1993 NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament
The 1993 NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament began on March 17 and ended on April 4. The tournament featured 48 teams. The Final Four consisted of Ohio State, Iowa, Vanderbilt, and Texas Tech, with Texas Tech defeating Ohio State 84–82 to win its first NCAA title. Texas Tech's Sheryl Swoopes was named the Most Outstanding Player of the tournament.
|1993 NCAA Division I|
Women's Basketball Tournament
|Finals site||Omni Coliseum|
|Champions||Texas Tech Raiders (1st title)|
|Runner-up||Ohio State Buckeyes (1st title game)|
|MOP||Sheryl Swoopes (Texas Tech)|
Ohio State failed to earn in invitation to the NCAA tournament in the prior two years, but in 1993, they added Katie Smith, the Gatorade National player of the year, to the roster, who helped lead the team to a 24–3 regular season record and an NCAA invitation as a 1 seed. The Buckeyes won their first two games easily, but faced a challenge in the East Regional final game against Virginia. The Cavaliers had been in the three previous Final Fours, including a national runner up finish in 1991. Despite 30 points from Virginia's Heather Burge, the Ohio State team won a close match, 75–73, to move on to their first ever NCAA Final Four. With time winding down, and trailing by two points, Virginia raced down the court and Dena Evans would hit a three-point shot, but it was disallowed, because the coach had called a timeout with 0.6 seconds left in the game. The inbounds pass was never touched, and went out of bounds, turning the ball over to Ohio State. Although they only had to inbound the ball, the inbounder stepped on the line, giving the ball back to Virginia. However, the inbounds pass by the Cavaliers was blocked, and Ohio State held on to win.
In the Mideast Regional, the Tennessee team was the top seed. Tennessee had won the National Championship three of the prior six years an advanced to the regional final with wins of 20 points or more in their first two games. Iowa, who had shared the championship of the Big Ten with Ohio State, was the second seed in the region, and faced Tennessee in the regional Final. Iowa was coached by Hall of Fame coach C. Vivian Stringer who had lost her husband to a heart attack during the season. The Tennessee team was trying to win the 500th victory for their coach Pat Summitt. The Iowa team would prevail, sending Iowa to their first ever Final Four (although the coach had been in the first NCAA Final four as coach of Cheyney State).
Texas Tech was the second seeded team in the West regional, where long time power Stanford was the top seed. However, Colorado upset Stanford in the regional semi-finals, while Texas Tech beat Washington, then USC to face Colorado in the Regional Finals. That game wasn't close, as Texas Tech, with Sheryl Swoopes, the "Michael Jordan of women's basketball" beat Colorado by 25 points to make it to their first ever Final Four. This set up a match up with Vanderbilt, the number one seeded winner of the Midwest Regional, who were also appearing in their first ever Final Four.
The Final Four included four teams who had never been in a Final Four before, the first time that had happened since the very first NCAA Final Four in 1982. In one semifinal, second seeded Texas Tech faced a number one seed in Vanderbilt, but Texas Tech would win easily, 60–46, while Vanderbilt set a tournament record for fewest points in a half, of a semi-final game, with only 20 points in the second half.
In the other semifinal, two Big Ten teams faced each other. Ohio State and Iowa had squared off twice in the regular season, with each winning their game at home. This time, they faced each other for the chance to play in the national championship game. At the end of regulation though, the game was tied, and they had to go to an overtime period. A timeout had been crucial in the Ohio State win over Virginia, and would become crucial in this game as well. Near the end of the game, the Iowa coach tried to signal a timeout, but the refs did not see the signal, and Iowa player Laurie Aaron tripped over a player on the floor with six seconds to go, losing the ball and turning it over. Ohio State recovered the ball and held on for a one-point victory 73–72.
In the championship game, Swoopes scored 23 points in the first half to help Texas Tech take a nine-point lead at half-time. The Buckeyes did not fold, and fought back to take a 55–54 lead midway through the second half. However, Swoopes continued her record-breaking night, and scored 24 points in the second half. She completed a three-point play on a layup and foul shot to give her team a seven-point lead with under a minute to go. Ohio State hit two three-pointers in the final seconds, but it wasn't enough, and the Red Raiders won their first national championship with a score of 84–82.
As of 2018, this is the most recent tournament in which Connecticut did not advance to at least the Round of 16. The Huskies lost in the first round to Louisville. Two years later, UConn won its first national championship by completing a 35–0 season, and it has won 10 more titles since 2000.
- Points—Sheryl Swoopes scored 47 points in the championship game between Texas Tech and Ohio State, setting the record for most points scored in a Final Four game.
