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The 2007 TransAVIAexport Airlines Il-76 crash refers to an Ilyushin Il-76 cargo aircraft operated by that Belarusian airline that crashed in the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia, on 23 March 2007, during the Battle of Mogadishu. The plane was carrying repair equipment and humanitarian aid. According to a spokesperson for the transport ministry of Belarus, the aircraft was shot down. However, the Somali government insisted that the crash was accidental.[1] A crew of eleven on board the aircraft perished in the accident.

2007 Mogadishu TransAVIAexport Airlines Il-76 crash
Trans Avia Export Ilyushin Il-76TD EW-78849 MES 2005-1-21.png
EW-78849, the aircraft involved in the accident, is seen here at Polonia International Airport in 2005.
Date23 March 2007 (2007-03-23)
SummarySuspected shootdown
Aircraft typeIlyushin Il-76TD
OperatorTransAVIAexport Airlines


Previous shootdown attempt of another company's aircraftEdit

EW-78826, an Ilyushin Il-76TD belonging to TransAVIAexport and leased to Galaxy AIR FCZ, a UAE air freight company, was the target of an attack in March 2007 (2007-03), in Somalia. It was ruled by a Minsk court that, by sending the aircraft to a conflict zone and not informing this to the lessor, the leasing contract was violated. Galaxy AIR had to pay over US$1 million for the damages experienced by the aircraft.[2]

On 9 March 2007, a Transaviaexport Ilyushin Il-76TD, registration EW-78826, that was about to complete an EntebbeMogadishu flight carrying Ugandan peacekeepers and equipment,[3] made a successful emergency landing at Mogadishu International Airport after having been struck by a rocket propelled grenade and catching fire on approach to the airport of destination.[4] The rocket had apparently been fired from a boat while the plane passed over it at a height of 150 metres (490 ft).[5] A crew of nine Belarusian were aboard the aircraft, along with six UPDF soldiers;[5] all of them resulted unharmed. Islamist militia claimed the attack, saying that African Union peacekeepers were their target, as they were seen as invading troops; Somali officials denied such attack, and said the incident was due to the aircraft experiencing a technical failure.[4]

There had been a report with unverified claims circulating on the internet stating that the aircraft had actually been carrying a secret load of infantry fighting vehicles for Ugandan troops. This report also claimed that these vehicles saved all occupants on board.[6]

Description of the accidentEdit

The aircraft involved was an Ilyushin Il-76, a large Russian-built cargo aircraft. Registered as EW-78849,[7] the Il-76 had been on a chartered cargo flight carrying equipment to Ugandan AMISOM peacekeepers in the Somali capital of Mogadishu.[8] All of the crew members were Belarusian.[9] Four of the personnel on board the accident aircraft were engineers who had worked on repairing another aircraft of the same type that had been the subject of an attempted shootdown 14 days earlier.[1][10][11] Much of the equipment on board EW-78849 was for repairing the aircraft damaged earlier;[10] the rest of the cargo was humanitarian aid.[12] The first aircraft was still crippled at the departure time of EW-78849, and TransAVIAexport were considering whether to cannibalise it for re-usable parts.[7]

EW-78849 was due to fly back to Belarus carrying equipment used for the repairs of EW-78826.[13] The flight plan included a refuelling stop at Djibouti.[7] Bound for Minsk, the aircraft had taken off from Mogadishu International Airport at 14:00 local time.[13] According to Somali Interior Minister Mohamed Mahamud Guled, as soon as it reached 10,000 feet (3,000 m) altitude, the pilot reported a problem in engine number two, stating that he would turn back to the airport.[8] He was in the process of attempting to return to the airport for an emergency landing[14] when one wing exploded,[15] separated from the aircraft and fell into the Indian Ocean, while the rest of the plane continued, on fire, along the beach at a low altitude before crashing.[8][16]

The accident occurred in an area called Kuluweyne,[12] with the main part of the wreckage landing near a farmer's hamlet. A Reuters reporter who visited the scene reported seeing crushed animals, four corpses still on the ground, and wreckage spread across an area the size of four football fields. Rescuers found ten of the crew members dead at the scene, and an eleventh alive and wandering around the crash site. He was transported to a hospital where he died the same day.[17] Operations at the airport were not affected by the crash, with Somali Prime Minister Ali Gedi and his delegation departing as scheduled from the airport the next day, destined for the Arab League summit in Saudi Arabia.[14]

Alleged shootdownEdit

A civilian who witnessed the crash said he heard what he believed to be a surface-to-air missile being fired immediately before the accident.[8] "I saw with my eyes when the plane, which was flying low-level, was hit by a rocket and then fell to the ground," Shabelle reporter Maryan Hashi said.[16]" There have been reports that the projectile came from a small boat,[18] and others that it came from a nearby farmers' market.[19] The plane appears to have been struck by the missile at an altitude of about 150 metres (490 ft).[20]


