2015 ASEAN Para Games

The 2015 ASEAN Para Games, officially known as the 8th ASEAN Para Games, was a Southeast Asian disabled multi-sport event hosted by the city-state of Singapore[4] Unlike the previous editions the games were held six months after the closing of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games from 3 to 9 December 2015. This was Singapore's first time as host of the ASEAN Para Games.[5]

ASEAN Para Games Logo 2015.png
Host citySingapore
MottoCelebrate the Extraordinary
Nations participating10
Athletes participating1181
Events336 in 15 sports
Opening ceremony3 December
Closing ceremony9 December
Officially opened byTony Tan Keng Yam
President of Singapore
Athlete's OathYong Phen Chong Thomas[1]
Judge's OathLanny Kwok Ping Ping
Torch lighterYip Pin Xiu, Tay Wei Ming and Gan Kai Hong Aloysius[2]
Main venueSingapore Indoor Stadium (Opening Cermony)[3]Marina Bay Sands ballroom (Closing Ceremony)
Website2015 ASEAN Para Games
Naypyidaw 2014 Kuala Lumpur 2017  >

Around 1811 athletes participated at the Games, which featured 336 events in 15 sports. Singapore is the seventh nation to host the event after Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia and Myanmar.[6] It was opened by Tony Tan Keng Yam, the President of Singapore at the Singapore Indoor Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by Indonesia and Malaysia with host Singapore in fifth place. Several Games and National records were broken during the games. The Games were deemed generally successful with its effective management of cost spent to host the games, arrangement of public transport and games promotion and with the rising standard of disabled sports competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.

Host cityEdit

Singapore as the host city of 2015 ASEAN Para Games.

Singapore's selection as the host of the 28th Southeast Asian Games was announced in 2011 during the 26th Southeast Asian Games, held in Indonesian cities Palembang and Jakarta. Singapore had previously been nominated to host the event in 2007 and 2013, but turned down both opportunities citing costs associated with the construction of the new Singapore Sports Hub. According to the rules of the ASEAN Para Sports Federation, the host of the SEA Games is automatically the host of the ASEAN Para Games.

Development and preparationEdit

The Singapore ASEAN Para Games Organising Committee (SAPGOC) was formed to oversee the staging of the event.

Steering Committee members of the Games[7]
Position Name Designation
APC Chairman Dato’ Zainal Abu Zarin Asian Paralympic Committee president, ASEAN Para Sports Federation president
Chairman Mr Lawrence Wong Acting Minister, Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth. Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Communications and Information
Deputy Chairman Mr Sam Tan Minister-of-State, Prime Minister's Office and Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth
Members Ms Jennie Chua Chairman, Alexandra Health System Pte Ltd
Lim Teck Yin Chairman, Executive Committee, Singapore ASEAN Para Games Organising Committee
Ms Low Yen Ling Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Social and Family Development and Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth, Mayor of South West District
Mr Mohammed Jamil Bin Mohd Amin Vice Chairman, Autism Association Singapore
Ms Denise Phua Mayor, Central Singapore District; Supervisor, Pathlight School
Mr Richard Seow Chairman, Sport Singapore
Ms Sim Ann Minister-of-State, Ministry of Communications and Information and Ministry of Education
Ms Tan Yen Yen Regional Vice-President & Managing Director, South Asia Pacific, SAS Institute Pte Ltd
Dr Teo-Koh Sock Miang Chairman, Singapore National Paralympic Council, President, Singapore Disability Sports Council
Dr Wong Meng Ee Assistant Professor, Early Childhood and Special Needs Education, National Institute of Education
Ms Yeoh Chee Yan Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth
Ms Yip Pin Xiu Paralympic Gold Medalist


Singapore National Stadium, venue of the athletics and football 7-a-side event of the 8th ASEAN Para Games.

The 2015 ASEAN Para Games used a mix of new, existing and temporary venues. Given the city-state's compact size, most venues were pre-existing public-sporting facilities located in the suburban heartlands which will revert to public use after the games. No major retrofitting work were done in most venues as most had been used to host major multi-disciplinary events such as the 2010 Youth Olympic Games and the 2015 Southeast Asian Games.

