2015 kidnapping and beheading of Copts in Libya(Redirected from 2015 kidnapping and execution of Copts in Libya)
On February 12, 2015, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) released a report in their online magazine Dabiq showing photos of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christian construction workers that they had kidnapped in the city of Sirte, Libya, and whom they threatened to kill to "avenge the [alleged] kidnapping of Muslim women by the Egyptian Coptic Church". The men, who came from different villages in Egypt, 13 of them from Al-Our, Minya Governorate, were kidnapped in Sirte in two separate attacks on December 27, 2014, and in January 2015. This was not the first time that Egyptians in Libya have been the subject of abuse for political reasons, a pattern that goes back to the 1950s.
|21 martyrs of libya|
|Born||one of them from Ghana; other 20 Martyrs from Egypt|
|Died||15 February 2015
|Venerated in||Coptic Orthodox Church|
Earlier in 2014, a militia group in eastern Libya declared its affiliation with ISIL, it then took over parts of Derna in late 2014. People allied to the group claimed responsibility for attacks across the country, including the Corinthia Hotel attack in January 2015.
On February 15 a five-minute video was published, showing the beheading of the captives on a beach along the southern Mediterranean coast. A caption in the video called the captives the "people of the cross, followers of the hostile Egyptian Church". In the video, the leader/speaker was dressed in camouflage, while the others were dressed in black. He declared in North-American English:
Oh people, recently you've seen us on the hills of Al-Sham [Greater Syria] and on Dabiq's Plain, chopping off the heads that had been carrying the cross delusion for a long time, filled with spite against Islam and Muslims, and today we… are sending another message: Oh crusaders, safety for you will be only wishes especially when you're fighting us all together, therefore we will fight you all together until the war lays down its burdens and Jesus peace be upon him will descend, breaking the cross, killing the swine. The sea you've hidden Sheikh Osama bin Laden's body in, we swear to Allah we will mix it with your blood.
After beheading the hostages, a message appears on the screen: "The filthy blood is just some of what awaits you, in revenge for Camelia and her sisters" (referencing Camelia Shehata, a Coptic Egyptian woman and wife of a Coptic priest who Islamists believe had converted to Islam and was detained by the Coptic Church because of it. She later denied the claim). Finally the speaker declares "We will conquer Rome, by Allah’s permission," pointing his knife toward the sea. As in other ISIL videos, the captives wore orange jumpsuits, intended as a reference to the attire of prisoners in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. The group of killers identified itself in the video as the "Tripoli Province" of ISIL. The leader of the squad performing the killings was identified as a Libyan expatriate who goes by the nom de guerre Al Qaqa'a Ben Omro.
The Coptic Church of Egypt, Egyptian government, as well as the Libyan parliament, confirmed the deaths.
Following the release of the video, several experts argued that it had been digitally manipulated and that the actual murders were likely filmed in front of a green screen and then superimposed onto the footage of the beach. The videos were manipulated to show the militants as being seven feet tall in order to propagate fear. Although there were manipulations done to the video, experts confirm that the 21 Christians were killed.
The President of Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi announced a seven-day period of national mourning and called for an urgent meeting with the country's top security body. In a televised address, al-Sisi declared his country reserved the right for retaliation. He also reiterated an offer to facilitate Egyptians’ evacuation from Libya and imposed a travel ban on citizens to Libya. Al-Azhar also condemned the incident. The killings were also addressed particularly by the United Nations Security Council, French President François Hollande and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry. Roman Catholic Pope Francis telephoned Coptic Pope Tawadros II to offer his condolences. At an ecumenical meeting with the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Francis stated "They only said 'Jesus help me ...' The blood of our Christian brothers is testimony that cries out. Be they Catholic, Orthodox, Copts, Lutherans, it doesn't matter: They're Christian!" The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary provided financial support of €500 for each families of the victims. Péter Szijjártó said "Hungary cannot be a bystander of the continuous attacks against Christian communities in the Middle East". The Obama administration was criticized for referring to the victims simply as ‘‘Egyptian citizens’’ rather than Christians, the express reason for their murder.
On February 16 at dawn Egyptian military conducted airstrikes on ISIL facilities in Libya. The airstrikes targeted ISIL training locations and weapons stockpiles. All military aircraft returned safely to base. Libyan air force also conducted strikes in Derna, occupied by an ISIL affiliate since 2014. About 40–50 militants and 7 civilians were reportedly killed.
Canonized as saintsEdit
On February 21, 2015 the pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church, Pope Tawadros II announced that the 21 murdered Copts would be commemorated as martyr saints on the 8th Amshir of the Coptic calendar, which is February 15 of the Gregorian calendar. The commemoration falls on the feast day of the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple.
The film producer Safwat Ghattas commented that the video was produced with a high professionalism. He was subjected to proofs more than once in their entry and bowing at the same time, and that there is more than one camera was used.  Notes on the video Some video commentators and commentators made reference to some of the observations on the video which raised some conclusions: 
The wearing of the watch by the left hand: The person who speaks in the video was observed wearing the latest watches in the left hand (Rolex), while all jihadist movements prohibit wearing anything in the left hand to avoid imitating the Jews.  Daggers where daggers from the American Columbia brand are used by the US military. The physical structure of the fighters is very tall and tall, who appear in close sizes, like a well-trained squad.  Previous photos of the recording: The organization had published pictures in the magazine Dabak, issued by a spokesman in English, last Thursday of the hijackers at the time, and everyone thought that the crime has not yet been implemented. According to experts, the reason for not announcing the crime is the desire to carry out "a process of camouflage and deception of the Egyptian state to ensure coverage of the act of execution and try to erase all possible evidence behind them."  (... sword sword of the worlds ...): note that this word and the word sword is not a literature sermons in Islam. Modern English. Very fluent in English. High level translation. The director's voice is clearly heard at 3:28, ordering the "evocative actors" to start the execution in English. Where experts see that addressing the director of the elements in English, indicates that they are not from Libya, and confirms that most of the fighters in Libya in the presence of foreign mercenaries.
After the beheadings, the Coptic Orthodox church released their names, but there were only 20 names. In the video, the leader's victim was Black, in contrast to the others, who were ethnic Copts. It was later learned that the 21st martyr was named Mathew Ayairga and that he was from Chad. He was not originally a Christian, but he saw the immense faith of the others, and when the terrorists asked him if he rejected Jesus, he reportedly said, "Their God is my God", knowing that he would be martyred.
|Bishoy Adel Khalaf||Samuel Alhoam Wilson||Hany Abdel-Masih Salib|
|Melad McCain Zaky||Abanoub Ayad Attia||Ezzat Bushra Nassif|
|Yousef Shokry Younan||Kirillos Shukry Fawzy||Majid Suleiman Shehata|
|Somali Stéphanos Kamel||Malak Ibrahim Siniot||Bishoy Stéphanos Kamel|
|Mena Fayez Aziz||Girgis Melad Siniot||Tawadros Youssef Tawadros|
|Essam Badr Samir||Luke Ngati||Jaber Mounir Adly|
|Malak Faraj Abram||Sameh Salah Farouk||Matthew Irigia |
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