1999 Russian gubernatorial elections

Gubernatorial elections in 1999 took place in 16 regions of the Russian Federation.

1999 Russian gubernatorial elections

← 1998 25 April – 26 December 1999 2000 →

16 Heads of Federal Subjects from 89

In 1999, the tenures of the governors of 12 provinces, elected in 1995, expired. An early election was held in Leningrad Oblast, year after resignation of Vadim Gustov. The first direct elections for the Head of Karachay-Cherkessia also took place that year.

In the last two parliamentary republics, Dagestan and Udmurtia, direct elections have not come any closer: in Dagestan, the referendum on the introduction of the presidency was held in the summer of 1999, with the majority voting against; and in Udmurtia, a new State Council was elected and its chairman Alexander Volkov was re-elected.

Race summary edit

Federal Subject Date Incumbent First
Losing candidates[1] Governor-elect
Karachay-Cherkessia 25 April,
16 May
Vladimir Khubiyev [a] Stanislav Derev, Mikhail Yakush (CPRF), Magomed Kaitov Vladimir Khubiyev, Boris Ebzeyev Vladimir Semyonov
Belgorod Oblast 30 May Yevgeny Savchenko 1995 Mikhail Beskhmelnitsyn, Vladimir Zhirinovsky (LDPR) Yevgeny Savchenko (NDR)
Sverdlovsk Oblast 29 August,
12 September
Eduard Rossel 1995 Alexander Burkov (May), Arkady Chernetsky (NDNG), Vladimir Kadochnikov (CPRF), Igor Kovpak Eduard Rossel (PU, supported by NDR)
Novgorod Oblast 5 September Mikhail Prusak 1995 Anatoly Peshkov, Alexander Demanov (LDPR) Mikhail Prusak
Omsk Oblast 5 September Leonid Polezhayev 1995 Alexander Kravets (CPRF), Alexander Zakharov Leonid Polezhayev
Leningrad Oblast 19 September Valery Serdyukov [b] Vadim Gustov, Valery Kovalyov, Viktor Zubkov, Damir Shadaev Valery Serdyukov
Tomsk Oblast 19 September Viktor Kress 1995 Alexander Deyev, Anatoly Chemeris Viktor Kress
Moscow 19 December Yury Luzhkov 1996[c] Sergey Kiriyenko (SPS), Pavel Borodin, Yevgeny Martynov, Dmitry Vasilyev (NPF Memory), Aleksey Mitrofanov (LDPR) Yury Luzhkov (OVR)
Primorsky Krai 19 December Yevgeny Nazdratenko 1995 Alexander Kirilichev, Vladimir Vedernikov Yevgeny Nazdratenko
Vologda Oblast 19 December Vyacheslav Pozgalyov 1995 Sergey Karonnov (SPS) Vyacheslav Pozgalyov
Moscow Oblast 19 December,
9 January 2000
Anatoly Tyazhlov 1995 Gennady Seleznyov (CPRF), Alexander Tikhonov, Anatoly Tyazhlov, Boris Fyodorov, Vladimir Bryntsalov Boris Gromov (OVR)
Novosibirsk Oblast 19 December,
9 January 2000
Vitaly Mukha 1995 Ivan Starikov (DVR), Vitaly Mukha, Viktor Kuznetsov (CPRF), Ivan Indinok, Yevgeny Loginov (LDPR) Viktor Tolokonsky
Orenburg Oblast 19 & 26 December Vladimir Yelagin 1995 Vladimir Yelagin, Pavel Gurkalov, Gennady Donkovtsev Alexey Chernyshyov (APR)
Tambov Oblast 19 & 26 December Aleksandr Ryabov 1995 Aleksandr Ryabov (CPRF), Andrey Frantz (May) Oleg Betin (supported by NDR and Unity)
Tver Oblast 19 December,
9 January 2000
Vladimir Platov 1995 Vladimir Bayunov (CPRF), Gennady Vinogradov, Anatoly Kleymyonov, Viktor Opekunov (OVR) Vladimir Platov
Yaroslavl Oblast 19 December Anatoly Lisitsyn 1995 Sergey Vakhrukov (Yabloko), Vladimir Kornilov (CPRF) Anatoly Lisitsyn

Karachay-Cherkessia edit

In April and May 1999, elections were held for the head of Karachay-Cherkessia. The mayor of Cherkessk Stanislav Derev received 43.1% of the vote in the first round, surpassing former Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Ground Forces general Vladimir Semyonov, with 17.9% of the vote. After the first round, confrontation started to arise between the frontrunners. The rivalry of Semyonov and Derev was viewed as a confrontation between the Karachays and Circassians.

On the morning of May 16, the roads to areas with Karachay majority or mixed Karachay-Russian population were blocked by the police and OMON. By Derev's order, more than 60 polling stations were closed in Cherkessk, although later, through the efforts of the CEC, voting began in most of them. Semyonov received 75.5% of the vote, with about 18.6% for Derev. After the second round, Derev's supporters organized a rally in the center of Cherkessk, demanding the annulling of the falsified election results.[2]

On May 19, after negotiations in Moscow, Derev stated that he was demanding either the cancellation of the election results, or the secession of Cherkessia. At the same time, he applied to the Supreme Court of Russia and the Central Election Commission with a request to cancel the results of the second round. On May 24, after the visit of the Prime Minister of Russia Sergey Stepashin to Cherkessk, the head of Karachay-Cherkessia Vladimir Khubiyev resigned. Igor Ivanov, chairman of the People's Assembly of Karachay-Cherkessia, was appointed as the interim head of the region.