At the centrepiece of the activities was the Singapore Sports Hub which was completed in mid-2014 and was used to host the 2015 Southeast Asian Games. Incorporating the new 55,000-seat national stadium, it hosted most of the events.

A games village was not built as in the 2015 Southeast Asian Games. Instead, a "village in the city" concept saw athletes and officials housed in Marina Bay Sands Hotel downtown Singapore which was chosen to be the official games village because of its ability to cater to people with special needs. The hotel reaffirmed its commitment to its corporate social responsibility programmes, and is looking to raise awareness among the public about para-sports. Besides being physically near to the Singapore Sports Hub and offering about 1500 rooms for usage, it was hoped that it will add vibe to the city and reduce post-games costs in converting a dedicated games village to other uses.[8][9]

The 8th ASEAN Para Games had 14 venues for the games.[10]

Nation Competition Venue Sports
Singapore Singapore Sports Hub
Singapore National Stadium Athletics, Football 7-a-side
Singapore Indoor Stadium Wheelchair basketball, Opening ceremony
OCBC Arena Hall 1 Table tennis
OCBC Arena Hall 2 Badminton
OCBC Arena Hall 3 Boccia
OCBC Arena Hall 4 Chess
OCBC Aquatics Centre Swimming
Marina Bay Sands
Marina Bay Sands Hall B Football 5-a-side, Powerlifting
Marina Bay Sands Hall D Goalball
Marina Bay Sands Ballroom Closing ceremony
Marina Bay Sailing
SAFRA Yishun Shooting
Temasek Club Bowling
Kallang Cricket Field Archery

Public transportEdit

Given the existing extensive public transport network already in place, there is no games-specific major infrastructural development to support it. Bus, Mass Rail Transit and van services were provided to athletes, officials and VIP guests to reach the games venues and many of them were equipped with platform to load wheelchair-bounded people especially wheelchair-bounded athletes and officials.[11][12]


The organisers estimated that about 3,000 volunteers are needed to successfully host the games. As of 21 November 2015, about 4,300 public members have signed up as volunteers.[13]


On 20 October 2015, it was announced that other than the Opening Ceremony, no paid tickets are required for the ASEAN Para Games events and the entry to the games' venues is entirely free.[14][15]


During the closing ceremony of the 2014 ASEAN Para Games, the APSF Flag was formally handed over to Singapore from Myanmar. This was followed by a song and dance section highlighting Singapore as the next venue.

From 3 to 9 December 2014, a series of festivities called the "Treerific Christmas" were held. Visitors were exposed to activities such as disability sports try outs such as javelin, shooting, bowling and Boccia, Walk-a-Wheelathon carnival games, performances, arts & crafts, face-painting, balloon-sculptin, to mark the one year countdown to the games. Christmas caroling is organized as well in time of the 2014 Christmas Day.[16]

The countdown to the games began on 15 February 2014 with a launch party at the Gardens by the Bay, where the logo, theme and mascot were also introduced. Related activities was held from September to December 2015.[17] Starting 25 July 2015 onwards, Sport Without Boundaries Roadshows were held at 4 venues from 10:30 to 17:30 SST across Singapore in their respective dates, aimed to introduce para sports to the community and increase their awareness of para sports and the upcoming 8th ASEAN Para Games (APG).[18] The roadshow begins with Jurong West Sport Centre, held between 25 and 26 July, followed by Choa Chu Kang Sport Centre between 19 and 20 September, Seng Kang Sport Centre between 24 and 25 October and Pasir Ris Sport Centre between 31 October and 1 November.[19] Public people were invited to try out sports like Boccia, Goalball, football 5-a-side, table tennis, and wheelchair basketball and win the games merchandise.


The principal agency to ensure the security of the games is the Singapore Police Force, supplemented by the Auxiliary Police Forces. The organisers singled out security as one of their major concerns ahead of the games, with worries over unforeseen security breaches which may occur across any of the venues, some of which are easily accessible by the public.[20]


The design of the medals were similar to those of 2015 Southeast Asian Games which were unveiled on 27 April 2015. Designed by Joys Tan from Sport Singapore, they feature the Games' logo on one side, and the Singapore Sports Hub on the reverse. Each medal will be 80mm in diameter and will each weigh 183 grams.


