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1988 Tooheys 1000
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The 1988 Tooheys 1000 was a 1000 km endurance motor race for Group A Touring Cars.[1] It was held on 2 October 1988 at the Mount Panorama Circuit just outside Bathurst in New South Wales, Australia. The race was the opening round of the 1988 Asia-Pacific Touring Car Championship [2] and was the 29th running of the Bathurst 1000.[3]

The race winning Longhurst/Mezera Ford Sierra RS500

The 1988 edition was the only race in the history of the Bathurst 1000 to have commenced with a rolling start.

Contents

ControversyEdit

On the Friday afternoon immediately at the close of final qualifying, Holden Special Vehicles driver Tom Walkinshaw lodged a formal protest against the leading Australian Ford Sierras, targeting all three Dick Johnson Racing (DJR) cars, along with the Tony Longhurst and Colin Bond entries. No European-built Fords (or those with some European build/driver connection) were protested, Walkinshaw claiming it was only the Australian cars as they were the fastest, despite the presence of the Eggenberger Motorsport built Allan Moffat ANZ Sierra as fourth fastest qualifier (faster than Bond and the third DJR entry). Also left alone in the protest was the Sierra of team mates Andrew Miedecke (fifth in a car with a technical link to Andy Rouse, while Miedecke's co-driver at Bathurst was Steve Soper) and Andrew Bagnall (seventh set by co-driver Pierre Dieudonné), and the Team CMS Sweden Sierra (tenth).

The feeling among the protested Australian Sierra teams was that the protest was designed to severely disrupt their race preparations, with only Longhurst's team able to get their Sierra somewhere near its pre-protest speed. All three teams had to pull their cars' engines and suspension apart after Friday's qualifying for the scrutineers before having to put them back together again before Saturday's Tooheys Top Ten. This was particularly disruptive for Dick Johnson's team as they had all three of their cars protested, despite the #18 car only qualifying 12th compared to Johnson's pole and John Bowe in second. The protest prompted DJR team owner Johnson to say at a press conference that Walkinshaw would "Protest against the cut in his bagpipes if he could" and that "All he wants to do is win and he doesn't care how he does it".

The Walkinshaw protest was countered by DJR team manager Neal Lowe who protested the three HSV team Holden Commodores, calling on his knowledge of the Commodore from his time with the old Holden Dealer Team in 1986. The counter-protest by DJR focused on the front air dam, steering rack and the size of the rear spoiler on only the factory backed Commodores.

On race day, Walkinshaw advised the Australian Racing Drivers Club (ARDC) and FISA officials that should one of the protested cars win the race, his protest against that car was to be immediately withdrawn. His reasons given for this was so that the winner would be known on the day rather than months later, as had been the case with the 1987 race.

Ultimately the Walkinshaw protests were found to be invalid and was dismissed. The HSV team cars had been entered by Perkins Engineering and not by TWR, therefore the Scot had no authority to lodge a protest and the stewards of the meeting erred in allowing it to proceed, though all of the Sierras were eventually cleared by FISA. However, the damage was done to the leading Australian Fords and it was only race winners Tony Longhurst Racing who managed to get their car back up to speed after being dismantled by scrutineers on the Friday before the Top Ten run off.

In an ironic twist, the DJR protest against two of the three HSV team cars (only the Perkins built cars and not the TWR British built Walkinshaw/Jeff Allam car) was successful with the modifications made to the cars steering racks found to be illegal. Ultimately the Australian Racing Drivers Club saw no need to change the results to show the cars as disqualified as the spare HSV Car (#40) was only driven in Wednesday's practice session, while the Larry Perkins/Denny Hulme/Walkinshaw #10 car, as well as the #20 Walkinshaw/Allam car both failed to finish. The fact that the Perkins built cars were disqualified and the Sierras were cleared raised some eyebrows as during the 1988 Australian Touring Car Championship Larry Perkins had been vocal that the Sierras were running illegally and was pushing for CAMS to enforce the rules.

