1996 Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election

Elections for the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir were held over September–October 1996.[2] Farooq Abdullah became Chief Minister of Jammu Kashmir after the elections. The 1996 Lok Sabha elections and assembly elections in the state were possible due to efforts of counter-insurgents like Kuka Parray, (head of Ikhwan-ul-Muslemoon).[3][4][5]

1996 Jammu and Kashmir state assembly elections

← 1987 17 September 1996 2002 →

all 87 seats in Legislative Assembly
44 seats needed for a majority
Registered4,761,095
Turnout53.92%(Decrease20.98%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Indian Election Symbol Plough.png Lotos flower symbol.svg Hand INC.svg
Leader Farooq Abdullah
Party JKNC BJP INC
Last election 40 2 26
Seats won 57 8 7
Seat change Increase 17 Increase 6 Decrease 19
Percentage 34.78% 12.13% 20.00%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Janata Dal symbol.svg Indian Election Symbol Elephant.png
Leader Not announced
Party Janata Dal BSP
Last election - -
Seats won 5 4[1]
Seat change Increase 5 Increase 4
Percentage 10.87% 6.43%

Chief Minister before election

President's rule

Elected Chief Minister

Farooq Abdullah
JKNC

BackgroundEdit

The National Conference, which had boycotted the 1996 Indian general election, agreed to participate in the 1996 Assembly elections only after Prime Minister, H. D. Deve Gowda, promised "maximum autonomy" for Jammu and Kashmir.[6]

ResultsEdit

 
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference863,61234.7857+17
Indian National Congress496,62820.007–19
Bharatiya Janata Party301,23812.138+6
Janata Dal269,98410.875New
Bahujan Samaj Party159,6906.434New
Jammu and Kashmir Awami League60,4372.431New
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party55,8852.251+1
Communist Party of India (Marxist)23,7740.961+1
All India Indira Congress (Tiwari)17,4730.701New
Others3,0900.1200
Independents231,1119.312–6
Total2,482,922100.0087+11
Valid votes2,482,92296.74
Invalid/blank votes83,7343.26
Total votes2,566,656100.00
Registered voters/turnout4,761,09553.91
Source: ECI[7]

In the 1996 assembly elections, 14 women contested, 10 of whom lost their deposits, while 2 were elected.[8] National Conference won 57 out of 86 seats.[9][10] BSP contested first time on 29 seats in the state and won 4 seats.[1] BJP rose from two seats in 1987 to 8 seats in 1996.[11]