- Points in a half—Sheryl Swoopes scored 24 points in the second half of the championship game between Texas Tech and Ohio state, setting the record for most points scored in a single half of a Final Four game.
- Field goals made—Sheryl Swoopes scored 16 baskets in the championship game between Texas Tech and Ohio State, setting the record for most field goals scored in a Final Four game.
- Free throw percentage—Sheryl Swoopes hit eleven of eleven free throw attempts in the championship game between Texas Tech and Ohio State, tying the record for best free throw percentage in a Final Four game. The eleven free throws was the most of the perfect results.
- Free throws attempted—Vanderbilt attempted a single free throw in the semi-final game against Texas tech, the fewest number of free throw attempts in a Final Four game.
- Personal fouls—Texas Tech committed eight personal fouls against Vanderbilt in the semi-final game, committing the fewest personal fouls in a Final Four game.
- Points—Sheryl Swoopes scored 78 points in the two final four games in 1993, setting the record for most points scored in a Final Four.
- Free throw percentage—Rutgers hit four of fifteen free throw attempts (26.7%) which is the lowest free throw percentage in an NCAA tournament game.
- Points—Sheryl Swoopes scored 177 points in the 1993 NCAA tournament setting the record for most points scored in a tournament.
- Free throws—Sheryl Swoopes took 57 free throw shots in the 1993 NCAA tournament setting the record for most free throws attempted in a tournament.
- Free throw percentage—Sheryl Swoopes hit 108 of 133 free throw attempts(81.2%) in the 1993 NCAA tournament setting the record for the best free throw percentage in a tournament.
Qualifying teams - automaticEdit
Forty-eight teams were selected to participate in the 1993 NCAA Tournament. Twenty-three conferences were eligible for an automatic bid to the 1993 NCAA tournament.
|Georgia Southern||Southern Conference||21–8||9–3||12|
|Missouri State||Missouri Valley Conference||21–8||14–2||10|
|Montana State||Big Sky Conference||22–6||13–1||7|
|Ohio State||Big Ten||24–3||16–2||1|
|San Diego||West Coast Conference||16–11||8–6||11|
|Stephen F. Austin||Southland||27–4||17–1||4|
|Tennessee Tech||Ohio Valley Conference||22–6||14–2||7|
|UC-Santa Barbara||Big West Conference||18–11||13–5||5|
|Western Kentucky||Sun Belt Conference||23–6||13–1||4|
Qualifying teams - at-largeEdit
Twenty-five additional teams were selected to complete the forty-eight invitations.
|Georgia Tech||Atlantic Coast||16–10||8–8||9|
|Louisiana Tech||Sun Belt||23–5||13–1||6|
|North Carolina||Atlantic Coast||22–6||11–5||4|
|Oklahoma State||Big Eight||23–8||9–5||7|
|Penn State||Big Ten||22–5||14–4||3|
|San Diego State||Western Athletic||19–8||9–5||9|
Bids by conferenceEdit
Twenty-three conferences earned an automatic bid. In fourteen cases, the automatic bid was the only representative from the conference. Two conferences, Great Midwest and North Atlantic sent a single representative as an at-large team. Twenty-three additional at-large teams were selected from nine of the conferences.
|6||Southeastern||Vanderbilt, Alabama, Auburn, Florida, Georgia, Tennessee|
|5||Atlantic Coast||Virginia, Clemson, Georgia Tech, Maryland, North Carolina|
|4||Big Eight||Kansas, Colorado, Nebraska, Oklahoma St.|
|4||Big Ten||Ohio St., Iowa, Northwestern, Penn St.|
|4||Pacific-10||Stanford, California, Southern California, Washington|
|3||Big East||Miami Fla, Connecticut, Georgetown|
|2||Southwest||Texas Tech, Texas|
|2||Sun Belt||Western Ky., Louisiana Tech|
|2||Western Athletic||BYU, San Diego St.|
|1||Big Sky||Montana St.|
|1||Big West||UC Santa Barb.|
|1||Metro Atlantic||St. Peter's|
|1||Missouri Valley||Missouri St.|
|1||Ohio Valley||Tennessee Tech|
|1||Southland||Stephen F. Austin|
|1||West Coast||San Diego|
First and second roundsEdit
In 1993, the field remained at 48 teams. The teams were seeded, and assigned to four geographic regions, with seeds 1–12 in each region. In Round 1, seeds 8 and 9 faced each other for the opportunity to face the 1 seed in the second round, seeds 7 and 10 played for the opportunity to face the 2 seed, seeds 5 and 12 played for the opportunity to face the 4 seed, and seeds 6 and 11 played for the opportunity to face the 3 seed. In the first two rounds, the higher seed was given the opportunity to host the first-round game. In most cases, the higher seed accepted the opportunity. The exception:
- Second seeded Iowa played seventh seeded Old Dominion at Old Dominion
Old Dominion served as a host for the first round as well as the second round, so it is listed twice.
