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2005 Portuguese legislative election

The Portuguese legislative election of 2005 took place on 20 February. The election renewed all 230 members of the Assembly of the Republic.

2005 Portuguese legislative election

← 2002 20 February 2005 2009 →

230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
116 seats needed for a majority
Registered8,944,508 Increase0.5%
Turnout5,747,834 (64.3%)
Increase2.8 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  José Sócrates 2006b (cropped).jpg Pedro Santana Lopes 01.jpg Jerónimo de Sousa 2007b (cropped).jpg
Leader José Sócrates Pedro Santana Lopes Jerónimo de Sousa
Party PS PSD PCP
Alliance CDU
Leader since 24 September 2004 29 July 2004 27 November 2004
Leader's seat Castelo Branco[2] Lisbon[3] Lisbon[1]
Last election 96 seats, 37.8% 105 seats, 40.2% 12 seats, 6.9%
Seats won 121 75 14
Seat change Increase 25 Decrease 30 Increase 2
Popular vote 2,588,312 1,653,425 433,369
Percentage 45.0% 28.8% 7.5%
Swing Increase 7.2 pp Decrease 11.4 pp Increase 0.6 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Paulo Portas 2009 (cropped).jpg Francisco Louçã 2009 (cropped).jpg
Leader Paulo Portas Francisco Louçã
Party CDS–PP BE
Leader since 22 March 1998 24 March 1999
Leader's seat Aveiro[4] Lisbon[5]
Last election 14 seats, 8.7% 3 seats, 2.7%
Seats won 12 8
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase 5
Popular vote 416,415 364,971
Percentage 7.2% 6.4%
Swing Decrease 1.5 pp Increase 3.6 pp

2005 Portuguese legislative election - Results.svg

Prime Minister before election

Pedro Santana Lopes
PSD

Elected Prime Minister

José Sócrates
PS

These elections were called after the decision of President Jorge Sampaio on 30 November 2004 to dissolve the Parliament as an answer to the political instability caused by the government led by Pedro Santana Lopes (PSD) in coalition with the PP. Santana Lopes had become Prime Minister in July 2004, after José Manuel Durão Barroso left the country in order to become President of the European Commission in a decision that divided the country, because many Portuguese were expecting that the Socialist President Jorge Sampaio would dissolve the Parliament and call a legislative election. However, after five unstable months, President Sampaio decided to dissolve Parliament and call fresh elections. The Prime Minister nevertheless announced the resignation of the government on 11 December, in an action with no practical effects whatsoever.

The campaign started officially on 6 February and the major topics were the problematic state of the country's finances, unemployment, abortion and even José Sócrates's alleged homosexuality.[6][7]

Headed by Sócrates, the centre-left Socialist Party (PS) won the election with a landslide victory, winning in 19 of the 22 electoral constituencies, including in districts (such as Viseu and Bragança) that historically voted for the right. The Socialist Party conquered its first absolute majority, receiving 45% of the electorate vote and 52% of the seats in the Parliament. The centre-right parties, mainly the Social Democrats, were punished for their performance in government, and lost more than 11% of votes they had garnered in the previous election. On the left, the Left Bloc achieved its best result ever and made the biggest climb, gaining 5 MPs, while the CDU (Communists and the Greens) gained 2 MPs and reversed their downward trend of the last elections.

Voter turnout was the highest since 1995, as 64.3% of the electorate cast a ballot.

Electoral systemEdit

The Parliament of the Portuguese Republic consists of a single chamber, the Assembly of the Republic, composed of 230 members directly elected by universal adult suffrage for a maximum term of four years. Assembly members represent the entire country, rather than the constituencies in which they were elected. Governments require majority support in the Assembly in order to remain in office.

Each one of Portugal's eighteen administrative districts, as well as each one of the country's two autonomous regions - the Azores and Madeira - is an electoral constituency. Portuguese voters residing outside the national territory are grouped into two electoral constituencies - Europe and the rest of the world - each one of which elects two Assembly members. The remaining 226 seats are allocated among the national territory constituencies in proportion to their number of registered electors.

Political parties and party coalitions may present lists of candidates. The lists are closed, so electors may not choose individual candidates in or alter the order of such lists. Electors cast a ballot for a single list. The seats in each constituency are divided among parties according to the largest average method of proportional representation (PR), conceived by the Belgian mathematician Victor d'Hondt in 1899. Although there is no statutory threshold for participation in the allocation of Assembly seats, there is an effective threshold at the constituency level that depends on the district magnitude.[8] The use of the d'Hondt method makes for a higher effective threshold than certain other allocation method such as the Hare quota or Sainte-Laguë method, which are more generous to small parties.[9]

PartiesEdit

The parties that partook in the election, and their leaders, were:

With 230 seats the results are:

José Sócrates, leader of the Socialist Party, was nominated Prime Minister.

