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19th Light Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 19th Light Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army. It fought in the First and Second world wars. The brigade became 19 Light Brigade in 2005, and moved to Northern Ireland following the end of Operation Banner and "normalisation" of British military operations in the province. Following the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR), the Brigade entered suspended animation in March 2013.

19th Brigade
19th Infantry Brigade
19th Light Brigade
Panther logo.jpg
Insignia of 19 Light Brigade
Active1892–1901
1914–1919
1938–1939
1950–2013
CountryUnited Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeInfantry
RoleLight infantry
SizeBrigade
Part of3rd Division
Garrison/HQCatterick Garrison
EngagementsFirst World War
Second World War
War in Afghanistan
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Horace Smith-Dorrien

Contents

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

The 19th Infantry Brigade was formed in France as an independent brigade[1] It saw action on the Western Front including the Battle of Mons in August 1914.[2] It then joined the 2nd Division on 19 August 1915, but left to join the 33rd Division on 25 November 1915.[3]

Order of battleEdit

Its components included:[3]

Second World WarEdit

The 19th Infantry Brigade was a regular British Army formation at the beginning of the Second World War. It had been raised in 1938 for Internal Security in Palestine, and appears to have joined the 7th Infantry Division on its reformation in September–October 1938. On 3 September 1939, it was converted to HQ Jerusalem Area.[4]

Post-1945Edit

In the 1980s, the 19th Brigade was based at Colchester as part of the 3rd Armoured Division.[5]

Structure in 1989:[6]

It would have had to cross the Channel to join the rest of the division, stationed with the British Army of the Rhine in Germany. Following the disbandment of the 3rd Armoured Division following the end of the Cold War, the brigade joined the new 3rd Mechanised Division, and moved to Catterick Garrison in Yorkshire in April 1993.[7]

As part of the Delivering Security in a Changing World review in 2003, it was announced that the brigade was to become a 'Light' formation. The Brigade deployed on Operation Telic 2 between May and November 2003 taking over from 7 Armoured Brigade .The brigade became 19 Light Brigade as of 1 January 2005, and deployed to Iraq on Operation Telic 9(Nov 2006 – May 2007) for an unusually long 7-month tour before handing over to 1 Mechanised Brigade and returning to Catterick. It then began moving to Northern Ireland following the end of Operation Banner and "normalisation" of British military operations in the province.[8]

The Brigade deployed on Operation Herrick 10 in April 2009, replacing 3 Commando Brigade, where it planned and executed Operation Panther's Claw – named after Bagheera, the panther forming the Brigade insignia. The Bde returned to the UK in October 2009 having taken significantly more casualties than seen in previous operational tours of Afghanistan.[10]

Secretary of Defence Liam Fox announced on 18 July 2011 that it was to be disbanded as part of the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR)[11] in March 2013.[12]

StructureEdit

Component units in 2007:[13]

Brigade CommandersEdit

Recent commanders have included:[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Becke 1935, p. 75
  2. ^ "The Battle of Mons". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b "The 2nd Division in 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  4. ^ Joslen (1960), p. 261
  5. ^ Black, Harvey. "The Cold War Years. A Hot War in reality. Part 6".
  6. ^ "BOAR 1989" (PDF).
  7. ^ 19th Light Brigade Global Security
  8. ^ Northern Ireland-based 19 Light Brigade disbanded BBC, 19 July 2011
  9. ^ "19th Mechanized Brigade". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  10. ^ MOD press release
  11. ^ Hansard 18 July 2011, Column 637
  12. ^ 'Farewell to 19 Light Brigade,' Soldier, September 2011, p.12
  13. ^ "19 Light Brigade". 13 February 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  14. ^ Army Commands Archived July 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine

BibliographyEdit

  • Becke, Major A.F. (1935). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 1. The Regular British Divisions. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-09-4.
  • Joslen, Lt-Col. H.F. (2003) Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, ISBN 1-84342-474-6

External linksEdit