Projected cost of the games was at SGD 75 million.[21]

Torch relayEdit

A torch relay was held at the Marina Bay on 3 December 2015 before the games' opening ceremony.[22]


Nila, the official mascot
Nila wears either his signature tracksuit (left) or blue sporting attire (right), depending on the occasion.


Similar to the 2015 Southeast Asian Games, the motto of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games is Celebrate the Extraordinary. It represents the connection of individuals, communities and countries to their own dreams beyond competing, winning or overcoming defeat and the inspiration of the soul and spirit inside each people of Southeast Asia.


The logo of the 2015 ASEAN Para Games draws its inspiration from the 28th SEA Games and is an image depicts the human figures and arms, raised in jubilation and seamlessly joined, weave together to form the shape of a heart, represents the essence of the international paralympic movement of Spirit in motion and the gumption to overcome challenges, and the indomitable triumph of the human spirit. The radiance of the colour palette represents the dynamism of sport. The three figures also represent inclusiveness, uplifting and transforming sports with disabilities, and national pride and represents the unity of competing athletes, as individuals, as a movement, and as a region, reaching for extraordinary.[23]


Similar to the 2015 Southeast Asian Games, the mascot of the 2015 ASEAN Para Games is a lion named Nila. The name comes from Sang Nila Utama, the founder of Singapura. Nila has a red mane and heart-shaped face and is described as courage, passionate and friendly. He wears either his signature tracksuit or blue sporting attire, depending on the occasion.[24]


A special compilation album titled Songs of the Games was produced by veteran music director Sydney Tan and released on 3 March 2015. It features the three official theme songs: "Unbreakable" written by Amir Masoh and performed by Tabitha Nauser, "Greatest" by Daphne Khoo and "Ordinary" written by Amir Masoh and performed by The Sam Willows. The other songs included: "You're Wonderful" written by Amir Masoh and performed by Tay Kewei, Gayle Nerva and Tabitha Nauser, "Flags Up" written and performed by The Sam Willows, "Champion" written by Charlie Lim and performed by The Sam Willows, "Still" written and performed by Charlie Lim, "A Love Song-Unbreakable" written by Don Richmond and performed by Benjamin Kheng, "Forever" written by Joshua Wan and performed by The Steve McQueens, "You're almost There" written and performed by Joel and co-written by Ruth Ling, "Dancing on the world" written and performed by Hubbabubbas, "Colours" written and performed by Jean Tan and "Reach" written by Dick Lee and performed by the MGS Choir featuring Dick Lee.[25][26]


A total of 32 sponsors, comprising 4 Main sponsors, 10 Official sponsors and 18 Official partners contributed to the 2015 ASEAN Para Games. The broadcasting rights of the main sponsor MediaCorp is owned by MediaCorp TV.[27]

The gamesEdit

Opening ceremonyEdit

The opening ceremony was held on Thursday, 3 December 2015,[28] beginning at 20:00 SST (UTC+8) at the Singapore Indoor Stadium in Singapore.[29] There were five section of performance dubbed the movements in the opening ceremony, which were Stretching the Boundaries, A World of Creative Possibilities, Shooting For the Best, Fire Your Imagination and Celebration of the Extraordinary. The opening ceremony was designed by creative designer Phillip Tan[30] and was helmed by 661 performers including Lily Goh, Samantha Gray, Daniel Purnomo, Sumbut Simla and Li Chi Chao, 120 motivators, 174 volunteers and 454 students mostly from Singapore's special education schools and 75 creative team members.

