World Curling Championships

The World Curling Championships are the annual world championships for curling, organized by the World Curling Federation and contested by national championship teams. There are men's, women's and mixed doubles championships, as well as men's and women's versions of junior and senior championships. There is also a world championship for wheelchair curling. The men's championship started in 1959, while the women's started in 1979. The mixed doubles championship was started in 2008. Since 2005, the men's and women's championships have been held in different venues, with Canada hosting one of the two championships every year: the men's championship in odd years, and the women's championship in even years. Canada has dominated both the men's and women's championships since their inception, although Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany (West Germany), Scotland, the United States, Norway and China have all won at least one championship.

World Curling Championships
SportCurling
Founded1959 (men)
1979 (women)
2002 (mixed wheelchair)
2008 (mixed doubles)
2016 (mixed)
2022 (mixed doubles wheelchair)
No. of teams14
Most recent
champion(s)
 Sweden (men)
  Switzerland (women)
 China (mixed wheelchair)
 Scotland (mixed doubles)
 Canada (mixed)
 Sweden (mixed doubles wheelchair)
Most titles Canada (men: 36 titles)
 Canada (women: 17 titles)

HistoryEdit

The World Curling Championships began in 1959 as the Scotch Cup. The Scotch Cup was created by Toronto public relations executive and former sports journalist Stanley D. Houston on behalf of the Scotch Whisky Association, a client of Houston's agency Public Relations Services Limited, which was looking to generate increased North American exposure for its products.[citation needed] The first three Cups were contested between men's teams from Scotland and Canada. The United States joined the Scotch Cup in 1961, and Sweden also joined the next year. Canada won the first six world titles, of which the legendary rink skipped by Ernie Richardson earned four. The United States was the first country to break Canada's streak, winning their first world title in 1965. By 1967, Norway, Switzerland, France, and Germany were added to the Scotch Cup, and Scotland won their first title, while Canada finished without a medal for the first time. The tournament was renamed the Air Canada Silver Broom the year after that, and Canada strung together five consecutive world titles starting in that year.

In 1973, the competing field was expanded to ten teams, and Italy and Denmark were introduced to the world stage. Sweden, Switzerland, and Norway won their first titles in the following years, and Canada continued to win medals of all colours. In 1979, the first edition of the women's World Curling Championships was held. The championships were held separately from the men's championships for the first ten years. During this time, Switzerland, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, and Germany won world titles.

Bronze medals were not awarded until 1985 for the women's tournament and 1986 for the men's tournament. Between 1989 and 1994, the bronze medal was shared by the semifinals losers.

Beginning in 1989, the men's and women's championships were held together. Norway won their first world women's title. In 1995, Ford Canada and the World Curling Federation reached an agreement to make Ford the sponsor of the World Curling Championships. Japan, the first nation from Asia to compete in the worlds, made their debut in 1990 at the women's championship, and later in 2000 at the men's championship. South Korea and China followed suit in the 2000s. Scotland won their first women's title in 2002, and the United States won their first women's title the next year.

In 2005, the men's and women's championships were separated, and an agreement was made between the World Curling Federation and the Canadian Curling Association that Canada would host one of the tournaments annually each year, all of which are title sponsored by Ford of Canada. Canada began a streak of top two finishes in the men's tournament, and China won their first world title in the women's tournament in 2009.

In 2008, a world championship for mixed doubles curling was created. Switzerland won the first world mixed doubles title, and proceeded to win four of the first five titles. Russia and Hungary won their first world curling titles in the mixed doubles championship, and New Zealand, France, Austria, and the Czech Republic won their first world curling medals.

In 2015, a world championship for mixed curling was created, replacing the European Mixed Curling Championship and supplanting the European Mixed and Canadian Mixed curling championships as the highest level of mixed curling in the world.[1]

In 2019, the World Qualification Event was introduced, to qualify the final two teams in the men's and women's championships.[2] A mixed doubles qualification event will also be added in the 2019–20 curling season, qualifying the final four teams of the twenty-team mixed doubles championship.[3]

In 2020, the men's, women's and mixed doubles championships were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[4][5][6]

Tournament namesEdit

The World Curling Championships have been known by a number of different names over the years.