Race SummaryEdit

The 1988 race, under the first time sponsorship of Tooheys Brewery, was won by Tony Longhurst and Tomas Mezera driving a Ford Sierra RS500. It was the first victory in the "Bathurst 1000" for a turbocharged vehicle, and the first victory by a four-cylinder car since Bob Holden and Rauno Aaltonen won in a Morris Cooper S in 1966. It was also the only time in the race's history that there was a rolling start, as dictated by FISA regulations, rather than the traditional standing start. The Ford Sierras dominated the race as expected, but reliability had plagued the Fords. Several that had led the race retired, however sufficient examples finished to fill the three podium positions. Second was the last survivor of the three-car Dick Johnson Racing team, driven by former factory Toyota racer John Smith and DJR lead drivers Dick Johnson and John Bowe whose own hastily re-built cars had both failed early. Alfredo Costanzo qualified in the #18 DJR Sierra but did not get to race, as Johnson and Bowe took over that car. Third was the Caltex-sponsored Sierra of Colin Bond and 1980 Formula One World Champion Alan Jones. The Caltex Sierra had to survive the Walkinshaw protest and post race disqualification (later overruled) to be finally classified third in December 1988. Indeed, it was Bond who successfully argued that Walkinshaw had no authority to lodge the original protest. Unfortunately for Bond, as a result of the protest his car had lost what the team considered to be their best turbocharger and they were forced to use their spare engine for the race which was reported to be some 50 bhp (37 kW; 51 PS) down on their main rivals putting their race speed at around the same level as the leading Commodore's which was around 3-4 seconds per lap slower than they had been expecting.

Defending race winners Peter Brock, David Parsons and Peter McLeod all failed to finish the race. Brock and Parsons, driving BMW M3s for Brock's Mobil 1 Racing, were both out with engine trouble just after halfway through the race. It had been hoped by the team that the reliability shown by the BMW's in the European Touring Car Championship against the much faster, but still relatively fragile Ford Sierras would see them leading late in the race. Ironically the reverse was true and it was the factory backed BMW's which proved fragile. McLeod, driving one of the new Holden Commodores (built by Brock) with Melbourne solicitor Jim Keogh, was out with engine failure on lap 7. It was the team's second engine failure of the day having lost their race engine in the Sunday morning warmup session forcing the team into a rapid engine change that saw them start the race from pit lane. It was a cruel blow for the McLeod team after both McLeod and Keogh had crashed during practice and qualifying, but work on the car and a Saturday night change of setup had seen McLeod lap over one second faster in the race morning warmup than either driver had managed in qualifying.

Class 2 was won by the BMW M3 of New Zealand's Trevor Crowe and "Captain" Peter Janson who finished a strong fourth outright. Class 3, for cars up to 1600cc, was predictably won by the Toyota Team Australia Corolla GT of John Faulkner and Drew Price who finished ninth outright after an all-day sprint. This marked the first time that a small capacity class car had finished in the top ten at Bathurst since 1978.

The race saw the 18th and last start for 1983 James Hardie 1000 winner John Harvey. He drove a Holden Commodore with fellow Sydney veteran and 1974 race winner Kevin Bartlett to finish in 14th place.

Class structureEdit

Cars competed in three engine capacity classes.[4]

Class 1Edit

 
Taylor/Kennedy Mitsubishi Starion

For cars of over 2500cc engine capacity,[4] it featured the turbocharged Ford Sierras, Nissan Skylines and Mitsubishi Starions, the V8 Holden Commodores and a BMW 635 CSi.

Class 2Edit

For cars of 1601-2500cc engine capacity,[4] it was composed of BMW M3s and a Mercedes-Benz 190E.

Class 3Edit

For cars of up to 1600cc engine capacity,[4] it was composed exclusively of various models of Toyota Corolla.

Tooheys DozenEdit

Due to FISA regulations the Top 10 run-off was not for Pole Position in 1988, but only for AUD$40,000 in prizemoney. This was the only time since the run off began as Hardies Heroes in 1978 that the top 10 grid positions had not been decided in the run off. As a result, the Australian Racing Drivers Club invited non-top 10 qualifiers and former race winners Allan Grice (Holden Commodore - 11th) and Peter Brock (BMW M3 - 16th) to participate.

After 10 years of being known as "Hardies Heroes", the name of the runoff was changed to the "Tooheys Top 10" (dozen for 1988) to go along with new race sponsor Tooheys Brewery.

Pos No Team Driver Car TD Qual
1 9 Allan Moffat Enterprises   Klaus Niedzwiedz Ford Sierra RS500 2:18.24 2:18.02
2 25 Benson & Hedges Racing   Tony Longhurst Ford Sierra RS500 2:18.51 2:17.96
3 28 Shell Ultra Hi Racing   John Bowe Ford Sierra RS500 2:18.95 2:17.52
4 17 Shell Ultra Hi Racing   Dick Johnson Ford Sierra RS500 2:19.22 2:16.46
5 6 Miedecke Motorsport   Andrew Miedecke Ford Sierra RS500 2:19.60 2:18.78
6 4 Caltex CXT Racing Team   Colin Bond Ford Sierra RS500 2:20.33 2:19.84
7 8 Andrew Bagnall   Pierre Dieudonné Ford Sierra RS500 2:20.71 2:20.34
8 21 Team CMS Sweden   Ulf Granberg Ford Sierra RS500 2:21.82 2:22.20
9 10 Holden Special Vehicles   Larry Perkins Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 2:22.47 2:21.00
10 15 Peter Jackson Nissan Racing   George Fury Nissan Skyline HR31 GTS-R 2:22.72 2:21.92*
11 2 ICL Racing   Allan Grice Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 2:22.87 2:22.32
12 56 Mobil 1 Racing   Peter Brock BMW M3 2:25.11 2:23.76

