn
455 (45.8%)
Elaine Taylor

§ - denotes incumbent MLAs who have opted to run in another district
† - denotes a retiring incumbent MLA

Opinion pollsEdit

Polling Firm Date of Polling Link Yukon Party New Democratic Liberal Green Undecided
2016 election November 7, 2016 [36] 33.4% 26.2% 39.4% 0.8% --
DataPath Systems October 30, 2016 [37] 34% 29% 34% 3% --
Gandalf Group October 28, 2016 [38] 30% 24% 46% -- --
Mainstreet Research February 3, 2016 [39] 6% 11% 22% -- 61%
DataPath Systems December 2015 [40] 20% 28% 32% -- 19%
2011 election October 11, 2011 PDF 40.5% 32.6% 25.3% 0.66% --

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Carbon tax and First Nations relations: Parties lay out agendas for Yukon election". CBC News. 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  2. ^ "Old Crow MLA quits Liberal Party". CBC News. August 18, 2012. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
  3. ^ "Elias joins the Yukon Party". Yukon News. July 8, 2013. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
  4. ^ "Sandy Silver named new Yukon Liberal Party leader". CBC News. February 11, 2014. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
  5. ^ "N.S. native to head Yukon Liberals". The Chronicle Herald. February 13, 2014. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
  6. ^ "David Laxton resigns as Yukon Speaker, Patti McLeod takes over". CBC News. 2016-05-10. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  7. ^ "Yukon Speaker resigned because of sexual harassment allegation". CBC News. 2016-05-19. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  8. ^ "Former Speaker David Laxton dumped as candidate by Yukon Party". CBC News. 2016-06-03. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  9. ^ "Graham plans to leave politics". Whitehorse Daily Star. 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  10. ^ "Yukon cabinet minister Currie Dixon won't seek re-election". CBC News. 2016-06-15. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  11. ^ "Yukon cabinet minister Doug Graham shelves retirement plans". CBC News. 2016-08-11. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  12. ^ "Yukon Premier Darrell Pasloski calls election for Nov. 7". Toronto Star. October 7, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  13. ^ "5 things to watch during the Yukon election campaign". CBC North. October 12, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  14. ^ "Justin Trudeau gives provinces until 2018 to adopt carbon price plan". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 3, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  15. ^ "Economic outlook 'bleak' for Yukon". Yukon News. July 20, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  16. ^ "Carbon tax and First Nations relations: Parties lay out agendas for Yukon election". CBC North. October 7, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  17. ^ "Yukon Party touts record, promises jobs in 'True North' platform". CBC North. October 28, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  18. ^ "NDP election platform promises to 'build a better Yukon'". CBC North. October 29, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  19. ^ "Yukon Liberals promise 'balanced approach,' transparency in government". CBC North. October 25, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  20. ^ "De Jong takes over Green Party leadership as candidates step forward". Yukon News. September 2, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  21. ^ "Yukon chief electoral officer dismisses all concerns in Mountainview riding inquiry". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. November 6, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  22. ^ "Yukon NDP leader calls on Tamara Goeppel to step aside, as RCMP investigates proxy votes". CBC North. November 1, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  23. ^ Ex-candidate enters pleas of not guilty Whitehorse Star (June 12, 2017)
  24. ^ Record number of ballots cast in Yukon's advance polls CBC North. October 31, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  25. ^ Unofficial Sum of Votes Cast in the 2016 Election Elections Yukon. November 7, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  26. ^ Unofficial Sum of Votes Cast Elections Yukon, November 7, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  27. ^ Contributions to Candidates and Political Parties in the 2016 Calendar Year Elections Yukon (May 30, 2017).
  28. ^ Report of the Chief Electoral Officer on Election Financing and Political Contributions, 2011 Elections Yukon (April 1, 2012).
  29. ^ Corporate, mining and out of territory donations fill Yukon campaign coffers CBC North (Walter Strong), June 15, 2017.
  30. ^ Ex-candidate enters pleas of not guilty Whitehorse Star (June 12, 2017).
  31. ^ Goeppel to ‘rigorously’ defend herself: lawyer Whitehorse Star (Sidney Cohen), February 16, 2017.
  32. ^ Ex-candidate enters pleas of not guilty Whitehorse Star (June 12, 2017).
  33. ^ Ex-candidate enters pleas of not guilty Whitehorse Star (June 12, 2017).
  34. ^ "Unofficial Results". Elections Yukon. 2016-11-08.
  35. ^ "Candidate List" (PDF). Retrieved October 18, 2016.
  36. ^ "Unofficial Results". Elections Yukon. 2016-11-08.
  37. ^ Maura Forrest (October 31, 2016). "A Tale of Two Polls". Yukon News. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  38. ^ Maura Forrest (October 31, 2016). "A Tale of Two Polls". Yukon News. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  39. ^ "Yukon Liberals Lead With High Undecided". Mainstreet. February 3, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  40. ^ Maura Forrest (February 3, 2016). "Liberals in the lead, Yukon Party lagging: polls". Yukon News. Retrieved October 10, 2016.

External linksEdit