Results by province.
Yellow: Kabila, Red: Tshisekedi, Green: Kengo
The government passed laws to abolish the second round of the presidential election and tried to change the legislative electoral system from proportional to majority representation, which was strongly criticized by the opposition.
On 28 November 2011 elections were held under difficult conditions. Voting was characterized by incidents of violence throughout the country. Because of violence and delays in the delivery of ballot boxes elections were extended by a second day.
DR Congo's National Independent Electoral Commission has registered 32 million voters for the November elections.
The first results released on 2 December 2011, with 15% of the vote counted (mostly in areas considered Kabila strongholds), gave Kabila only a narrow lead of 940,000 votes against 912,000 votes for UPDS leader Tshisekedi.
With half the precincts counted, Kabila was leading with 4.9 million votes, or nearly 49%. His opponent Etienne Tshisekedi was trailing with 3.4 million votes, about 34%. However, this count did not include much of Kinshasa, where Tshisekedi was expected to have strong results. Kabila ceased all email and SMS services nationwide. It has been also said[by whom?] that over 5,000,000 of ballot papers were pre-ticked for the number 3 candidate (Kabila), However no formal actions were taken by the CENI. Some witnesses said that young men had beaten election officials who tried to bring in fraudulent ballots, which were subsequently burned.
The announcement of final results was postponed to 8 December 2011; with over two thirds of the vote counted, Kabila led with 46% to Tshisekedi's 36%.
The Independent National Electoral Commission declared Kabila as the winner on December 9. The result was put into question by the Carter Center as well as the archbishop of Kinshasa, Cardinal Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya, claiming too many irregularities occurred to assure that the results reflected the will of the people. The Carter Center indicated that ballots had been missing in some areas while in others Kabila achieved unrealistic results. Observers from the Carter Center noted that in some districts voter participation was reported to be 100 percent, a most unlikely possibility. MONUSCO, the peacekeeping mission of the United Nations, also voiced concern about the results.
|Étienne Tshisekedi||Union for Democracy and Social Progress||5,864,775||32.33|
|Vital Kamerhe||Union for the Congolese Nation||1,403,372||7.74|
|Léon Kengo||Union of Forces for Change||898,362||4.95|
|Nzanga Mobutu||Union of Mobutuist Democrats||285,273||1.57|
|Jean Andeka||Alliance of Congolese Nationalist Believers||128,820||0.71|
|François Nicéphore Kakese||Union for the Revival and the Development of Congo||92,737||0.51|
|Josué Alex Mukendi||Independent||78,151||0.43|
|Oscar Kashala||Union for the Rebuilding of Congo||72,260||0.40|
|Source: African Elections Database|
The rebels in the 2012 East D.R. Congo conflict said Kabila was not the legal winner of the election and must resign.
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