The following table lists the region, host school, venue and the thirty-two first and second round locations:
Regionals and Final FourEdit
The Regionals, named for the general location, were held from March 25 to March 27 at these sites:
- Regional Richmond Coliseum, Richmond, Virginia (Host: Virginia Commonwealth)
- Mideast Regional Carver–Hawkeye Arena, Iowa City, Iowa (Host: University of Iowa)
- Midwest Regional William R. Johnson Coliseum, Nacogdoches, Texas (Host: Stephen F. Austin University)
- West Regional Dahlberg Arena, Missoula, Montana (Host: University of Montana)
Bids by stateEdit
The forty-eight teams came from twenty-seven states, plus Washington, D.C. California had the most teams with six bids. Twenty-three states did not have any teams receiving bids.
|6||California||San Diego, Stanford, UC Santa Barb., California, San Diego St., Southern California|
|3||Georgia||Ga. Southern, Georgia, Georgia Tech|
|3||Illinois||Northern Ill., DePaul, Northwestern|
|3||Ohio||Bowling Green, Ohio St., Xavier|
|3||Tennessee||Tennessee Tech, Vanderbilt, Tennessee|
|3||Texas||Stephen F. Austin, Texas Tech, Texas|
|2||Florida||Miami Fla, Florida|
|2||Kentucky||Louisville, Western Ky.|
|2||New Jersey||Rutgers, St. Peter's|
|2||Virginia||Old Dominion, Virginia|
|1||District of Columbia||Georgetown|
|1||North Carolina||North Carolina|
First and second-round games played at higher seed except where noted.
East Regional - Richmond, VAEdit
Mideast Regional - Iowa City, IAEdit
|7||at Old Dominion||56|
Midwest Regional - Nacogdoches, TXEdit
|4||Stephen F. Austin||56|
|4||Stephen F. Austin||89|
|7||SW Missouri St.||86|
|7||SW Missouri St.||86|
|7||SW Missouri St.||43|
West Regional - Missoula, MTEdit
|9||San Diego St.||68|
|5||UC Santa Barbara||54|
|5||UC Santa Barbara||88|
Final Four - Atlanta, GAEdit
Record by conferenceEdit
Fifteen conferences had more than one bid, or at least one win in NCAA Tournament play:
|Conference||# of Bids||Record||Win %||Round
Ten conferences went 0-1: Big Sky Conference, Great Midwest Conference, MAAC, MAC, Mid-Continent, Midwestern Collegiate, North Atlantic Conference, Ohio Valley Conference, Southern Conference, and West Coast Conference 
- June Courteau (Semi-Final)
- Larry Sheppard (Semi-Final)
- Bob Gallagher (Semi-Final)
- Carla Fujimoto (Semi-Final)
- Sally Bell (Final)
- Bill Stokes (Final) 
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- "CHN Basketball History: Most Outstanding Player". Archived from the original on 2008-01-25. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
- "Winners". Gatorade.com. Archived from the original on 2012-12-27. Retrieved 29 Oct 2012.
- Greenberg, Mel (March 28, 1993). "Ohio State Holds Off Virginia In East Final The Buckeyes Won, 75-73. It Was A Thriller And Yet Another Heartbreaker For The Cavaliers". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 29 Oct 2012.
- Deardorff, Julie (March 29, 1993). "Season Of Tears Can't Stop Iowa Women". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 29 Oct 2012.
- Finnegan, Tara (March 31, 1993). "Women's Final Four gets a new cast All semifinalists making first trip". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 1 Nov 2012.
- Deardorff, Julie (April 4, 1993). "Swoopes Leads Texas Tech Past Top-ranked Vanderbilt". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 29 Oct 2012.
- Kent, Milton (April 4, 1993). "Texas Tech swoops into final against Ohio State Buckeyes need overtime to edge Iowa, 73-72". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 29 Oct 2012.
- Greenberg, Mel (April 5, 1993). "Swoopes' 47 Carry Texas Tech To Title Ohio State Fell, 84-82, As The Raiders' Unstoppable Forward Snapped A Slew Of Tournament Records". Philly.com. Retrieved 1 Nov 2012.
- Nixon, Rick. "Official 2022 NCAA Women's Final Four Records Book" (PDF). NCAA. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Championship records remembered". NCAA. Retrieved 22 Sep 2012.
- "Attendance and Sites" (PDF). NCAA. Retrieved 19 March 2012.