2004 Battagram earthquake

An earthquake struck Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan on February 14, 2004. Extensive damage occurred and 24 people lost their lives.

2004 Battagram earthquake
2004 Battagram earthquake is located in Pakistan
2004 Battagram earthquake
UTC time2004-02-14 10:30:22
ISC event7251179
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local date14 February 2004
Local time15:30
Magnitude5.5 Mw
Depth11.0 km (6.8 mi)
Epicenter34°46′26″N 73°12′58″E / 34.774°N 73.216°E / 34.774; 73.216Coordinates: 34°46′26″N 73°12′58″E / 34.774°N 73.216°E / 34.774; 73.216
Areas affectedPakistan
Max. intensityVIII (Severe)[1]
LandslidesYes
Casualties24 dead, 63 injured

Tectonic settingEdit

Northern Pakistan lies at the southern margin of the broad zone of continental collision between the Eurasian and Indian Plates. The rate of convergence between these plates near this location is 38 mm per year.[2] The main structures involved in accommodating this convergence are large thrust faults, such as the Main Central Thrust and the Main Frontal Thrust. Within the frontal thrust zone, there are many individual thrust faults. Many damaging earthquakes have resulted from movement on such thrust faults, such as the 2005 Kashmir earthquake which caused the deaths of around 87,000 people.

ImpactEdit

Eleven people were killed and 63 were injured by collapsing houses. Thirteen others were also killed and one was left missing when a landslide hit a minibus and fell into a deep ravine in Battagram.[3][4] 564 houses were destroyed and 2,262 were damaged in the earthquake.[4][5]

ResponseEdit

The Pakistani government supported affected families by giving 100,000 rupees for a deceased family member and 20,000 rupees for every injured person.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "M 5.5 - 20 km ENE of Battagram, Pakistan". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  2. ^ USGS. "Himalaya tectonic summary map" (PDF). Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Pakistan quakes kill at least 21". CNN. Archived from the original on 2004-02-15.
  4. ^ a b c "Pakistan Earthquake, 23 February 2004". ReliefWeb. Archived from the original on 2004-03-23.
  5. ^ "At least 17 killed in Pakistan earthquakes". alertnet.org. Archived from the original on 2004-02-24. Retrieved 2022-03-04.