The ceremony begins with the first movement, the Stretching the Boundaries where Singapore shooter Aishah Samad was seen at the stage for a short moment after the video footage featuring Singapore's scenery with Charlie Lim's "Still" as background music, followed by a group of dancers from Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts (NAFA) consists of 7 different nationalities dancing led by an autistic girl dancer, Luo Mang. The performance proceeds with the entrance of VIP guests including Singapore President Tony Tan Keng Yam. The National Anthem of Singapore was performed by students of Cannosian School including Vivian Voo, Cerebral Palsy alliance of Singapore including Rosemary, the Association for persons with special needs, Rainbow Centre, School of the arts, Sin Ming Secondary School and Nanyang Primary School as the national flag of Singapore was raised. Neo Yew Kim interprets the national anthem using sign language while Raghavendran Rajarekan performed the national anthem with the Bansui flute. The countdown video depicts clay figure made by Singapore school students of Association For Special Needs that resembles numbers from 10 to 1. Then, athletes of participating nations paraded into the stadium to the ASEAN traditional music, followed by speeches addressed by Grace Fu, Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth of Singapore and Zainal Abu Zarin, President of the ASEAN Para Sports Federation and the declaration of the games opening by president Tony Tan Keng Yam and the raising of the APSF and the games flag with the playing of Anthem of the Future, the anthem of the Paralympic movement and drum majors Haikal Rosli and Jonah Chi Jee Hong playing the baton on the stage.

The movement told the story of how the athletes push the boundaries and move beyond them. The Bruneian contingent was led by Alihan Muda of Athletics. The Cambodian contingent was led by Van Vun of Athletics. The Indonesian contingent was led by Anto Boi of Powerlifting. The Lao contingent was led by Simay Eay of Powerlifting. The Malaysian contingent was led by Mohamad Ridzuan Mohamad Puzi of Athletics. The Myanmar contingent was led by Myo Swe of Athletics. The Filipino contingent was led by Sander Saverino of Chess. The Thai contingent was led by Rawat Tana of Athletics. The Vietnamese contingent was led by Le Van Cong of Powerlifting. Meanwhile, the Singaporean contingent was led by Yip Pin Xiu of Swimming.

Second movement in line is A World of Creative Possibilities performed by students from Grace Orchard School and Anglo Chinese School and Natasha Michella of School of the Arts, with a map of Singapore designed by Special Education students at the background. The movement told the story about human creativity and reflects ASEAN Para Sports Federation vision for pursuing equality in sports and life. This was followed by movement 3, the Shooting For The Best performance in which dance troop Redeafination doing the glow in the dark dance, followed by oath taken by Yong Phen Chong for athletes, Lanny Kwok Ping Ping for judges and officials and Muhammad Hosni for Coaches and Personal Best performance which depicts the video of the voice of athletes from participating nations and performance by Lui Chee Chau, a Malaysian pianist and Indah Wahyu, an Indonesian singer. The movement told the story about how the athletes try their best to pursuit victory and improve their performance.

In the fourth movement, the Fire Your Imagination, Choo Poh Choon, Jason Chee, Yap Qian Yin, Renee Joy Tan, Neoh Yew Kim and dancers from Asia Women Welfare Association doing performances with a person playing flute and two students doing the hand sign dance to express their dreams, followed by the video Because I am a Champion, showing the fighting spirit of Singapore para athletes. A group of athletes then passed the torch flame one after another before it was passed to Yip Pin Xiu, who lit the flame on the cauldron with Tay Wei Ming of Badminton and Gan Kai Hong Aloysius of Boccia. The torch bearer are R. Nadesan Kalai Vanen of Powerlifting, Benson Tan Eng Kiong of Swimming, Aishah Samad of Shooting and Toh Wei Soong of Swimming. The movement told the story about human's imagination that resulted from their dreams. In the fifth movement, the Celebration of the Extraordinary, performers of the previous performances gather with the Taiko drum, Timpani and electric guitar players and mascot Nila to do the finale alongside performers mostly from Evergreen Secondary School, Metta School, Association of persons with Special needs, I am Soul, Yishun Park and Chaoyang School. The ceremony concludes with President leaving the stadium while meet and greeting athletes and performers who attended the ceremony along the way.[31][32][33]

