Open main menu

2002 Austrian Grand Prix

The 2002 Austrian Grand Prix (formally the XXVI Großer A1 Preis von Österreich) was a Formula One motor race held on 12 May 2002 at the A1-Ring in Spielberg, Styria. It was the sixth round of the 2002 Formula One World Championship and the 25th Austrian Grand Prix as part of the Formula One World Championship. Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher won the 71-lap race after starting from third position. His teammate Rubens Barrichello finished second, and Juan Pablo Montoya took third for the Williams team.

2002 Austrian Grand Prix
Race 6 of 17 in the 2002 Formula One World Championship
Circuit A1 Ring.svg
Race details[1][2]
Date 12 May 2002
Official name XXVI Großer A1 Preis von Österreich[1]
Location A1-Ring, Spielberg, Austria
Course Permanent racing facility
Course length 4.326 km (2.684 mi)
Distance 71 laps, 307.146 km (190.564 mi)
Weather Clear, Air Temp: 20°C
Attendance 81,000
Pole position
Driver Ferrari
Time 1:08.082
Fastest lap
Driver Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari
Time 1:09.298 on lap 68
Podium
First Ferrari
Second Ferrari
Third Williams-BMW

Barrichello started the race from the pole position after recording the fastest lap in qualifying alongside the second Williams car of Ralf Schumacher in second position. Michael Schumacher passed Ralf Schumacher into the first corner. Barrichello maintained the lead through most of the race until Ferrari invoked team orders on him to allow Michael Schumacher to win the race on the final lap and improve his standing in the World Drivers' Championship. It was his first Austrian Grand Prix victory, his fourth in a row in 2002 and the 58th of his career. The safety car was deployed twice during the race, which included a major accident on lap 28 involving Jordan driver Takuma Sato who escaped with a grazed right thigh, and Nick Heidfeld of the Sauber who sustained a bruised leg.

At the post-race podium ceremony Michael Schumacher implored Barrichello to mount the stand reserved for the race winner and gave his first-place trophy to his teammate. That led the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA; Formula One's governing body) to fine Ferrari, Michael Schumacher and Barrichello $1 million on 26 June, half of which was paid immediately in equal amounts among the trio and the remainder suspended. A review of team orders to determine the finishing order of a Formula One race commenced soon after. The FIA banned the practice beginning with the 2003 season to after the 2010 championship.

The race result increased Michael Schumacher's lead in the World Drivers' Championship to 27 points over Montoya in second place. Ralf Schumacher finished fourth to maintain third place, and Barrichello's second-place result moved him past David Coulthard of the McLaren team to fourth. World Constructors' Championship, Ferrari further extended their advantage over the Williams team to 16 points. McLaren were another 36 points behind in third as Renault and Sauber battled for fourth with eleven races remaining in the season.

BackgroundEdit

 
The A1 Ring, now called the Red Bull Ring (pictured in 2018), where the race was held.

The 2002 Austrian Grand Prix was the sixth of seventeen single-seater races of the 2002 Formula One World Championship,[1] and the twenty-fifth time it formed part of the championship.[3] It was held at the nine-turn 4.326 km (2.688 mi) A1 Ring (now the Red Bull Ring) in Spielberg, Styria, on 12 May 2002.[1][3] The track offers very few sections where competitors can drive at a slower pace giving teams an opportunity to push their engines to their full potential. 70 percent of the lap could be driven at full racing speed. Because the circuit lies at a low altitude of 700 m (2,300 ft), engine performance is reduced by approximately seven percent.[3]

After he had won four of the season's five previous races, Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher led the Drivers' Championship with 44 points. Juan Pablo Montoya and Ralf Schumacher of the Williams team were second and third with 23 and 20 points, respectively. David Coulthard for the McLaren team stood in fourth position with nine points, and Jenson Button of the Renault squad was a further point behind in fifth place.[4] In the Constructors' Championship, Ferrari led with 50 points, seven ahead of their nearest rivals Williams in second place. McLaren were another 30 points behind in third, while Renault and Sauber were tied for fourth with eight points apiece.[4]

Michael Schumacher was strongly considered by the British press,[5] bookmakers,[6] and former drivers Gerhard Berger and Niki Lauda the favourite to win the Austrian Grand Prix, an event he had not won in four previous attempts.[5][7] "We believe we have a very competitive package overall but it's a question of how good the others can be".[8] He expressed confidence he could challenge for victory saying, "I certainly won't be approaching this race any differently than the others. And with two almost perfect races behind us, I'm obviously looking forward to the Austrian Grand Prix with a lot of confidence."[9] Montoya stated he would be better able to challenge Ferrari at the A1-Ring recalling, "We showed strongly there last year even though Ralf and I failed to score a single point due to technical problems when we were both running in good positions. I am pretty confident that in Austria we will be quite strong, certainly stronger than in Barcelona, so I am looking forward to it."[10]

In technical developments, Sauber introduced a revised evolution of its Ferrari 050 engine that the team had used in the first five races of the 2002 championship. The team also installed a new aerodynamic package that included a revised undertray, front wing and altered bodywork around the cover of the C21's engine. The Ferrari, McLaren and Williams teams brought new air intakes installed to the front brakes. Furthermore, Williams used an upgraded front wing specification for its FW24 vehicle, which was characterised by a curved profile [11]

PracticeEdit

Four practice sessions were held before the Sunday race, two each on Friday and Saturday. The Friday morning and afternoon sessions each lasted an hour; the third and fourth sessions, on Saturday morning, lasted 45 minutes each.[12] In the first practice session, held in cool and overcast weather conditions, Michael Schumacher was fastest with a lap of 1 minute and 11.072 seconds with approximately ten minutes remaining, followed by his teammate Barrichello in second. Felipe Massa and Nick Heidfeld of Sauber, Jordan drivers Giancarlo Fisichella and Takuma Sato, Coulthard, Arrows' Heinz-Harald Frentzen and the British American Racing (BAR) duo of Jacques Villeneuve and Olivier Panis made up positions three to ten.[13] Some drivers (including Barrichello, Massa and Fisichella) ran off the dusty, slippery track into a gravel trap during the session because of a low amount of grip; none sustained damage to their vehicles.[13][14]

Conditions became warmer and sunnier for the second practice session though rainfall threatened towards the end.[15] This meant the fastest times were recorded within the first twenty minutes of the session since the track temperature was at its warmest.[16] Barrichello set the day's fastest lap, a 1-minute and 10.549 seconds. His teammate Michael Schumacher was three-hundredths of a second slower in second position. Montoya, Kimi Räikkönen of the McLaren team, Allan McNish for Toyota, Arrows driver Enrique Bernoldi, Jaguar's Pedro de la Rosa, Panis, Coulthard and Sato were third to tenth.[17] Some drivers (including Michael Schumacher, McNish and Ralf Schumacher) again lost control of their cars and ran off to the side of the track during the session.[15][17] Heidfeld's on-track running was curtailed after twenty minutes due to an alternator fault.[18] Frentzen lost a quarter of an hour to familiarise himself with the track after he spun over a kerb and damaged his car's undertray.[14]

In the third practice session, which took place in clear and dry weather conditions, no drivers ventured off the circuit which now seemed less slippery.[19] Michael Schumacher took advantage of low track and ambient temperatures to become the first driver to go below 70 seconds all weekend with a lap of 1 minute and 9.001 seconds that he recorded half an hour in.[20][21] His teammate Barrichello was second-fastest and Räikkönen third. Frentzen, Massa, Coulthard, Heidfeld, Panis, Button and Bernoldi followed in positions four through ten.[21]

The ambient and track temperatures had increased by the start of the fourth practice session.[22] During the session, where several competitors made driver errors that sent them into a gravel trap,[23] Michael Schumacher reset the overall track lap record to 1 minute and 8.433 seconds. Barrichello was second, and Ralf Schumacher improved to third. Montoya, Frentzen, Massa, Heidfeld, Räikkönen, Panis and Villeneuve completed the top ten.[24] Bernoldi, who missed 25 minutes due to a malfunctioning gearbox, lost control of the rear of his car at Remus corner just before the session concluded and beached in a gravel trap.[22][23]

QualifyingEdit

 
Rubens Barrichello took his second pole position of the 2002 season and the fifth of his career

Saturday's afternoon qualifying session lasted for an hour. Each competitor was limited to twelve laps, with the starting order decided by their fastest laps. During this session, the 107% rule was in effect. This necessitated each driver set a time within 107% of the quickest lap to qualify for the race.[12] Conditions were clear with ambient and track temperatures warm.[25][26] Notwithstanding running wide on oil and an unsighted Mika Salo's Toyota putting him in a gravel trap at Remus Kurve turn on his final timed lap,[25][27] Barrichello took his second pole position of the season and the fifth of his career with a lap of 1 minute and 8.082 seconds.[28] He was joined on the grid's front row by Ralf Schumacher, who was almost three-tenths of a second slower, and took his best starting position of the season.[28] Michael Schumacher was third; he reported a loss of pace due to a brake problem and traffic baulked him.[29] He switched to the spare Ferrari for his final timed lap in an unsuccessful attempt to claim pole position.[27][26] The result prevented him from a front row start for the first time since the 2001 Italian Grand Prix.[30] A misfiring engine prompted Montoya in fourth to switch to the spare car setup for his teammate Ralf Schumacher; he made a minor tyre pressure adjustment to record his fastest lap.[25] Heidfeld took fifth saying he could have improved had Button not compromised his final timed lap. A lack of speed restricted the McLaren duo of Räikkönen and Coulthard to sixth and eighth; they were separated by Massa who made two driver errors in an unbalanced car through high-speed turns. Panis set the ninth-quickest time notwithstanding de la Rosa slowing his final timed lap. Salo completed the top ten after a minor understeer.[29]

Frentzen was the fastest competitor not to qualify in the top ten after he spun on oil and removed some bodywork components from his car in a gravel trap. His vehicle was later repaired to continue driving.[25][27] His Arrows' teammate Bernoldi followed in 12th and expressed satisfaction with his car's balance.[29] Traffic slowed Button on his four timed laps restricting him to 13th.[31] McNish and Toyota located a car setup tailored to suit him, and he set the 14th-best lap.[29] Fisichella ran a new engine in qualifying and took 15th with a car setup suited for used front tyres and new rear compounds.[25] Jarno Trulli had a major engine failure through A1 Kurve corner and lost control of his Renault on the leaked oil.[27] The session was stopped for eleven minutes for track marshals to dry it.[30] Trulli returned to his garage and used the spare Renault setup for his teammate Button and took 16th after minor braking problems. Villeneuve used a new set of tyres for qualifying; he was uncomfortable with his car's setup and took 17th. A handling imbalance created an unbalanced car for Sato in 18th. The Jaguar cars of de la Rosa and Eddie Irvine filled the grid's tenth row: de la Rosa had a rear suspension fault caused by an exhaust overheating it and Irvine removed his front wing in a collision with the rear of Bernoldi's vehicle into Remus Kurve turn. The Minardi entries of Mark Webber and Alex Yoong started from the eleventh row: Webber optimised his PS02's balance on its qualifying tyre, and intermittent rear brake locking destabilised Yoong's car causing him to spin after he exited the pit lane.[25][29]

Qualifying classificationEdit

Pos No. Driver Constructor Lap Gap
1 2   Rubens Barrichello Ferrari 1:08.082
2 5   Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW 1:08.364 +0.282
3 1   Michael Schumacher Ferrari 1:08.704 +0.622
4 6   Juan Pablo Montoya Williams-BMW 1:09.118 +1.036
5 7   Nick Heidfeld Sauber-Petronas 1:09.129 +1.047
6 4   Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes 1:09.154 +1.072
7 8   Felipe Massa Sauber-Petronas 1:09.228 +1.146
8 3   David Coulthard McLaren-Mercedes 1:09.335 +1.253
9 12   Olivier Panis BAR-Honda 1:09.561 +1.479
10 24   Mika Salo Toyota 1:09.661 +1.579
11 20   Heinz-Harald Frentzen Arrows-Cosworth 1:09.671 +1.589
12 21   Enrique Bernoldi Arrows-Cosworth 1:09.723 +1.641
13 15   Jenson Button Renault 1:09.780 +1.698
14 25   Allan McNish Toyota 1:09.818 +1.736
15 9   Giancarlo Fisichella Jordan-Honda 1:09.901 +1.819
16 14   Jarno Trulli Renault 1:09.980 +1.898
17 11   Jacques Villeneuve BAR-Honda 1:10.051 +1.969
18 10   Takuma Sato Jordan-Honda 1:10.058 +1.976
19 17   Pedro de la Rosa Jaguar-Cosworth 1:10.553 +2.471
20 16   Eddie Irvine Jaguar-Cosworth 1:10.741 +2.659
21 23   Mark Webber Minardi-Asiatech 1:11.388 +3.306
22 22   Alex Yoong Minardi-Asiatech 1:12.336 +4.254
107% rule: 1:12.848
Sources:[26][32]

Warm-upEdit

The drivers took the track at 09:30 Central European Summer Time (UTC+02:00) on Sunday morning for a half hour warm-up session,[12] in clear and warm weather conditions. All drivers fine-tuned their race setups against the weather conditions at the time and drove their spare cars.[33] Both Ferrari cars maintained their good performance from qualifying; Barrichello had the fastest time of 1 minute and 10.876 seconds. His teammate Michael Schumacher was second. Massa, Frentzen, Heidfeld, Bernoldi, Coulthard, Villeneuve, Räikkönen and Irvine completed the top ten.[34] While the session saw no major incidents, two separate driver errors put Ralf Schumacher into the gravel traps at the Remus Kurve corner and later the Gosser turn.[35]

After the warm-up session, Montoya predicted several drivers would run wide on a rumble strip located to the outside of the circuit, which extended from Castrol Kurve turn to the first portion of the straight driving towards Remus Kurve corner, to increase the top speed of their cars.[N 1][36] Ron Dennis, the team principal of McLaren, argued Ferrari should permit their drivers to race each other without the imposition of team orders favouring one driver over the other as had happened in the 2001 race.[37]

RaceEdit

The race took place in the afternoon starting at 14:00 local time;[1] weather conditions were clear and dry. The air temperature was 20 °C (68 °F) and the track temperature ranged from 27 to 29 °C (81 to 84 °F).[38][39] Barrichello made a brisk getaway to maintain the lead into Castrol Kurve turn.[40] While he provided room for drivers to pass him, none did so.[41] Behind Barrichello, his teammate Michael Schumacher made a fast start to slot into second position and Heidfeld rose from fifth to third having overtaken Ralf Schumacher on the outside.[38][42] Räikkönen and Massa, meanwhile, drew alongside and Massa steered onto the grass[42] dropping to tenth as a consequence. Further back, Bernoldi made contact with the rear of his teammate Frentzen;[43] both cars continued as Bernoldi ventured to the pit lane after the first lap ended.[42] At Remus Kurve corner, de la Rosa's throttle pick-up started to cut out through an increase in speed;[39][43] he slowed en route to retire in the pit lane. In the meantime, Villeneuve experienced a minor loss of car control and hit Frentzen's car on the inside.[44] The collision sent Frentzen into a gravel trap from which he slowly extricated himself.[38][44]

 
Juan Pablo Montoya (pictured at the United States Grand Prix later in 2002) finished in third position

At the end of the first lap, Barrichello led his teammate Michael Schumacher, Heidfeld, Ralf Schumacher, Montoya and Coulthard.[39] Heidfeld ran wide at Castrol Kurve at the beginning of the second lap and the Williams pair of Ralf Schumacher and Montoya demoted him to fifth.[44] Barrichello and Michael Schumacher began to pull away from the rest of the field.[40] There were overtaking opportunities further down the field. On lap two, Salo overtook Button for eighth position.[39] Villeneuve overtook his teammate Panis for 14th position and Frentzen passed Webber on lap three.[42] During the next lap Yoong lost two places to his teammate Webber, and Frentzen[42] and Bernoldi retired from the Grand Prix with a broken front wing and front brake pipe.[39] Räikkönen in seventh retired at the side of the track after Castrol Kurve turn with an engine failure on lap six.[41][45] On lap seven Villeneuve lined up a pass on McNish for tenth place; he took the position and then lost it through a driver error. He made a second, successful attempt on the eighth lap passing McNish who opted against a challenge.[39][42]

That same lap, Massa entered the pit lane to join the list of retirees with a failed left-rear suspension bracket; it failed in Remus Kurve turn and caused the Sauber C21's right-front wheel to lift from the tarmac surface and its undertray scraped along it. Villeneuve made a pass on Fisichella for ninth place on lap ten.[39][43] Not long after Villeneuve overtook Button for eighth position. By the same lap, Barrichello led his teammate Michael Schumacher by a second. He in turn, was seventeen seconds ahead of Ralf Schumacher. Further down the order, Frentzen put a rear wheel on the grass at the A1 Kurve corner on lap 16. He lost control of his car, spun through 180 degrees and rolled backwards in front of the race leaders. Frentzen fell to eighteenth position, behind the Minardi cars of Webber and Yoong. He passed Yoong to return to 17th position on the 18th lap.[38][39] One lap later, Villeneuve overtook Salo on the inside to gain seventh place and blocked his attempted counter-move.[39][40]

As the Ferrari cars extended their lead over Ralf Schumacher, the stewards informed the BAR team on the 23rd lap that Villeneuve had incurred a drive-through penalty as they deemed him at fault for the collision with Frentzen on lap one.[42] Lap 24 saw the safety car's first deployment: Panis' engine failed without warning on the start/finish straight,[44] which locked his rear wheels. He spun to the centre of the track and avoided colliding with a barrier.[43][2] Track marshals worked to extricate Panis' car as he clambered out and returned to the pit lane.[46] The Ferrari and Williams' teams employed different pit stop strategies—the Ferrari team planned a two stop strategy whereas the Williams team planned for one stop.[41][45] The Ferrari team called Barrichello and Michael Schumacher into the pit lane for their first pit stops; Schumacher drove slower than Barrichello to enable the Ferrari mechanics to service the latter's car first. Barrichello retained the lead as Michael Schumacher yielded second to Ralf Schumacher. The safety car was withdrawn at the conclusion of the 27th lap and Barrichello led at the restart.[38]

 
Takuma Sato (pictured in 2002) was involved in a heavy accident that caused soft tissue damage to his right thigh

Soon after, a major accident prompted the safety car's second deployment on lap 28.[47] As the field entered Remus Kurve corner,[46] Heidfeld noticed smoke coming from Yoong's Minardi and applied his cold brakes heavily. This locked the Sauber's rear wheels and sent him out of control about 100 yd (91 m) from the apex.[41][44] He veered right through 180 degrees to the inside backwards;[46][47] the grass did not slow him,[44] and he was launched over the crest of a hill.[47] Montoya on the inside was about to lap Sato's slower car at Remus Kurve corner, with the latter ahead of him at the turn's apex.[48] At high speed,[48] Heidfeld narrowly avoided a collision with Montoya's front wing,[41] and the rear of his Sauber sustained a heavy side collision against the right-hand sidepod of Sato's Jordan EJ12,[38][49] causing heavy damage to both vehicles and littering carbon fibre and titanium debris on wide area of track.[43] Heidfeld's rear structure and titanium gearbox punctured a hole in Sato's car but avoided grazing his right thigh; his knees made a heavy contact with the steering column breaking it in half.[50] Both drivers were sent into a gravel trap and came to a stop there.[42]

A visibly shaken Heidfeld was extricated from his car by track marshals with a heavily bruised left leg.[41][45] Sato remained in his car with soft tissue damage to his right thigh[46] but did not lose consciousness;[50] a section of the Sauber's rear crash structure penetrated the side of the Jordan's monocoque just below Sato's right knee and his helmet was squeezed between the car's deformable head restraint, both of which prevented him from vacating his car.[41][50] The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, Formula One's governing body) safety and medical delegate Sid Watkins and his team took ten minutes to remove Sato from the car and treated him at the crash site before they transported him via ambulance to the track's medical centre.[45][46] From there,[2] Sato and Heidfeld were flown by helicopter to Graz University Hospital,[46][45] for overnight observation and precautionary x-ray scans.[41] Under safety car conditions, several teams (except for Ferrari and Williams) brought their drivers to the pit lane for additional fuel and a new set of tyres.[44] After 20 minutes,[46] the race restarted at the end of the 36th lap when the safety car drove into the pit lane. Barrichello led ahead of Ralf Schumacher, Michael Schumacher, Montoya, Coulthard and Fisichella. On lap 37, Yoong was passed by his teammate Webber for 13th position.[42]

Villeneuve passed Fisichella to take sixth place at the start of the 38th lap.[42] On the same lap, Irvine entered the pit lane to retire with a hydraulics failure.[43] Two laps later, Villeneuve caught and overtook Coulthard at Remus Kurve corner for fifth position.[39] Coulthard lost sixth place to Fisichella after a driver error on oil put him off the circuit on the 45th lap.[42][43] On the same lap Trulli pulled over at the end of the pit lane wall on the start/finish straight to retire from the Grand Prix with a loss of fuel pressure.[39][43] Not long after Yoong retired with fire visible from the rear of his Minardi.[42] Green flag pit stops began on lap 47. Ralf Schumacher made a pit stop and dropped to fifth position. His teammate Montoya remained on the track for another four laps as he used extra fuel in an attempt to overtake Ralf Schumacher.[41] Montoya entered the pit lane for tyres on the 51st lap.[44] He returned to the race in fourth position, ahead of his teammate Ralf Schumacher.[41] Villeneuve was elevated to third position until his pit stop on lap 53 demoted him to ninth place. Montoya and Ralf Schumacher returned to third and fourth positions respectively.[42]

 
Ferrari invoked team orders to allow Michael Schumacher past his teammate Rubens Barrichello to win the race and earn the maximum number of points towards the World Drivers' Championship.

Barrichello entered the pit lane for the second time on the 61st lap. His fuel stop took 6.2 seconds and he exited the pit lane in second place. His teammate Michael Schumacher led lap 62 and made his second pit stop at the end of that lap. He returned to the race in second position as his teammate Barrichello returned to the front of the field.[40] On the 63rd lap,[2] Ferrari team principal Jean Todt invoked team orders on Barrichello to relinquish the victory to his teammate Michael Schumacher.[51] This improved Schumacher's position in the World Drivers' Championship with a win earning him ten points. (Ferrari advised Barrichello they would terminate his contract if he failed to do so.)[52] Barrichello reminded Todt of a promise he made not to relinquish a victory to a driver. This prompted Todt to reply to Barrichello that he was required to obey his instruction to preserve Ferrari's "best interests".[53] Personnel on the Ferrari pit gantry observed the television screens and noticed Michael Schumacher could not get close enough to pass Barrichello in the final seven laps. Todt then wrote a small paper note, which he gave to the technical director Ross Brawn, with the instruction for Barrichello to cede the win to Michael Schumacher.[41]

At the start of the final lap (71), Barrichello led his teammate Michael Schumacher by one second.[40] As he entered A1 Kurve turn,[40] Brawn informed Michael Schumacher over the radio his teammate would yield to him.[44] When Barrichello braked in the final 100 to 50 yd (91 to 46 m),[43][47] Michael Schumacher slowed more than his teammate; the latter did the same to comply with Ferrari's instruction.[54] Schumacher passed Barrichello to claim his first victory at the Austrian Grand Prix, his fourth in a row in 2002, and the 58th of his career in a time of 1 hour, 33 minutes and 51.562 seconds at an average speed of 196.334 km/h (121.996 mph).[N 2][49] Barrichello was 0.182 seconds behind in second position and Montoya completed the podium in third. Off the podium, Montoya's teammate Ralf Schumacher finished in fourth place.[47] Fisichella was fifth and took the first two points of the season for the Jordan team. Coulthard took the final point in sixth position, ahead of Button's Renault and the Toyota cars of Salo and McNish.[45] A loss of hydraulic pressure caused Villeneuve's engine to fail on the final lap; he was classified tenth.[43] Frentzen and Webber for the Arrows and Minardi teams were the final finishers, albeit two laps behind the race winner.[49]

Post-raceEdit

The Ferrari team were booed, jeered, whistled at and given a thumbs down signal by the crowd in parc fermé and on the podium.[45][46] Michael Schumacher insisted Barrichello mount the first position on the podium as "Deutschlandlied" was played.[2] Schumacher subsequently stood next to his teammate during the composition of Il Canto degli Italiani [41] When Wolfgang Schüssel, the Chancellor of Austria, presented the winner's trophy to Schumacher he gave it to Barrichello.[46] Later in the press conference, where more loud boos were heard,[46] Barrichello said of the situation, "I'm going through a period of a very good time of my life. I'm becoming a better person, a better driver, so there's no point in arguing. I think my determination will bring me a lot more wins, so that's the way I see it, so there's no point arguing."[55] Michael Schumacher said he understood Ferrari's decision, "the team is investing a lot of money for one sort of target and imagine in the end it wouldn't be enough by this amount of points, how stupid would we look?"[55] Montoya said the two safety car periods enabled him to pass his teammate Ralf Schumacher, "Ralf was quite quick out of the pits as well, but I managed to get a few laps in really quick right before the stop and that was enough."[55]

Sato and Heidfeld were deemed fit to compete at the next race of the season, the Monaco Grand Prix two weeks later, after they passed fitness tests.[56] Sid Watkins told Eddie Jordan, the owner of the Jordan team, Sato had "a miraculous escape", which led Jordan to remark, "Somebody up there likes him".[49] Sato said he had not observed Heidfeld approaching him, "When I opened my eyes I could see my legs were squashed by the damaged monocoque and I could see the ground through the hole. Although there was some pain, I knew nothing was broken. The car did a great job of saving me – I hear there was nothing left of it."[48] Heidfeld admitted he was at fault for causing the crash, "I saw a cloud of tyre smoke as [Alex] Yoong braked really hard and early ahead of us, and maybe I pressed the pedal too hard as a result while the brakes were still cool. The car got away from me and next thing I knew I was going backwards down the grass."[48] That the injuries Sato sustained in the accident were minor was cited as a consequence of improved safety standards undertaken by the FIA, racing teams and experts from the medical field since the 1970s.[50]

Ralf Schumacher praised the package of his car for enabling him to finish fourth, "Due to the action packed race and the different strategies it is difficult to say how big Ferrari's advantage really was here on the A1-Ring. We have to continue to work hard, this much is clear."[43] Fisichella commented on his fifth-place finish, "It's been a very, very good day for me, as I didn't expect to score points. But, the most important thing is that Takuma is alright. ... It felt fantastic when I crossed the line and I would like to say thank you to the team, especially because we made the right pit stop decision."[43] The race result increased Michael Schumacher's lead in the Drivers' Championship to 27 points over Montoya in second place. Ralf Schumacher was third with 23 points. Barrichello moved past Coulthard for fourth with 12 points.[4] In the Constructors' Championship, Ferrari further extended their advantage to 16 points over the Williams team. McLaren maintained third position with 14 points. The Renault and Sauber teams continued to hold fourth and fifth places with eleven races left in the season.[4]

Team ordersEdit

The Ferrari team's use of team orders to determine the finishing order overshadowed the race.[46][49] It was cited by the press as the most "particularly blatant" application of team orders applied to favour one driver over another since Coulthard relinquished first position to his McLaren teammate Mika Häkkinen in the final laps of the 1998 Australian Grand Prix to comply with a prior agreement. Another instance of its usage extended back to the 1980s.[57]

Ferrari's actions were heavily condemned by fans on the internet,[58][59] some members of the Formula One community,[60][61] the world's press and President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil.[N 3][61][62] Some Formula One figures held different views, including the Williams pair of Montoya and Ralf Schumacher, and Irvine, who all stated their belief Michael Schumacher should not be apportioned blame for winning the Grand Prix via team orders.[63][64][65] Jody Scheckter, the 1979 world champion and Ron Dennis defended Ferrari's application of team orders as a means of enhancing Michael Schumacher's position in the championship.[66][67]

The FIA summoned Ferrari and its drivers to a meeting of the FIA World Motor Sport Council in Paris on 26 June to explain why the team ordered Barrichello to yield the victory to Michael Schumacher and their actions on the podium.[68] During a press conference on 24 May, FIA president Max Mosley explained Ferrrari did not transgress any regulation on team orders and the meeting would establish the appropriate punishment in the event the panel deemed if any rules were broken, "There are rules about interfering with competition but we established a long time ago that team orders are allowed."[69] That same day, Mosley revealed on behalf of the FIA he wrote a letter of apology to Wolfgang Schüssel.[70]

At the meeting, the FIA deemed Ferrari to have transgressed Article 170 of the Formula One Sporting Regulations when Michael Schumacher chose not to mount the first position on the podium and handed the trophy given to him by the Chancellor of Austria to his teammate Barrichello. The council also determined the team had not committed any violation when it invoked team orders on Barrichello to relinquish the victory to Michael Schumacher.[71] It imposed a fine of $1 million on Ferrari, Michael Schumacher and Barrichello, half of which was paid immediately and divided into equal amounts between the trio; the remainder was suspended for one year on the condition a similar offence did not occur.[72] Neither a points deduction nor a race ban were imposed.[71]

In response Mosley established a four-member working group to discuss team orders and invited the public to lend their opinion on the practice on the FIA's website.[73] The FIA accepted feedback from 5 July to 1 September, which the working group accepted. They reviewed it and gave their recommendations to the series' governing body.[74] At a meeting of the 26-member Formula One Commission on 28 October, it was confirmed "team orders that interfere with the race result" would be barred from the 2003 season onwards.[75] During the 2010 German Grand Prix at the Hockenheimring, Ferrari employed a "coded message"[76] to invoke team orders to allow driver Fernando Alonso to pass Felipe Massa late on; Alonso went on to win the event. The parallels between how Michael Schumacher and Alonso won those races proved to be the catalyst in the FIA rescinding the regulation barring team orders in December 2010 because it was deemed difficult to enforce.[76][77]

Todt admitted to La Stampa in December 2010 he should have avoided using team orders on Barrichello due to his subsequent belief Michael Schumacher would have won the championship without significant competition.[51] Brawn reiterated his colleague's opinion to British magazine Autosport seven years later and stated the negative consequences for Formula One outweighed the positive aspects, "Austria, on reflection ... it was a mistake. The circumstances behind it were a bit more complex than people realise, in that we'd had the discussion before the race about how we would manage that situation if it occurred – that if Rubens got the jump on Michael, then at some convenient point he would let him slip past and we'd carry on."[78]

Race classificationEdit

Drivers who finished in the top six points-scoring positions are denoted in bold and by a  .

Pos No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 1   Michael Schumacher Ferrari 71 1:33:51.562 3 10 
2 2   Rubens Barrichello Ferrari 71 +0.182 1 6 
3 6   Juan Pablo Montoya Williams-BMW 71 +17.730 4 4 
4 5   Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW 71 +18.448 2 3 
5 9   Giancarlo Fisichella Jordan-Honda 71 +49.965 15 2 
6 3   David Coulthard McLaren-Mercedes 71 +50.672 8 1 
7 15   Jenson Button Renault 71 +51.229 13  
8 24   Mika Salo Toyota 71 +1:09.425 10  
9 25   Allan McNish Toyota 71 +1:09.718 14  
10 11   Jacques Villeneuve BAR-Honda 70 Engine 17  
11 20   Heinz-Harald Frentzen Arrows-Cosworth 69 +2 Laps 11  
12 23   Mark Webber Minardi-Asiatech 69 +2 Laps 21  
Ret 14   Jarno Trulli Renault 44 Fuel pressure 16  
Ret 22   Alex Yoong Minardi-Asiatech 42 Engine 22  
Ret 16   Eddie Irvine Jaguar-Cosworth 38 Hydraulics 20  
Ret 7   Nick Heidfeld Sauber-Petronas 27 Collision 5  
Ret 10   Takuma Sato Jordan-Honda 26 Collision 18  
Ret 12   Olivier Panis BAR-Honda 22 Engine 9  
Ret 8   Felipe Massa Sauber-Petronas 7 Suspension 7  
Ret 4   Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes 5 Engine 6  
Ret 21   Enrique Bernoldi Arrows-Cosworth 2 Collision 12  
Ret 17   Pedro de la Rosa Jaguar-Cosworth 0 Throttle 19  
Source:[2]

Championship standings after the raceEdit

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile race director Charlie Whiting told drivers in a meeting on Saturday afternoon they would be permitted to use the rumble strip to the outside of the Castrol Kurve corner.[36]
  2. ^ It was the second year in succession that Barrichello had been asked to relinquish a position to his teammate Michael Schumacher on the start/finish straight on the last lap, as he had done so for second position in the 2001 race.[49]
  3. ^ An Italian online betting company and the Swedish public lottery Svenska Spel payed out those who bet on Barrichello to win the Grand Prix.[61]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "2002 Austrian GP: XXXI Großer A1 Preis von Osterreich". Chicane F1. Archived from the original on 14 July 2006. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Grand PrIx Results: Austrian GP, 2002". GrandPrix.com. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 21 October 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Preview – Austrian Grand Prix 2002". Crash. 9 May 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Drivers' and Constructors' Provisional Standings". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. Archived from the original on 21 December 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b Rae, Richard (5 May 2002). "Cool Schumacher on cruise control; Motor racing". The Sunday Times. p. 22. Retrieved 14 September 2019 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  6. ^ Reid, Jamie (11 May 2002). "Odds Fellow: Back Ralf to win this battle of the Schumachers". The Guardian. p. 13. Retrieved 15 September 2019 – via Gale General OneFile.
  7. ^ "Schumacher Will Win in Austria, Says Berger". Atlas F1. Reuters. 2 May 2002. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  8. ^ Shortt, James (4 May 2002). "Schumacher looks forward to Austria GP". RTÉ Sport. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  9. ^ Gordon, Ian (9 May 2002). "Motorsport: Schu hopes to end Austrian jinx; Formula One". The News Letter. p. 51. Retrieved 14 September 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  10. ^ "Williams-BMW aims to close gap on Ferrari at Austrian Grand Prix". Autoweek. 9 May 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  11. ^ Piola, Giorgio (May 2002). "Sauber un pieno di novità". Autosprint (in Italian). 1420 (20): 28–29.
  12. ^ a b c "2002 Formula One Sporting Regulations" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 31 October 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  13. ^ a b Gray, Will (10 May 2002). "Friday First Free Practice – Austrian GP". Atlas F1. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Bulletin No 1 – Free Practice Session". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 10 May 2002. Archived from the original on 16 June 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Barrichello leads Ferrari whitewash". F1Racing.net. 10 May 2002. Archived from the original on 30 September 2004. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Practice 2: Barrichello heads Schuey". Autosport. 10 May 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  17. ^ a b Gray, Will (10 May 2002). "Friday Second Free Practice – Austrian GP". Atlas F1. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Practice report: Barrichello leads on Friday". Formula1.com. 10 May 2002. Archived from the original on 3 October 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  19. ^ "Practice report: Ferrari dominant early on Saturday". Formula1.com. 11 May 2002. Archived from the original on 10 August 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  20. ^ "Practice 3: Schuey's stunning pace". Autosport. 11 May 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  21. ^ a b Raman, Nick (11 May 2002). "Schumacher blitzes third free". Daily F1. Archived from the original on 1 November 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Ferrari dominate but Williams close in". F1Racing.net. 11 May 2002. Archived from the original on 23 November 2004. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  23. ^ a b "Practice 4: No stopping Schumacher". Autosport. 11 May 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  24. ^ Gray, Will (11 May 2002). "Saturday Second Free Practice – Austrian GP". Atlas F1. Archived from the original on 1 February 2005. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Bulletin No 2 – Free Practice and Qualifying". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 11 May 2002. Archived from the original on 16 June 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  26. ^ a b c "Brazilian halts procession". The Daily Telegraph. 11 May 2002. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  27. ^ a b c d "Qualifying: Rubens takes pole". Autosport. 11 May 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  28. ^ a b "Barrichello on pole for Grand Prix". United Press International. 11 May 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  29. ^ a b c d e "Team and Driver comments – Saturday". Daily F1. 11 May 2002. Archived from the original on 15 June 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  30. ^ a b Hamilton, Maurice (12 May 2002). "Barrichello charge puts rivals on red alert". The Observer. Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  31. ^ Rae, Richard (12 May 2002). "Cap that, partner; Motor racing". The Sunday Times. p. 18. Retrieved 15 September 2019 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  32. ^ "Austria 2002: Qualifications". Stats F1. Archived from the original on 17 July 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  33. ^ "Bulletin No 3 – Warm-Up". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 1 November 2002. Archived from the original on 1 November 2002. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  34. ^ Gray, Will (12 May 2002). "Sunday Warm Up – Austrian GP". Atlas F1. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  35. ^ "Warm-up: Ferrari still on top". Autosport. 12 May 2002. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  36. ^ a b "Montoya Predicts Eventful First Corner". Atlas F1. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  37. ^ "Let the Ferraris race, says Dennis". Autosport. 12 May 2002. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  38. ^ a b c d e f "Cynical Ferrari rob Rubens of victory". F1Racing.net. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 30 September 2004. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "2002: Round 6: Austria: A1-Ring". Formula1.com. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 9 August 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  40. ^ a b c d e f "Lap by lap: Austrian GP". BBC Sport. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 21 October 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Richardson, Chris; Raman, Nick (May 2002). "Ferrari's farcical finish". Daily F1. Archived from the original on 17 October 2002. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Bulletin N°4 – Race Facts and Incidents". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 17 August 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cipolloni, Mark (12 May 2002). "Disgrace in Austria as Barrichello hands win to Schuey". AutoRacing1. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Austrian GP 2002 – Rubens robbed". Crash. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 5 August 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g "Team orders rob Barrichello of Austrian GP win". motorsport.com. 12 May 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Spurgeon, Brad (14 May 2002). "Formula One : Barrichello ushers Schumacher to first". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  47. ^ a b c d e Mauk, Eric (12 May 2002). "Ferrari Orders Barrichello To Give Up Austrian Win To Schumacher". Speed. Archived from the original on 7 June 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  48. ^ a b c d "Do you remember... Sato's 'miracle' escape in Austria". Formula One. 16 June 2015. Archived from the original on 21 April 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  49. ^ a b c d e f "Schumacher ends jinx in controversial finish". Dawn. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  50. ^ a b c d "Taku grateful for safety advances". Crash. 23 May 2002. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  51. ^ a b Mancini, Stefano (18 November 2010). "Todt: "Ferrari tradita dai nervi Sembrava impossibile perdere"". La Stampa (in Italian). Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  52. ^ "Rubinho diz que foi ameaçado para dar posição a Schumacher em 2002" (in Portuguese). Rede Globo. 9 May 2012. Archived from the original on 12 May 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  53. ^ "Barrichello Reveals He Queried Team Orders in Austria". Atlas F1. 20 June 2002. Archived from the original on 21 December 2004. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  54. ^ Quigley, Declan (13 May 2002). "Hollow win for Schumacher as Sato makes 'miracle' escape". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  55. ^ a b c "Post-Race Press Conference – Austrian GP". Atlas F1. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  56. ^ "Sato and Heidfeld pass fitness tests". Autosport. 22 May 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  57. ^ Baldwin, Alan (13 May 2002). "Analysis: Team Orders Go Back a Long Way in F1". Atlas F1. Reuters. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  58. ^ "Autosport.com readers 'anti' Ferrari". Autosport. 13 May 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  59. ^ "The flood continues..." GrandPrix.com. 15 May 2002. Archived from the original on 11 June 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  60. ^ Henry, Alan (13 May 2002). "Fury over stitch-up for Schumacher victory; Barrichello is told to hand over the lead". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  61. ^ a b c "Brazilians cry foul over Ferrari tactics". The Age. 15 May 2002. Archived from the original on 22 October 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  62. ^ "Ferrari blasted worldwide for Grand Prix gaffe". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 May 2002. Archived from the original on 15 August 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  63. ^ "Montoya Defends Michael Schumacher". Atlas F1. 14 May 2002. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  64. ^ "'Schumi not to blame'". Car Magazine. 15 May 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  65. ^ Gray, Will (15 May 2002). "Support for Schumacher". The Daily Telegraph. p. 03. Retrieved 17 September 2019 – via Gale OneFile: News.
  66. ^ "Dennis: don't ban team orders". Formula1.com. 19 May 2002. Archived from the original on 5 August 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  67. ^ "Scheckter on Ferrari's side". Autosport. 16 May 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  68. ^ Baldwin, Alan (13 May 2002). "Ferrari, Schumi, Barrichello summoned by FIA". Cape Argus. Reuters. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  69. ^ Young, Byron (24 May 2002). "Mosley: No Long-Term Damage to F1 after Austria". Atlas F1. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  70. ^ "FIA Apologises to Austrian Chancellor". Atlas F1. Reuters. 24 May 2002. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  71. ^ a b "Ferrari and drivers fined $1m". CNN. 26 June 2002. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  72. ^ Eason, Kevin (27 June 2002). "Ferrari happy to pay the price for Austria farce; Motor racing". The Times. p. 40. Retrieved 18 September 2019 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  73. ^ "F1 sets up team orders probe". BBC Sport. 26 June 2002. Archived from the original on 9 January 2004. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  74. ^ "FIA Requests Public Suggestions on Team Orders". Atlas F1. 5 July 2002. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  75. ^ "Changes steer towards more open Formula One". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 October 2002. Archived from the original on 1 November 2002. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  76. ^ a b "F1 chiefs drop the ban on team orders in new rules". BBC Sport. 10 December 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  77. ^ Baldwin, Alan (10 December 2010). "Team orders can come out of hiding now". Reuters. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  78. ^ Walsh, Fergal (6 February 2017). "Austria GP 2002 decision was a mistake – Brawn". GPToday.net. Archived from the original on 18 September 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  79. ^ a b "Austria 2002 – Championship". Stats F1. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 8 March 2019.

External linksEdit


Previous race:
2002 Spanish Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
2002 season
Next race:
2002 Monaco Grand Prix
Previous race:
2001 Austrian Grand Prix
Austrian Grand Prix Next race:
2003 Austrian Grand Prix

Coordinates: 47°13′11″N 14°45′53″E / 47.21972°N 14.76472°E / 47.21972; 14.76472