1995 North Down by-election

The 1995 North Down by-election, in the North Down constituency, was held on 15 June, following the death of James Kilfedder, who had represented the constituency since the 1970 general election. Kilfedder had formed the Ulster Popular Unionist Party in 1980, but the party disintegrated on his death.

1995 North Down by-election

← 1992 15 June 1995 1997 →
Turnout38.6% (Decrease 26.9%)
  First party Second party
 
UKUP
Alan McFarland (3x4 crop).png
Candidate Robert McCartney Alan McFarland
Party UK Unionist Ulster Unionist
Popular vote 10,124 7,232
Percentage 37.0% 26.4%
Swing New New

  Third party Fourth party
 
APNI
Alan Chambers 2021 (3x4 crop).jpg
Candidate Oliver Napier Alan Chambers
Party Alliance Ind. Unionist
Popular vote 6,970 2,170
Percentage 25.4% 7.9%
Swing Increase10.7% New

MP before election

James Kilfedder
UPUP

Elected MP

Robert McCartney
UK Unionist

HistoryEdit

The North Down constituency was created in 1950, and had consistently returned Unionist MPs with large majorities. It had also seen some of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland's strongest results, peaking at 22.1% of the vote in the 1983 general election, and in the 1992 general election, it had seen the Conservative Party's best result in Northern Ireland, picking up 32.0% of the vote.

In 1995, North Down was the wealthiest constituency in the province, and had one of the lowest Catholic populations. As a result, neither the Social Democratic and Labour Party nor Sinn Féin, the two parties most closely associated with the Catholic community in Northern Ireland, had regularly stood candidates in the constituency, and neither chose to stand in the by-election.

CandidatesEdit

Bob McCartney had stood in the constituency for the Ulster Unionist Party in 1983, when he had come third with 20.3% of the vote. In 1987 he fell out with the party when he refused to withdraw and give Kilfedder a free run on a joint platform of opposition to the Anglo-Irish Agreement, instead running as a "Real Unionist". McCartney now announced his intention to stand in the election, as a UK Unionist. Despite their differences, he gained the tacit backing of the Democratic Unionist Party, who had won only 9.8% of the vote in 1992 and chose not to stand their own candidate.

The Ulster Unionist Party had not run a candidate in North Down since Bob McCartney in 1983, but they believed they were best placed to take Kilfedder's personal vote. They chose to run Alan McFarland, a former Army Officer and then Parliamentary secretary to some of their MPs, in preference to Reg Empey, one of their most prominent members. The Alliance Party selected Oliver Napier, their former party leader, hoping his experience and notability would regain some of the votes which they had lost in the 1992 election. The Conservative Party had suffered a dramatic loss of votes in the local elections, and their candidate in the 1992 election had moved away, but they chose Stuart Sexton, a member from Croydon in South London.

Four other candidates stood. Alan Chambers, a local councillor, ran as an independent Unionist. The Natural Law Party stood James Anderson, their leader in Northern Ireland, Michael Brooks who had previously stood as an "Ulster Protestant" candidate in the 1987 Irish general election in Donegal North-East,[1] stood on a platform to "Free Para Lee Clegg Now", and Christopher Carter stood as Ulster's Independent Voice.

The big story of the campaign was from The Guardian, who announced that if McCartney was elected, he would apply for the Labour Party whip, an unusual move for a unionist, who were more usually associated with the Conservatives.

ResultEdit

The results gave McCartney a win, which he claimed was a victory for left-right politics, as opposed to sectarian politics, with the Ulster Unionists a disappointed distant second. Shortly after the election, James Molyneaux retired as their leader, and was replaced by David Trimble.

The Alliance came third, with their best ever share of the vote in the constituency. Chambers also saved his deposit, but the Conservatives received what was their worst vote in any UK Parliamentary election since 1918.

The by-election was the first since the Fermanagh and South Tyrone by-election of April 1981 where a seat transferred between two candidates from outside the major parties, and the first since the North Down by-election of 1986 won by a minor party.

1995 North Down by-election[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UK Unionist Bob McCartney 10,124 37.0 New
Ulster Unionist Alan McFarland 7,232 26.4 New
Alliance Oliver Napier 6,970 25.4 +10.7
Ind. Unionist Alan Chambers 2,170 7.9 New
NI Conservatives Stuart Sexton 583 2.1 −29.9
Free Para Lee Clegg Now Michael Brooks 108 0.4 New
Independent Voice Christopher Carter 101 0.4 New
Natural Law James Anderson 100 0.4 −0.2
Majority 2,892 10.6 N/A
Turnout 27,388 38.6 -26.9
Registered electors 70,872
UK Unionist gain from UPUP Swing
General election 1992: North Down[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UPUP James Kilfedder 19,305 42.9 −2.2
NI Conservatives Laurence Kennedy 14,371 32.0 New
Alliance Addie Morrow 6,611 14.7 −4.7
DUP Denny Vitty 4,414 9.8 New
Natural Law Andrew Wilmot 255 0.6 New
Majority 4,934 10.9 +1.2
Turnout 44,956 65.5 +2.7
Registered electors 68,662
UPUP hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Whyte, Nicholas (13 March 2000). "The 1995 North Down by-election - A personal account". Northern Ireland Elections. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  2. ^ Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1992-97 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Archived from the original on 20 July 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

External linksEdit