1989 Canadian Grand Prix

The 1989 Canadian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on 18 June 1989. The race, contested over 69 laps, was the sixth race of the 1989 Formula One season and was won by Belgian driver Thierry Boutsen, driving a Williams-Renault, after Ayrton Senna suffered an engine failure in his McLaren-Honda late on. It was Boutsen's first F1 victory, and the first for Williams with Renault engines. Teammate Riccardo Patrese finished second, with Andrea de Cesaris third in a Dallara-Ford.

1989 Canadian Grand Prix
Race 6 of 16 in the 1989 Formula One World Championship
Gilles Villeneuve Circuit Montreal (88-93).svg
Race details
Date 18 June 1989
Official name XXVII Grand Prix Molson du Canada
Location Circuit Gilles Villeneuve
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Course Partial street circuit
Course length 4.390 km (2.728 mi)
Distance 69 laps, 302.910 km (188.220 mi)
Weather Cool and rainy with temperatures approaching 24 °C (75 °F); wind speeds up to 17.9 kilometres per hour (11.1 mph)[1]
Pole position
Driver McLaren-Honda
Time 1:20.973
Fastest lap
Driver United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Tyrrell-Ford
Time 1:31.925 on lap 11
Podium
First Williams-Renault
Second Williams-Renault
Third Dallara-Ford

QualifyingEdit

Pre-qualifying reportEdit

Stefano Modena was comfortably fastest in the pre-qualifying session in his Brabham, over a second faster than the Osella of Nicola Larini. Both their team-mates failed to pre-qualify; it was the first time a Brabham had failed to pre-qualify this season as Martin Brundle was fifth after suffering various car-related issues, and Osella's Piercarlo Ghinzani was down in eighth, over two seconds behind Larini. It was Ghinzani's sixth successive failure to pre-qualify. Stefan Johansson was third fastest in the Onyx, but his team-mate Bertrand Gachot failed to pre-qualify in sixth, also his sixth successive failure. The last pre-qualifier was Alex Caffi in the Dallara, in fourth.

The other entrants to fail to pre-qualify on the Friday morning included Gregor Foitek, seventh in the sole EuroBrun, who had failed to pre-qualify on the previous four occasions, and both the underpowered Zakspeeds, with Bernd Schneider ninth and Aguri Suzuki a distant twelfth. The AGS of Joachim Winkelhock was tenth and Volker Weidler's Rial was eleventh; both Germans' sixth successive failures to pre-qualify. Pierre-Henri Raphanel was bottom of the time sheets in thirteenth, not recording a representative time in his Coloni.[2]

Pre-qualifying classificationEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 8   Stefano Modena Brabham-Judd 1:23.398
2 17   Nicola Larini Osella-Ford 1:24.550 +1.152
3 36   Stefan Johansson Onyx-Ford 1:24.764 +1.366
4 21   Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 1:24.778 +1.380
5 7   Martin Brundle Brabham-Judd 1:25.275 +1.877
6 37   Bertrand Gachot Onyx-Ford 1.25.952 +2.554
7 33   Gregor Foitek EuroBrun-Judd 1:26.365 +2.967
8 18   Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Ford 1:26.807 +3.409
9 34   Bernd Schneider Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:27.073 +3.675
10 41   Joachim Winkelhock AGS-Ford 1:28.545 +5.147
11 39   Volker Weidler Rial-Ford 1:31.455 +8.057
12 35   Aguri Suzuki Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:53.327 +29.929
13 32   Pierre-Henri Raphanel Coloni-Ford 1:59.693 +36.295

Qualifying reportEdit

Nearly all the thirty drivers who took part in qualifying posted their faster times on Friday afternoon, as the Saturday session was cold, windy, overcast and sometimes wet.[2] Of the front runners, only Ayrton Senna was able to come close to matching his Friday time, but the Brazilian was denied his ninth consecutive pole position by his McLaren team-mate Alain Prost, by just under eight hundredths of a second. The second row was filled by Riccardo Patrese in the Williams and Gerhard Berger's Ferrari, with the third row occupied by their team-mates; Ferrari's Nigel Mansell a tenth or two faster than Williams' Thierry Boutsen.

Modena put the sole remaining Brabham a fine seventh on the grid, the top V8 and the top Pirelli-tyred runner,[2] with another pre-qualifier, Caffi, alongside him in eighth. Caffi's Dallara team-mate, Andrea de Cesaris, shared the fifth row with the Lola of Philippe Alliot. The Minardi of Pierluigi Martini was eleventh, with Derek Warwick in the Arrows twelfth.

