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The 1996 United States elections were held on November 5. Democratic President Bill Clinton won re-election, while the Republicans maintained their majorities in both houses of the United States Congress.

1996 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 5
Incumbent presidentBill Clinton (Democratic)
Next Congress105th
Presidential election
Partisan controlDemocratic Hold
Popular vote marginDemocratic +8.5%
Electoral vote
Bill Clinton (D)379
Bob Dole (R)159
1996 United States presidential election in California1996 United States presidential election in Oregon1996 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1996 United States presidential election in Idaho1996 United States presidential election in Nevada1996 United States presidential election in Utah1996 United States presidential election in Arizona1996 United States presidential election in Montana1996 United States presidential election in Wyoming1996 United States presidential election in Colorado1996 United States presidential election in New Mexico1996 United States presidential election in North Dakota1996 United States presidential election in South Dakota1996 United States presidential election in Nebraska1996 United States presidential election in Kansas1996 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1996 United States presidential election in Texas1996 United States presidential election in Minnesota1996 United States presidential election in Iowa1996 United States presidential election in Missouri1996 United States presidential election in Arkansas1996 United States presidential election in Louisiana1996 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1996 United States presidential election in Illinois1996 United States presidential election in Michigan1996 United States presidential election in Indiana1996 United States presidential election in Ohio1996 United States presidential election in Kentucky1996 United States presidential election in Tennessee1996 United States presidential election in Mississippi1996 United States presidential election in Alabama1996 United States presidential election in Georgia1996 United States presidential election in Florida1996 United States presidential election in South Carolina1996 United States presidential election in North Carolina1996 United States presidential election in Virginia1996 United States presidential election in West Virginia1996 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1996 United States presidential election in Maryland1996 United States presidential election in Delaware1996 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1996 United States presidential election in New Jersey1996 United States presidential election in New York1996 United States presidential election in Connecticut1996 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1996 United States presidential election in Vermont1996 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1996 United States presidential election in Maine1996 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1996 United States presidential election in Hawaii1996 United States presidential election in Alaska1996 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1996 United States presidential election in Maryland1996 United States presidential election in Delaware1996 United States presidential election in New Jersey1996 United States presidential election in Connecticut1996 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1996 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1996 United States presidential election in Vermont1996 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1996.svg
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1996 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Dole, blue denotes states won by Clinton. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall controlRepublican Hold
Seats contested35 of 100 seats
(33 Class 2 seats + 2 special elections)
Net seat changeRepublican +2[1]
1996 Senate election map.svg
1996 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlRepublican Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting members
Popular vote marginDemocratic +0.1%
Net seat changeDemocratic +2
United States House of Representatives elections, 1996.png
1996 House of Representatives results
(territorial delegate races not shown)
     Democratic hold      Republican hold
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
     Independent gain      Independent hold
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested13 (11 states, 2 territories)
Net seat changeNone
1996 Gubernatorial election map.svg
1996 gubernatorial election results
Territorial races not shown

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

Clinton defeated Republican nominee Bob Dole and independent candidate Ross Perot in the presidential election, taking 379 of the 538 electoral votes. Due in part to Perot's fairly strong third party performance, Clinton did not win a majority of the popular vote, but his popular margin of 8.5 percentage points remains largest popular vote margin won by either party since the 1984 presidential election. Dole defeated Pat Buchanan and several other candidates in the 1996 Republican Party presidential primaries to win his party's nomination for president.

In the congressional elections, Republicans successfully defended the majorities that they had won in the 1994 elections. Republicans picked up a net of two Senate seats, while Democrats picked up a net of eight seats in the House of Representatives. In the gubernatorial elections, each party picked up a single seat that had previously been held by the other party.

Federal electionsEdit

Presidential electionEdit

Democratic incumbent President Bill Clinton won re-election, defeating Republican former Senator Bob Dole of Kansas. Billionaire and 1992 Independent Presidential candidate Ross Perot of Texas, the nominee of the newly founded Reform Party, though performing strongly for a third party candidate and receiving 8.4% of the vote, was unable to replicate his 1992 performance.

Congressional electionsEdit

United States Senate electionsEdit

During the 1996 U.S. Senate elections, elections for all thirty-three regularly scheduled Class II Senate seats as well as special elections in Oregon and Kansas were held.

Republicans captured three seats in Alabama, Arkansas, and Nebraska, but lost two in Oregon (via a special election not held concurrently with the other Senate elections in November) and South Dakota.

United States House of Representatives electionsEdit

During the 1996 House elections, all 435 seats in the House of Representatives as well as the seats of all non-voting Delegates from non-state districts were up for election that year.[2]

Democrats won the national popular vote for the House of Representatives by a margin of 0.1 percentage points and won a net gain of eight seats.[3] Nonetheless, Republicans retained control of the chamber.

In addition to all regularly scheduled House elections, there were five special elections held. They were held to fill vacancies for California's 37th congressional district (on March 26), Maryland's 7th congressional district (April 16), Oregon's 3rd congressional district (May 21), Kansas's 2nd congressional district, and Missouri's 8th congressional district (both on November 5).

State electionsEdit

Gubernatorial electionsEdit

During the 1996 gubernatorial elections, the governorships of the eleven states and two territories were up for election.

Going into the elections, Republicans held the governorships of thirty-two states, Democrats held those of seventeen states, all territories, and the Mayorship of the District of Columbia, and one Governor was a member of neither party. Republicans won in West Virginia, but this was countered by a Democratic victory in New Hampshire. Thus, there was no net change in the balance of power.

Other statewide officer electionsEdit

In some states where the positions were elective offices, voters elected candidates for state executive branch offices (Lieutenant Governors (though some were elected on the same ticket as the gubernatorial nominee), Secretary of state, state Treasurer, state Auditor, state Attorney General, state Superintendent of Education, Commissioners of Insurance, Agriculture or, Labor, etc.) and state judicial branch offices (seats on state Supreme Courts and, in some states, state appellate courts).

Local electionsEdit

Mayoral electionsEdit

Some major American cities held their mayoral elections in 1996.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Republicans picked up three seats in the regularly-scheduled Senate elections, but Democrats picked up one seat in a special election.
  2. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 5, 1996" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Election Statistics, 1920 to Present". United States House of Representatives.