2012 G20 Los Cabos summit
|2012 G20 Los Cabos summit|
The logo of the G20 Mexico 2012 summit
|Venue(s)||Los Cabos Convention Center|
|Cities||San José del Cabo, Los Cabos Municipality, Baja California Sur|
|Participants||G20 member states|
Guest Invitees: Benin, Cambodia, Chile, Colombia, Ethiopia, Spain
Invited Organizations: Food and Agriculture Organization
|Follows||2011 G20 Cannes summit|
|Precedes||2013 G20 Saint Petersburg summit|
Pre-planning for the summit began in 2010. In January, Mexican Deputy Foreign Minister Lourdes Aranda hosted a preliminary meeting in Mexico City. It was attended by "sherpas" (representatives) of the G20 foreign ministries.
The convention center was designed and constructed by Mexican architect Fernando Romero in a time span of seven months. It houses the largest green wall in the world, covering an area of 2,700 square meters.
Mexico believes the forum can better represent developing countries in both vision and policy. Under the leadership of President Felipe Calderón, Mexico will seek to expand the scope of the G20's development focus. Calderon also said of funding for the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that "it’s going to be the first time the fund is capitalized without the U.S., which reflects the importance of emerging markets." Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega added that the BRICS countries were "going to make an additional contribution to the IMF that will be announced at the leaders’ meeting," in relation to similar amount announced by the group in April of about US$75 billion. European leaders were pressured by major economies to resolve the European sovereign-debt crisis after New Democracy won a plurality Greek legislative election in June.
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The list below shows the leaders that have attended the 2012 G20 Leaders Summit.
U.S. President Barack Obama planned, first, a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin which was expected to run for one-and-a-half hours and cover "projected deployment of missile shield in Europe, prospects of peace settlement in Syria and bilateral ties [including the] Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act". Obama and Putin made a joint statement about the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising that read: "In order to stop the bloodshed in Syria, we call for an immediate cessation of all violence. We are united in the belief that the Syrian people should have the opportunity to independently and democratically choose their own future." It also followed Russia's intention to send two Russian warships, Nikolai Filchenkov and Tsezar Kunikov, with marines to its naval base in Tartus. As a result of the June Greek election, a bilateral meeting between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the U.S. President Barack Obama on the situation in the eurozone was also planned.
10 Downing Street issued a statement that said British Prime Minister David Cameron had confronted Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner with a letter she had sent him in regards to the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands. She told him the issue should be resolved under the terms of United Nations General Assembly resolution 40/21 of November 1985. Cameron was reported to have said that "I am not proposing a full discussion now on the Falklands but I hope you have noted that they are holding a referendum and you should respect their views. We should believe in self determination and act as democrats here in the G20." The statement said that Cameron had confronted her "with vigour;" however, Argentine Foreign Minister Héctor Timerman said: "The president had the UN resolutions and she said to Cameron: 'Let's respect the United Nations'. The prime minister refused to accept the documents, turned his back and walked away without a farewell. After years of acting as a colonial power they have forgotten that they are responsible for the existence of colonialism, and that it is countries like Argentina that defeated most of the colonial projects in the world." The Prime Minister's Office later said that "we don't need an envelope from Fernandez to know what the UN resolutions say....All the UN resolutions do refer to the UN charter, which enshrines the principle of self-determination and that is what we are asking the Argentines to respect."
The Convention CenterEdit
The Convention Center, located in Los Cabos, Mexico, was designed by the Mexican architect Fernando Romero. The distinctive element of the center is the green wall, the largest in the world, with an area of 2,700m2
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- Invited countries and international organizations Archived 2012-11-20 at the Wayback Machine
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- "Ministry of Foreign Affairs - The G20 Sherpas Meet in Mexico to Discuss the Group's Rules of Operation". Portal3.sre.gob.mx. 2010-01-17. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Mexico hosts G20 summit preliminary meeting - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-01-16. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "FR-EE / G-20 Convention Center". fr-ee.org. Archived from the original on 2015-01-14. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
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- "Mexico seeking to lead G20 development issues". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-09-26. Archived from the original on 2011-12-27. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Colitt, Raymond. "BRICS to Announce IMF Contribution at G-20 Meeting, Brazil Says". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 2012-06-19. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Luke Baker and Krista Hughes (18 June 2012). "G20 ramps up pressure on Europe over debt crisis". Reuters. MSNBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- 2012 Chair of ASEAN
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- "Putin, Obama to Talk Missile Defense, Syria Settlement in Mexico, 18 June 2012 Monday 9:1". Turkishweekly.net. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Obama and Putin urge end to Syria violence - Middle East". Al Jazeera English. 2011-10-04. Archived from the original on 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2012-06-19.
- "Obama, Germany's Merkel to meet at G-20". MarketWatch. 2011-10-18. Archived from the original on 2014-02-24. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "David Cameron confronts Fernandez over Falkland Islands". BBC News. 2012-06-20. Archived from the original on 2017-02-27.