Men

  • 1959–1967: Scotch Cup
  • 1968–1985: Air Canada Silver Broom
  • 1986–1988: IOC President's Cup (Hexagon)
  • 1989–1990: WCF Championships
  • 1991–1992: Canada Safeway World Curling Championship
  • 1993–1994: WCF Championships
  • 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championship
  • 2005–2017: Ford World Men's Curling Championship (odd years)
  • 2006–2018: World Men's Curling Championship (even years)
  • 2019: Pioneer Hi-Bred World Men's Curling Championship
  • 2020: LGT World Men's Curling Championship
  • 2021: BKT Tires & OK Tire World Men's Curling Championship

Women

  • 1979–1981: Royal Bank of Scotland World Curling Championships
  • 1982: World Curling Championships
  • 1983: Pioneer Life World Curling Championships
  • 1984: World Curling Championships
  • 1985: H&M World Curling Championships
  • 1986–1990: World Curling Championships
  • 1991–1992: Canada Safeway World Curling Championships
  • 1993–1994: World Curling Championships
  • 1995–2004: Ford World Curling Championships
  • 2005–2017: World Women's Curling Championship (odd years)
  • 2006–2018: Ford World Women's Curling Championship (even years)
  • 2019: LGT World Women's Curling Championship

Competition formatEdit

The first two world championships, held as competitions between Scotland and Canada, were held as five-game series between the two nations. Upon the addition of the United States in 1961, the format was changed to a double round robin preliminary round with a three-team knockout round at the conclusion of the round robin. The knockout round was removed for the next two championships. With the addition of more teams, a single round robin preliminary round with a four-team knockout round was implemented in 1971. The championships occurring from 1968 to 1970 included three-team knockout rounds instead of four-team knockout rounds. The knockout round format was adjusted from single-elimination to the Page playoff system in 2005.

In the championships held from 1971 to 1985, third place was awarded to either the team that lost in the semifinal of a three-team knockout round or the higher-seeded team among the losing teams of a four-team knockout round. A bronze medal game was added to the knockout round in 1986, but bronze medal games were not held from 1989 to 1994, during which bronze medals were awarded to the teams that lost in the semifinals.

Until 2017 format of the world championships used a twelve team round-robin preliminary round, after which the top four teams advance to a knockout round held using the Page playoff system.

Starting in 2018 there are 13 teams playing round-robin preliminary round with top six advancing to a single-elimination knockout with top two receiving bye to the semifinals.[7] This includes two teams from the Americas zone, eight from the European zone (via the European Curling Championships) and three from the Asia-Pacific zone (via the Pacific-Asia Curling Championships). For 2019, the number of teams from the Asia-Pacific zone will be reduced by one, and there will also be one less team from the zone of the bottom-placed team at the 2018 championships.[8] The two slots will be allocated to teams from the new World Qualification Event. The qualification event will have eight teams: the host country, one team from the Americas, two from Pacific-Asia, and four from Europe.

