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The 1996 Dura Lube 200 was the second round of the 1996 Indy Racing League. The race was held on March 24, 1996, at the 1.000 mi (1.609 km) Phoenix International Raceway in Avondale, Arizona.

United States 1996 Phoenix
Race details
2nd round of the 1996 Indy Racing League season
DateMarch 24, 1996
Official nameDura Lube 200
LocationPhoenix International Raceway
CoursePermanent racing facility
1.000 mi / 1.609 km
Distance200 laps
200.000 mi / 321.869 km
WeatherDry with temperatures reaching up to 79 °F (26 °C); wind speeds reaching up to 19.8 miles per hour (31.9 km/h)[1]
Pole position
DriverArie Luyendyk (Byrd/Treadway Racing)
Fastest lap
DriverArie Luyendyk (Byrd/Treadway Racing)
Time20.791 (on lap 11 of 200)
FirstArie Luyendyk (Byrd/Treadway Racing)
SecondScott Sharp (AJ Foyt Enterprises)
ThirdMike Groff (AJ Foyt Enterprises)




After the first event at Walt Disney World Speedway, there was a two-month gap until the next race at Phoenix International Raceway, replicating what would be the norm for 1996, as the rest of the races were spread out in a similar fashion. In preparation for the event, the IRL held a 3-day 'Test in the West' in February 26–28, with 20 drivers taking part at some point.[2] Richie Hearn led the charts and set an unofficial track record at 185.854 mph. Arie Luyendyk, Tony Stewart and Roberto Guerrero also got to beat Bryan Herta's preexisting track record, which had been already beaten by Buddy Lazier in a private test.[3]

Five of the drivers that competed at Orlando (Mike Groff, Lyn St. James, Eddie Cheever, Stan Wattles and Scott Brayton) did not participate, but five other drivers joined the field to complete their driver's test: Jim Guthrie, confirmed by Blueprint Racing as their second driver before the test begun,[4] Fermín Vélez and Michel Jourdain, Jr. with Scandia/Simon Racing, Racin Gardner with Tempero/Giuffre Racing and Rick DeLorto, who looked for a second chance.[5] Guthrie, Vélez[6] and Jourdain, Jr.[3] passed their tests, while Gardner, hampered by an engine failure, and DeLorto, who topped at 119 mph in 27 laps, were not approved.

On early February, Project Indy, headed by Andreas Leberle, choose to split from his partnership with Jonathan Byrd and Rick Treadway, as Leberle desired to take part in selected events in the IndyCar World Series, while Treadway and Byrd preferred to concentrate on the IRL.[7] Starting with the Phoenix test, the team was known as Byrd-Treadway Racing, switching to Firestone tires because of "performance issues", and keeping Arie Luyendyk. Project Indy stayed in the IRL, but their only IndyCar World Series outing would be at the Grand Prix of Long Beach with Dennis Vitolo. Team Menard also switched to Firestone tires from the "Test at the West" onwards.

On February 29 and March 1, USAC held a rookie orientation test, with six drivers coming mainly from midget car racing. Billy Boat, Billy Roe and Brian Gerster completed his proficiency test in PDM Racing's car, while Dan Drinan and Gary Peterson did it in a car supplied by Blueprint Racing, on which Kevin Olson had an unsuccessfully try.[8] On March 8, the Phoenix entry list was released, with the additions of Michel Jourdain, Jr., Jim Guthrie and Dan Drinan with the teams they had tested for. The newly renamed Team Scandia appointed Fermín Vélez to sub for Eliseo Salazar, who had not recovered in time from the injuries sustained at Walt Disney World. Bill Tempero, Rick DeLorto and Butch Brickell, who remained entered despite his injuries, would be absent.[9] A few days earlier, Beck Motorsports and Zunne Group ended their partnership and, as Zunne had the ownership of the cars, Beck had to sat out the Phoenix race. They allowed Robbie Buhl to compete in the No. 45 car for Zunne Group,[10][11] who had McCormack Motorsports run their racing activities[12] One week later, a revised entry list featured Silver Crown competitor Paul Durant, driving for a new team, ABF Motorsports.[13]

