1999 NFL season
The 1999 NFL season was the 80th regular season of the National Football League. The Cleveland Browns returned to the field for the first time since the 1995 season, whilst the Tennessee Oilers changed its name to Tennessee Titans, and the league retired the name “Oilers.”
|Duration||September 12, 1999 – January 3, 2000|
|Start date||January 8, 2000|
|AFC Champions||Tennessee Titans|
|NFC Champions||St. Louis Rams|
|Super Bowl XXXIV|
|Date||January 30, 2000|
|Site||Georgia Dome, Atlanta, Georgia|
|Champions||St. Louis Rams|
|Date||February 6, 2000|
The return of the Browns increased the number of teams to 31, the first time the league had played with an odd number of clubs since 1966. As a result, the NFL was forced to give at least one team a bye each week; Previously, barring extreme circumstances, a club never received a bye during the first two weeks or last seven weeks of the season. Under a new system, for ten weeks of the season (Week #1 to Week #2, and Week #10 to Week #17), one team was scheduled a bye; for seven weeks of the season (Week #3 to Week #9), three teams sat out. This format would continue for the next two seasons until the Houston Texans joined the NFL in 2002 and returned the league to an even number of teams.
The start of the 1999 NFL Season was pushed back one week and started the weekend after Labor Day, a change from the previous seasons. Due to the Y2K concerns, the NFL did not want to hold the opening round of the playoffs on Saturday January 1, 2000, and did not want teams traveling on that day. Week 17 games were held on January 2, 2000, and the opening round of the playoffs would be scheduled for January 8–9. The bye week before the Super Bowl was removed to accommodate the one-week adjustment. The start of the season after Labor Day would become a regular fixture for future seasons, beginning in 2001.
The final spot in the NFC playoffs came down to an exciting final day of the season. The Green Bay Packers and Carolina Panthers were both at 7–8, tied for the last spot in the playoffs with the Dallas Cowboys and tied in other tiebreakers. The Packers/Panthers tie would be broken by best net point differential in conference games. With both the Packers and Panthers playing at 1:00 PM Eastern on January 2, the two teams tried to outscore the other. The Packers beat the Arizona Cardinals 49–24, and the Panthers beat the New Orleans Saints 45–13, with the result that the Packers finished ahead of the Panthers by 11 points. Nevertheless, Dallas defeated the New York Giants later that night to claim the final playoff spot.
The St. Louis Rams, who had had losing records for each of the past nine seasons dating back to their first tenure in Los Angeles (and had finished in last place in their division the previous season), surprised the entire league by defeating the Tennessee Titans 23–16 in Super Bowl XXXIV at the Georgia Dome.
Major rule changesEdit
- Clipping became illegal around the line of scrimmage just as it was on the rest of the field.
- A new instant replay system (different from the one used from 1986 to 1991) is adopted to aid officiating. The system mirrors a method used by the defunct USFL in 1985:
- In each game, each team has two challenge flags that can be thrown to start an official review of the play in question. Each challenge will require the use of a team's timeout. If the challenge is successful, the timeout is restored.
- Inside of two minutes of each half, and during all overtime periods, all reviews will be initiated by a Replay Assistant. The Replay Assistant has an unlimited number of reviews, regardless of how many timeouts each team has left. And no timeout will be charged for any review by the Replay Assistant.
- All replay reviews will be conducted by the referee on a field-level monitor. A decision will be reversed only when there is indisputable visual evidence to overturn the call. The referee has 90 seconds to review the play.
- The officials will be notified of a replay request or challenge via a specialized electronic pager with a vibrating alert. Each head coach would also have a red flag to use as a backup to get the attention of the officials to challenge a play.
- The replay system will only cover the following situations:
- Scoring plays
- Pass complete/incomplete/intercepted
- Runner/receiver out of bounds
- Recovery of a loose ball in or out of bounds
- Touching of a forward pass, either by an ineligible receiver or a defensive player
- Quarterback pass or fumble
- Illegal forward pass
- Forward or backward pass
- Runner ruled not down by contact
- Forward progress in regard to a first down
- Touching of a kick
- Too many men on the field
The league also added the following then-minor rule change that became significant in the playoffs a few years later:
- When a Team A player is holding the ball to pass it forward, any intentional forward movement of his hand starts a forward pass, even if the player loses possession of the ball as he is attempting to tuck it back toward his body. Also, if the player has tucked the ball into his body and then loses possession, it is a fumble.
