1998 in LGBT rights

This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the year 1998.

List of years in LGBT rights (table)

EventsEdit

FebruaryEdit

  • 10 – Voters in the US state of Maine reject a law enacted in 1997 banning sexual orientation discrimination in the private sector with 51.5 percent against.[1]

MayEdit

SeptemberEdit

OctoberEdit

NovemberEdit

  • 3
  • 20 – In the U.S. state of Texas, John Lawrence and Tyrone Garner are fined US$125 each after being arrested for having sex in their home. They refuse to pay the fine, resulting in a challenge of the Texas sodomy law which would eventually lead to the 2003 nationwide repeal of sodomy laws in Lawrence v. Texas.[13]
  • 23 – The Supreme Court of the U.S. state of Georgia rules 6 to 1 to invalidate that state's sodomy law.[14]
  • 28 – In Allston, Massachusetts, transgender woman of color Rita Hester is murdered. The ensuing candlelight vigil a few days later was attended by 250 people and inspired the Transgender Day of Remembrance, observed each Nov 20 worldwide.[15]

DecemberEdit

  • 1 – Officials in Miami, Florida, vote 7–6 to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in employment and housing.[16]
  • 18 – The Maryland Court of Appeals rules that a parent's access to his or her children cannot be restricted due to his or her sexual orientation.[17]
  • 22 – In New Zealand, Minister of Immigration Tuariki Delamere announces equality for gay and lesbian couples applying for permanent residency, to take effect on March 29, 1999.

Notable DeathsEdit

  • October 12 – Matthew Shepard, 21, gay-bashing victim[5][6][8]
  • November 28 – Rita Hester, transgender murder victim[15]
  • November 30 – Simon Nkoli, South African gay-rights and anti-apartheid activist. He was one of the "first Black anti-apartheid activists to publicly identify as gay and HIV-positive".[18]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Emmet Meara (May 27, 1999). "Gay Alliance seeks 2000 vote on discrimination". Sun Journal. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
  2. ^ Marina Yannakoudakis (October 20, 2011). "North Cyprus still criminalises gay community". Public Service Europe. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
  3. ^ "1998-05-28 Statement on Amendment to EEO Executive Order". May 28, 1998. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  4. ^ Abel v. United States of America, 97-6205 (United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit September 23, 1998).
  5. ^ a b c "Matthew Shepard murder timeline". Casper Star-Tribune Online. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "Matthew Shepard Murder: A Chronology". Famous Trials. UMKC School of Law. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  7. ^ Jr, Donald G. Mcneil (October 10, 1998). "South Africa Strikes Down Laws on Gay Sex". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Matthew Shepard, victim of anti-gay hate crime, dies". History.com. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  9. ^ Irwin, Julie (October 14, 1998). "Law denying gay protection stands". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  10. ^ The Right to Be Out: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in America's Public Schools. U of Minnesota Press. January 1, 2010. ISBN 9781452915319.
  11. ^ Mayhead and DeVore Marshall, p. 101
  12. ^ General Election 1998, Hawaii Office of Elections, November 3, 1998, retrieved July 6, 2010
  13. ^ "Lawrence v Texas". Lambda Legal. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  14. ^ Sack, Kevin (November 24, 1998). "Georgia's High Court Voids Sodomy Law". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  15. ^ a b Sosin, Kate (July 15, 2020). "Her Death Sparked Transgender Day of Remembrance. 22 Years Later, Still No Answers". NBC News. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  16. ^ Navarro, Mireya (December 2, 1998). "2 Decades On, Miami Endorses Gay Rights". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  17. ^ "Boswell v Boswell". American Psychological Association. Retrieved March 7, 2021.
  18. ^ "Tseko Simon Nkoli dies". South African History Online. Retrieved March 7, 2021.

ReferencesEdit

  • Mayhead, Molly A. and Brenda DeVore Marshall (2005). Women's Political Discourse: A 21st-century Perspective. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-7425-2909-6.