Open main menu

1997 Yemeni parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Yemen on 27 April 1997. The governing General People's Congress of President Ali Abdullah Saleh won a landslide victory, taking 187 of the 301 seats, although several opposition parties including the Yemeni Socialist Party boycotted the election alleging that the government had harassed and arrested their party workers.[1] The main opposition party, al-Islah, attacked the government for not carrying out economic reforms and for corruption.[2] Voter turnout was 61.0%.[3]

1997 Yemeni parliamentary election
Yemen
← 1993 27 April 1997 2003 →
Party Leader % Seats ±
GPC Ali Abdullah Saleh 43.1% 187 +64
Al-Islah Abdullah ibn Husayn al-Ahmar 23.4% 53 -9
NUPO Abdulmalik Al-Mekhlafi 2.3% 3 +2
Ba'ath Party 0.7% 2 -5
Independent 29.5% 54 +7
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

CampaignEdit

Of the 16 million people in Yemen about 4.6 million were registered to vote with about a quarter of them being women. However, only about 2.6 million people received their voting cards.[1]

Over 2,300 candidates, from 12 parties, competed for the 301 seats in the House of Representatives. Most candidates were independents, however many of these were backed by either the General People's Congress or al-Islah parties. There were 19 female candidates.[2] Each party or independent candidate had their own logo such as an owl or horse for the ballot paper to help illiterate voters.[4] There were few disagreements over policy between the parties.[4]

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
General People's Congress 1,175,343 43.1 187 +64
Al-Islah 637,728 23.4 53 –9
Nasserist Unionist People's Organisation 55,438 2.3 3 +2
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party 20,409 0.7 2 –5
National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party 10,134 0.4 0 New
Democratic Nasserist Party 9,601 0.4 0 –1
Party of Truth 5,587 0.2 0 –2
Nasserist Reform Organisation 2,755 0.1 0 0
League of Sons of Yemen 930 0.0 0 0
Other parties 3,400 0.1 0 0
Independents 805,636 29.5 54 +7
Vacant 2
Invalid/blank votes 100,408
Total 2,827,369 100 301 0
Registered voters/turnout 4,637,700 61.0
Source: Nohlen et al.

AftermathEdit

In two districts, Hajjah and Dhamar the results were cancelled due to irregularities.[5] International monitors described the elections as being 'reasonably free and fair' and 'a positive step in the democratic development of Yemen'.[6]

After the elections, 39 MPs elected as independents joined the GPC, 10 joined Al-Islah and two joined the Yemeni Socialist Party.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Yemen's ruling party proclaims victory amid claims of fraud". The Indian Express. 1997-05-02. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  2. ^ a b "Yemen Holds Vote; First Since '94 Strife". The New York Times. 1997-04-28. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  3. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p304 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  4. ^ a b "Doves and eagles fight for votes: Yemen prepares for elections". The Guardian. 1997-04-24. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  5. ^ "Yemen Leader's Party Dominates Elections". The New York Times. 1997-05-08. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  6. ^ "Peek behind screen of Yemen's paranoid poll". The Guardian. 1997-05-03. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  7. ^ "State of the parties, 1997 election". Yemen gateway. Archived from the original on 2007-06-16. Retrieved 2008-01-10.

External linksEdit