2005 United Nations Climate Change Conference

The 2005 United Nations Climate Change Conference took place between November 28 and December 9, 2005, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The conference included the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP11) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and was the first Meeting of the Parties (MOP1) to the Kyoto Protocol since their initial meeting in Kyoto in 1997. It was one of the largest intergovernmental conferences on climate change ever. The event marked the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol on 16 February 2005. Hosting more than 10,000 delegates, it was one of Canada's largest international events ever and the largest gathering in Montreal since Expo 67. The Montreal Action Plan was an agreement to "extend the life of the Kyoto Protocol beyond its 2012 expiration date and negotiate deeper cuts in greenhouse gas emissions"[1] by starting negotiations, without delay on an extension of the protocol.[2] Canada's environment minister, at the time, Stéphane Dion, said the agreement provides a "map for the future".[3][4]

United Nations Climate Change Conference
Unfccc montreal2005 logo.jpg
Date(s)28 November 2005 (2005-11-28)
9 December 2005 (2005-12-09)
Location(s)Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Previous event2004 United Nations Climate Change Conference
Next event2006 United Nations Climate Change Conference
ParticipantsUNFCCC member countries
WebsiteReports of the conference of the parties


  1. ^ Climate-change conference ends with key deals, CBC news December 10, 2005
  2. ^ "Decision 1: Consideration of commitments for subsequent periods for Parties included in Annex I to the Convention under Article 3, paragraph 9, of the Kyoto Protocol" (PDF). UNFCC. 30 March 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  3. ^ Stephane Dion (December 13, 2005). "The Montreal Action Plan – Speaking Notes for the Honourable Stephane Dion, President, UN Climate Change Conference". Environment Canada. Retrieved June 18, 2010.
  4. ^ COP 11 pages at the UNFCCC