Alessandro Nannini suffered balance issues in his Benetton to qualify 13th, alongside Jonathan Palmer's Tyrrell. Pre-qualifier Larini was 15th in the surviving Osella, with the second Arrows of Eddie Cheever in 16th. Mauricio Gugelmin qualified his March 17th, alongside the last pre-qualifier, Johansson's Onyx.

Triple World Champion Nelson Piquet could only manage 19th spot in his Lotus, with the second Tyrrell of Michele Alboreto 20th. The second March of Ivan Capelli was 21st, alongside the only Ligier to qualify, that of René Arnoux, amid rumours of his retirement.[2] Christian Danner qualified the sole remaining Rial 23rd, and was one of the few drivers to improve his time on Saturday, with the second Minardi of Spaniard Luis Pérez-Sala in 24th. The back row consisted of the AGS of Gabriele Tarquini, and the Coloni of Roberto Moreno, who narrowly qualified on Saturday after failing to post a representative time on Friday.

The four non-qualifiers were Satoru Nakajima in the second Lotus, the Lola of Yannick Dalmas, and the Benetton of Johnny Herbert, who surprisingly missed the cut after being unable to balance his car satisfactorily, marginally quicker than the second Ligier of Olivier Grouillard, who was slowest with gearbox problems.[2] The last three failed to qualify on Saturday despite improving on their Friday times. Herbert was subsequently dropped for three months by Benetton, and replaced by McLaren test driver Emanuele Pirro for the next race, after it was decided that Herbert needed more time to recover from the leg and ankle injuries he had sustained in the Formula 3000 race at Brands Hatch in 1988.[2]

Qualifying classificationEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Q1 Q2 Gap
1 2   Alain Prost McLaren-Honda 1:20.973 1:22.269
2 1   Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 1:21.049 1:21.269 +0.076
3 6   Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 1:21.783 1:23.738 +0.810
4 28   Gerhard Berger Ferrari 1:21.946 1:22.305 +0.973
5 27   Nigel Mansell Ferrari 1:22.165 1:22.751 +1.192
6 5   Thierry Boutsen Williams-Renault 1:22.311 1:24.004 +1.338
7 8   Stefano Modena Brabham-Judd 1:22.612 1:23.599 +1.639
8 21   Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 1:22.901 1:24.957 +1.928
9 22   Andrea de Cesaris Dallara-Ford 1:23.050 1:24.444 +2.077
10 30   Philippe Alliot Lola-Lamborghini 1:23.059 +2.086
11 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 1:23.252 1:25.195 +2.279
12 9   Derek Warwick Arrows-Ford 1:23.348 1:23.833 +2.375
13 19   Alessandro Nannini Benetton-Ford 1:23.542 1:24.279 +2.569
14 3   Jonathan Palmer Tyrrell-Ford 1:23.665 1:23.876 +2.692
15 17   Nicola Larini Osella-Ford 1:23.799 1:25.289 +2.826
16 10   Eddie Cheever Arrows-Ford 1:23.828 1:24.693 +2.855
17 15   Maurício Gugelmin March-Judd 1:23.863 1:24.734 +2.890
18 36   Stefan Johansson Onyx-Ford 1:23.974 1:24.918 +3.001
19 11   Nelson Piquet Lotus-Judd 1:24.029 1:25.825 +3.056
20 4   Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford 1:24.296 1:25.412 +3.323
21 16   Ivan Capelli March-Judd 1:24.406 1:25.094 +3.433
22 25   René Arnoux Ligier-Ford 1:24.558 1:25.394 +3.585
23 38   Christian Danner Rial-Ford 1:25.298 1:24.727 +3.754
24 24   Luis Pérez-Sala Minardi-Ford 1:24.786 1:25.570 +3.813
25 40   Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 1:24.793 1:25.246 +3.820
26 31   Roberto Moreno Coloni-Ford 47:24.470 1:25.037 +4.064
27 12   Satoru Nakajima Lotus-Judd 1:25.051 1:26.358 +4.078
28 29   Yannick Dalmas Lola-Lamborghini 1:25.317 1:25.161 +4.188
29 20   Johnny Herbert Benetton-Ford 1:25.335 1:25.282 +4.309
30 26   Olivier Grouillard Ligier-Ford 1:25.382 1:25.289 +4.316

RaceEdit

Race reportEdit

The weather on Sunday morning was very poor, with heavy rain. The first start was aborted after Berger stalled his engine on the grid, meaning the intended 70 laps race distance was reduced to 69. The rain began to recede, and Mansell, Nannini and Sala elected to pit for slick tyres at the end of the second formation lap, and start from the pit lane.[3] However, with apparently no guidance from pit lane marshals or lights, Mansell and Nannini changed their tyres and left the pit lane to rejoin the circuit 17 seconds before the starting procedure had been completed and the green lights were shown to the rest of the field.[2] The two cars circulated ahead of the pack for a few laps until they were caught by the leaders and then black-flagged and disqualified.