During this hiatus, the IRL started shaping itself for the immediate future. On February 14, Nissan announced their commitment to supply Infiniti-badged engines from 1997, joining Oldsmobile.[14] Despite this, negotiations with CART were restarted, and on February 23, IMS president Tony George sent a memo to IRL teams, specifying that the discussions included "expanding the starting field at Indianapolis" to 42 cars to allow CART teams to qualify, while maintaining the commitment to the top 25 IRL teams. Amid reports that the U. S. 500 had been cancelled, IndyCar president Andrew Craig confirmed that the proposed terms had been dismissed by the IndyCar Board of Directors, arguing they were "not prepared to drop out plans to the U. S. 500", while proposing discussions for "a long-term solution for 1997 and beyond". On February 27, Tony George said there had been "no offer of any sort" from any part.[15]

Practice and qualifyingEdit

Two further drivers were added to the field on race weekend: Johnny Unser, who had failed to qualify for the event two years earlier, was entered by Project Indy, and Racin Gardner came back on Tempero/Giuffre Racing's second car. Alongside Paul Durant, a special orientation session was arranged on Thursday to allow them to pass their driver test:[16] while Durant passed his on Friday morning practice, Unser and Gardner, whose car stalled on Turn 1, did not complete all phases.[17] The session was led by Tony Stewart, the only driver to go over 180 mph with a 180.144 mph lap, followed by former winners Arie Luyendyk and Roberto Guerrero,[18] two of the 12 entered drivers with previous Indy car experience at the track, and the only ones who had started the 1995 race alonsgide Eddie Cheever, who had finished 2nd in 1992. Buddy Lazier, John Paul Jr., Mike Groff and Scott Sharp had started the 1994 race, while Scott Brayton, Lyn St. James, Robbie Buhl and David Kudrave had been part of the 1993 grid.

Friday afternoon practice, affected by heavy winds, was marred by three hard crashes.[17] Nine minutes into the session, Eddie Cheever crashed between Turns 3 and 4, sustaining a concussion and pain in his shoulder. Half an hour later, Stan Wattles had another accident in Turn 2, in which he suffered a parietal lobe hematoma and an optic nerve injury.[19] Less than 20 minutes later, Buddy Lazier lost control of his car in Turn 2 after suffering a rear wing failure and crashed backwards into the wall, collecting Lyn St. James, who bounced off the track and hit the retaining fence with the back end of the car. St. James was unhurt, but Lazier had to be airlifted to St. Joseph's Hospital, being diagnosed with multiple hairline fractures in his back[20] and two fractures in his pelvis.[21] The crash caused a gouge on the asphalt, bringing an early end to the session.[17] The three injured drivers were ruled out of the event on medical grounds.

On Saturday, USAC allowed the Buick and the Menard-branded engines to increase their boost pressure from 55 to 60 inches, something they had approved on some cars at Walt Disney World, to make the field more competitive, although they would have to turn it down at some stages during the race.[22] Arie Luyendyk, the most experienced driver at Phoenix alongside Scott Brayton with 11 starts, upped his speed to lead the morning practice with a 182.454 mph lap, in front of Richie Hearn and Tony Stewart. Johnny Unser completed his refresher test, but Racin Gardner was unable to complete his driver's test after suffering an early oil leak that could not be fixed in time, being discarded from the event.[21] Also, Dan Drinan suffered mechanical issues for the second day in a row, this time with a new engine, and was not able to qualify for the race.[23]

In the qualifying session, Luyendyk went on to grab the second pole position of his career with a track record lap of 183.599 mph. Hearn got within a tenth off Luyendyk's time, placing on the front row again, while Roberto Guerrero beat Tony Stewart for the third spot by just 0.001 s. Championship leader Buzz Calkins settled for eighth, nearing 176 mph and surrounded by Foyt's drivers, including a career-best seventh place for Mike Groff.[24] Again, there were sizeable performance differentials, as sixth placed Scott Sharp had a margin of nearly half a second over Groff. At the back, Michele Alboreto had to pull-in at the end of his first lap with fuel system problems, and was the slowest qualifier.[21] Among the newcomers, Michel Jourdain Jr. was the only one to qualify over 170 mph, in 14th place. At 19 years, 5 months and 19 days, Jourdain would become the third youngest driver ever to contest an Indy Car race at the time, behind compatriot Josele Garza and Troy Ruttman.