Closing ceremonyEdit

The closing ceremony was held on Wednesday, 9 December 2015, from 20:00 SST (UTC+8) at the Marina Bay Sands ballroom in Singapore.[34] Athletes and guests were treated with a series of dances and performances and the dinner served at the ballroom. After that, Prime minister Lee Hsien Loong declared the games closed. The torch was extinguished and the ASEAN Para Games responsibilities was officially handed over to Malaysia, host of the 2017 ASEAN Para Games[35][36] where Saravanan Murugan receives the flag of the ASEAN Para Sports Federation as its symbol from Zainal Abu Zarin and Lanny Kwok Ping Ping during a flag handover ceremony. The national anthem of Malaysia was played as the National flag of Malaysia was raised. A Malaysia segment performance was also performed by a drum band named Republic of Gendang, highlighting Malaysia as the next host of the ASEAN Para Games.[37][38][39][40]

Participating nationsEdit

The number of athletes competed for each nation is shown in parenthesis. Around 1181 athletes and 500 officials had participated in the games.

Did not enter


The Singapore ASEAN Para Games Organising Committee (SAPGOC) had confirmed a total of 15 sports for the 8th ASEAN Para Games. This was the most number of sports offered at the ASEAN Para Games in its history. The announcement took place after the sports were endorsed at the 1st ASEAN Para Sports Federation Board of Governors’ Meeting at Marina Bay Sands.[44]


OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
December 3
Ceremonies OC CC
  Archery 3 3 6
  Athletics 22 17 24 18 21 10 112
  Badminton 1 4 1 9 15
  Boccia 4 3 7
  Bowling 7 5 2 14
  Football 7-a-side 1 1
  Chess 12 12 24
  Football 5-a-side 1 1
  Goalball 2 2
  Powerlifting 4 2 5 8 19
  Sailing 1 2 3
  Shooting 2 2 2 1 7
  Swimming 22 15 14 25 10 86
  Table tennis 1 9 9 1 17 37
  Wheelchair basketball 1 1 2
Daily medal events 0 55 52 72 59 81 17 336
Cumulative total 0 55 107 179 238 319 336 336
December 3
Total events

Medal tableEdit

The 2015 ASEAN Para Games featured 336 events, resulting in 336 medal sets to be distributed.

Two bronze medals were awarded in most events in racket sports: 10 in Badminton and 21 in Table tennis, giving a total of 31 additional bronze medals. On the other hand, 12 silver and 46 bronze medals were not awarded in 46 events in 8 sports competed at the games due to few number of participants. These are: Archery (2 bronze), Athletics (4 silver and 16 bronze), Badminton (2 bronze), Boccia (1 silver and 2 bronze), Chess (8 bronze), Powerlifting (4 silver and 4 bronze), Swimming (3 bronze) and Table tennis (3 silver and 9 bronze).

As a result, a total of 981 medals comprising 336 gold medals, 324 silver medals and 321 bronze medals were awarded to athletes.

The host Singapore's performance was its best ever yet in ASEAN Para Games History and was placed fifth overall among participating nations.[45][46]

  *   Host nation (Singapore)

2015 ASEAN Para Games medal table
1  Thailand (THA)957679250
2  Indonesia (INA)817463218
3  Malaysia (MAS)525837147
4  Vietnam (VIE)485850156
5  Singapore (SIN)*24172263
6  Myanmar (MYA)16172962
7  Philippines (PHI)16172659
8  Brunei (BRU)33612
9  Cambodia (CAM)1269
10  Laos (LAO)0235
Totals (10 NPCs)336324321981