At the start the rest of the field got away cleanly, except for Modena and Martini, who collided and both retired. Alboreto pitted his Tyrrell to retire with electrical problems. Prost led from Senna, Patrese, Berger, Boutsen, de Cesaris and Alliot, who had made a strong start. At the end of the lap Prost and Caffi pitted for slick tyres. On the following lap Prost entered the pits again, and retired there with front suspension failure. This left Senna leading as Boutsen passed Berger for third, and the order changed several times over the next few laps as drivers pitted for dry tyres, although the rain soon returned. Cheever retired from eighth position with an electrical fault. Senna was one of those to pit on lap four, and dropped to fifth, leaving Patrese in the lead from Boutsen, Berger and Alliot. Berger repassed Boutsen for second place, but immediately retired with a broken alternator belt. Designer John Barnard later said, "It isn't the actual gearbox that gives trouble. It's the electrical ancillaries which keep packing up."[2] Further back, Tarquini spun out of the race, having just passed Arnoux for eighth place.

Senna passed Alliot for third, behind the two Williams cars of Patrese and Boutsen. This order continued until lap 11, with Warwick fifth, ahead of Larini, Arnoux, Danner, Capelli and Sala. Next were the two Dallaras of Caffi and de Cesaris, followed by Palmer, Piquet and Gugelmin. The last two runners, Moreno and Johansson, had already been lapped.

On lap 11, Boutsen and Capelli pitted, and on the next lap Gugelmin dropped out with electrical problems, while Sala crashed his Minardi into the barriers having inherited eighth place. At the back, Johansson pitted his Onyx for a second time, but emerged dragging a tyre gun, air line and part of the metal pit gantry on to the track. He was shown the black flag, but later claimed not to have seen it, and was disqualified for ignoring it.[2][3]

On lap 14, Warwick passed Alliot to move into fourth place, while both Dallaras passed Danner, who dropped to ninth. On lap 15, Larini also passed Alliot, while the Dallaras both passed Arnoux. Boutsen passed Danner and then Arnoux, moving up to eighth. On lap 17, Alliot pitted from fifth, while the Dallaras passed Larini's Osella. Piquet overtook Palmer for 11th. The order at the end of lap 18 was Patrese, Senna, Warwick, Caffi, de Cesaris, Larini, Boutsen, Arnoux, Danner, Piquet, Palmer and Alliot, with Capelli and Moreno a lap adrift.

Boutsen pitted his Williams again, finding that slick tyres were not the correct choice. Senna was also still on slick tyres at this stage of the race, and was struggling for traction on the wet parts of the circuit. On lap 21 he pitted for wet tyres and dropped to sixth. De Cesaris and Larini passed Caffi, and further back, Alliot started moving back through the field, passing Palmer and Piquet. On lap 22, Larini passed de Cesaris, taking the Osella into third place. Both Dallaras then pitted, allowing Senna back up to fourth place.

Alliot passed Danner and was up to sixth place in the Lola when he spun out of the race on lap 27. Two laps later, Capelli spun out of 12th place. Boutsen moved up a couple of places to fifth, passing Danner and Arnoux again, while Senna finally caught and passed Larini for third. Palmer overtook Danner for eighth place. On lap 34, Larini's Osella failed with electrical problems with the Italian still running strongly in fourth place. Patrese had been on wet tyres since the start, and he finally pitted to change them on lap 35, leaving Warwick, also still on wets, to take the lead of the race in the Arrows. Palmer then crashed out from seventh place in the sole remaining Tyrrell, having secured what would be the fastest lap of the race.[2] It proved to be the only fastest lap of Palmer's career.

Senna caught Warwick after the British driver had led for four laps, and passed him on lap 39. Warwick dropped out of the race from second place on the following lap, with engine failure. Piquet passed Arnoux to move up to fifth place. There followed a period of relative stability, with only nine cars left circulating, with 28 laps remaining. Senna led from Patrese and Boutsen, with de Cesaris fourth, ahead of Piquet, Arnoux, Danner, Caffi and Moreno. Danner and Caffi both spun several times and had been lapped more than once, as had Moreno, who lost a front wheel and drove back to the pits on three wheels for a replacement. Caffi passed Danner for seventh on lap 50, and Moreno finally dropped out with differential failure after completing 57 laps.