In July, the Supreme Court of the KChR recognized the results of the elections; later, this decision was overturned by the Supreme Court of Russia. In late August 1999, the republican court reaffirmed the results of the vote on May 16. On September 14, Semyonov took office as head of the republic, which marked the end of the conflict.[3]

Sverdlovsk Oblast edit

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Eduard RosselTransformation of Ural542,25739.73813,37364.27
Alexander BurkovWorkers' Movement for Social Guarantees "May"256,91618.83364,30128.79
Arkady ChernetskyOur Home — Our City216,73815.88
Vladimir KadochnikovCommunist Party134,6079.86
Igor KovpakIndependent122,9489.01
Irina BelkovaIndependent15,4011.13
Andrey SelivanovRight Cause8,6280.63
Against all67,2604.9387,8626.94
Source: IKSO[4][5]

Moscow City edit

In June 1999 the Moscow City Duma decided to move the 2000 mayoral election six months ahead of schedule. The new voting day was set on 19 December 1999, when the elections to the 3rd State Duma of Russia were to take place.

On September 17, the incumbent mayor of Moscow Yury Luzhkov officially announced his intention to run for re-election, naming Valery Shantsev as his candidate for the vice mayor. Opposition, represented by the Union of Right Forces, nominated former prime minister of Russia Sergey Kiriyenko.[6] Luzhkov surpassed him by more than 58%. Two thirds of the voters came to the polling stations in Moscow on December 19.

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Yury LuzhkovValery ShantsevFatherland – All Russia3,174,65871.45
Sergey KiriyenkoVyacheslav GlazychevUnion of Right Forces510,95811.50
Pavel BorodinLeonid TroshinIndependent273,0266.14
Yevgeny MartynovSergey SeryoginCommunist Party128,4042.89
Dmitry VasilyevAlexander NetesovPamyat47,0671.06
Aleksey MitrofanovAndrey BrezhnevIndependent27,5280.62
Vladimir VoroninSvetlana SavinovaIndependent18,5640.42
Vladimir KiselyovValery KireyevIndependent8,9440.20
Against all254,0135.72
Valid votes4,443,16297.82
Invalid/blank votes98,9742.18
Total votes4,542,136100.00
Source: Zakon[7]

Moscow Oblast edit

Gubernatorial election in Moscow Oblast was held on 19 December 1999, in parallel with the federal legislative election. The peculiarity of this campaign was that the candidates for the governor were running along with the candidates for the vice-governor (this office will be abolished in 2002).[8] The Fatherland – All Russia party (OVR), realizing low chances to win for incumbent governor Anatoly Tyazhlov, authorized the nomination of Soviet Army general Boris Gromov. That is, OVR had two candidates for governor at once.[9] On 9 January 2000, Boris Gromov was elected governor of Moscow Oblast in the second round of the election.

CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Gennadiy SeleznyovVladimir KashinCommunist Party908,87427.5246.39
Boris GromovMikhail MenFatherland – All Russia690,35220.9148.09
Alexander TikhonovSergey SelivyorstovIndependent494,23115.12
Anatoly TyazhlovVasily GolubevFatherland – All Russia346,94710.51
Boris FyodorovAlexander LebedevForward, Russia!302,0819.15
Vladimir BryntsalovVladimir AlexeyevIndependent5.02
Anatoly DolgolaptevVladimir MenshovIndependent1.38
Sergey PopovIlshat SafargaliyevIndependent1.19
Vladimir KlimenkoYury TebinIndependent1.13
Against all196,7795.96
Source: [10][11]

Notes edit

  1. ^ Appointed by federal president in 1992, re-appointed in 1995.
  2. ^ Acting governor, installed after resignation of Vadim Gustov.
  3. ^ Elected as vice mayor for Gavriil Popov in 1991.

References edit

  1. ^ Gubernatorial elections — 1999, politika.su
  2. ^ Elections of the head of Karachay-Cherkessia: from political confrontation to interethnic conflict, "International Institute for Humanitarian and Political Studies"
  3. ^ Karachay-Cherkess Republic: Chronicle of confrontation, "International Institute for Humanitarian and Political Studies"
  4. ^ Election of the Governor of Sverdlovsk Oblast on 28 August 1999, Bulletin of territorial election commissions of Sverdlovsk Oblast
  5. ^ Re-voting on election of the Governor of Sverdlovsk Oblast on 12 September 1999, Bulletin of territorial election commissions of Sverdlovsk Oblast
  6. ^ "Election of the mayor of Moscow is scheduled for December 7". 2003-09-08.
  8. ^ "Вице-губернатор Московской области ушел в отставку" [Vice Governor of Moscow Oblast resigned]. Kommersant (in Russian). 2002-11-01.
  9. ^ Иванов, В.В. (2019). Глава субъекта Российской Федерации. История губернаторов [Head of the subject of the Russian Federation. History of governors] (in Russian). p. 584. ISBN 978-5-907250-14-7.
  10. ^ "Обнародованы итоги выборов губернатора Московской области" [The results of the elections of the Governor of Moscow Oblast were announced] (in Russian). 1999-12-23. Archived from the original on 2009-02-11.
  11. ^ "История выборов и назначений губернатора Московской области" [History of elections and appointments of the Governor of Moscow Oblast]. TASS (in Russian). 2013-09-07.