Lyn St. James could not qualify due to her primary chassis being destroyed, but was able to got out on track on the afternoon practice with her back-up car, and was allowed to start the race at the back of the field despite lapping at just 150 mph. In this session, Billy Roe, who was at Phoenix trying to beat the closed-course record for an electric-powered Indy car,[16] was appointed by Tempero/Giuffre to drive what had been Gardner's car, hoping they would be allowed to make the race. Roe got it up to 153 mph,[11] but his engine let go after just 10 laps, and the team, out of powerplants and time, parked the car for good.[21]

Failed to qualify or withdrewEdit


Lacking 5 entries from the beginning of practice, a field of 22 cars took the green flag in front of 32.000 espectators.[25] Arie Luyendyk held onto the lead, while Richie Hearn was surpassed by both Roberto Guerrero and Tony Stewart. The race was first neutralized on Lap 3, when the championship leader Buzz Calkins, running in 11th place, spun at Turn 2. After the restart, Luyendyk was unable to open a gap, his car reportedly being loose, which allowed the top 4 to run closely for a few laps. By Lap 27, Tony Stewart and Richie Hearn had overtaken Luyendyk and Guerrero, who would also pass the Dutch shortly after, despite an issue with the brake cooling.[25]

On Lap 33, Michel Jourdain, Jr., taking the inside lane of Turn 3 in heavy traffic, lost control of the car and crashed, bringing out the second yellow. In the aftermath, first-timer Fermín Vélez failed to judge the braking distance and rammed into Guerrero, who had slowed down to avoid the wreck.[25] Guerrero had to enter the pits to repair the damage and was not a factor for the remainder of the race, retiring after 89 laps. During the caution, Stewart completed his first stop, but the air jack hose malfunctioned, and the race leader was overtaken by Luyendyk, fourth placed Scott Brayton and sixth placed Robbie Buhl, who had also pitted.

Richie Hearn elected not to pit, as well as Scott Sharp, Johnny O'Connell, Mike Groff and Davey Hamilton, and tried to lead the field to a restart on Lap 43, but he spun on Turn 3, delaying the green flag for six laps, with O'Connell pitting in between.[25] That left the top 3 positions dominated by Foyt drivers, although Hamilton would lose four positions after the race was resumed. Stewart started climbing back, overtaking Hamilton, Brayton and Buhl in less than 15 laps, and catching Luyendyk. On Lap 73, Brayton, running seventh, crashed heavily on Turn 4, and required the use of an stretcher to get into an ambulance, but he suffered no major injuries. Pit stops under caution followed for the Foyt trio and Stewart, who stalled his car and fell to sixth place, as the last driver on the lead lap. He recovered one position when Hamilton entered the pits for a second time, with electronic issues that led to his retirement from the race.

Luyendyk and Buhl, by not pitting, claimed the top 2 spots for the Lap 81 restart, on which Groff had already gained the position on Sharp by pitting a lap earlier than him. Eleven laps later, Stewart passed both Sharp and Groff, who also lost position to his teammate, before going one lap down a few minutes later. Buhl managed to stay within two seconds of Luyendyk and, when handling issues reappeared for the Dutchman, took the lead on Lap 103. Stewart would also catch and pass Luyendyk on Lap 106, but he immediately slowed down on the dogleg with a punctured right front tyre.[25] He emerged from the pits in seventh place, one lap down. Buhl, who had opened a 6 second-gap, made his second pit stop on Lap 118, being on the edge of needing a late splash, and Luyendyk, who lost second place to Sharp on Lap 120, followed suit 7 laps later.

