1997 Kenyan general election

General elections were held in Kenya on 29 December 1997. The result was a victory for the ruling Kenya African National Union, which won 107 of the 210 seats in the National Assembly, and whose candidate Daniel arap Moi won the presidential election. Following the election, Moi appointed a further 12 members to the Assembly.[1]

1997 Kenyan general election

← 1992 29 December 1997 (1997-12-29) 2002 →
Presidential election
  Daniel arap Moi 2001-11-10.jpg Mwai Kibaki, October 2003.jpg Raila Odinga 2009.jpg
Nominee Daniel arap Moi Mwai Kibaki Raila Odinga
Party KANU Democratic NDP
Popular vote 2,500,865 1,911,742 667,886
Percentage 40.40% 30.89% 10.79%

  Wamalwapotr.jpg Hon. Charity Kaluki Ngilu at Opening Session.jpg
Nominee Michael Kijana Wamalwa Charity Ngilu
Party FORD-K SDP
Popular vote 505,704 488,600
Percentage 8.17% 7.89%

President before election

Daniel arap Moi
Kenya African National Union

Elected President

Daniel arap Moi
KANU

Parliamentary election

Party Leader % Seats ±
KANU Daniel Arap Moi 107 +7
Democratic Mwai Kibaki 39 +16
NDP Raila Odinga 21 +21
FORD–Kenya Michael Kijana Wamalwa 17 -14
SDP Charity Ngilu 15 +15
Safina Paul Muite 5 New
FORD–People Kimani wa Nyoike 3 New
FORD–Asili Martin Shikuku 1 -30
KSC George Anyona 1 0
Shirikisho 1 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Speaker of the National Assembly before Speaker of the National Assembly after
Francis ole Kaparo
KANU
Francis ole Kaparo
KANU

ResultsEdit

PresidentEdit

CandidatePartyVotes%
Daniel arap MoiKenya African National Union2,500,86540.40
Mwai KibakiDemocratic Party1,911,74230.89
Raila OdingaNational Development Party667,88610.79
Michael Kijana WamalwaFORD–Kenya505,7048.17
Charity NgiluSocial Democratic Party488,6007.89
Martin ShikukuFORD–Asili36,5120.59
Katama MkangiKenya National Congress23,5540.38
George AnyonaKenya Social Congress16,4280.27
Kimani wa NyoikeFORD–People8,3060.13
Koigi wa WamwereKenya National Democratic Alliance7,7450.13
Munyua WaiyakiUnited Patriotic Party6,1940.10
Godfrey M' MwereriaGreen African Party4,6270.07
Wangari MaathaiLabour Party4,2460.07
Stephen OludheIndependent Economic Party3,6910.06
David Waweru Ng'etheUmma Patriotic Party3,5840.06
Total6,189,684100.00
Registered voters/turnout9,063,390
Source: Nohlen et al.[2]

By provinceEdit

Province Moi Kibaki Odinga Wamalwa Ngilu
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Central 56,367 5.6 891,484 89.4 6,869 0.7 3,058 0.3 30,535 3.1
Eastern 370,954 35.6 296,335 28.5 7,787 0.7 7,017 0.7 349,754 33.6
Coast 257,065 63.4 51,909 12.8 24,844 6.1 11,306 2.8 38,089 9.4
Nairobi 75,272 20.6 160,124 43.9 59,415 16.3 24,971 6.8 39,707 10.9
North Eastern 70,506 73.2 20,404 21.2 311 0.3 4,431 4.6 440 0.5
Nyanza 215,923 23.6 138,202 15.1 519,180 56.8 14,623 1.6 15,301 1.7
Rift Valley 1,140,109 69.5 343,529 21.0 36,022 2.2 102,178 6.2 11,345 0.7
Western 314,669 44.9 9,755 1.4 13,458 1.9 338,120 48.2 3,429 0.5
Total 2,500,865 40.4 1,911,742 30.9 667,886 10.8 505,704 8.2 488,600 7.9
Source: Nohlen et al.

National AssemblyEdit

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Kenya African National Union107+7
Democratic Party39+16
National Development Party21New
FORD–Kenya17–14
Social Democratic Party15+15
Safina5New
FORD–People3New
FORD–Asili1–30
Kenya Social Congress10
Shirikisho Party of Kenya1New
Appointed members120
Total222+22
Valid votes5,813,59998.39
Invalid/blank votes95,3491.61
Total votes5,908,948100.00
Registered voters/turnout9,063,39065.20
Source: IPU

Of the 12 appointed members, six were representatives of KANU, two from the Democratic Party, and one each from the National Development Party, FORD–Kenya, the Social Democratic Party and Safina.[3]

AftermathEdit

In 1998 Mwai Kibaki took a petition against Moi to court, having served Moi by publishing the notice of the petition in the Kenya Gazette. However, judges Emmanuel O'Kubasu, Mbogholi Msagha and Moijo ole Keiwua ruled that Kibaki should have served Moi with the petition personally. Their position was upheld at the then-highest Court of Appeal by judges Omolo, Bernard Chunga (Chief Justice), AB Shah, AA Lakha and Owuor JJ.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elections in Kenya African Elections Database
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Michael Krennerich & Bernhard Thibaut (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p488 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  3. ^ Elections held in 1997 Inter-Parliamentary Union
  4. ^ Why this election may be won in courts The Star, 12 January 2013

External linksEdit