2005 Kazakh presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Kazakhstan on 4 December 2005. Incumbent President Nursultan Nazarbayev, in power since 1989, sought and won a 3rd term against four other candidates. Opposition candidates were allowed some access to the mass media, but this was still restricted. According to western election observers, opposition candidates also suffered considerable harassment. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) criticized the elections, calling them unfair, but noted improvements.

2005 Kazakh presidential election

← 1999 4 December 2005 2011 →
Turnout76.8% Decrease 10.2 pp
  Nursultan Nazarbayev (2004-09-09) (cropped).jpg Zharmakhan Tuyakbay (cropped).jpg
Nominee Nursultan Nazarbayev Zharmakhan Tuyakbay
Party Otan EQU
Popular vote 6,147,517 445,934
Percentage 91.15% 6.61%

2005 Kazakh presidential election results by region.png
Results by region

President before election

Nursultan Nazarbayev
Otan

Elected President

Nursultan Nazarbayev
Otan

BackgroundEdit

On 22 June 2000, the Constitutional Council ruled that the President Nursultan Nazarbayev who was reelected in 1999 for second term, was in fact serving his first term due to the newly adopted Kazakhstan Constitution in 1995, which happened before his reelection bid. As a result, Nazarbayev was eligible to run for de facto third term.[1]

Prominent Kazakh official, Zharmakhan Tuyakbay, resigned as the Chair of the Mazhilis on 14 October 2004 after accusing the government of rigging the 2004 legislative elections.[2] The following month, he joined the opposition by becoming the chairman of the Coordinating Council of Democratic Forces of Kazakhstan on 23 November 2004 where he worked in drafting the new Kazakh Constitution.[3] On 20 March 2005, Tuyakbay became the chairman of newly created political movement bloc For a Just Kazakhstan and was nominated as candidate for the election which was supposed to be held in December 2006.[4][5] However in June 2005, it was announced that a snap election would be held in December 2005.[6]

Zamanbek Nurkadilov, described as the leading figure of the opposition, was unable to take part, having died shortly before the election. A former mayor of Almaty and government minister, Nurkadilov had joined the opposition. He was found shot dead in November, shortly after reportedly saying that he would go public with documents proving government corruption. Near his body was "a pillow pierced by bullets that may have been used as a silencer". The official cause of death was presented as suicide, with a report stating that Nurkadilov had shot himself twice in the chest and then once in the head.[7][8][9]

Electoral systemEdit

The President of Kazakhstan is elected using the two-round system; if no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a second round is held between the top two candidates.[10]

ProcedureEdit

On 19 August 2005, the Constitutional Council ruled that the 2005 presidential elections must be held on the first Sunday of December 2005 and on 7 September 2005, the Mazhilis adopted a resolution, setting the election day for 4 December.[11]

On 9 September 2005, President Nursultan Nazarbayev signed a decree "On Measures on Realization of Election Rights of Citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan" to which it instructed various state authorities to ensure free, fair and competitive elections.

CandidatesEdit

RegisteredEdit

Registration of candidates was held between 3 and 24 October 2005. The Central Election Commission (OSK) received 72 submissions from the prosecution bodies on violations of the legislation, which along with petitions of citizens resulted in the re-examination the candidates' signatures. Based on the results of investigation, the CEC issued an official statement on violations of the law of the country during collection of signatures in the support to the candidates.[12]

The following five candidates were registered to the OSK:[12]

DeniedEdit

On 24 October 2005, due to the failure to submit the necessary documents, the following applicants were refused registration as candidates for the Presidency:[12]

FailedEdit

Prior to that, registration was denied to applicants who did not meet the requirements of the Constitution of Kazakhstan for candidates:

ResultsEdit

OverallEdit

CandidatePartyVotes%
Nursultan NazarbayevOtan6,147,51791.15
Zharmakhan TuyakbayCoalition for a Just Kazakhstan445,9346.61
Alikhan BaimenovAk Zhol Democratic Party108,7301.61
Erasyl AbilqasymovCommunist People's Party23,2520.34
Mels EleusizovTabighat18,8340.28
Total6,744,267100.00
Valid votes6,744,26798.15
Invalid/blank votes127,3041.85
Total votes6,871,571100.00
Registered voters/turnout8,949,19976.78
Source: Embassy of Kazakhstan in the United Kingdom

