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2003 Pan American Games

The 14th Pan American Games were held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, from August 1 until August 17, 2003. The successful bid for the games was made in the mid-1990s, when Dominican Republic had one of the highest growth rates in Latin America.[1]

XIV Pan American Games
Logo santodomingo.png
Official logo of the
Santo Domingo 2003 Pan American Games.
Host citySanto Domingo
CountryDominican Republic
Nations participating42
Athletes participating5,223
Events338 in 35 sports
Opening ceremonyAugust 1
Closing ceremonyAugust 17
Officially opened byHipólito Mejía
Pan American torchLuis Pujols
Main venueEstadio Olímpico Félix Sánchez
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All 42 PASO countries and over 5,223 athletes pre-registered for the participation in the XIV Pan American Games. An additional 2,425 trainers and delegates attended.[2] The United States pre-registered the most athletes (713) and Saint Lucia entered the least (6). The host country entered 562 athletes.

Contents

BidsEdit

Santo Domingo beat Guadalajara, Mexico, and Medellín, Colombia, in the voting. Guadalajara later went on to host the 2011 Pan American Games.[3]

Game highlightsEdit

Opening ceremonyEdit

The games opened at Estadio Olímpico Félix Sánchez before a crowd of 48,000. The exhibition featured some 10,000 performers, some dressed in costumes ranging from skeletons to men in tuxedoes and top hats, typifying a Dominican carnival.

Local baseball heroes Juan Marichal and Pedro Martínez were on hand for the ceremony. They completed the final lap of the torch and with Luis Pujols, the nephew of the San Francisco Giants coach of the same name, dressed in a Dominican baseball uniform, swung a bat at a baseball sitting atop the mini-flame which triggered the cauldron.

The ceremony also was attended by then-President of the Dominican Republic Hipólito Mejía, Pan American Sports Organization president Mario Vázquez Raña and New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

Budget and venuesEdit

The Dominican Republic spent at least $175 million for the 17-day sporting event. Two Olympic parks were renewed or built, the Centro Olímpico Juan Pablo Duarte and Parque del Este complex. Laborers were forced to work right up until the opening ceremony because of construction delays, electrical blackouts, and questionable venue quality. In the end, the Dominican Republic refurbished existing sites and produced beautiful new facilities.

Although a few logistical incidents occurred (a team was unable to shower when the athletes village lacked water, teams were missing tennis balls or towels),[1] U.S. team chief Roland Betts, commented "At times it has been a great struggle, but we are very excited and proud to see the venues. I believe these venues are as good as or better than any that have been created for the Pan American Games." Other attendees agreed that logistical and venue problems declined greatly during the Games.

Controversy and local reactionEdit

Numerous protest marches were staged to call attention to austerity measures, including import taxes and spending cuts, and neglect of impoverished areas. During the Games, the protests were banned from the city. However, the Dominicans warmly embraced the Games with pride, especially when local heroes such as Félix Sánchez won the gold medal in the 400-meter hurdles and broke the Pan Am record.[1]

While praising the first-rate facilities, critics decried the huge cost overruns, the high payroll of the organizers, and concerns over the Dominican Republic's ability to maintain the venues after the Games.[4]

Medal countEdit

1 Host nation

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the   icon next to the column title.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) a 118/117 80 73/72 271/270/269
2   Cuba (CUB) 72 41 39 152
3   Canada (CAN) a 29 57 42/41 128/127
4   Brazil (BRA) 29 40 54 123
5   Mexico (MEX) a 20 27 32/31 79/78
Note

^ The medal counts for the United States, Canada and Mexico are disputed.

SportsEdit

MascotEdit

The 2003 Games' mascot was a tank top clad manatee named Tito.[7]

2003 Parapan American Games, Mar del PlataEdit

In 2003 Parapan American Games was not hosted in Santo Domingo, but rather in Mar del Plata, Argentina. The event featured 1,500 athletes from 28 countries competed in nine sporting events.[8] This was the 2nd and last Parapan American Games that was not tied to the Pan American Games.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Gonzalez, David (8 August 2003). "PAN AMERICAN GAMES; Games Lift Spirits in Santo Domingo". Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
  2. ^ "panamgames2003.com". panamgames2003.com. Archived from the original on 6 November 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  3. ^ Press, The Associated (7 December 1998). "PLUS: PAN AMERICAN GAMES; Santo Domingo Is Named as Host". Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
  4. ^ "panamgames2003.com". panamgames2003.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  5. ^ "COB". timebrasil.cob.org.br. Archived from the original on 21 April 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Setting sites for the Dominican Republic" (PDF). iwsfranking.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  7. ^ "XIV Pan American Games - Santo Domingo (República Dominicana) 2003". Quadro de Medalhas. Archived from the original on 4 October 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  8. ^ http://www.disabled-world.com/sports/parapan/. Retrieved 2015-08-26. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]