The 1990 Asian Games also known as the XI Asiad and the 11th Asian Games (Chinese: 第十一届亚洲运动会; pinyin: Dì shíyī jiè yàzhōu yùndònghuì), were held from September 22 to October 7, 1990, in Beijing, China. This was the first Asian Games held in China.
|Host city||Beijing, China|
|Motto||Unity, friendship and progress|
(Chinese: 团结、友谊、进步; pinyin: Tuánjié, yǒuyì, jìnbù)
|Events||308 in 27 sports|
|Opening ceremony||22 September|
|Closing ceremony||7 October|
|Officially opened by||Yang Shangkun|
President of China
|Officially closed by||Roy de Silva|
Acting President of Olympic Council of Asia
|Athlete's Oath||Chen Longcan|
|Torch lighter||Xu Haifeng,|
Gao Min, and
|Main venue||Workers' Stadium|
Along the 1993 East Asian Games. This event served as a precursor to China's further development in the sporting arena, as before the country went on to bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics (losing to Sydney) in 1993 and eventually won the bid for the 2001 Summer Universiade in 1997 and the 2008 Summer Olympics in 2001 and the bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics in 2015. In a fact with precedent, China dominated the games, grabbing 60% of the gold medals and 34% of the total medal count.
This also marked Taiwan's first participation in the Asian Games as Chinese Taipei.
In 1983, two cities in Asia demonstrated interest to host the 1990 Asian Games, one was Beijing of China and the other was Hiroshima in Japan. The two made formal presentations before the Olympic Council of Asia, during a meeting of the same, the following year in Seoul, that also served as a previous meeting to evaluate the preparations of the city for the next Asian Games and also for the 1988 Summer Olympics. Beijing eventually won the right to host the 1990 edition, while Hiroshima,in a supreendent move presented an excellent technical bid,and won the rights to host of the 1994 Asian Games as compensation.
34 votes were needed for selection.
To commemorate the 11th Asian Games, three different sets of stamps were issued in 1988, 1989 and 1990.
Participating National Olympic CommitteesEdit
National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1990. Note that Iraq was suspended by the Olympic Council of Asia from participating at the Asian Games due to the Gulf War which killed first OCA president Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. Iraq would only return to compete in the sporting event in 2006.
- Chinese Taipei
- Hong Kong
- North Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- South Korea
- Sri Lanka
- United Arab Emirates
- Archery ( )
- Athletics ( )
- Badminton ( )
- Basketball ( )
- Boxing ( )
- Canoeing ( )
- Cycling ( )
- Fencing ( )
- Field hockey ( )
- Football ( )
- Golf ( )
- Gymnastics ( )
- Handball ( )
- Judo ( )
- Kabaddi ( )
- Rowing ( )
- Sailing ( )
- Sepak takraw ( )
- Shooting ( )
- Softball ( )
- Table tennis ( )
- Tennis ( )
- Volleyball ( )
- Weightlifting ( )
- Wrestling ( )
- Wushu ( )
- Demonstration sports
The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, China, is highlighted.
|2||South Korea (KOR)||54||54||73||181|
|4||North Korea (PRK)||12||31||39||82|
|Totals (25 NOCs)||310||309||357||976|
- "History". People's Daily Online.
- "The 11th Asian Games : Beijing, China". Hangzhou 2022 Official Website. 4 September 2018. Archived from the original on 28 November 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- "1990 Asian Games (Welcome to tanwj.com by Tan Wei Jie)". Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
- "Iraq booted from Asian Games".
- "经典回顾：1990年北京亚运会体育场馆". 163.com. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- "1990 Asian Games".