Opinion pollingEdit

National summary of votes and seatsEdit

Summary of the 20 February 2005 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
2002 2005 ± % ±
Socialist 2,588,312 45.03  7.2 96 121  25 52.61  10.9 1.17
Social Democratic[A] 1,653,425 28.77  11.4 105 75  30 32.61  13.0 1.13
Unitary Democratic Coalition[B] 433,369 7.54  0.6 12 14  2 6.09  0.9 0.81
People's 416,415 7.24  1.5 14 12  2 5.22  0.9 0.72
Left Bloc 364,971 6.35  3.6 3 8  5 3.48  2.2 0.55
Portuguese Workers' Communist 48,186 0.84  0.2 0 0  0 0.00  0.0 0.0
New Democracy 40,358 0.70 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
Humanist 17,056 0.30  0.1 0 0  0 0.00  0.0 0.0
National Renovator 9,374 0.16  0.1 0 0  0 0.00  0.0 0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 5,535 0.10  0.0 0 0  0 0.00  0.0 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic[C] 1,681 0.03 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
Total valid 5,578,782 97.06  1.0 230 230  0 100.00  0.0
Blank ballots 103,537 1.80  0.8
Invalid ballots 65,515 1.14  0.2
Total (turnout 64.26%) 5,747,834 100.00  2.8
A From the Social Democratic electoral lists were elected two MPs from the People's Monarchist Party and other two MPs from Earth Party.
B Portuguese Communist Party (12 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[10]
C Democratic Party of the Atlantic electoral list only in Azores.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PS
45.03%
PSD
28.77%
CDU
7.54%
CDS-PP
7.24%
BE
6.35%
PCTP/MRPP
0.84%
PND
0.70%
Others
0.59%
Blank/Invalid
2.94%
Parliamentary seats
PS
52.61%
PSD
32.61%
CDU
6.09%
CDS-PP
5.22%
BE
3.48%

Distribution by constituencyEdit

e • d Results of the 2005 election of the Portuguese Assembly of the Republic by constituency
Constituency % S % S % S % S % S Total
S
PS PSD CDU CDS-PP BE
Azores 53.1 3 34.4 2 1.7 - 4.0 - 2.9 - 5
Aveiro 41.1 8 35.7 6 3.5 - 9.8 1 5.1 - 15
Beja 51.0 2 12.3 - 24.1 1 2.9 - 4.7 - 3
Braga 45.4 9 32.9 7 4.8 1 7.8 1 4.6 - 18
Bragança 42.1 2 39.0 2 2.0 - 9.7 - 2.5 - 4
Castelo Branco 56.0 4 26.7 1 3.8 - 5.3 - 3.7 - 5
Coimbra 45.4 6 31.9 4 5.5 - 5.5 - 6.3 - 10
EvoraÉvora 49.7 2 16.7 - 20.9 1 3.7 - 4.6 - 3
Faro 49.3 6 24.6 2 6.9 - 5.8 - 7.7 - 8
Guarda 46.8 2 34.7 2 2.9 - 7.0 - 3.4 - 4
Leiria 35.6 4 39.8 5 4.6 - 8.9 1 5.5 - 10
Lisbon 44.1 23 23.7 12 9.8 5 8.2 4 8.8 4 48
Madeira 35.0 3 45.2 3 3.6 - 6.6 - 3.8 - 6
Portalegre 54.9 2 20.2 - 12.1 - 4.2 - 4.6 - 2
Porto 48.5 20 27.8 12 5.4 2 6.9 2 6.7 2 38
Santarém 46.1 6 26.4 3 8.6 1 6.9 - 6.5 - 10
Setúbal 43.6 8 16.1 3 20.0 3 5.1 1 10.3 2 17
Viana do Castelo 42.0 3 33.5 2 3.8 - 11.4 1 4.5 - 6
Vila Real 43.8 3 40.2 2 2.6 - 6.8 - 2.4 - 5
Viseu 40.4 4 40.2 4 2.2 - 8.6 1 3.3 - 9
Europe 54.3 1 27.2 1 4.2 - 3.4 - 2.3 - 2
Rest of the World 26.3 - 57.7 2 1.0 - 3.5 - 0.7 - 2
Total 45.0 121 28.8 75 7.5 14 7.2 12 6.4 8 230
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

MapsEdit

GraphicsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Freire, André; Marina Costa Lobo (May 2006). "The Portuguese 2005 legislative election: Return to the left". West European Politics. 29 (3): 581–588. doi:10.1080/01402380600620742.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Assembleia da República - Deputados e Grupos Parlamentares
  2. ^ Assembleia da República - Deputados e Grupos Parlamentares
  3. ^ Assembleia da República - Deputados e Grupos Parlamentares
  4. ^ Assembleia da República - Deputados e Grupos Parlamentares
  5. ^ Assembleia da República - Deputados e Grupos Parlamentares
  6. ^ Santos Costa, Filipe (2 February 2005). "Santana nega ter feito insinuações" [Santana denies having made insinuations]. Diário de Notícias (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  7. ^ Paixão, Paulo (23 September 2009). "Temas que marcaram a campanha das legislativas de 2005" [Themes that marked the 2005 election campaign]. Expresso (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
  9. ^ Gallaher, Michael (1992). "Comparing Proportional Representation Electoral Systems: Quotas, Thresholds, Paradoxes and Majorities"
  10. ^ "Electoral results - Assembly of the Republic". Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2019-02-17.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit