1st Corps (Vietnam People's Army)
1st Corps (Vietnamese: Quân đoàn 1) or Quyết thắng Corps (Vietnamese: Binh đoàn Quyết thắng, literally: Determined Victory Corps) is one of the four regular army corps of the Vietnam People's Army. First organised in 1973 during the Vietnam War, 1st Corps had a major role in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign that ended the war. Today the corps is stationed in Tam Điệp District, Ninh Bình.
|Quân đoàn 1|
|Active||24 October 1973 – present|
|Allegiance||Vietnam People's Army|
|Part of||Vietnam People's Army|
|Garrison/HQ||Tam Điệp, Ninh Bình|
|Current commander||Maj .Gen. Trần Việt Khoa|
|First commander||Maj. Gen. Lê Trọng Tấn|
|First party committee secretary||Lê Quang Hòa|
In July 1973, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam after its 21st conference issued a resolution of strengthening the armed forces to unify the country. In executing the issue, three months later the Ministry of Defence and the Military Commission of the Central Committee approved the plan of organising regular army corps for the Vietnam People's Army. On 24 October 1973, General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Minister of Defence, signed the edict No. 142/QĐ-QP that led to the establishment of the 1st Corps in Tam Điệp, Ninh Bình. The first headquarters of the corps was composed of party committee secretary (bí thư) Lê Quang Hòa and commander (tư lệnh) and deputy secretary Lê Trọng Tấn.
After the victory of the Vietnam People's Army in Tây Nguyên Campaign in March 1975, 1st Corps was ordered to move to South Vietnam and participate in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign. During the last days of the war, 1st Corps had a major role in the attack on Saigon, in which it was assigned the mission of capturing the headquarters of the ARVN's General Staff. The corps was awarded the title Hero of the People's Armed Forces (Anh hùng Lực lượng vũ trang nhân dân) in 1985.
The command structure of 1st Corps consists of the High Command (Bộ tư lệnh), the Staff of 1st Corps (Bộ tham mưu), the Political Department (Cục chính trị), the Department of Logistics (Cục hậu cần) and the Department of Technique (Cục kỹ thuật). The combat forces of the corps include the 308th Division, 312th Division, 390th Division, 367th Air Defence Division, 202nd Tank Brigade, 45th Artillery Brigade and 299th Engineer Brigade.
|1973–1974||Maj. Gen. Lê Trọng Tấn||Later promoted to General and Chief of the General Staff of the Vietnam People's Army.|
|1974–1975||Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Hòa||Later promoted to Lieutenant General and Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam.|
|1979–1983||Maj. Gen. Lê Nam Phong|
|1983–1988||Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Kiệm|
|1988–1995||Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Huy Hiệu||Later promoted to Colonel General and Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam.|
|1995–1997||Maj. Gen. Đỗ Trung Dương||Later promoted to Lieutenant General and Deputy Chief of the General Staff.|
|1997–1998||Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Khắc Nghiên||Later promoted to Colonel General and Chief of the General Staff.|
|1998–2002||Se. Col. Nguyễn Xuân Sắc||Later promoted to Major General and Deputy Director of the Military Academy of Politics.|
|2002–2005||Maj. Gen. Phan Khuê Tảo|
|2005–2007||Maj. Gen. Tô Đình Phùng|
|2007–2009||Maj. Gen. Trần Quốc Phú|
|2009–2010||Maj. Gen. Trần Anh Vinh|
|2010–2011||Maj. Gen. Phan Văn Giang|
|2011–5/2013||Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Tân Cương|
|5/2013–present||Maj. Gen. Trần Việt Khoa|
- High Command of the 1st Corps, Vietnam People's Army (2003). History of the 1st Corps (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: People's Army Publishing House.