* 9th fastest qualifier George Fury used the #15 Nissan Skyline as co-driver Mark Skaife had crashed the #30 car in practice and it was still being repaired at the time of the Top 10. This was only allowed as the Top 10 didn't count for grid positions.
* Fury and former Volvo factory driver, Swedish train driver Ulf Granberg were the only drivers to actually go faster than their qualifying times.
* Jim Richards set the qualifying time of 2:23.76 in the #56 Mobil 1 Racing BMW M3, but Peter Brock drove the car in the runoff. Predictably in the underpowered, naturally aspirated 4 cyl BMW, Brock was the slowest in the runoff with a time over 2.2 seconds slower than 11th placed Allan Grice.
* Klaus Niedzwiedz became the second West German driver in succession to win the runoff after his Eggenberger team mate Klaus Ludwig had won in 1987. Driving Allan Moffat's Eggenberger built Ford Sierra RS500, Niedzwiedz's time of 2:18.24 was 1.28 seconds slower than Ludwig's 1987 time, but it was 2.72 seconds faster than he had gone in the 1987 runoff.
* As the shootout was not for grid positions, Tom Walkinshaw withdrew the #10 HSV Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV of Larry Perkins (who was suffering from the flu). Its place was to be taken by the Mitsubishi Starion Turbo of 1986 pole winner Gary Scott. However, a determined Perkins was re-included and the Starion was removed from the list at the last minute.
* Allan Grice had an unconventional start to his shootout lap, using the escape road at Murrays Corner to gain more speed along pit straight. It didn't work as his Les Small prepared Commodore finished 11th, 4/10ths slower than Perkins.

