1992 Croatian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Croatia for the first time on 2 August 1992 alongside simultaneous parliamentary elections.[1] The result was a victory for incumbent Franjo Tuđman of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), who received 57.8% of the vote, becoming the first popularly elected president of Croatia. Voter turnout was 74.9%.[2]

1992 Croatian presidential election

2 August 1992 1997 →
  FranjoTudman.JPG Pd croatian drazen budisa 9Feb02 932.jpg
Nominee Franjo Tuđman Dražen Budiša
Popular vote 1,519,100 585,535
Percentage 57.83% 22.29%

  Savka Dabcevic Kucar.jpg 3x4.svg
Nominee Savka Dabčević-Kučar Dobroslav Paraga
Popular vote 161,242 144,695
Percentage 6.14% 5.51%

President before election

Franjo Tuđman

Elected President

Franjo Tuđman

The 1,519,000 votes received by Tuđman remains the highest number of votes won by any president to date. Having previously been selected as president by Parliament, he was sworn in for his first constitutional five-year term as president on 12 August 1992 at Saint Mark's square in Zagreb.


The elections were criticised by international observers, who noted several problems, including issues with opposition access to state media, the timing of the election and the impartiality of officials.[3] The timing was deemed to be favourable to the HDZ government, who had delayed approving electoral laws in violation of the country's new constitution.[3] The period of time between the announcement of the elections and the election date itself was considered "unusually short", making it difficult for opposition parties and election officials to prepare.[3] The elections were also scheduled for a holiday, when a significant number of people would be away from their home towns and unable to vote.[3]


Franjo TuđmanCroatian Democratic Union1,519,10057.83
Dražen BudišaCroatian Social Liberal Party585,53522.29
Savka Dabčević-KučarCroatian People's Party161,2426.14
Dobroslav ParagaCroatian Party of Rights144,6955.51
Silvije DegenSocialist Party of Croatia108,9794.15
Marko VeselicaCroatian Democratic Party45,5931.74
Ivan CesarCroatian Christian Democratic Party43,1341.64
Antun VujićSocial Democrats of Croatia18,7830.71
Valid votes2,627,06198.11
Invalid/blank votes50,7031.89
Total votes2,677,764100.00
Registered voters/turnout3,575,03274.90
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p410 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p419
  3. ^ a b c d Elections in the Republic of Croatia: 2 August 1992 International Republican Institute