This new interpretation of a forward pass would later be commonly known as the “Tuck Rule”, and was repealed in 2013.
- Baltimore Ravens – Brian Billick; replaced Ted Marchibroda who was fired after the 1998 season.
- Carolina Panthers – George Seifert; replaced Dom Capers who was fired after the 1998 season.
- Chicago Bears – Dick Jauron; replaced Dave Wannstedt who was fired after the 1998 season.
- Cleveland Browns – Chris Palmer; hired before the season, first coach of revived Browns.
- Green Bay Packers – Ray Rhodes; replaced Mike Holmgren who resigned to become Head Coach and General Manager of the Seattle Seahawks.
- Kansas City Chiefs – Gunther Cunningham; replaced Marty Schottenheimer who resigned at the end of the 1998 season.
- Philadelphia Eagles – Andy Reid; replaced Ray Rhodes who was fired after the 1998 season.
- San Diego Chargers – Mike Riley; replaced interim head coach June Jones who replaced Kevin Gilbride during the 1998 season.
- Seattle Seahawks – Mike Holmgren; replaced Dennis Erickson who was fired after the 1998 season.
- Baltimore Ravens – New Raven head logo on helmets.
- Detroit Lions – Altered sleeve striping. Pants color for road uniforms changed from Honolulu blue back to gray.
- New Orleans Saints – Black numbers on road uniforms and added black pants with a wide gold stripe to road uniforms.
- Tennessee Titans – New nickname (from “Oilers” to “Titans”), new logo, new uniforms.
Final regular season standingsEdit
- Miami was the third AFC Wild Card ahead of Kansas City based on better record against common opponents (6–1 to Chiefs’ 5–3).
- N.Y. Jets finished ahead of New England in the AFC East based on better division record (4–4 to Patriots’ 2–6).
- Seattle finished ahead of Kansas City in the AFC West based on head-to-head sweep (2–0).
- San Diego finished ahead of Oakland in the AFC West based on better division record (5–3 to Raiders’ 3–5).
- Dallas was the second NFC Wild Card based on better record against common opponents (4–2 to Lions’ 3–3) and better conference record than Carolina (7–5 to Panthers’ 6–6).
- Detroit was the third NFC Wild Card based on better conference record than Green Bay (7–5 to Packers’ 6–6) and head-to-head victory over Carolina.
|Jan. 8 – FedExField||Jan. 15 – Raymond James Stadium|
|3||Washington||27||Jan. 23 – Trans World Dome|
|Jan. 9 – Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome||2||Tampa Bay||6|
|Jan. 16 – Trans World Dome|
|4||Minnesota||27||Jan. 30 – Georgia Dome|
|Wild card playoffs|
|Jan. 8 – Adelphia Coliseum||N1||St. Louis||23|
|Jan. 16 – RCA Dome|
|5||Buffalo||16||Super Bowl XXXIV|
|4||Tennessee||22||Jan. 23 – Alltel Stadium|
|Jan. 9 – Kingdome||4||Tennessee||33|
|Jan. 15 – Alltel Stadium|
|Points scored||St. Louis Rams (526)|
|Total yards gained||St. Louis Rams (6,412)|
|Yards rushing||San Francisco 49ers (2,095)|
|Yards passing||St. Louis Rams (4,353)|
|Fewest points allowed||Jacksonville Jaguars (217)|
|Fewest total yards allowed||Buffalo Bills (4,045)|
|Fewest rushing yards allowed||St. Louis Rams (1,189)|
|Fewest passing yards allowed||Buffalo Bills (2,675)|
|Scoring||Mike Vanderjagt, Indianapolis (145 points)|
