1999 Guatemalan general election

General elections were held in Guatemala on 7 November 1999, with a second round of the presidential elections on 26 December.[1] Alfonso Portillo won the presidential elections, whilst his Guatemalan Republican Front also won the Congressional elections. Voter turnout was 53.8% on 7 November and 40.4% on 26 December.[2]

1999 Guatemalan presidential election

← 1995-96 7 November 1999 2003 →
  Portillo.jpg (Óscar Berger) Cumbre Iberoamericana 2007 - Foto oficial.jpg
Nominee Alfonso Portillo Óscar Berger
Party FRG PAN
Home state Zacapa Guatemala City
Running mate Juan Francisco Reyes Arabella Castro
States carried 22 0
Popular vote 1,184,932 549,408
Percentage 68.31% 31.69%

President before election

Álvaro Arzú
PAN

President-elect

Alfonso Portillo
FRG

Media owner Remigio Ángel González gave more than $2.6 million and free airtime to Alfonso Portillo's campaign,[3] which led to some political analysts to claim that the free adverts helped Portillo win the election.[4] After becoming president, Portillo appointed Gonzalez's brother-in-law Luis Rabbé to the post of Minister of Communications, Infrastructure and Housing, a post which included responsibility for overseeing the broadcast media.[4] The presidential election also established a pattern for the next 16 years in which the runner-up of the previous contest then went on to win.

ResultsEdit

PresidentEdit

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Alfonso Portillo Guatemalan Republican Front 1,045,820 47.72 1,184,932 68.31
Óscar Berger National Advancement Party 664,417 30.32 549,408 31.69
Álvaro Colom URNG-DIA 270,891 12.36
Acisclo Valladares Molína Progressive Liberating Party 67,924 3.10
Juan Francisco Bianchi Castillo Democratic Renewal Action Party 45,470 2.07
Ana Catalina Soberanis Reyes Democratic Front New Guatemala 28,108 1.28
José Enrique Asturias Rudeke LOV-UD 25,236 1.15
Danilo Julian Roca Barillas National Centre Union 22,939 1.05
Carlos Humberto Pérez Rodríguez National Liberation Movement 13,080 0.60
Emilio Eva Saldívar Democratic Action 4,929 0.22
Flor de María Alvarado Suárez de Solis ARENA 2,698 0.12
Invalid/blank votes 205,700 65,588
Total 2,397,212 100 1,799,928 100
Source: Nohlen

CongressEdit

Party PR District Total seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Guatemalan Republican Front 891,429 42.1 11 879,839 41.4 52 63
National Advancement Party 570,108 26.9 7 589,550 27.7 30 37
New Nation Alliance 233,870 11.0 2 231,970 10.9 7 9
Guatemalan Christian Democracy 86,839 4.1 1 68,609 3.2 1 2
Progressive Liberating Party 84,187 4.0 1 91,484 4.3 0 1
Democratic Renewal Action Party 63,824 3.0 0 76,994 3.6 0 0
Democratic Front New Guatemala 60,821 2.9 0 53,544 2.5 0 0
LOV-UD 48,184 2.3 0 48,398 2.3 1 1
National Centre Union 42,921 2.0 0 40,069 1.9 0 0
National Liberation Movement 22,857 1.0 0 21,656 1.0 0 0
Democratic Action 8,644 0.4 0 6,074 0.3 0 0
ARENA 4,178 0.2 0 1,868 0.1 0 0
UCN-DCG 6,480 0.3 0 0
DCG-FDNG 5,792 0.3 0 0
National Union 3,222 0.2 0 0
MLN-DCG 1,829 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 279,011 268,249
Total 2,396,883 100 22 2,395,627 100 91 113
Source: Nohlen

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p323 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p324
  3. ^ Rockwell, Rick and Janus, Noreene (2001), "Stifling Dissent: the fallout from a Mexican media invasion of Central America, Journalism Studies, 2: 4, 497 — 512
  4. ^ a b Domination of Latin airwaves has 'Ghost' scaring his critics Associated Press, 9 June 2002

BibliographyEdit

  • Villagrán Kramer, Francisco. Biografía política de Guatemala: años de guerra y años de paz. FLACSO-Guatemala, 2004.
  • Political handbook of the world 1999. New York, 2000.