2009 Swan Islands earthquake
The 2009 Swan Islands earthquake occurred on May 28 at 02:24:45 AM local time with a moment magnitude of 7.3 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong). The epicenter was located in the Caribbean Sea, 64 kilometres (40 mi) northeast of the island of Roatán, 19 miles northeast of Port Royal, Isla de Bahias, 15 miles northwest of Isla Barbaretta, and 130 kilometres (81 mi) north-northeast of La Ceiba. Three aftershocks followed the earthquake within magnitude 4 range.
|UTC time||2009-05-28 08:24:46|
|Local date||May 28, 2009|
|Depth||10 kilometres (6 mi)|
|Fault||Swan Islands Transform Fault|
|Areas affected||Honduras |
|Max. intensity||VII (Very strong)|
The earthquake occurred at a depth of around 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) on a transform fault zone known as the Swan Islands Transform Fault on the southern margin of the Cayman Trough. It was a result of left-lateral strike-slip faulting. The Swan Island Transform Fault forms part of the tectonic boundary between the North American Plate and the Caribbean Plate, and continues onshore as the Motagua Fault and the Chixoy-Polochic Fault.
The 30-second offshore quake was felt in Guatemala, El Salvador, Belize, and as far as Cancún in Mexico. It was also felt in parts of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Cuba, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands.
The earthquake caused at least seven fatalities, 40 injuries, and more than 130 collapsed or damaged buildings across northern Honduras. Two important bridges and a number of levees and port terminals were also seriously damaged. In the Guatemalan department of Izabal, 35 buildings were destroyed and 80 were damaged. In Belize, at least 5 buildings were also destroyed and 25 were damaged. In Roatan, one home was damaged and one injury occurred. The earthquake caused an estimated $37 million worth of damage, and electricity, Internet and telephone connections were cut throughout the majority of Honduras.
- USGS. "Magnitude 7.3 - OFFSHORE HONDURAS". Archived from the original on 31 May 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- "7.3-Magnitude Quake off the Honduras Coast : Natural Hazards". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- BBC (2009-05-28). "Major quake strikes off Honduras". BBC News. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- Cuevas, Freddy (2009-05-28). "7.1 earthquake topples homes, kills 6 in Honduras". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
- Belarbi, A., Luna, R., Applegate, K., Calderon, H., Rivera, O., Lopez, L.A. and Rodriguez, R., 2009. The M7.3 Honduras Earthquake of May 28, 2009, EERI Special Earthquake Report, 1–4
- La Tribuna. "Seísmo destruyó 35 viviendas y dañó otras 80 en el Caribe guatemalteco". Retrieved 2009-05-29.[permanent dead link]
- "7.1 Earthquake Hits Honduras, Belize". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
- Graham, S. E.; Demets, C.; Deshon, H. R.; Rogers, R.; Maradiaga, M. Rodriguez; Strauch, W.; Wiese, K.; Hernandez, D. (2012), "GPS and seismic constraints on the M = 7.3 2009 Swan Islands earthquake: Implications for stress changes along the Motagua fault and other nearby faults", Geophysical Journal International, 190 (3): 1625–1639, Bibcode:2012GeoJI.190.1625G, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05560.x
|Wikinews has related news: Major 7.3 magnitude earthquake hits Honduras|
- The Magnitude 7.3 Honduras Earthquake May 28, 2009 – ExploringEarth
- "Poster of the Honduras Earthquake of 28 May 2009 - Magnitude 7.3". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
- The International Seismological Centre has a bibliography and/or authoritative data for this event.