|Touchdowns||Stephen Davis, Washington and Edgerrin James, Indianapolis (17 TDs)|
|Most field goals made||Olindo Mare, Miami (39 FGs)|
|Rushing||Edgerrin James, Indianapolis (1,553 yards)|
|Passing||Kurt Warner, St. Louis (109.2 rating)|
|Passing touchdowns||Kurt Warner, St. Louis (41 TDs)|
|Pass receiving||Jimmy Smith, Jacksonville (116 catches)|
|Pass receiving yards||Marvin Harrison, Indianapolis (1,663)|
|Punt returns||Charlie Rogers, Seattle (14.5 average yards)|
|Kickoff returns||Tony Horne, St. Louis (29.7 average yards)|
|Interceptions||Rod Woodson, Baltimore; Sam Madison, Miami; James Hasty, Kansas City; Donnie Abraham, Tampa Bay; and Troy Vincent, Philadelphia (7)|
|Punting||Tom Rouen, Denver (46.5 average yards)|
|Sacks||Kevin Carter, St. Louis (17)|
|Most Valuable Player||Kurt Warner, Quarterback, St. Louis|
|Coach of the Year||Dick Vermeil, St. Louis|
|Offensive Player of the Year||Marshall Faulk, Running back, St. Louis|
|Defensive Player of the Year||Warren Sapp, Defensive Tackle, Tampa Bay|
|Offensive Rookie of the Year||Edgerrin James, Running Back, Indianapolis|
|Defensive Rookie of the Year||Jevon Kearse, Defensive End, Tennessee|
|NFL Comeback Player of the Year||Bryant Young, Defensive Tackle, San Francisco|
|Walter Payton NFL Man of the Year||Cris Carter, Wide Receiver, Minnesota|
|Super Bowl Most Valuable Player||Kurt Warner, Quarterback, St. Louis|
The 1999 NFL Draft was held from April 17 to 18, 1999 at New York City's Theater at Madison Square Garden. With the first pick, the Cleveland Browns selected quarterback Tim Couch from the University of Kentucky.
American Football ConferenceEdit
- Baltimore Ravens: Brian Billick
- Buffalo Bills: Wade Phillips
- Cincinnati Bengals: Bruce Coslet
- Cleveland Browns: Chris Palmer
- Denver Broncos: Mike Shanahan
- Indianapolis Colts: Jim Mora
- Jacksonville Jaguars: Tom Coughlin
- Kansas City Chiefs: Gunther Cunningham
- Miami Dolphins: Jimmy Johnson
- New England Patriots: Pete Carroll
- New York Jets: Bill Parcells
- Oakland Raiders: Jon Gruden
- Pittsburgh Steelers: Bill Cowher
- San Diego Chargers: Mike Riley
- Seattle Seahawks: Mike Holmgren
- Tennessee Titans: Jeff Fisher
National Football ConferenceEdit
- Arizona Cardinals: Vince Tobin
- Atlanta Falcons: Dan Reeves
- Carolina Panthers: George Seifert
- Chicago Bears: Dick Jauron
- Dallas Cowboys: Chan Gailey
- Detroit Lions: Bobby Ross
- Green Bay Packers: Ray Rhodes
- Minnesota Vikings: Dennis Green
- New Orleans Saints: Mike Ditka
- New York Giants: Jim Fassel
- Philadelphia Eagles: Andy Reid
- San Francisco 49ers: Steve Mariucci
- St. Louis Rams: Dick Vermeil
- Tampa Bay Buccaneers: Tony Dungy
- Washington Redskins: Norv Turner
- Official Rules of the NFL, Rule 3, Section 21, Article 2, Note 2
- NFL Record and Fact Book (ISBN 1-932994-36-X)
- NFL History 1991–2000 (Last accessed October 17, 2005)
- Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (ISBN 0-06-270174-6)
- Steelers Fever – History of NFL Rules (Last accessed October 17, 2005)
- NFL introduces Instant Replay technology (Last accessed November 4, 2005)
- Tuck Rule Hard to Grasp by Mark Maske, Washington Post, October 15, 2005 (Last accessed November 4, 2005)