On lap 63, Patrese and Boutsen came up behind Piquet, who was lapping Danner's Rial. Boutsen took his chance and overtook his team-mate for second place before they lapped Danner. Patrese had been losing downforce and grip due to a loose diffuser on the rear of his car.[3] By this time, only Senna and the two Williams cars were on the lead lap. Then on lap 67, with Senna comfortably ahead, the V10 Honda engine in his McLaren failed, and he pulled on to the infield just after the start-finish line to retire.

Boutsen inherited the lead, and led the last three laps to beat his team-mate Patrese by just over thirty seconds. De Cesaris and Piquet, having unlapped themselves with Senna's retirement, finished third and fourth. Arnoux was fifth in the Ligier, with Caffi a further lap down in sixth, both Dallaras finishing in the points. Senna was classified seventh ahead of Danner eighth, the last surviving runner, three laps adrift. Boutsen later said, "I couldn't believe my eyes when I saw the 'P1' sign, and I drove very carefully for the rest of the race."[2]

It was Boutsen's first Grand Prix victory, and Patrese's third successive second-place finish. It was Dallara's first podium finish, and the only time both their cars finished in the points. It proved to be the last podium finish for de Cesaris, and the last points finish for Arnoux. It also proved to be Christian Danner's last race in Formula One, as he failed to qualify for any further Grands Prix before Rial left the sport at the end of the season.

Race classificationEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 5   Thierry Boutsen Williams-Renault 69 2:01:24.073 6 9
2 6   Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 69 + 30.007 3 6
3 22   Andrea de Cesaris Dallara-Ford 69 + 1:36.649 9 4
4 11   Nelson Piquet Lotus-Judd 69 + 1:41.484 19 3
5 25   René Arnoux Ligier-Ford 68 + 1 lap 22 2
6 21   Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 67 + 2 laps 8 1
7 1   Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 66 Engine 2  
8 38   Christian Danner Rial-Ford 66 + 3 laps 23  
Ret 31   Roberto Moreno Coloni-Ford 57 Differential 26  
Ret 9   Derek Warwick Arrows-Ford 40 Engine 12  
Ret 3   Jonathan Palmer Tyrrell-Ford 35 Spun off 14  
Ret 17   Nicola Larini Osella-Ford 33 Electrical 15  
Ret 16   Ivan Capelli March-Judd 28 Spun off 21  
Ret 30   Philippe Alliot Lola-Lamborghini 26 Spun off 10  
DSQ 36   Stefan Johansson Onyx-Ford 13 Ignored black flag 18  
Ret 24   Luis Pérez-Sala Minardi-Ford 11 Accident 24  
Ret 15   Maurício Gugelmin March-Judd 11 Electrical 17  
Ret 28   Gerhard Berger Ferrari 6 Alternator belt 4  
Ret 40   Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 6 Spun off 25  
Ret 10   Eddie Cheever Arrows-Ford 3 Electrics 16  
Ret 2   Alain Prost McLaren-Honda 2 Suspension 1  
DSQ 27   Nigel Mansell Ferrari 0 Started race before grid formation 5  
Ret 8   Stefano Modena Brabham-Judd 0 Accident 7  
Ret 23   Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 0 Accident 11  
DSQ 19   Alessandro Nannini Benetton-Ford 0 Started race before grid formation 13  
Ret 4   Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford 0 Electrical 20  
DNQ 12   Satoru Nakajima Lotus-Judd        
DNQ 29   Yannick Dalmas Lola-Lamborghini        
DNQ 20   Johnny Herbert Benetton-Ford        
DNQ 26   Olivier Grouillard Ligier-Ford        
DNPQ 7   Martin Brundle Brabham-Judd        
DNPQ 37   Bertrand Gachot Onyx-Ford        
DNPQ 33   Gregor Foitek EuroBrun-Judd        
DNPQ 18   Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Ford        
DNPQ 34   Bernd Schneider Zakspeed-Yamaha        
DNPQ 41   Joachim Winkelhock AGS-Ford        
DNPQ 39   Volker Weidler Rial-Ford        
DNPQ 35   Aguri Suzuki Zakspeed-Yamaha        
DNPQ 32   Pierre-Henri Raphanel Coloni-Ford        
Source:[4][5]

Lap leadersEdit

Championship standings after the raceEdit

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Weather information for the "1989 Canadian Grand Prix"". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Walker, Murray (1989). Murray Walker's Grand Prix Year. First Formula Publishing. p. 53–60. ISBN 1 870066 22 7.
  3. ^ a b c "1989 Canadian Grand Prix". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  4. ^ "1989 Canadian Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Canada 1989 - Result". statsf1.com. Retrieved 2020-05-28.
  6. ^ a b "Canada 1989 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 14 March 2019.


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1989 United States Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1989 season
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1989 French Grand Prix
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1988 Canadian Grand Prix
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1990 Canadian Grand Prix