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The 1994 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 15 May 1994 at the Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo. It was the fourth race of the 1994 Formula One season, and the first following the deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger at the San Marino Grand Prix two weeks previously.

1994 Monaco Grand Prix
Race 4 of 16 in the 1994 Formula One World Championship
Circuit de Monaco 1986.png
Race details
Date 15 May 1994
Official name LII Grand Prix Automobile de Monaco
Location Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo
Course Street circuit
Course length 3.328 km (2.068 mi)
Distance 78 laps, 259.584 km (161.298 mi)
Weather Sunny
Pole position
Driver Benetton-Ford
Time 1:18.560
Fastest lap
Driver Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford
Time 1:21.076 on lap 35 (lap record)
Podium
First Benetton-Ford
Second McLaren-Peugeot
Third Ferrari

The 78-lap race was won by Michael Schumacher driving a Benetton-Ford, his fourth victory from the first four races of 1994. Martin Brundle finished second in a McLaren-Peugeot, with Gerhard Berger third in a Ferrari.

Contents

ReportEdit

BackgroundEdit

After the deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger at the San Marino Grand Prix, sweeping changes were announced by the FIA to the rules and regulations of Formula One in a bid to improve safety. The majority were scheduled to come into force after the Monaco Grand Prix, but an 80 km/h pit-lane speed limit was brought into force in time for this race.[citation needed]

Both Williams and Simtek, the teams for whom Senna and Ratzenberger drove, ran only one car each during the race weekend.

Eddie Irvine was serving the third race of his three-race ban issued to him for his part in the crash during the Brazilian Grand Prix. Andrea de Cesaris again took Irvine's place at Jordan, whilst Irvine acted as a pit-lane reporter for the ESPN television station.[1]

Olivier Beretta became the first Monégasque to compete in the Monaco Grand Prix since André Testut in 1959.

Practice and qualifyingEdit

During the first free practice session on Thursday morning, Austrian driver Karl Wendlinger had a major accident at the Nouvelle Chicane, after hitting the wall at almost 280 km/h (170 mph). The accident left Wendlinger in a coma for several weeks and threatened his F1 career. The Sauber-Mercedes team decided to withdraw from the race after this incident.

Michael Schumacher claimed the first pole position of his Grand Prix career. Mika Häkkinen qualified second, which was also the highest starting position thus far in his career.

RaceEdit

 
Michele Alboreto finished sixth in his Minardi, scoring his last point in Formula One.

As a mark of respect for Senna and Ratzenberger, the FIA decided to leave the first two grid positions empty for the race and painted them with the colours of the Brazilian and Austrian flags. For the first time since the 1959 United States Grand Prix, there was no previous World Champion competing in the race and also no former Monaco Grand Prix winner. There were also only four previous race winners: Schumacher, Hill, Berger and Alboreto.

At the start of the race, Damon Hill crashed into the back of Mika Häkkinen's McLaren just before the St. Devote corner. Häkkinen retired immediately, while Hill continued for a few corners before retiring with broken front suspension. Gianni Morbidelli and Pierluigi Martini also collided before St. Devote, putting each other out.

Katayama retired his Tyrrell from 6th position on lap 39 when his gearbox failed, as of which by lap 41, the engine on Mark Blundell's Tyrrell failed, leaving oil on the track at St. Devote retiring 2 laps after Katayama which Schumacher, leading the race, had to avoid. The second placed Ferrari of Gerhard Berger did slip on the oil, however, and required a three-point turn to escape from the run off area beside the stricken Tyrrell. Berger returned to the track still in his second place, but dirty tyres left him vulnerable to the McLaren of Martin Brundle, who promptly overtook him down the outside of Mirabeau on the same lap. Christian Fittipaldi in his Footwork-Ford ran close behind the Ferraris of Berger and Alesi in fourth position until his first refuelling stop near the start of the race. Fittipaldi continued to run strongly in a points position until lap 47 when the gearbox failed.

The race was led from start to finish by Schumacher, who continued his perfect start to the 1994 season with four victories in the first four races. As Schumacher also held the fastest lap, this meant he scored the first Grand Slam of his career, and he was the first driver other than Alain Prost or Ayrton Senna to win the Monaco Grand Prix since 1983. Brundle's second place equalled the best finish of his F1 career. Michele Alboreto finished sixth in his Minardi to score his final point in F1.