All eleven occupants on board the aircraft died in the incident.[21] Their bodies were transported back to Belarus in a Gomelavia aircraft on 30 March 2007.[22] On 2 April funeral services were held in Belarus for the victims, with hundreds attending. Eight of the victims were buried in a single lot at Maskouskiya cemetery, the rest in Vitsebsk.[23]

Reactions and aftermathEdit

The Somali authorities originally stated that the cause of the crash was unknown, and have since maintained that the crash occurred as a result of an accident, and that it had not been shot down.[1][16] However, while not claiming responsibility for this specific attack, an Islamist web site published claims that the plane was indeed struck by a missile.[16] Within 24 hours of the crash, Belarusian officials confirmed that the plane had been shot down.[20] Somali soldiers began to guard the area against interference.[12] TransAVIAexport suspended all flights to Somalia as a result of the incident,[24] and Belarus advised its airlines not to enter Somali airspace.[25] An investigation was launched by the Belarusian transport prosecutor's office for violations of Article 126 of the Criminal Code, which concerns international terrorism.[6]

On 5 April 2007, the US Federal Aviation Administration released a communication prohibiting US airlines and commercial operators from operating over Somali airspace at altitudes below 26,000 feet (7,900 m), due to possible threats from rocket propelled grenades and shoulder-launched missiles.[26]

According to the Small Arms Survey 2008 Yearbook, the aircraft was shot down by one of two 9K38 Iglas fired by Hizbul Islam.[27]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c 'Somali plane was shot down' – – Obtained 25 March 2007. Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Belarus airline wins $1 mln damages for aircraft loss in Somalia". RIA Novosti. 14 March 2008. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  3. ^ Incident description for EW-78826 at the Aviation Safety Network
  4. ^ a b "Rocket hit Belarussian aid plane in Somalia". Independent Online. 13 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Uganda: 'UPDF Somalia Mission Plane Was Shot At'". New Vision. 13 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Belarusian Plane in Somalia was transporting armaments?". Charter 97. 6 April 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  7. ^ a b c Accident description for EW-78849 at the Aviation Safety Network
  8. ^ a b c d Hassan, Mohamed Olad (24 March 2007). "Cargo Plane Shot Down in Somalia". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  9. ^ "11 Belarusians killed in Somalia plane crash after missile attack". RIA Novosti. 24 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  10. ^ a b "All 11 dead in plane shot down over Mogadishu". Press TV. 24 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  11. ^ Learmount, David (7 January 2008). "Accidents/incidents for 2007". Flightglobal. Flight International. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. The aircraft was hit by more than one missile shortly after take-off and crashed. On 9 March another of the airline's Il-76s had been hit by a missile before landing at Mogadishu and landed successfully but suffered serious damage.
  12. ^ a b c "Missile 'brought down aid flight' with no survivors". The Independent. London. 25 March 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.
  13. ^ a b "Создана госкомиссия по расследованию гибели в Сомали экипажа белорусского самолета" [Commission established by the state (of Belarus) to investigate the death of a Belarusian crew in Somalia] (in Belarusian). 25 March 2007. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013.
  14. ^ a b "Somalia: Further details on Mogadishu plane crash". Shabelle Media Network. Archived from the original on 6 July 2007.
  15. ^ "Plane crashes in Mogadishu, Somalia". AlaskaReport News.
  16. ^ a b c d "'Missile hits plane' in Somalia". ABC News Online. Reuters. Archived from the original on 25 March 2007.
  17. ^ "All 11 crew were killed when cargo plane was shot down in Somali capital, officials say". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press.[dead link]
  18. ^ "Missile attack on plane kills 11 Belarusian". The Malaysia Sun. IANS. 24 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  19. ^ "Somalia: Cargo Plane Shot Down In Mogadishu". CaribJournal. 24 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. 
  20. ^ a b "Belarus says missile caused Somali plane crash". Reuters. 24 March 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Headlines briefing: 3 April 2007". Flightglobal. Flight International. 3 April 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  22. ^ "Похороны погибшего в Сомали белорусского авиаэкипажа состоятся 2 апреля Читать полностью" [The funeral of the Belarusian crew that died in Somalia will be held on 2 April] (in Belarusian). TUT.BY. 31 March 2007. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013.
  23. ^ "Hundreds of Belarusians pay a last tribute to crew members of IL-76 aircraft (Photo)". Charter'97. 2 April 2007. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  24. ^ Transaviaexport suspends flights to Somalia citing war reasons Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback MachineThe National Legal Internet Portal of the Republic of Belarus – Obtained 23 April 2007.
  25. ^ Belarusian aviation authorities advise airlines not to fly to SomaliaInterfax – Obtained 23 April 2007. Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Croft, John (5 April 2007). "Somalia manpads scare forces FAA height ban". London: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013.
  27. ^ Small Arms Survey (2008). "Light Weapons: Products, Producers, and Proliferation" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience. Cambridge University Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-521-88040-4.

External linksEdit