Sport Singapore hosted live video stream at its YouTube channel.[47] An official mobile application for the games was also released which featured live streams of selected sports events, schedules, results and other promotional materials.[48] In Malaysia, Radio Televisyen Malaysia broadcasts the daily highlights of the games from 4 to 10 December 2015.[49]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Official Website Opening Ceremony Gallery". Official Website. 3 December 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Grit Determination Take Spotlight Para Games Kick". Today Online. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  3. ^ "ASEAN Para Games Opening Ceremony Ticket". Singapore Sports Hub. 1 December 2015. Archived from the original on 5 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Para-athletes set for spotlight". The New Paper. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  5. ^ "ASEAN Para Games to be held in S'pore for 1st time". 23 April 2015. Archived from the original on 27 November 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Games Commemorative Book at Sports Singapore website" (PDF). 23 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Steering Committee 8th ASEAN Para Games Singapore 2015". 22 June 2015. Archived from the original on 7 January 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  8. ^ "8TH ASEAN Para Games Organising Committee Announces The List Of Sports And Official Games Village". 29 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  9. ^ "15 sports confirmed for 2015 APG". 1 September 2014. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  10. ^ "List of venues 8th ASEAN Para Games 2015". 3 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
  11. ^ "MRT not the only option". Channel News Asia.
  12. ^ "78 Vehicles Prepared". Channel News Asia. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  13. ^ "4300 Signed up as volunteers". Channel NewsAsia. 22 November 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  14. ^ "8 things you probably didn't know about the ASEAN Para Games". Mothership Sg.
  15. ^ "8th ASEAN Para Games opens with rousing ceremony". If Only Singaporeans Stopped To Think.
  16. ^ "A TREErific Christmas to mark one year to the 8th ASEAN Para Games". Official Website. Sport Singapore Media Team. 30 November 2014. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  17. ^ Chen, May (15 February 2014). "Countdown to 2015 SEA Games begins with unveiling of logo, theme and mascot". News.AsiaOne.com. AsiaOne. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  18. ^ "Fun and Games at Roadshow". Official Website 2015 ASEAN Para Games. 27 May 2015. Archived from the original on 15 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Sport Without Boundaries Roadshows". 20 May 2015. Archived from the original on 15 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Security, weather among challenges for organisers". Today. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  21. ^ $75m budget for first Asean Para Games in Singapore
  22. ^ "Y Factor" (PDF). YMCA Singapore.
  23. ^ "8th ASEAN Para Games Logo". Archived from the original on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  24. ^ "28th SEA Games Mascot - Nila". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  25. ^ "Songs SEA Games 2015". Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  26. ^ "Songs of the Games Official". Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  27. ^ "8th ASEAN Para Games Get Involved Sponsors". Official website. 2 March 2016. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  28. ^ "Asean Para Games: Performers and athletes go through final rehearsal for opening ceremony". Straits Times. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  29. ^ "ASEAN Para Games opening ceremony will celebrate triumph of human spirit". Channel News Asia. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  30. ^ "ASEAN Para Gamesopens with a blaze of colour". Official Website. 3 December 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  31. ^ "Opening Ceremony 8th ASEAN Para Games 2015". YouTube. Sports Singapore. 3 December 2015.
  32. ^ "ASEAN Para Games Ceremonies report" (PDF).
  33. ^ "ASEAN Para Games Ceremonies" (PDF).
  34. ^ "ASEAN Para Games venues". Official Website. 9 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  35. ^ "ASEAN Para Games". Channel News Asia. 9 December 2015.
  36. ^ "Praises for Athletes in closing ceremony at Marina Bay Sands". Straits Times. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  37. ^ "ASEAN Para Games Come to a close". Official Website. 3 December 2015. Archived from the original on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  38. ^ "ASEAN Para Games Come to a close".
  39. ^ "ASEAN Para Games an emotional climax".
  40. ^ "See You in KL 2017". Official Website SEA Games 2017. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  41. ^ "Timor Leste excluded from 8th ASEAN Para Games". Channel NewsAsia. MediaCorp News Group. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  42. ^ "Asean Para Games: Timor Leste excluded from Dec 3-9 event due to suspension by IPC".
  43. ^ "Timor Leste excluded due to IPC suspension".
  44. ^ "List of sports events of 2015 ASEAN Para Games" (PDF). 29 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  45. ^ "Medal Standing". Official Website. 10 December 2015. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  46. ^ "8th ASEAN PARAGAMES - Final Medal Tally". Southeast Asian Games Blogspot.
  47. ^ "Sports Singapore". YouTube. Sports Singapore. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  48. ^ "8th ASEAN Para Games TV App". 2015 ASEAN Para Games Singapore. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  49. ^ "Promo ASEAN Para Games 2015". YouTube. Radio and Television of Malaysia. Retrieved 2 December 2015.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
ASEAN Para Games

VIII ASEAN Para Games (2015)
Succeeded by
Kuala Lumpur