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-The Venice Biennial-

  • The Lion d'or (Golden Lion) for Lifetime Achievement: Louise Bourgeois (USA), Bruce Nauman (USA)
  • The Lion d'or for Best Pavilion: Monica Bonvicini, Bruna Esposito, Luisa Lambri, Paola Pivi, Grazia Toderi (Italy)


January to JuneEdit

July to DecemberEdit


  1. ^ Alberge, Dayla (14 March 2012). "Have art restorers ruined Leonardo's masterpiece?". The Independent. London. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  2. ^ Kennedy, Maev (13 May 2000), "Modern art wins battle of Trafalgar Square: Vacant plinth will be showcase for contemporary sculpture", The Guardian, London
  3. ^ Arguimbau, Peter Layne (5 October 2006). "Michelangelo's Cleaned off Sistine Chapel". Arguimbau. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2007.
  4. ^ Morris, Desmond (2013). The Artistic Ape: three million years of art. London: Red Lemon Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-78342-002-5.
  5. ^ "Michael Raedecker - Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool museums". Retrieved 28 November 2018.