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The 2016 Iowa Republican caucuses took place on February 1 in the U.S. state of Iowa, traditionally marking the Republican Party's first nominating contest in their series of presidential primaries ahead of the 2016 presidential election.

Iowa Republican caucuses, 2016

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  Ted Cruz, official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped 2).jpg Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg
Candidate Ted Cruz Donald Trump
Home state Texas New York
Delegate count 8 7
Popular vote 51,666 45,429
Percentage 27.6% 24.3%

  Senator Rubio official portrait (cropped 2).jpg Ben Carson by Skidmore with lighting correction.jpg
Candidate Marco Rubio Ben Carson
Home state Florida Florida
Delegate count 7 3
Popular vote 43,228 17,394
Percentage 23.1% 9.3%

Iowa Republican Presidential Caucuses Election Results by County, 2016.svg
Iowa results by county.
  Ted Cruz
  Donald Trump
  Marco Rubio
  Tie

The Democratic Party held its own Iowa caucuses on the same day.

Ted Cruz was able to defeat Donald Trump in the Iowa Caucus by winning over evangelical and libertarian caucus-goers;[1] Cruz won 51,666 caucus votes or 27.6%, giving him a net gain of one delegate over Trump. Mike Huckabee, the 2008 Iowa Caucus winner, dropped out following a poor performance in the caucus.

While Cruz had the endorsement of Congressman Steve King of the 4th Congressional District in rural northwest Iowa[2], and was able to consolidate devout Evangelical support in the Sioux City area, he was snuffed by Terry Branstad, the popular Republican Governor at the time. Trump tried to make a run among the majority-Catholic mill towns of Mississippi River valley, but Cruz's far-right religious support was stronger than most polls anticipated.[3]

ProcedureEdit

According to the Republican Party of Iowa's bylaws, if more than one candidate is nominated at the Republican National Convention, all of Iowa's delegates are bound to vote "proportionally in accordance with the outcome of the Iowa Caucuses" on the first ballot, even if the candidate has withdrawn from the race.[4] The ballot is a blank piece of paper, and the candidates that voters may vote for in the non-binding preference poll included the following:

Forums and debatesEdit

November 20, 2015 – Des Moines, Iowa The Presidential Family Forum was held in the Community Choice Credit Union Convention Center in Des Moines, Iowa. Ben Carson, Ted Cruz, Carly Fiorina, Mike Huckabee, Rand Paul, Marco Rubio, and Rick Santorum attended the forum hosted by evangelical Christian advocacy group The Family Leader. It was hosted by politician and political activist Bob Vander Plaats and moderated by political consultant and pollster Frank Luntz.[5] Protesters interrupted the beginning of the event and were removed by police.[6]

January 28, 2016 – Des Moines, Iowa The seventh debate was the second debate to air on Fox News. As in Fox's first debate, the moderators were Bret Baier, Megyn Kelly, and Chris Wallace.[7] This was the last debate before actual voting begins with the Iowa caucuses on February 1, 2016.[8][9] Due to personality conflicts with Fox News, Donald Trump opted out of the debate.[10]

ResultsEdit

Iowa Republican precinct caucuses, February 1, 2016
Candidate Votes Percentage Actual delegate count
Bound Unbound Total
Ted Cruz 51,666 27.64% 8 0 8
Donald Trump 45,427 24.3% 7 0 7
Marco Rubio 43,165 23.12% 7 0 7
Ben Carson 17,395 9.3% 3 0 3
Rand Paul 8,481 4.54% 1 0 1
Jeb Bush 5,238 2.8% 1 0 1
Carly Fiorina 3,485 1.86% 1 0 1
John Kasich 3,474 1.86% 1 0 1
Mike Huckabee 3,345 1.79% 1 0 1
Chris Christie 3,284 1.76% 0 0 0
Rick Santorum 1,783 0.95% 0 0 0
Other 117 0.06% 0 0 0
Jim Gilmore 12 0.01% 0 0 0
Unprojected delegates: 0 0 0
Total: 186,932 100.00% 30 0 30
Source: "Iowa". cnn.com. Retrieved 23 November 2016.

Following poor performances in the caucuses, Rand Paul,[11] Mike Huckabee[12] and Rick Santorum[13] suspended their campaigns.

 
Results of the Iowa Republican caucus, 2016
  Cruz—40-50%
  Cruz—30-40%
  Cruz—20-30%
  Tied between Cruz and Trump
  Trump—20-30%
  Trump—30-40%
  Trump—40-50%
  Rubio—20-30%
  Rubio—30-40%

ControversyEdit

Ben Carson accused Ted Cruz's campaign of winning the caucuses using dishonest tactics, such as falsely telling caucus-goers that Carson had dropped out in order to get them to switch their votes to Cruz.[14] Donald Trump also accused Cruz of "stealing" the Iowa caucuses through fraud.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "How Cruz beat Trump". Retrieved 2016-06-25.
  2. ^ "Iowa senator throws support behind Cruz". MSNBC.com. Retrieved 2019-05-06.
  3. ^ "Cruz, Trump go to war ahead of Iowa". MSNBC.com. Retrieved 2019-05-06.
  4. ^ Article VIII, Republican Party of Iowa bylaws, amended June 27, 2015.
  5. ^ "Presidential candidates display faith, fire". Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  6. ^ "Republican Candidates Talk Religion, Security at Iowa Forum". ABC News. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  7. ^ "Fox News Channel's Megyn Kelly will be at GOP debate in January". Los Angeles Times. August 13, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  8. ^ "These States Could Pick the GOP Nominee, Each for Different Reasons". National Journal. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  9. ^ "Fox News to host last GOP debate before Iowa caucuses". FoxNews. December 21, 2015.
  10. ^ "Trump Says Skipping Debate 'Turned Out Great'". NBC News. January 29, 2016.
  11. ^ "Rand Paul drops out of White House race". POLITICO. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  12. ^ CNN, Eric Bradner and Mark Preston. "Mike Huckabee drops out of 2016 presidential race". CNN. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  13. ^ CNN, John King, Tal Kopan and Jeremy Diamond. "Rick Santorum drops presidential bid, endorses Marco Rubio". CNN. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  14. ^ "Carson calls for Cruz camp dismissals after cheating allegations".
  15. ^ "Trump accuses Cruz of stealing Iowa caucuses through 'fraud'".

External linksEdit