1995–1997 Gujarat political crisis

In September 1995, Gujarat politician Shankersinh Vaghela broke away from Bharatiya Janata Party with his supporter 47 MLAs. He took his MLAs and shifted to Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh.[1][2][3]

1995 to 1997 Gujarat political crisis
DateSeptember 1995 to March 1998
LocationGujarat, India
Also known asKhajuraho Reballion
TypeParliamentary crisis and government formation
CauseBreak away of Bharatiya Janata Party MLAs
ParticipantsBharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Indian National Congress (INC)
Other political parties and Independents
OutcomeFall of the Keshubhai Patel government


In 1995, BJP won a majority of 121 legislators out of a 182-member Legislative Assembly, who expressed a preference for Shankersinh Vaghela as their leader. Narendra Modi is said to have thrown his weight behind Keshubhai Patel in preference to Vaghela and held responsible for the ensuing events. However, the BJP leadership installed Keshubhai Patel as the Chief Minister and the support for Vaghela was gradually eroded. But Patel resigned seven months on October 21, 1995. Suresh Mehta was made chief minister but later as Shankersinh Vaghela revolted once again and broke the party in 1996.

Political crisisEdit

Vaghela took 105 of 121 MLAs to his village Vasan in Gandhinagar were a few MLAs of them left. Then remaining were taken to the home of Haribhai Chaudhary a local Congress leader in Charada village of Gandhinagar. Rebel MLAs was flown to Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh as there was Digvijaya Singh's Congress government. Two names were suggested Suresh Mehta and Kashiram Rana. Finally, Suresh Mehta was chosen as the chief minister.[4]

Post this rebellion, the Vaghela camp was known as 'Khajurias' those who went to Khajuraho, The Keshubhai camp was called 'Hajurias' from Ji Huzoori or flatterers and rest were called 'Majurias' are the no-where people.[2]

In 1996 Indian general election, Vaghela lost from Godhra seat and soon left Bharatiya Janata Party with his supporters, bringing down Suresh Mehta's government.

Vaghela rebelled against the Bharatiya Janata Party leadership with the support of 48 MLAs. He staked a claim to form a government with the support of Congress and also formed a political party called Rashtriya Janata Party. Vaghela was sworn in as a chief minister in October 1996.[5][6]

But Vaghela had to resign as Chief Minister during ongoing political turmoil in Gujarat in October 1997 and his fellow-rebel ex-BJP MLA Dilip Parikh became CM with Vaghela's reluctant blessings. Even Parikh's government did not last long and fresh elections for Gujarat Vidhan Sabha had to be called in 1998. Vaghela did not contest these elections. He merged his new party with Indian National Congress.[7][8][9][10][11]


In March 1998, BJP returned to power led by Keshubhai Patel in the 1998 assembly elections and he became the chief minister again on 4 March 1998.[12]


  1. ^ Pandit, Virendra. "21 years later, it's deja vu for Vaghela". @businessline. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Shankersinh Vaghela: The Complete Story of Khajuraho". News. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  3. ^ Singh, N. K. (31 October 1995). "Gujarat Chief Minister Keshubhai Patel's government held to ransom by group of 47 BJP MLAs". India Today. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Khajuraho: Episode Two". Outlook India Magazine. Archived from the original on 30 January 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  5. ^ Mahurkar, Uday (16 March 1998). "BJP bounces back in Gujarat after giving RJP and Congress a drubbing". India Today. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  6. ^ "From Jal Khambata". www.angelfire.com. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Key highlights of General Election, 1995 to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2013.
  8. ^ Gaikwad, Rahi (5 June 2014). "Vaghela recalls the miles he journeyed with Modi". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  9. ^ Rao, Apoorva (21 May 2014). "5 things Narendra Modi's friend turned foe Shankersinh Vaghela said about the Prime Minister designate at the Gujarat Assembly special session". DNA India. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Modi vs Keshubhai vs Vaghela: The RSS connection". NDTV.com. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  11. ^ "Dacoit-turned-MLA Bhavsinh Rathod gets 83 years jail for smuggling hashish". India Today. 2 March 1998. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  12. ^ Mahurkar, Uday (16 March 1998). "Vaghela is a victim of his own thirst for power and ego: Keshubhai Patel". India Today. Retrieved 11 April 2020.