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The 19th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 24 June 1915, following the 1914 election. It was dissolved on 27 November 1919 in preparation for 1919 election.

19th Parliament of New Zealand
18th Parliament 20th Parliament
Term24 June 1915 – 5 November 1919
Election1914 New Zealand general election
GovernmentReform Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 19th Parliament.png
Speaker of the HouseFrederic Lang
Prime MinisterWilliam Massey
Leader of the OppositionJoseph Ward
Legislative Council
Members37 (at start)
39 (at end)
Speaker of the CouncilSir Walter Carncross from 1 November 1918
––Charles Johnson from 7 July until 13 June 1918†
––Charles Bowen until 4 July 1915
Leader of the CouncilSir Francis Bell
MonarchHM George V
as Governor until 28 June 1917
HE Rt. Hon. The Earl of Liverpool


The 19th Parliament opened on 24 June 1915, following the 1914 general election. It sat for six sessions (with two sessions in 1918), and was dissolved on 27 November 1919.[1]

Session Opened Ended Prorogued
first 24 June 1915 12 October 1891 15 October 1891
second 9 May 1916 8 August 1916 9 August 1916
third 28 June 1917 1 November 1917 2 November 1917
fourth 9 April 1918 15 April 1918 17 April 1918
fifth 24 October 1918 9 December 1918 12 December 1918
sixth 28 August 1919 5 November 1919 7 November 1919

Historical contextEdit

The 19th Parliament was the second term of the Reform Party government, which had been elected in the 1911 election. William Massey, the leader of the Reform Party, remained Prime Minister.[2] The Liberal Party, led by former Prime Minister Joseph Ward, was technically the main opposition party, although for the majority of the term, the Liberals were part of a war-time coalition with Reform. Two small left-wing parties, the Social Democratic Party and the loosely grouped remnants of the United Labour Party, also held seats, and there was one left-wing independent (John Payne). During the 19th Parliament, the Social Democrats and most of the United Labour Party merged to form the modern Labour Party.

Party standingsEdit

There were 616,043 electors on the European roll, with 521,525 (84.66%) voting, including 5,618 informal votes.[3] Turnout including Maori voters was 540,075. The following table shows votes at and party strengths immediately after the 1914 election:[citation needed]


Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Reform Party William Massey 40
Liberal Party Joseph Ward 34
United Labour Party Alfred Hindmarsh 3
Social Democrat Party James McCombs 2
Independents 1


Party Leader(s) Seats at end
Reform Party William Massey 39
Liberal Party Joseph Ward 34
Labour Party Alfred Hindmarsh, then Harry Holland 5
Independents 2


Initial MPsEdit

76 general and 4 Māori electorates existed for the 19th Parliament. The following are the results of the 1914 general election:


 Liberal    Reform    United Labour    Social Democrat    Independent Labour    Independent  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1914[4]

Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy 157 William Maslin
Auckland Central Albert Glover 2,302 Michael Joseph Savage
Auckland East Arthur Myers 2,507 Arthur Holmes
Auckland West James Bradney Charles Poole 1,411 James Bradney
Awarua Joseph Ward 1,226 John Hamilton
Avon George Russell 1,073 Dan Sullivan
Bay of Islands Vernon Reed 108 Peter Buck
Bay of Plenty William MacDonald 965 Kenneth Williams
Bruce James Allen 693 Charles Smith
Buller James Colvin 2,195 George Powell
Chalmers Edward Clark James Dickson 686 William Mason
Christchurch East Thomas Davey Henry Thacker 1,890 Hiram Hunter
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt 1,217 Henry Toogood
Christchurch South Harry Ell 2,333 Gains Whiting
Clutha Alexander Malcolm 1,009 John Jenkinson
Dunedin Central Charles Statham 12 James Wright Munro
Dunedin North George Thomson Andrew Walker 322 George Thomson
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey 2,697 Thomas Dalton
Dunedin West John A. Millar William Downie Stewart 345 John Johnson
Eden John Bollard James Parr 2,456 William Tuck
Egmont Charles Wilkinson 894 David Astbury
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes 273 James Free
Franklin William Massey 2,928 Arthur Glass
Gisborne James Carroll 1,249 Harry de Lautour
Grey Paddy Webb 980 Henry Michel
Grey Lynn John Payne 89 Murdoch McLean
Hawke's Bay Hugh Campbell Robert McNab 40 Hugh Campbell
Hurunui George Forbes 1,486 William Banks
Hutt Thomas Wilford 943 Albert Samuel
Invercargill Josiah Hanan 1,590 John Lillicrap
Kaiapoi David Buddo 1,181 David Jones
Kaipara Gordon Coates 1,118 Richard Hoe
Lyttelton James McCombs 1,598 Malcolm Miller
Manukau Frederic Lang 1,224 John McLarin
Marsden Francis Mander 940 Edmund Purdie
Masterton George Sykes 193 Alexander Hogg
Mataura George Anderson 174 William Mehaffey
Motueka Roderick McKenzie Richard Hudson 602 Roderick McKenzie
Napier Vigor Brown 2,215 George William Venables[5]
Nelson Harry Atmore Thomas Field 90 Harry Atmore
Oamaru Ernest Lee 338 John MacPherson
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland 100 Joseph Clark
Oroua David Guthrie 1,119 John Morrison
Otago Central Robert Scott 999 William Bodkin
Otaki John Robertson William Field 640 John Robertson
Pahiatua James Escott 683 John Mathews
Palmerston David Buick 1,109 Jim Thorn
Parnell James Dickson 1,172 Jeremiah Sullivan
Patea George Pearce 118 William Morrison
Raglan Richard Bollard 1,448 William Thompson
Rangitikei Edward Newman 903 Robert Hornblow
Riccarton George Witty 1,215 Bertram Bunn
Selwyn William Dickie 1,227 George Sheat
Stratford John Hine 637 William Hawkins
Taranaki Henry Okey 201 Daniel Hughes
Taumarunui Charles Wilson William Jennings 205 Charles Wilson
Tauranga William Herries 1,992 Ralph Stewart
Temuka Thomas Buxton Charles Talbot 407 Charles Kerr
Thames Thomas Rhodes 515 Edmund Taylor
Timaru James Craigie 1,110 Francis Smith
Waikato Alexander Young 2,193 Alexander Scholes
Waimarino Robert Smith 1,995 Hugh Speed
Waipawa George Hunter 138 Albert Jull
Wairarapa Walther Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby 60 Walter Buchanan
Wairau Richard McCallum 369 John Duncan
Waitaki Francis Smith John Anstey 156 Norton Francis
Waitemata Alexander Harris 1,013 Henry Cromwell Tewsley[6]
Wanganui Bill Veitch 852 Frederick Pirani
Wakatipu William Fraser 897 Joseph Stephens[7]
Wallace John Thomson 881 Alexander Rodger
Wellington Central Francis Fisher Robert Fletcher 2,329 Francis Fisher
Wellington East Alfred Newman 48 David McLaren
Wellington North Alexander Herdman 2,655 William Turnbull
Wellington South Alfred Hindmarsh 1,215 John Luke
Wellington Suburbs and Country William Bell Robert Wright 1,002 Frank Moore
Westland Tom Seddon 826 Arthur Paape
Maori electorates
Eastern Maori Sir Āpirana Ngata 2,825 Hetekia Pere
Northern Maori Te Rangi Hiroa Taurekareka Henare 176 Hemi te Paa
Southern Maori Taare Parata 238 Teone Matapura Erihana
Western Maori Māui Pōmare Māui Pōmare 2,107 Hema te Ao

By-elections during the 19th ParliamentEdit

There were a number of changes during the term of the 19th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Dunedin Central 1915 3 February Charles Statham Resignation Charles Statham
Bay of Islands 1915 8 June Vernon Reed Election declared void[8] William Stewart
Taumarunui 1915 15 June William Jennings Election declared void[9] William Jennings
Pahiatua 1916 17 August James Escott Death Harold Smith
Hawke's Bay 1917 8 March Robert McNab Death John Findlay
Bay of Islands 1917 17 March William Stewart Resignation Vernon Reed
Grey 1917 24 November Paddy Webb Resignation Paddy Webb
Wellington North 1918 12 February Alexander Herdman Resignation John Luke
Southern Maori 1918 21 February Taare Parata Death Hopere Uru
Grey 1918 29 May Paddy Webb Imprisonment Harry Holland
Wellington Central 1918 3 October Robert Fletcher Death Peter Fraser
Taranaki 1918 10 October Henry Okey Death Sydney Smith
Palmerston 1918 19 December David Buick Death Jimmy Nash
Wellington South 1918 19 December Alfred Hindmarsh Death Bob Semple

Summary of changesEdit

Party changesEdit

  • Thomas Rhodes, the Liberal Party MP for Thames, changed affiliation to the Reform Party in 1915.
  • The Social Democratic Party and the loose United Labour Party grouping merged to form the modern Labour Party on 7 July 1916. One ULP member, Bill Veitch, rejected the merger, and carried on as an independent.





  1. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 138, 141.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 58.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 286.
  4. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  5. ^ "General Election". The Press. L (15116). 4 November 1914. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Mr. H.C. Tewsley". Observer. XXXV (14). 12 December 1914. p. 15. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Labour's Candidates". Maoriland Worker. 12 (299). 22 November 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Election void, Vernon Reed disqualified for a year". Colonist. LVII (13773). 10 May 1915. p. 4. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Mr Jennings Unseated for Taumarunui". Ashburton Guardian. XXXV (9140). 14 May 1915. p. 4. Retrieved 14 August 2011.