ReactionsEdit

Onalsyn Zhumabekov, Chairman of Kazakhstan's Central Election Commission, declared the election valid. About 1,600 observers monitored the election, including 465 from the influential Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

Bruce George, coordinator for observers from the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, was highly critical of the election: "Regrettably, despite some efforts which were undertaken to improve the process, the authorities did not exhibit sufficient political will to hold a genuinely good election."

The OSCE has gone on record noting the following issues with the election "Unauthorized persons interfering in polling stations, cases of multiple voting, ballot box stuffing and pressure on students to vote were observed during voting and during the count, observers saw tampering with result protocols and a wide range of procedural violations."

Nazarbayev's main challenger, Zharmakhan Tuyakbay, refused to concede the race. He called for the Supreme Court of Kazakhstan to annul the election results by alleged voter fraud that was committed by the Central Election Commission.[15][16] However the court found no violations and as result, Tuyakbay's claims were dismissed on 23 December 2005.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Radchenko, Sergey; Rakhmetov, Baurzhan (2020-08-06). "Putin Is Ruling Russia Like a Central Asian Dictator". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  2. ^ КАМЗИЕВА, Гульмира (2004-10-23). "Туякбай – не заместитель президента, и уже – не заместитель председателя партии". Радио Азаттык (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  3. ^ "Жармахан Туякбай ушел в оппозицию". zonakz.net (in Russian). 2004-11-24. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  4. ^ "Жармахан Туякбай выдвинут как единый кандидат в президенты РК от демократических сил | Номад | 22.03.2005". nomad.su (in Russian). 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  5. ^ "Kazakh Opposition Names Challenger To Nazarbaev". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 2005-03-20. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  6. ^ "Партия Отан мобилизует свои силы | Номад | 29.06.2005". nomad.su (in Russian). 2005-06-29. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  7. ^ "Kazakh Opposition Figure's Death Ruled Suicide", Radio Free Europe, 29 November 2005
  8. ^ "Kazakhstan opposition member slain", New York Times, November 13, 2011
  9. ^ "'Election' présidentielle au Kazakhstan", Euronews, 3 April 2011
  10. ^ Republic of Kazakhstan: Election for President Archived 2019-03-27 at the Wayback Machine IFES
  11. ^ "Выборы президента Казахстана состоятся 4 декабря". ИА REGNUM (in Russian). 2005-09-08. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  12. ^ a b c INFORMATION COMPENDIUM ABOUT ELECTIONS AND REPUBLICAN REFERENDA, HELD IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN FROM 25 MARCH 1990 TILL 16 JANUARY 2012 VOLUME I (PDF). Astana: THE CENTRAL ELECTION COMMISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN. 2012. p. 466.
  13. ^ "Об установлении соответствия кандидата в Президенты Республики Казахстан Жамбулова Тилепалды Сатышулы предъявляемым к нему Конституцией Республики Казахстан и Конституционным законом Республики Казахстан "О выборах в Республике Казахстан" требованиям". www.election.gov.kz (in Russian). 2005-10-01. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  14. ^ "Об установлении соответствия кандидата в Президенты Республики Казахстан Сакаева Оразалы предъявляемым к нему Конституцией Республики Казахстан и Конституционным законом Республики Казахстан "О выборах в Республике Казахстан" требованиям". www.election.gov.kz (in Russian). 2005-10-04. Retrieved 2005-10-04.
  15. ^ "Preliminary Results Give Kazakh President Landslide Win". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 2005-12-05. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  16. ^ "Kazakh election condemned". www.aljazeera.com. 2005-12-05. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  17. ^ "Верховный суд отказал Туякбаю в удовлетворении иска к ЦИК РК | Номад | 26.12.2005". nomad.su (in Russian). 2005-12-26. Retrieved 2020-10-17.