Elected MembersEdit

Constituency Reserved for
(SC/None)
Member Party
Karnah None Kafeel-u-rehman Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Kupwara None Saifullah Mir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Lolab None Mushtaq Ahmad Lone Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Handwara None Mohd. Ramzan Chowdry Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Langate None Ab. Ahad Wanie Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Uri None Mohd. Shafi Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Rafiabad None Mohmad Dilawar Mir Janata Dal
Sopore None Haji Abdul Ahad Vakil Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Gurez None Faqir Mohd. Khan Independent
Bandipora None Gh. Rasool Mir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Sonawari None M0hd. Yousuf Parray Jammu and Kashmir Awami League
Sangrama None Mohd. Maqbool Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Baramulla None Mujahid Mohd. Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Gulmarg None Shiek Mustafa Kamal Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Pattan None Iftikhar Hussain Ansari Indian National Congress
Kangan None Mian Altaf Ahmed Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Ganderbal None Farooq Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Hazratbal None Mohmmad Syed Akhoon Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Zadibal None Sadiq Ali Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Idgah None Mubarak Ahmad Gul Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Khanyar None Ali Mohammed Sagar Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Habbakadal None Piyare Lal Handoo Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Amirakadal None Muhammed Shafi Bhat Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Sonawar None Ghulam Mohd. Bawan Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Batamaloo None Ghulam Mohi-ud-din Shah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Chadoora None Ali Mohammad Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Badgam None Syed Gh. Hussain Geelani Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Beerwah None Aga Syed Mehmood Almosvi Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Khansahib None Ab. Gani Naseem Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Chrari Sharief None Abdul Rahim Rather Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Tral None Ali Mohd. Naik Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Pampore None Mushtaq Ahmad Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Pulwama None Bashir Ahmad Nengroo Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Rajpora None Gh. Mohi-ud-din Mir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Wachi None Mohd. Jabar Mir Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Shopian None Shiekh Mohd. Rafi Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Noorabad None Sakina Akhtar Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Kulgam None Mohd. Yousuf Communist Party of India
Homeshalibugh None Gul Md. Rafiqui Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Anantnag None Safdar Ali Beg Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Devsar None Peerzada Ghulam Ahmad Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Doru None Gh. Hassan Wani Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Kokernag None Syed Abdul Rashid Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Shangus None Abdul Majeed Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Bijbehara None Mehbooba Mufti Indian National Congress
Pahalgam None Ab. Kabir Bhat Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Nobra None Tsetan Namgyal Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Leh None Chering Dorjay Indian National Congress
Kargil None Qamar Ali Akhoon Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Zanskar None Mohmad Abbass Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Kishtwar None Bashir Ahmed Kichloo Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Inderwal None Qazi Jalal-ud-din Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Doda None Maulana Attaullah Suharwardy Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Bhaderwah None Abdul Rehman Bahujan Samaj Party
Ramban SC Bali Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party
Banihal None Mohd. Farooq Mir Independent
Gulabgarh None Abdul Ghani Malik Janata Dal
Reasi None Jagjiven Lal Janata Dal
Gool Arnas None Abdul Wahid Shah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Udhampur None Shiv Charan Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
Chanani SC Prithvi Chand Bharatiya Janata Party
Ramnagar None Harsh Dev Singh Jammu & Kashmir Panthers Party
Bani None Ghulam Hyder Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Basohli None Lal Singh All India Indira Congress
Kathua None Sagar Chand Bahujan Samaj Party
Billawar None Balbir Singh Indian National Congress
Hiranagar SC Prem Lal Bharatiya Janata Party
Samba SC Som Nath Bahujan Samaj Party
Vijaypur None Surjit Singh Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Nagrota None Ajat Shatru Singh Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Gandhinagar None Piara Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu East None Vaid Vishno Dutt Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu West None Hans Raj Bharatiya Janata Party
Bishnah None Jagdish Raj Dubey Janata Dal
R.s. Pura SC Ram Chand Bahujan Samaj Party
Suchetgarh None Chuni Lal Bharatiya Janata Party
Marh None Ajay Kumar Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Raipur Domana SC Sat Paul Janata Dal
Akhnoor None Govind Ram Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Chhamb SC Tara Chand Indian National Congress
Nowshera None Radhay Sham Sharma Indian National Congress
Darhal None Ch. Mohd. Hussain Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Rajouri None Mohd. Sharief Tariq Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Kalakote None Ashok Kumar Sharma Indian National Congress
Surankote None Mushtaq Ahmed Shah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Mendhar None Nisar Ahmed Khan Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
Poonch Haveli None Ghulam Mohd. Jan Jammu & Kashmir National Conference

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Statistical report on General Election, 1996 to the Legislative Assembly of Jammu & Kashmir" (PDF).
  2. ^ K&K 1996 Assembly elections
  3. ^ 2002 interview
  4. ^ Kukka Parray: A profile
  5. ^ 1996 Lok Sabha elections in J&K
  6. ^ Towards greater autonomy
  7. ^ "Jammu & Kashmir 1996". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  8. ^ "Kudos to Mehbooba Mufti, but where are Kashmir's female politicians?".
  9. ^ Key challenges: Harsh winter, boycott calls Night temperature likely to hover around freezing point during elections; fragile security situation may impact voting
  10. ^ Question of Simple Majority
  11. ^ "J&K Assembly poll: Rise of BJP changes political landscape of State". Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.