1990 in comics
Notable events of 1990 in comics. See also List of years in comics.
- New Century Comics, Disney Comics, Millennium Publications, MU Press, Tundra Publishing, Valiant Comics, Drawn & Quarterly, and the French publisher L'Association, all enter the marketplace.
- The "Days of Future Present" storyline, the sequel to "Days of Future Past," appears in the annuals of Fantastic Four, New Mutants, X-Factor and X-Men.
- The merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications, parent of DC Comics completed, the merger name was Time Warner.
- January 7: in Topolino, first chapter of The Search for the Zodiac Stone!: An Epic Yarn of Mice and Ducks!, written by Bruno Sarda and drawn by Massimo De Vita and Franco Valussi. The story, in 12 chapter, is considered the longest Disney comic ever published and its issue lasts the whole year. It involves all the principal characters of the Donald and Mckey universes and sees the debut of Paperinik’s nemesis Spectrus.
- Charles M. Schulz is named Commandeur des Arts et Lettres. 
- Dinosaurs for Hire is cancelled by Eternity Comics with issue #9.
- 1st known artwork by Dale Keown for Marvel Comics, published in Nth Man #9.
- March 16: Jan Bucquoy launches the Belgian weekly magazine Dol/Belge, which is so outrageous in slandering media celebrities, the Belgian royal family, the Pope, politicians and other high officials that within a few weeks issues are confiscated and stores refuse to sell copies. Bucquoy then transforms it into a genuine comics magazine featuring reprints of his older porn parodies. The magazine will last merely a year.
- Elektra Lives Again is published by Epic Comics, written and drawn by Frank Miller.
- The last issue of Strikeforce: Morituri: Electric Undertow is published, thereby ending the series as a whole.
- April 6: The unfinished Blake and Mortimer story, The 3 Formulas of Professor Sato: Mortimer vs. Mortimer, made before Edgar P. Jacobs' death, is published posthumously, completed by Bob de Moor.
- With issue 9, The Destroyer v1 is cancelled.
- Fright Night is canceled by Now Comics with issue #22.
- The New Warriors v1 #1 is released.
- 2000AD spin-off Revolver hits newsagents, with the seminal storyline Rogan Gosh.
- Shade the Changing Man is revamped by DC imprint Vertigo.
- August 31: Scott McCloud draws the first comic strip drawn in 24 hours. In 2004 this will become an annual event.
- Animal Man #26: "Deus Ex Machina," writer Grant Morrison's final issue of Animal Man.
- Secret Origins is canceled by DC with issue #50.
- Spider-Man #1, the start of the "Torment" storyline, marked Todd McFarlane's first major outing on a series as a writer/artist. The issue would become the best selling comic book so far and be the first major step to the rise of the superstar creators and the formation of Image Comics.
- Nth Man: The Ultimate Ninja is canceled by Marvel with issue #16.
- Terminator is canceled by NOW Comics with issue #17.
- October 13: During the Stripdagen in Breda, the Netherlands, Henk Kuijpers receives the Stripschapprijs. Joost Swarte receives the Jaarprijs voor Bijzondere Verdienste (nowadays the P. Hans Frankfurtherprijs).
- Swamp Thing #100: Double-sized issue, "Tales of Eden," by Doug Wheeler, Kelley Jones, and Pat Broderick.
- The Huntress v1 is canceled by DC with issue #19.
- Marvel's "X-Tinction Agenda" crossover begins in the pages of Uncanny X-Men, X-Factor, and New Mutants.
- Fantastic Four #347 – A temporary lineup introduced, consisting of the Hulk, Spider-Man, Wolverine, and Ghost Rider.
- Wendy the Good Little Witch (1960 series), with issue #97, canceled by Harvey Comics.
- The Real Ghostbusters is canceled by Now Comics with issue #28.
Specific date unknownEdit
- The first issue of the Belgian satirical comics and cartoons magazine Ubu-Pan is published.
- January 1: Charles Boost, Dutch illustrator and comics artist (drew comics for De Tijd), passes away at age 82.
- January 8: Bernard Krigstein, American comics artist (Master Race, Mad), dies at age 71.
- January 20: Claude Auclair, French comics artist (Simon du Fleuve), dies at age 46.
- February 22: Thomas Ochse Honiball, South African cartoonist and comics artist (Oom Kaspaas, Jakkals en Wolf), dies at age 84.
- March 4: Salvatore Deidda, Italian comics artist (Stark, continued Martin Mystère), dies at age 37.
- March 12: Woody Kimbrell, American comics artist (Little Lulu), dies at age 83.
- March 24: Ray Goulding, American comedian (Bob & Ray) and comics writer (Mad Magazine ), dies at age 68.
- March 30: João Mottini, Brazilian comics artist (Quintín Duval, continued Ellos), passes away at age 66.
- April 24:
- April 28: Edwina Dumm, American comics artist (Cap Stubbs and Tippie) dies at age 96.
- May 7: Pier Lorenzo De Vita, Italian comics artist (Tuffolino, Pecos Bill, Disney comics, Mopsi, Giso e Leo), dies at age 80.
- May 15: Porfiri Nikitich Krylov, Russian painter, illustrator and poster designer (member of the collective Kukryniksy), dies at age 87.
- May 25: William Overgard, American comics artist (continued Steve Roper and Mike Nomad and Kerry Drake), dies at age 64.
- May 31: William Timym, also known as Tim, Austrian-British animator and comics artist (The Boss, Caesar, Bengo the Boxer, Wuff, Tuff and Snuff, Bim, Bam and Boom, Oh, Johnny!, Bleep and Booster), dies at age 87.
- June 23: Howard Boughner, American comics artist (Mac, Hold Everything, writer of Penny and Dotty Dripple, assisted on Dumb Dora and Wash Tubbs), dies at age 81.
- June 30: Jacques Lob, French comics artist (Ténébrax, Blanche Epiphanie, Submerman, Superdupont), dies at age 67.
- July 17: George Waiss, American animator and comics artist (Disney comics), dies at age 83.
- July 18: Yves Chaland, French comics artist (Freddy Lombard), dies in a car accident at age 33.
- July 18: Georges Dargaud, French comics publisher (Dargaud), passes away at age 79.
- July 25: Sam Grainger, American comics artist (Marvel Comics), dies at age 60.
- August 7: Phiny Dick, Dutch comics writer and artist (Miezelientje, Olle Kapoen, Birre Beer), also wife of Marten Toonder, passes away at age 77.
- August 12: B. Kliban, American cartoonist (Playboy), dies of a pulmonary embolism at age 55.
- August 28: Willy Vandersteen, Belgian comics artist (Suske en Wiske, De Familie Snoek, De Vrolijke Bengels, 't Prinske, De Rode Ridder, Bessy, Robert en Bertrand, De Geuzen), dies at age 77.
- September 5: Jerry Iger, American comics publisher (co-founder of Eisner & Iger) writer and artist, dies at age 87.
- September 20:
- October 14: Art Huhta, American comics artist (Dinky Dinkerton, Wild Rose, assisted on Mescal Ike, Lolly Gags and The Nebbs), dies at age 88.
- October 29: François Gianolla, Belgian poet, playwright, cartoonist, illustrator, musician, caricaturist and comics artist (Fred, Mile et Bob), dies at age 83.
- October 31: Roger Price, American humorist, writer, publisher and cartoonist (creator of droodles), died at age 72.
- December 21: Susi Weigel, Austrian illustrator, comics artist and animator (worked for Unsere Zeitung), dies at age 76.
- December 30: Tony Abruzzo, American comics artist (made romance comics for National Periodicals (later DC Comics), dies at age 74.
Specific date unknownEdit
- Dennis Collins, British comics artist (The Perishers), passes away.
- Cram, Belgian cartoonist (De Weyfelaers, Jan Pech), passes away at age 51 or 52.
- Marcel Dehaye, Belgian journalist, novelist, comics writer and chief editor of Tintin (1959-1965), dies at age 82 or 83.
- Nicholas, aka Nick, Firfires, American illustrator and comics artist (made realistically drawn comics for Disney and the celebrity comic based on Gene Autry), dies at age 72 or 73.
- Harry Haenigsen, American comics artist (Penny), dies at age 89.
- Ye Hung-chia, Taiwanese comics artist (Chuko Szu-lang), dies at age 76 or 77.
- Yu Takita, Japanese manga artist (Terajima-cho (The Terajima Neighborhood Mystery tales), dies at age 57 or 58.
- Tom, aka Thomaz de Mello, Portuguese comics artist (Rico, Pico e Sarapico), dies at age 83 or 84.
Exhibitions and showsEdit
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- January 6–7: Great Eastern Conventions (New York City)
- January 24–28: Angoulême International Comics Festival (Angoulême, France)
- February 17–18: Motor City Comic Con (Dearborn Civic Center, Dearborn, Michigan) — guests include Erik Larsen, Gary Kwapisz, Jeff Albrecht, John Ostrander, Kim Yale, Marshall Rogers, Matt Feazell, Mike Grell, Norm Breyfogle, Rob Liefeld, and Tim Dzon
- April: Glasgow Comic Art Convention (Glasgow City Chambers, Glasgow, Scotland) — presentation of the Speakeasy Awards
- April 1: Great Eastern Conventions (Albany Marriott, Albany, New York)
- April 8: Great Eastern Conventions (Sheraton S.F. Airport Hotel, San Francisco, California)
- April 29: Great Eastern Conventions (Holiday Inn Ashley Plaza, Tampa, Florida)
- May 6: Great Eastern Conventions (Colony Square Hotel, Atlanta, Georgia)
- May 12: Great Eastern Conventions (57 Park Plaza Hotel, Boston, Massachusetts)
- Summer: FantaCon (Empire State Plaza, Albany, New York)
- June: Heroes Convention (Charlotte, North Carolina)
- June 1–3: Great Eastern Conventions (New York Penta Hotel, New York City)
- June 29–July 1: Dragon Con/Atlanta Comics Expo/Origins Game Fair (Atlanta Hilton & Towers/Atlanta Radisson Hotel, Atlanta, Georgia) — 6,900 attendees; guest of honor: Tom Clancy; other guests include Todd McFarlane, Jim Salicrup, and Bob Budiansky
- July 6–8: Chicago Comicon (Ramada O'Hare, Rosemont, Illinois) — 5,000+ attendees; featured guests: Van Williams, Gerard Christopher, Harvey Kurtzman, and Erik Larsen; other guests: Mark Gruenwald, Jim Starlin, Tom DeFalco, Len Strazewski, John Ostrander, Kim Yale, Chuck Fiala, P. Craig Russell, Charlie Athanas, Dick Locher, Max Allan Collins, Rick Obadiah, and Tony Caputo.
- July 13–15: Dallas Fantasy Fair (Dallas, Texas) — official guests include Harvey Kurtzman, Neil Gaiman, Todd Klein, Tom Orzechowski, Sergio Aragonés, Chester Brown, Bob Burden, Kurt Busiek, Will Eisner, Kerry Gammill, Gilbert Hernandez, Jaime Hernandez, Adam Hughes, Jim Lee, P. Craig Russell, Mark Schultz, Julius Schwartz, Bill Sienkiewicz, Jim Starlin, John Totleben, Bill Willingham, and Roger Zelazny
- July 13–15: Las Vegas International All Collectibles Show (Las Vegas, Nevada) — guests include Stan Lee, Todd McFarlane, and Fabian Nicieza
- August 2–5: San Diego Comic Con (Convention and Performing Arts Center and Holiday Inn, San Diego, California) — 13,000 attendees; official guests: Peter David, Will Eisner, Kelly Freas, Michael Kaluta, Mel Lazarus, Carl Macek, Grant Morrison, John Romita Jr., and Van Williams
- August 4–5: Comix Fair '90 (Holiday Inn Medical Center, Houston, Texas) — eighth annual show; guests include Bill Hinds, Jeff Millar, and Doug Hazlewood
- August 17–19: Atlanta Fantasy Fair XVI (Omni Hotel & Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, Georgia) — official guests include Jack Kirby, John de Lancie, Sandahl Bergman, Catherine Hicks, Julius Schwartz, Sharon Green, Linda Thorson, Martin Caidin, Greg Theakston, Boris Vallejo, and Carl Macek
- September 22–24: United Kingdom Comic Art Convention (UKCAC) (UCL Institute of Education, London, UK) — presentation of the Eagle Awards
- October–November: FIBDA (Amadora, Portugal) — inaugural edition; guests include Morris
- October 20–21: Toronto Comic and Sequential Art Exposition (Arts, Crafts Hobbies Building, Exhibition Place, Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
- October 27–28: Killer Con (Ferndale Community Center, Ferndale, Michigan) — guests include Bill Reinhold, Mark Bagley, Sam Kieth, Keith Pollard, William Messner-Loebs, Doug Rice, Flint Henry, Chuck Dixon, Beau Smith, Gary Kwapisz, Matt Feazell, and Tim Dzon
Presented in 1991 for comics published in 1990.
- Best Story or Single Issue: Concrete Celebrates Earth Day, by Paul Chadwick, Charles Vess, and Jean "Moebius" Giraud (Dark Horse)
- Best Continuing Series: Sandman, by Neil Gaiman and various artists (DC)
- Best Black and White Series: Xenozoic Tales, by Mark Schultz (Kitchen Sink)
- Best Finite Series: Give Me Liberty, by Frank Miller and Dave Gibbons (Dark Horse)
- Best Graphic Album—New: Elektra Lives Again, by Frank Miller and Lynn Varley (Marvel)
- Best Graphic Album—Reprint: Sandman: The Doll's House by Neil Gaiman and various artists (DC)
- Best Writer: Neil Gaiman, Sandman (DC)
- Best Writer/Artist or Writer/Artist Team: Frank Miller and Geof Darrow, Hard Boiled
- Best Artist: Steve Rude, Nexus
- Best Inker: Al Williamson
- Hall of Fame: R. Crumb, Alex Toth
Zine Zone AwardsEdit
- Best Science Fiction Writer: Tom Elmes
- Best Science Fiction Artist: Petri Hiltinen
- Best Science Fiction Zine: Tahti Vaeltaja (Finland)
- Best Horror Writer: Rob Gott
- Best Horror Artist: David Stephenson
- Best Horror Zine: Lippe 10 (Germany)
- Best Adventure Writer: Ludwig Kreutzner
- Best Adventure Artist: Rudolph Perez
- Best Adventure Zine: Zebra (Germany)
- Best Funny Animal Comic: Blues Bar by Bernd Gronenberg (Germany)
- Best Action Comic: Stormwatcher by Ian Abbinnett and Alan Cowsill (UK)
- Best Erotic Comic: Johnny Condom by Steve Harrison (UK)
- Best Slice of Life Comic: Love and Rockets
- Best Text Feature: Small Press World by Hal Hargit (Amazing Heroes)
- Journal Most Helpful to Small Press: Amazing Heroes
- Best Indie/Small Press Journal: Comics F/X
- Best Column: Trade Secrets by Kyle Miller
- Best Original Strip: The Desert Peach by Donna Barr
- Best Humor Writer: Donna Barr
- Best Packaged Title: Kannus (Finland)
- Best Mini-Comic: Testosterone City by Peter Bagge
- Best Indie Artist: Matt "D'Israeli" Brooker
- Best Small Press Album: Heroes from the Black Lagoon (Germany)
- Best European Artist: Martin Frei (Germany)
- Most Promising Newcomer: Terry Ford (UK)
- Person Doing the Most for UK Comics History: Denis Gifford
- Greatest Influence in Comics: Jack Kirby
First issues by titleEdit
- Release: Winter.
- Release: February
Hawkworld (3 issues, later became an ongoing)
- Release: 1990 Writer/Artist: Pepe Moreno.
- Release: May.
- Release: June.
- Release: August. Writer & Artist: Todd McFarlane
- Issued with regular and silver ink covers, second printing with gold ink cover.
- Release: May.
- Release: October.
- Release: April
- Release: June by Epic Comics.
- Release: December.
- Release: November.
- Release: June.
- Release: November by Epic Comics.
- Release: August.
- Release: July.
- Release: October.
- Release: May.
- Release: August
- Release: December by Epic Comics.
- Release: July. Writer:
- Release: August.
- Release: April. Writer: Roy Thomas.
- Release: May
- Release: April
- Release: February.
- Release: October by Egmont UK.
Big Numbers (2 issues before cancellation)
- Release: August by Dark Horse Comics.
Initial appearance by character nameEdit
- Atlan in The Atlantis Chronicles #5 (July )
- Atom IV in Suicide Squad #44 (August )
- Auberon in The Sandman #19 (September )
- The Beefeater in Justice League Europe #20 (November )
- Blaze in Action Comics #655 (July )
- Crimesmith II in Batman #443 (January )
- Danny the Street in Doom Patrol v2 #35 (August )
- Delirium in The Sandman #21 (December )
- Doctor Diehard in Justice League Europe #15 (June )
- Jack Drake in Batman #455 (October )
- Tim Drake as Robin III in Batman #442 (January )
- Dreamslayer in Justice League Europe #15 (June )
- Dybbuk in Suicide Squad #45 (September )
- Echo III in Justice League Quarterly #1 (Winter)
- Firestorm II in Firestorm the Nuclear Man v2 #100 (August )
- Laurel Gand in Legion of Super-Heroes v4 #5 (March )
- Gorgon in Justice League Europe #15 (June )
- Hank Henshaw in Adventures of Superman #465 (April )
- Timothy Hunter in The Books of Magic v1 #1
- Willoughby Kipling in Doom Patrol v2 #31 (April )
- Legion (DC Comics) in Green Lantern: Emerald Dawn #2 (January )
- Manfred Mota in The Flash 50th Anniversary Special
- Neon (comics) in Legion of Super-Heroes v4 #6 (April )
- NKVDemon in Batman #445 (March )
- 'The Orishas in Firestorm the Nuclear Man v2 #95 (March )
- Reflex in Legion of Super-Heroes v4 #6 (April )
- Kent Shakespeare in Legion of Super-Heroes v4 #12 (December )
- Titania in The Sandman #19 (September )
- Tracer in Justice League Europe #16 (July )
- Trinity in New Titans Annual #6
- Yuga Khan in New Gods v3 #17 (June )
- Abominatrix in Sensational She-Hulk #21 (November )
- Agamemnon in The Incredible Hulk (December )
- Ahab (comics) in Fantastic Four Annual #23
- Blackout II in Ghost Rider v2 #2 (June )
- Bliss in Uncanny X-Men #261 (May)
- Bloodlust I in Marvel Comics Presents #48 (April )
- Bloodwraith in Black Knight #2 (July )
- Cable in New Mutants #87 (March )
- Captain Atlas in Quasar #9 (April )
- Cardiac in The Amazing Spider-Man #342 (December )
- Deathlok III in Deathlok #1 (July )
- Deathwatch in Ghost Rider v2 #1 (May)
- Dittomaster in Damage Control v2 #4 (February )
- Stacey Dolan in Ghost Rider v2 #1 (May)
- Jack D'Uria in Ghost Rider v2 #4 (Aug)
- Kearson DeWitt in Iron Man Annual #13 (July )
- Foolkiller III in Foolkiller v1 #1 (October )
- Gambit in Uncanny X-Men Annual #14
- Ghost Rider II in Ghost Rider v2 #1 (May)
- The Lifeform in Punisher Annual #3
- Midnight's Fire in New Warriors #2 (August )
- Mindblast in The Amazing Spider-Man #340 (October )
- The Monster Pretenders in The Transformers #67 (June )
- Julius Rassitano in The Mighty Thor v1 #426 (November )
- The Mutant Liberation Front in The New Mutants #86 (February ) (all members appeared at the date mentioned, except where noted. otherwise)
- Psionex in New Warriors #4 (October )
- Silhouette in New Warriors #2 (August)
- Whiplash II in Marvel Comics Presents #46 (May)
- Armoured Gideon in 2000AD (March 24)
- Garganta in Femforce #30
- Madman in Creatures of the Id (October)
- Andrea Mazzotta (2011-05-30). "Alla ricerca della Pietra Zodiacale, crossover in casa Disney". Lo Spazio Bianco (in Italian). Retrieved 2021-01-12.
- "Jan Bucquoy". lambiek.net. Retrieved Jul 31, 2020.
- Grossey, Ronald (Dec 20, 2013). Bob de Moor: de klare lijn en de golven; een biografie. Vrijdag Uitgevers. ISBN 9789460012433. Retrieved May 21, 2020 – via Google Books.
- Benjamin Pogany, Elizabeth Chou (April 7, 2007). "Alec Longstreth, 24 Hour Comics survivor". The Daily Cross Hatch. Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Cowsill, Alan (2012). "1990s". In Gilbert, Laura (ed.). Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 184. ISBN 978-0756692360.
Todd McFarlane was at the top of his game as an artist, and with Marvel's release of this new Spidey series he also got the chance to take on the writing duties. The sales of this series were nothing short of phenomenal, with over 2.5 million copies eventually printing, including special bagged editions and a number of variant covers.
- Saffel, Steve (2007). "Mutant Menace". Spider-Man the Icon: The Life and Times of a Pop Culture Phenomenon. Titan Books. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-84576-324-4.
Marvel knew a good thing when they saw it, and the adjectiveless Spider-Man received Marvel's most aggressive launch in company history...the initial press run was 2.35 million, and 500,000 additional copies were printed to meet demand.
- "Foto's en films". stadsarchief.breda.nl. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Henk Kuijpers". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Charles Boost". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Bernie Krigstein". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Claude Auclair". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Thomas Ochse Honiball". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Salvatore Deidda". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Woody Kimbrell". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Doug Gilford's Mad Cover Site - UGOI - Ray Goulding". www.madcoversite.com. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Fowler, Glenn (Mar 26, 1990). "Ray Goulding, 68, Genial Satirist As Part of Bob and Ray, Is Dead". Retrieved May 21, 2020 – via NYTimes.com.
- "João Mottini". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Claude Henri". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-15. Retrieved 2018-07-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Edwina Dumm". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Pier Lorenzo De Vita". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Kukryniksy". lambiek.net. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- "William Thomas Overgard". lambiek.net.
- "Tim". lambiek.net.
- "Howard Boughner". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Jacques Lob". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "George Waiss". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Yves Chaland". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Phiny Dick". lambiek.net.
- "B. Kliban". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Willy Vandersteen". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Jerry Iger". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Byron Aptosoglou". lambiek.net. Retrieved Jul 31, 2020.
- "Attilio Micheluzzi". lambiek.net.
- "Art Huhta". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "François Gianolla". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Susi Weigel". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Tony Abruzzo". lambiek.net. Retrieved Jul 31, 2020.
- "Dennis Collins". lambiek.net.
- "Cram". lambiek.net.
- "Nick Firfires". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Harry Haenigsen". lambiek.net. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
- "Yeh Hung-chia". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Yu Takita". lambiek.net.
- "Tom". lambiek.net. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Jughead's Pal Hot Dog #1 (Archie Comics, 1990).
- "British Awards Announced," The Comics Journal #142 (June 1991), p. 17.
- Marvel Bullpen Bulletins, Spider-Man vol. 1, #2 (Sept. 1990).
- "Funny business," Houston Chronicle (03 Aug 1990), p. 2.
- "Eagle Awards Return," The Comics Journal #139 (Dec. 1990), p. 20.
- "Amadora BD 09". Geração C. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
- MCH. "Arkham Leads British Awards," The Comics Journal #137 (Sept. 1990), p. 17.