Jim Guthrie, running in 15th and last place at the time, had a sizeable crash exiting Turn 2 on Lap 128, bringing a caution that would determine the fate of the race. Despite the pits were closed, with the signalling lights at the entry switched on, Sharp and Groff went in for their final pit stop. Both gained a lap over the field in the process, even with Sharp stalling his car before being push-started by his crew and teammate Hamilton. The stewards, subsequently, decided to punish both drivers with a one-lap penalty. Team owner A. J. Foyt argued that other drivers had been serviced in closed pits in an earlier caution, but the protest was to no avail.[25]

Buhl also entered the (now open) pits on Lap 133 to top off on fuel, falling to third place behind Luyendyk and Sharp. Being one lap down again, Groff had retained the fourth spot in front of Stewart. When the race was restarted on Lap 136, Luyendyk's car finally had a good balance, which helped him to slowly open an 8-second lead over Sharp. Buhl could not follow suit, and eventually dropped out of the race on Lap 149 when his engine expired. Stewart was set for a top-3 result after passing Groff, but he also had to retire on Lap 168 with a valve train problem.

Luyendyk kept a gap of around five to ten seconds for the remainder of the race, and went on to grab the fourth win of his Indy car career, the second at Phoenix and the first since the 1991 Bosch Spark Plug Grand Prix at Nazareth. For Sharp, who ended up completing 201 race laps, and Groff, it was the first podium of their careers, while Hearn got to finish in fourth place. In his second Indy car race, Johnny O'Connell had a steady drive, and finished in the top 5 despite serving a Stop & Go on Lap 138 for running over a fuel hose. Albeit seven laps down, Buzz Calkins' sixth-place finish allowed him to remain as the Indy Racing League points leader heading to the Indianapolis 500.

Pos No. Driver Team Laps Time/Retired Grid Laps Led Points
1 5   Arie Luyendyk W Byrd/Treadway Racing 200 1:42:14.000 1 122 35
2 11   Scott Sharp A. J. Foyt Enterprises 200* + 8.896 6 40 33
3 41   Mike Groff A. J. Foyt Enterprises 199* + 1 lap 7 0 32
4 4   Richie Hearn R Della Penna Motorsports 198 + 2 laps 2 7 31
5 75   Johnny O'Connell R Cunningham Racing 197 + 3 laps 10 0 30
6 12   Buzz Calkins R Bradley Motorsports 193 + 7 laps 8 0 29
7 9   Stéphan Grégoire R Hemelgarn Racing 190 + 10 laps 12 0 28
8 33   Michele Alboreto R Team Scandia 187 + 13 laps 21 0 27
9 64   Johnny Unser Project Indy 185 + 15 laps 19 0 26
10 15   David Kudrave Tempero/Giuffre Racing 168 Out of Fuel 20 0 25
11 20   Tony Stewart R Team Menard 165 Electrical 4 11 24
12 16   Johnny Parsons Blueprint Racing 149 Fuel pump 17 0 23
13 45   Robbie Buhl Zunne Group Racing 148 Header 11 20 22
14 18   John Paul, Jr. PDM Racing 116 Engine 13 0 21
15 27   Jim Guthrie R Blueprint Racing 115 Accident 18 0 20
16 21   Roberto Guerrero W Pagan Racing 89 CV Joint 3 0 19
17 14   Davey Hamilton R A. J. Foyt Enterprises 77 Electrical 9 0 18
18 2   Scott Brayton Team Menard 70 Accident 5 0 17
19 7   Fermín Vélez R Team Scandia 32 Accident 15 0 16
20 22   Michel Jourdain, Jr. R    Team Scandia 31 Accident 14 0 15
21 90   Lyn St. James Team Scandia 11 Electrical 22 0 14
22 96   Paul Durant R ABF Motorsports 1 Front end 16 0 13

Race StatisticsEdit

  • Lead changes: 9 among 5 drivers

Standings after the raceEdit