Post-raceEdit

ClassificationEdit

QualifyingEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Q1 Time Q2 Time Gap
1 5   Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford 1:20.230 1:18.560
2 7   Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Peugeot 1:21.881 1:19.488 +0.928
3 28   Gerhard Berger Ferrari 1:22.038 1:19.958 +1.398
4 0   Damon Hill Williams-Renault 1:22.605 1:20.079 +1.519
5 27   Jean Alesi Ferrari 1:22.521 1:20.452 +1.892
6 9   Christian Fittipaldi Footwork-Ford 1:23.588 1:21.053 +2.493
7 10   Gianni Morbidelli Footwork-Ford 1:23.580 1:21.189 +2.629
8 8   Martin Brundle McLaren-Peugeot 1:21.580 1:21.222 +2.662
9 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 1:23.162 1:21.288 +2.728
10 4   Mark Blundell Tyrrell-Yamaha 1:23.522 1:21.614 +3.054
11 3   Ukyo Katayama Tyrrell-Yamaha 1:24.488 1:21.731 +3.171
12 24   Michele Alboreto Minardi-Ford 1:25.421 1:21.793 +3.233
13 20   Érik Comas Larrousse-Ford 1:23.514 1:22.211 +3.651
14 15   Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Hart 1:24.519 1:22.265 +3.701
15 14   Rubens Barrichello Jordan-Hart 1:24.731 1:22.359 +3.799
16 12   Johnny Herbert Lotus-Mugen-Honda 1:24.103 1:22.375 +3.815
17 6   JJ Lehto Benetton-Ford 1:23.885 1:22.679 +4.119
18 19   Olivier Beretta Larrousse-Ford 1:24.126 1:23.025 +4.465
19 11   Pedro Lamy Lotus-Mugen-Honda 1:25.859 1:23.858 +5.298
20 26   Olivier Panis Ligier-Renault 1:25.115 1:24.131 +5.571
21 25   Éric Bernard Ligier-Renault 1:27.694 1:24.377 +5.817
22 31   David Brabham Simtek-Ford 1:26.690 1:24.656 +6.096
23 34   Bertrand Gachot Pacific-Ilmor 1:48.173 1:26.082 +7.522
24 33   Paul Belmondo Pacific-Ilmor 1:29.984 8:36.897 +11.424
WD 30   Heinz-Harald Frentzen Sauber-Mercedes
WD 29   Karl Wendlinger Sauber-Mercedes

RaceEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 5   Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford 78 1:49:55.372 1 10
2 8   Martin Brundle McLaren-Peugeot 78 + 37.278 8 6
3 28   Gerhard Berger Ferrari 78 + 1:16.824 3 4
4 15   Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Hart 77 + 1 Lap 14 3
5 27   Jean Alesi Ferrari 77 + 1 Lap 5 2
6 24   Michele Alboreto Minardi-Ford 77 + 1 Lap 12 1
7 6   JJ Lehto Benetton-Ford 77 + 1 Lap 17  
8 19   Olivier Beretta Larrousse-Ford 76 + 2 Laps 18  
9 26   Olivier Panis Ligier-Renault 76 + 2 Laps 20  
10 20   Érik Comas Larrousse-Ford 75 + 3 Laps 13  
11 11   Pedro Lamy Lotus-Mugen-Honda 73 + 5 Laps 19  
Ret 12   Johnny Herbert Lotus-Mugen-Honda 68 Gearbox 16  
Ret 33   Paul Belmondo Pacific-Ilmor 53 Physical 24  
Ret 34   Bertrand Gachot Pacific-Ilmor 49 Gearbox 23  
Ret 9   Christian Fittipaldi Footwork-Ford 47 Gearbox 6  
Ret 31   David Brabham Simtek-Ford 45 Engine 22  
Ret 4   Mark Blundell Tyrrell-Yamaha 40 Engine 10  
Ret 3   Ukyo Katayama Tyrrell-Yamaha 38 Gearbox 11  
Ret 25   Éric Bernard Ligier-Renault 34 Spun Off 21  
Ret 14   Rubens Barrichello Jordan-Hart 27 Electrical 15  
Ret 7   Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Peugeot 0 Collision 2  
Ret 0   Damon Hill Williams-Renault 0 Collision Damage 4  
Ret 10   Gianni Morbidelli Footwork-Ford 0 Collision 7  
Ret 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 0 Collision 9  
WD 30   Heinz-Harald Frentzen Sauber-Mercedes   Withdrawn  
DNS 29   Karl Wendlinger Sauber-Mercedes   Injury  
Source:[2]

Championship standings after the raceEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ESPN Speedworld: Formula 1 Grand Prix of Monaco. 1994.
  2. ^ "1994 Monaco Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Monaco 1994 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 19 March 2019.


Previous race:
1994 San Marino Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1994 season
Next race:
1994 Spanish Grand Prix
Previous race:
1993 Monaco Grand Prix
Monaco Grand Prix Next race:
1995 Monaco Grand Prix

Coordinates: 43°44′4.74″N 7°25′16.8″E / 43.7346500°N 7.421333°E / 43.7346500; 7.421333