ChampionshipsEdit

MenEdit

 
Scotsman David Murdoch is a two-time world champion.
Year Location Gold Silver Bronze 4th place
1959   Edinburgh, Falkirk, Perth   Canada   Scotland no other competitors
1960   Ayr, Edinburgh, Glasgow   Canada (2)   Scotland no other competitors
1961   Ayr, Edinburgh, Kirkcaldy, Perth   Canada (3)   Scotland   United States no other competitors
1962   Edinburgh, Falkirk   Canada (4)   United States   Scotland   Sweden
1963   Perth   Canada (5)   Scotland   United States   Sweden
1964   Calgary   Canada (6)   Scotland   United States   Sweden
1965   Perth   United States   Canada   Sweden   Scotland
1966   Vancouver   Canada (7)   Scotland   United States   Sweden
1967   Perth   Scotland   Sweden   United States   Canada
1968   Pointe-Claire   Canada (8)   Scotland   United States   Sweden
1969   Perth   Canada (9)   United States   Scotland   Sweden
1970   Utica   Canada (10)   Scotland   Sweden   United States
1971   Megève   Canada (11)   Scotland   United States    Switzerland
1972   Garmisch-Partenkirchen   Canada (12)   United States   West Germany   Scotland
1973   Regina   Sweden   Canada   France   Scotland
1974   Bern   United States (2)   Sweden    Switzerland   Canada
1975   Perth    Switzerland   United States   Canada   Sweden
1976   Duluth   United States (3)   Scotland    Switzerland   Sweden
1977   Karlstad   Sweden (2)   Canada   Scotland   United States
1978   Winnipeg   United States (4)   Norway   Canada   Sweden
1979   Bern   Norway    Switzerland   Canada   West Germany
1980   Moncton   Canada (13)   Norway    Switzerland   Sweden
1981   London    Switzerland (2)   United States   Canada   Norway
1982   Garmisch-Partenkirchen   Canada (14)    Switzerland   West Germany   Sweden
1983   Regina   Canada (15)   West Germany   Norway   Sweden
1984   Duluth   Norway (2)    Switzerland   Sweden   Canada
1985   Glasgow   Canada (16)   Sweden   Denmark   United States
1986   Toronto   Canada (17)   Scotland   United States   Sweden
1987   Vancouver   Canada (18)   West Germany   Norway   Denmark
1988   Lausanne   Norway (3)   Canada   Scotland    Switzerland
1989   Milwaukee   Canada (19)    Switzerland   Norway
  Sweden
1990   Västerås   Canada (20)   Scotland   Denmark
  Sweden
1991   Winnipeg   Scotland (2)   Canada   Norway
  United States
1992   Garmisch-Partenkirchen    Switzerland (3)   Scotland   Canada
  United States
1993   Geneva   Canada (21)   Scotland    Switzerland
  United States
1994   Oberstdorf   Canada (22)   Sweden   Germany
   Switzerland
1995   Brandon   Canada (23)   Scotland   Germany   United States
1996   Hamilton   Canada (24)   Scotland    Switzerland   Norway
1997   Bern   Sweden (3)   Germany   Scotland   Canada
1998   Kamloops   Canada (25)   Sweden   Finland   Scotland
1999   Saint John   Scotland (3)   Canada    Switzerland   United States
2000   Glasgow   Canada (26)   Sweden   Finland   United States
2001   Lausanne   Sweden (4)    Switzerland   Norway   Canada
2002   Bismarck   Canada (27)   Norway   Scotland   United States
2003   Winnipeg   Canada (28)    Switzerland   Norway   Finland
2004   Gävle   Sweden (5)   Germany   Canada   Norway
2005   Victoria   Canada (29)   Scotland   Germany   Norway
2006   Lowell   Scotland (4)   Canada   Norway   United States
2007   Edmonton   Canada (30)   Germany   United States    Switzerland
2008   Grand Forks   Canada (31)   Scotland   Norway   China
2009   Moncton   Scotland (5)   Canada   Norway    Switzerland
2010   Cortina d'Ampezzo   Canada (32)   Norway   Scotland   United States
2011   Regina   Canada (33)   Scotland   Norway   Sweden
2012   Basel   Canada (34)   Scotland   Sweden   Norway
2013   Victoria[9][10]   Sweden (6)   Canada   Scotland   Denmark
2014   Beijing   Norway (4)   Sweden    Switzerland   Canada
2015   Halifax   Sweden (7)   Norway   Canada   Finland
2016   Basel[11]   Canada (35)   Denmark   United States   Japan
2017   Edmonton[12]   Canada (36)   Sweden    Switzerland   United States
2018   Paradise[13]   Sweden (8)   Canada   Scotland   South Korea
2019   Lethbridge[14]   Sweden (9)   Canada    Switzerland   Japan
2020   Glasgow[15] Cancelled[16][17]
2021   Calgary[18]   Sweden (10)   Scotland    Switzerland   RCF
2022   Las Vegas[19]   Sweden (11)   Canada   Italy   United States
2023   Ottawa[20] Future event

WomenEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze 4th place
1979   Perth    Switzerland   Sweden   Canada
  Scotland
1980   Perth   Canada   Sweden   Scotland   United States
1981   Perth   Sweden   Canada   Norway    Switzerland
1982   Geneva   Denmark   Sweden   Scotland   Norway
1983   Moose Jaw    Switzerland (2)   Norway   Canada   Sweden
1984   Perth   Canada (2)    Switzerland   West Germany   Norway
1985   Jönköping   Canada (3)   Scotland    Switzerland   Sweden
1986   Kelowna   Canada (4)   West Germany   Sweden   Scotland
1987   Chicago   Canada (5)   West Germany    Switzerland   Norway
1988   Glasgow   West Germany   Canada   Sweden   Norway
1989   Milwaukee   Canada (6)   Norway   Sweden
  West Germany
1990   Västerås   Norway   Scotland   Canada
  Denmark
1991   Winnipeg   Norway (2)   Canada   Scotland
  Sweden
1992   Garmisch-Partenkirchen   Sweden (2)   United States   Canada
   Switzerland
1993   Geneva   Canada (7)   Germany   Norway
  Sweden
1994   Oberstdorf   Canada (8)   Scotland   Germany
  Sweden
1995   Brandon   Sweden (3)   Canada   Norway   Germany
1996   Hamilton   Canada (9)   United States   Norway   Germany
1997   Bern   Canada (10)   Norway   Denmark   Japan
1998   Kamloops   Sweden (4)   Denmark   Canada   Norway
1999   Saint John   Sweden (5)   United States   Denmark   Norway
2000   Glasgow   Canada (11)    Switzerland   Norway   Scotland
2001   Lausanne   Canada (12)   Sweden   Denmark   Scotland
2002   Bismarck   Scotland   Sweden   Norway   Canada
2003   Winnipeg   United States   Canada   Sweden   Norway
2004   Gävle   Canada (13)   Norway    Switzerland   United States
2005   Paisley   Sweden (6)   United States   Norway   Canada
2006   Grande Prairie   Sweden (7)   United States   Canada   Germany
2007   Aomori   Canada (14)   Denmark   Scotland   United States
2008   Vernon   Canada (15)   China    Switzerland   Japan
2009   Gangneung   China   Sweden   Denmark   Canada
2010   Swift Current   Germany (2)   Scotland   Canada   Sweden
2011   Esbjerg   Sweden (8)   Canada   China   Denmark
2012   Lethbridge[21]    Switzerland (3)   Sweden   Canada   South Korea
2013   Riga[22]   Scotland (2)   Sweden   Canada   United States
2014   Saint John    Switzerland (4)   Canada   Russia   South Korea
2015   Sapporo[23]    Switzerland (5)   Canada   Russia   Scotland
2016   Swift Current[24]    Switzerland (6)   Japan   Russia   Canada
2017   Beijing[25]   Canada (16)   Russia   Scotland   Sweden
2018   North Bay[26]   Canada (17)   Sweden   Russia   United States
2019   Silkeborg[27]    Switzerland (7)   Sweden   South Korea   Japan
2020   Prince George[28] Cancelled[29][30]
2021   Calgary    Switzerland (8)   RCF   United States   Sweden
2022   Prince George[31]    Switzerland (9)   South Korea   Canada   Sweden
2023   Sandviken[32] Future event

MixedEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze 4th place
2015   Bern   Norway   Sweden   China   Russia
2016   Kazan[33]   Russia   Sweden   Scotland   South Korea
2017   Champéry[34]   Scotland   Canada   Czech Republic   Norway
2018   Kelowna   Canada   Spain   Russia   Norway
2019   Aberdeen   Canada (2)   Germany   Norway   South Korea
2020   Aberdeen Cancelled[35]
2021   Aberdeen Cancelled[36]
2022   Aberdeen[37] Future event

Mixed doublesEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze 4th place
2008   Vierumäki    Switzerland   Finland   Sweden   Norway
2009   Cortina d'Ampezzo    Switzerland (2)   Hungary   Canada   China
2010   Chelyabinsk   Russia   New Zealand   China   Spain
2011   Saint Paul    Switzerland (3)   Russia   France   Sweden
2012   Erzurum[38]    Switzerland (4)   Sweden   Austria   United States
2013   Fredericton[39]   Hungary   Sweden   Czech Republic   Norway
2014   Dumfries[40]    Switzerland (5)   Sweden   Spain   Hungary
2015   Sochi[41]   Hungary (2)   Sweden   Norway   Canada
2016   Karlstad[42]   Russia (2)   China   United States   Scotland
2017   Lethbridge[43]    Switzerland (6)   Canada   China   Czech Republic
2018   Östersund    Switzerland (7)   Russia   Canada   South Korea
2019   Stavanger   Sweden   Canada   United States   Australia
2020   Kelowna Cancelled
2021   Aberdeen   Scotland   Norway   Sweden   Canada
2022   Geneva   Scotland (2)    Switzerland   Germany   Norway
2023   Gangneung   [[|]]   [[|]]   [[|]]   [[|]]

Wheelchair mixed teamEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze 4th place
2002   Sursee    Switzerland   Canada   Scotland   Sweden
2004   Sursee   Scotland    Switzerland   Canada   England
2005   Braehead   Scotland (2)   Denmark    Switzerland   Sweden
2007   Sollefteå   Norway    Switzerland   Scotland   Canada
2008   Sursee   Norway (2)   South Korea   United States   Canada
2009   Vancouver   Canada   Sweden   Germany   United States
2011   Prague   Canada (2)   Scotland   Norway   Russia
2012   Chuncheon   Russia   South Korea   China   Slovakia
2013   Sochi   Canada (3)   Sweden   China   United States
2015   Lohja[44]   Russia (2)   China   Finland   Slovakia
2016   Lucerne[45]   Russia (3)   Norway   South Korea    Switzerland
2017   Gangneung[46]   Norway (3)   Russia   Scotland   China
2019   Stirling[47]   China   Scotland   South Korea   Norway
2020   Wetzikon[48]   Russia (4)   Canada   Sweden   China
2021   Beijing   China (2)   Sweden   RCF   United States

Wheelchair mixed doublesEdit

Year Location Gold Silver Bronze 4th place
2022   Lohja   Sweden   Hungary   Norway   Italy

