2013 Montenegrin presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Montenegro on 7 April 2013. Incumbent President Filip Vujanović of the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) was challenged by independent candidate Miodrag Lekić, who was a common candidate endorsed by the opposition.

2013 Montenegrin presidential election

← 2008 7 April 2013 2018 →
Turnout63.90% (Decrease 4.30pp)
  FilipVujanovic.jpg Miodrag Lekic Podgorica.jpg
Candidate Filip Vujanović Miodrag Lekić
Party DPS Independent
Popular vote 161,940 154,289
Percentage 51.21% 48.79%

MontenegroPres2013.jpg
Results by municipality
  Vujanović   Lekić

President before election

Filip Vujanović
DPS

President after
election

Filip Vujanović
DPS

BackgroundEdit

Vujanović's third candidacy was viewed controversial by many; the Social Democratic Party (SDP), the minor coalition partner of the DPS, threatened to end their coalition if Vujanovic "illegally" ran again and lodged an appeal to the Constitutional Court; SDP's leader Ranko Krivokapić and the Montenegrin president are long-time rivals, mainly due to Vujanović's moderate approaches to the country's national question, while Krivokapić maintains a more hardline nationalist approach.[1]

The opposition shared the ruling Social Democrats' viewpoint that Vujanović running for a third term was unconstitutional, adding that it was one of the representative elements of the DPS' authoritarian reign over Montenegro. Experts expressed opinion that he would perhaps endure the fate of Serbia's former president Boris Tadić, who lost the election running for his third term in 2012. It has also been pointed out that while the 2006 Serbian law enables Tadić to run for the second time because his first mandate, elected while Serbia was not a country but a federal unit, the 2007 Montenegrin law makes no distinction, meaning this would legally be Vujanović's third term, the Montenegrin constitution allows for only two terms in a lifetime.[2]

In February 2013, the Constitutional Court officially approved Vujanović's candidacy, noting that for his 2003-2008 term he was elected as President of Montenegro as a constituent entity within its state union with Serbia and served as de facto independent head of state only in 2006-2008, meaning that his 2008-2013 term is legally his first term.[3]

CampaignEdit

The opposition had decided to unite under a common candidate which would best represent individual differences; the leader of the Democratic Front (DF) opposition alliance that was formed under the basis of Miodrag Lekic as president and ran at the 2012 national elections based on that idea, ran as an independent candidate. He had received strong support immediately from the Socialist People's Party of Montenegro (SNP); the last remaining main opposition party, Positive Montenegro (PCG), originally had planned to present its party leader Darko Pajović as candidate but fell into deep financial problems and decided to endorse Lekic instead, as a common candidate of the opposition.

ResultsEdit

Prior to the official announcement of the results, both Filip Vujanović and Miodrag Lekić claimed to have won the election. Based on the vote count of the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, Vujanović claimed to have received 51.3% of the vote, to 48.7% for Lekić. However, the opposition Democratic Front stated that Lekić was the rightful winner of the election with 50.5% of the vote to Vujanović's 49.5%. They likened Vujanovic's victory claim to a "coup d'etat".[4]

On 8 April 2013, Electoral Commission chairman Ivan Kalezić announced that Vujanović had won the election with 51.2% of the vote.[5] Representatives for Lekić's campaign stated that they would not recognise the results and filed a request for a recount in all municipalities.[6]

Candidate Party Votes %
Filip Vujanović Democratic Party of Socialists 161,940 51.21
Miodrag Lekić Independent[a] 154,289 48.79
Invalid/blank votes 10,574
Total 326,803 100
Registered voters/turnout 511,405 63.90
Source: Electoral Commission
  1. ^ Leader of Democratic Front alliance, supported by Socialist People's Party and Positive Montenegro.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Krivokapić: Vujanović gubi izbore".
  2. ^ "Zašto Vujanović ne može tri puta kao Tadić".
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Both sides claim victory in Montenegro vote Al Jazeera. 7 April 2013. Accessed 7 April 2013
  5. ^ Montenegro's Vujanovic re-elected: official Agence-France Presse, 8 April 2013
  6. ^ Incumbent declared winner in Montenegro election Associated Press, 8 April 2013