1999 Puthukkudiyiruppu bombing

The Puthukkudiyiruppu bombing was an aerial attack carried out against Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Air Force on September 15 in the year 1999 killing over 21 including schoolchildren and women as well as inflicting serious injuries upon many more.[1]

Puthkkudiyiruppu bombing
LocationSriLanka.png
Location of Sri Lanka
LocationPuthukkudiyiruppu, Northern Province, Sri Lanka
DateSeptember 15, 1999
10 a.m (+8 GMT)
TargetSri Lankan Tamil Civilians
Attack type
Aerial bombardment
WeaponsKFir Jets
Deaths21
InjuredAt least 40+
PerpetratorsSri Lanka Air Force

IncidentsEdit

On September 15, 1999, two Kfir Jets belonging to the Sri Lanka Air Force bombed a crowded public place in the Tamil town of Puthukkudiyiruppu in the Mullaitivu District which was under the control of the Tamil Tigers.[2]

The Puthukkudiyiruppu market and many houses and buildings nearby were destroyed in the SLAF bombing, as per NGO sources Human flesh is strewn all over the market area sources in the Vanni had said.[2]

Tamil Eelam Vaanoli, an official radio program of the LTTE, put the casualty figure at 22, and injuries over 40.

ReactionsEdit

Red CrossEdit

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) condemned the bombing and said that sixteen civilians were killed on the spot and six who were seriously wounded in the bombing died in their way to hospital.[3]

Amnesty InternationalEdit

The bombing raised serious criticisms from the Amnesty International[4] which in a statement expressing concern over the bombing, said a Sri Lankan military spokesperson had denied the raid, which killed at least 21 refugees in a crowded market place, had been a deliberate attack on civilians.

The organization also questioned the Sri Lankan military's adherence to the fundamental rules of the Humanitarian law which include the prohibition of direct attacks on civilians and civilian objects and the prohibition of attacks on military targets expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life.

Sri Lankan GovernmentEdit

The charges were denied by the Sri Lankan government spokesperson who claimed that two bombing raids were conducted in the area and one of them was aimed at a nearby LTTE base. But this was rejected by other sources, who claimed that the LTTE camp was located near the Nandikadal Lagoon situated 4 and a half kilometers away from the town.

A Tamil politician from Colombo said that the SLAF attack on the civilian target appeared to be in retaliation to the heavy losses suffered last Sunday by the Sri Lanka army north of Mannar.

He pointed out that civilian targets have been bombed by the SLAF in past following major set backs in the war against the Liberation Tigers.

According to independent sources, 138 Sri Lanka army personnel, including two officers, were killed and 902 were wounded when the Liberation Tigers counterattacked a major offensive by government forces.

RetaliationEdit

In retaliation, LTTE cadres hacked to death 48 Sinhalese villagers and shot six others in attacks on three villages in eastern Sri Lanka.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sri Lanka: Air Force bombing at Puthukkudiyiruppu - Amnesty International's concerns".
  2. ^ a b "TamilNet : 21 civilians killed in SLAF attack". Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  3. ^ "TamilNet".
  4. ^ "Sri Lanka: Air Force bombing at Puthukkudiyiruppu - Amnesty International's concerns".
  5. ^ "Asia 9". www.hrw.org.