National championshipsEdit

MenEdit

WomenEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "WCF Annual General Assembly 2014 - 7 September". World Curling Federation. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  2. ^ "World Curling Championships to grow after Annual General Assembly". World Qualification Event. 17 September 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  3. ^ World Curling Federation (9 September 2018). "Resolutions put to the World Curling Annual General Assembly 2018". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  4. ^ Au, Jeffrey (14 March 2020). "World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships 2020 cancelled in Kelowna, Canada". World Curling Association. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  5. ^ "LGT World Men's Curling Championship 2020 cancelled in Glasgow, Scotland". World Curling Association. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  6. ^ "World Women's Curling Championship 2020 cancelled in Prince George, Canada". World Curling Association. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  7. ^ "World Curling Championships to grow after Annual General Assembly". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  8. ^ PDF from [1]
  9. ^ "Victoria, Canada awarded 2013 Ford World Men's Curling Championship". 18 October 2011.
  10. ^ "WCF and CCA deal on future of World Championships in Canada". 8 August 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
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  12. ^ "Edmonton to host Ford World Men's Curling Championship 2017". World Curling Federation. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Fabulous Las Vegas awarded World Men's Curling Championship 2018". World Curling Federation. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Lethbridge to host 2019 World Men's Curling Championship". Curling Canada. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Scotland awarded four international curling championships". World Curling Federation. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  16. ^ The Canadian Press (14 March 2020). "Men's curling world championship in Scotland cancelled due to COVID-19". The Star. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  17. ^ "LGT World Men's Curling Championship 2020 cancelled in Glasgow, Scotland". World Curling Federation. World Curling Federation. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Curling Canada aims to hold series of events in hub city". 1 December 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  19. ^ "LGT World Men's Curling Championship returns to Las Vegas". 24 August 2021. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  20. ^ "2023 Worlds in Ottawa!". 24 June 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  21. ^ "Lethbridge Awarded 2012 WWCC". 6 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  22. ^ "Riga Latvia to host World Women's Curling Championship 2013". Worldcurling.org. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  23. ^ "WCF Annual General Assembly 2013". World Curling Federation. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  24. ^ "Swift Current to host 2016 Ford World Women's Curling Championship". Canadian Curling Association. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  25. ^ "China to host first World Women's Curling Championship". World Curling Federation. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  26. ^ http://www.worldcurling.org/north-bay-2018[bare URL]
  27. ^ "Silkeborg, Denmark to host World Women's Curling Championship 2019". World Curling Federation. 12 December 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  28. ^ "2020 World Women's Curling Championship to be played in Prince George, B.C." Canadian Curling Association. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  29. ^ The Canadian Press (12 March 2020). "World Women's Curling Championship Cancelled". The Sports Network. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  30. ^ "World Women's Curling Championship 2020 cancelled in Prince George, Canada". World Curling Federation. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  31. ^ "World Women's Curling Championship 2022 returns to Prince George, Canada". World Curling Federation. 29 July 2021.
  32. ^ "Sandviken, Sweden to host the LGT World Women's Curling Championship 2023". 19 January 2022.
  33. ^ "Russia to host second World Mixed Curling Championship". World Curling Federation. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  34. ^ "World Mixed Curling Championship 2017". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  35. ^ "World Mixed Curling Championship 2020 cancelled in Aberdeen, Scotland". World Curling Federation. 3 August 2020.
  36. ^ "World Mixed Curling Championship 2021 cancelled". 25 June 2021.
  37. ^ "World Mixed Curling Championship 2021 cancelled". 25 June 2021.
  38. ^ "Erzurum Turkey to host World Mixed Doubles Championship 2012". Worldcurling.org. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  39. ^ "Fredericton to Stage 2013 World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships". Canadian Curling Association. 23 April 2012.
  40. ^ "Dumfries, Scotland to stage 2014 World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships". World Curling Federation. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  41. ^ "WCF Annual General Assembly 2014 - 7 September". World Curling Federation. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  42. ^ "Karlstad, Sweden to host World Mixed Doubles and World Senior Curling Championships 2016". World Curling Federation. 25 April 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  43. ^ "Venue confirmed for World Mixed Doubles and Senior Curling Championships 2017". World Curling Federation. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  44. ^ "Lohja, Finland to host World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2015". World Curling Federation. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  45. ^ "World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2016 to be held in Lucerne, Switzerland". World Curling Federation. 3 January 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  46. ^ "World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2017". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  47. ^ "worldcurling.org/scotland-awarded-four-international-curling-championships". World Curling Federation. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  48. ^ "Wetzikon, Switzerland to host World Wheelchair Curling Championship 2020". World Curling Federation. 6 March 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  49. ^ "Finnish Championships - Past seasons". Curling.fi. Retrieved 18 February 2014.

External linksEdit