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The 1991 German Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Hockenheimring on 28 July 1991. It was the ninth round of the 1991 Formula One season. The 45-lap race was won by Williams driver Nigel Mansell after he started from pole position. His teammate Riccardo Patrese finished second with Ferrari driver Jean Alesi third.

1991 German Grand Prix
Race 9 of 16 in the 1991 Formula One World Championship
Circuit Hockenheimring-1982.svg
Race details
Date 28 July 1991
Official name Grosser Mobil 1 Preis von Deutschland
Location Hockenheimring, Hockenheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Course Permanent racing facility
Course length 6.802 km (4.226 mi)
Distance 45 laps, 306.090 km (190.195 mi)
Weather Hot and sunny
Pole position
Driver Williams-Renault
Time 1:37.087
Fastest lap
Driver Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault
Time 1:43.569 on lap 35
Podium
First Williams-Renault
Second Williams-Renault
Third Ferrari

Pre-raceEdit

Ayrton Senna spent a night in a hospital in Mannheim after crashing during pre-race testing a week earlier. Senna suffered a tyre failure at the end of a long straight, causing the car to launch into the air and turn over several times.[1][2][3]

ReportEdit

There were two changes to the entry list, the first was at Lotus where Johnny Herbert was replaced by young German Michael Bartels because of the former's Japanese Formula 3000 commitments, and the second was at Footwork where Alex Caffi was back in action after his road accident. Elsewhere Satoru Nakajima announced he would retire at the end of the year. The pre-qualifying draw was also redrawn, with Dallara, Modena, and Jordan escaping the Friday morning dungeon, and condemning Brabham, AGS, and Footwork to join Fondmetal and Coloni in the jittery Friday morning session.

In Saturday Practice Érik Comas had a massive accident in his Ligier, the French driver was unhurt, but it raised questions about the safety of the second chicane. Qualifying saw Nigel Mansell take pole from title rival Ayrton Senna. Gerhard Berger was third, followed by Riccardo Patrese, Alain Prost, Jean Alesi, Andrea de Cesaris, Nelson Piquet, Roberto Moreno, and Pierluigi Martini in the Minardi, taking full advantage of his Ferrari engine around the high speed circuit.

On Sunday, a couple of hours before the race, there was a FIA driver's meeting and Senna requested to race director Roland Bruynseraede that the tire walls at the chicanes be replaced with traffic cones because of the possibly of hitting the tires and rolling; that happened to him during qualifying for the Mexican Grand Prix, and this heated up when FIA president Jean-Marie Balestre, Senna and a few other drivers had a brief argument over the regulations involving safety. Balestre then instigated a democratic vote, and the vote went towards removing the tire walls and replacing them with traffic cones.

At the start of the race, Mansell made a great start while Berger slotted into second ahead of team-mate Senna, with Prost, Patrese, and Alesi rounding out the top six. At the back Mark Blundell collided with Nicola Larini, Blundell continued, but Larini's day was over. Berger made a bad pit-stop and fell back to tenth, while Prost started to reel in Senna. Mansell was running away at the front and when he pitted for tyres he dropped just behind Alesi, but did not waste time in changing the situation and passed Alesi two laps later to re-take the lead. While Mansell was surging away, a tremendous battle developed for third place between Senna, Prost, and Patrese, with Riccardo beating both men before setting off after Alesi. Senna and Prost continued to squabble over fourth and the major talking point came on lap 37 when Prost attempted to pass Senna going into the first chicane. Prost was faster and tried to go around the outside, Senna would not give way and Prost went off and proceeded to stall the engine. Prost blamed Senna and said he would not be so forgiving the next time while Senna accused Prost of complaining for the sake of complaining. Prost's comments would earn him a one-race suspended ban, while the FIA ordered a sit-down meeting between the two men at the next race. Meanwhile, Mansell cruised to his third straight win, leading home Patrese, Alesi, Berger, de Cesaris, and Gachot, Senna having run out of fuel on the last lap for the second straight race and being classified 7th, allowing Mansell to close to within eight points of Senna in the drivers championship.

ClassificationEdit

Pre-QualifyingEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 7   Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 1:42.810
2 17   Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 1:43.939 +1.129
3 9   Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford 1:44.034 +1.224
4 8   Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 1:44.257 +1.447
5 14   Olivier Grouillard Fondmetal-Ford 1:44.645 +1.835
6 10   Alex Caffi Footwork-Ford 1:45.282 +2.472
7 18   Fabrizio Barbazza AGS-Ford 1:46.604 +3.794
8 31   Pedro Chaves Coloni-Ford 1:47.546 +4.736

QualifyingEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Q1 Q2 Gap
1 5   Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 1:37.467 1:37.087
2 1   Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 1:38.208 1:37.274 +0.187
3 2   Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 1:37.946 1:37.393 +0.306
4 6   Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 1:38.146 1:37.435 +0.348
5 27   Alain Prost Ferrari 1:39.422 1:39.034 +1.947
6 28   Jean Alesi Ferrari 1:39.391 1:39.042 +1.955
7 33   Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Ford 1:40.387 1:40.239 +3.152
8 20   Nelson Piquet Benetton-Ford 1:40.560 1:40.878 +3.473
9 19   Roberto Moreno Benetton-Ford 1:41.968 1:40.957 +3.870
10 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ferrari 1:40.998 1:41.373 +3.911
11 32   Bertrand Gachot Jordan-Ford 1:41.443 1:41.308 +4.221
12 16   Ivan Capelli Leyton House-Ilmor 1:42.025 1:41.330 +4.243
13 3   Satoru Nakajima Tyrrell-Honda 1:41.515 1:41.390 +4.303
14 4   Stefano Modena Tyrrell-Honda 1:41.566 1:41.952 +4.479
15 7   Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 1:42.294 1:41.615 +4.528
16 15   Maurício Gugelmin Leyton House-Ilmor no time 1:41.735 +4.648
17 25   Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Lamborghini 1:41.823 1:41.929 +4.736
18 21   Emanuele Pirro Dallara-Judd 1:42.021 1:42.672 +4.934
19 24   Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Ferrari 1:42.132 1:42.058 +4.971
20 22   JJ Lehto Dallara-Judd 1:42.171 1:42.708 +5.084
21 8   Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 1:43.414 1:42.216 +5.129
22 30   Aguri Suzuki Lola-Ford 1:45.037 1:42.474 +5.387
23 11   Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Judd 1:44.816 1:42.726 +5.639
24 34   Nicola Larini Lambo-Lamborghini 1:44.596 1:43.035 +5.948
25 29   Éric Bernard Lola-Ford 1:43.797 1:43.321 +6.234
26 26   Érik Comas Ligier-Lamborghini 1:43.803 1:43.364 +6.277
27 9   Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford 1:44.362 1:43.409 +6.322
28 12   Michael Bartels Lotus-Judd 1:46.409 1:43.624 +6.537
29 17   Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 1:43.787 1:43.918 +6.700
30 35   Eric van de Poele Lambo-Lamborghini 1:44.489 1:44.207 +7.120

RaceEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 5   Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 45 1:19:29.661[4] 1 10
2 6   Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 45 + 13.779 4 6
3 28   Jean Alesi Ferrari 45 + 17.618 6 4
4 2   Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 45 + 32.651 3 3
5 33   Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Ford 45 + 1:17.537 7 2
6 32   Bertrand Gachot Jordan-Ford 45 + 1:40.605 11 1
7 1   Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 44 Out of Fuel 2  
8 19   Roberto Moreno Benetton-Ford 44 + 1 Lap 9  
9 25   Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Lamborghini 44 + 1 Lap 17  
10 21   Emanuele Pirro Dallara-Judd 44 + 1 Lap 18  
11 7   Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 43 + 2 Laps 15  
12 8   Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 43 + 2 Laps 21  
13 4   Stefano Modena Tyrrell-Honda 41 + 4 Laps 14  
Ret 27   Alain Prost Ferrari 37 Spun Off 5  
Ret 16   Ivan Capelli Leyton House-Ilmor 36 Engine 12  
Ret 22   JJ Lehto Dallara-Judd 35 Engine 20  
Ret 20   Nelson Piquet Benetton-Ford 27 Engine 8  
Ret 3   Satoru Nakajima Tyrrell-Honda 26 Gearbox 13  
Ret 26   Érik Comas Ligier-Lamborghini 22 Engine 26  
Ret 15   Maurício Gugelmin Leyton House-Ilmor 21 Gearbox 16  
Ret 11   Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Judd 19 Engine 23  
Ret 30   Aguri Suzuki Lola-Ford 15 Engine 22  
Ret 24   Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Ferrari 14 Differential 19  
Ret 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ferrari 11 Differential 10  
Ret 29   Éric Bernard Lola-Ford 9 Transmission 25  
Ret 34   Nicola Larini Lambo-Lamborghini 0 Spun Off 24  
DNQ 9   Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford    
DNQ 12   Michael Bartels Lotus-Judd    
DNQ 17   Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford    
DNQ 35   Eric van de Poele Lambo-Lamborghini    
DNPQ 14   Olivier Grouillard Fondmetal-Ford    
DNPQ 10   Alex Caffi Footwork-Ford    
DNPQ 18   Fabrizio Barbazza AGS-Ford    
DNPQ 31   Pedro Chaves Coloni-Ford    
Source:[5]

Pre-qualifyingEdit

  • Pre-qualifying was reshaped following the mid season point. Jordan, Dallara and Modena were all removed from pre-qualifying as they had performed better than teams allowed in qualifying proper. AGS, Footwork and Brabham all slipped into pre-qualifying.

Championship standings after the raceEdit

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AUTO RACING; Senna Hospitalized". New York Times. 1991-07-20.
  2. ^ "Senna Crashes in Test, Escapes Serious Injury". Los Angeles Times. 1991-07-20.
  3. ^ "Senna to compete at German Grand Prix despite crash". UPI. 1991-07-20.
  4. ^ Henry, Alan (1991). AUTOCOURSE 1991-92. Hazleton Publishing. p. 183. ISBN 0-905138-87-2.
  5. ^ "1991 German Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Germany 1991 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 18 March 2019.


Previous race:
1991 British Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1991 season
Next race:
1991 Hungarian Grand Prix
Previous race:
1990 German Grand Prix
German Grand Prix Next race:
1992 German Grand Prix