Official resultsEdit

Pos Class [4] No Team Drivers Car Laps Qual
Pos
1 1 25 Benson & Hedges Racing   Tony Longhurst
  Tomas Mezera
Ford Sierra RS500 161 3
2 1 18 Shell Ultra Hi Racing   John Smith
  Dick Johnson
  John Bowe
  Alfredo Costanzo
Ford Sierra RS500 160 12
3 1 4 Caltex CXT Racing Team   Colin Bond
  Alan Jones
Ford Sierra RS500 158 6
4 2 53 John Sax   Trevor Crowe
  Peter Janson
BMW M3 156 36
5 1 44 Caltex CXT Racing Team   Bruce Stewart
  John Giddings
Ford Sierra RS500 155 28
6 1 37 Brian Callaghan   Brian Callaghan
  Barry Graham
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 152 20
7 1 46 Sunliner Campmobiles   Tony Hunter
  Steve Harrington
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A 151 33
8 1 24 Jagparts   Gerald Kay
  Geoff Munday
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A 150 38
9 3 71 Toyota Team Australia   John Faulkner
  Drew Price
Toyota Corolla GT 146 41
10 1 31 Ralliart Australia   Terry Shiel
  Brad Jones
  Mike Preston
Mitsubishi Starion Turbo 145 27
11 3 73 Toyota Team Australia   Brett Riley
  Peter McKay
Toyota Corolla FX-GT AE82 145 42
12 3 74 Bryan Bate   Andrew Maher
  Bryan Bate
  Dave Barrow
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 145 42
13 1 23 Chris Lambden   Chris Lambden
  Kerry Baily
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 141 35
14 1 12 Bob Forbes Racing   Kevin Bartlett
  John Harvey
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 140 22
15 1 2 ICL Racing   Allan Grice
  Win Percy
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 139 11
16 3 72 Toyota Team Australia   Mike Freeman
  Mike Oliver
Toyota Corolla FX-GT AE82 133 44
17 3 78 Bob Holden Motors   Bob Holden
  Jim Faneco
  Damon Beck
Toyota Corolla FX-GT AE82 128 45
18 1 49 Alcair Air Conditioning   Bob Tindal
  Wayne Park
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A 127 32
19 2 55 Bryce Racing   Paul Radisich
  Ludwig Finauer
BMW M3 113 19
DNF 1 22 Lusty Engineering   Graham Lusty
  John Lusty
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 141 34
DNF 1 10 Holden Special Vehicles   Larry Perkins
  Denny Hulme
  Tom Walkinshaw
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 137 8
DNF 1 39 Lansvale Smash Repairs   Steve Reed
  Trevor Ashby
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 135 26
DNF 1 9 Allan Moffat Enterprises   Allan Moffat
  Klaus Niedzwiedz
  Gregg Hansford
Ford Sierra RS500 129 4
DNF 1 41 Mulvihill Motorsport   Tony Mulvihill
  Geoff Leeds
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 118 31
DNF 3 75 Belgrave 2-Way Radio Services   David Ratcliff
  Mike Mortimer
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 118 48
DNF 1 45 Mark Petch Motorsport/
Wolf Racing Australasia
  Robbie Francevic
  Armin Hahne
Ford Sierra RS500 103 14
DNF 1 6 Miedecke Motorsport   Andrew Miedecke
  Steve Soper
Ford Sierra RS500 102 5
DNF 1 50 Leeson Civil Engineering   Garry Willmington
  John Leeson
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 101 30
DNF 2 54 John Sax   John Sax
  John Sorenson
  Kayne Scott
BMW M3 100 40
DNF 2 56 Mobil 1 Racing   Peter Brock
  Neil Crompton
  Jim Richards
BMW M3 89 16
DNF 3 76 Bob Holden Motors   Dennis Rogers
  Garry Jones
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 89 47
DNF 1 16 Ralliart Australia   Gary Scott
  Akihiko Nakaya
Mitsubishi Starion Turbo 88 15
DNF 3 77 Marc Ducquet   Marc Ducquet
  Brian Selby
Toyota Corolla GT AE86 85 46
DNF 1 19 Mathews/Finnigan Racing   Terry Finnigan
  Ken Mathews
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 84 23
DNF 1 26 Formula 1 Investments   Graham Moore
  Tony Noske
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 79 21
DNF 2 57 Mobil 1 Racing   David Parsons
  Jim Richards
  Neil Crompton
BMW M3 68 24
DNF 1 36 Everlast Battery Service   Bill O'Brien
  Ray Lintott
  Brian Sampson
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 66 25
DNF 1 33 Garry Rogers Motorsport   Garry Rogers
  John Andretti
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 37 18
DNF 2 51 Phil Ward Racing   Phil Ward
  David Clement
Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.3-16 27 39
DNF 1 28 Shell Ultra Hi Racing   John Bowe
  Robb Gravett
  Neville Crichton
Ford Sierra RS500 26 2
DNF 1 17 Shell Ultra Hi Racing   Dick Johnson
  John Bowe
Ford Sierra RS500 22 1
DNF 1 14 Netcomm Australia   Murray Carter
  Steve Masterton
Ford Sierra RS500 22 37
DNF 1 30 Peter Jackson Nissan Racing   George Fury
  Mark Skaife
Nissan Skyline HR31 GTS-R 17 9
DNF 1 8 Andrew Bagnall   Andrew Bagnall
  Pierre Dieudonné
Ford Sierra RS500 9 7
DNF 1 3 Yellow Pages   Peter McLeod
  Jim Keogh
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 7 29
DNF 1 21 Team CMS Sweden   Ulf Granberg
  Christer Simonssen
  Ian Tulloch
Ford Sierra RS500 6 10
DNF 1 20 Holden Special Vehicles   Tom Walkinshaw
  Jeff Allam
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV 5 13
DNF 1 15 Peter Jackson Nissan Racing   Glenn Seton
  Anders Olofsson
Nissan Skyline HR31 GTS-R 0 17
DNQ 1 11 Ray Gulson   Ray Gulson
  Graham Gulson
BMW 635 CSi
DNQ 1 47 Craig Kinmoth   Alf Grant
  Craig Kinmoth
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A
DNQ 1 38 Grellis Marketing   Ray Ellis
  Bruce Williams
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A
DNQ 1 48 Tony Kavich   Tony Kavich
  Ken Davison
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A
DNQ 1 29 The Xerox Shop   Alan Taylor
  Kevin Kennedy
Mitsubishi Starion Turbo
DNQ [5] 1 42 [6] Steve Williams [6]   Steve Williams [5]
  Chris Clearihan [5]
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A [6]
DNS 1 40 Holden Special Vehicles   Tom Walkinshaw
  Larry Perkins
Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV

Italics indicate driver practiced in the car but did not race.

StatisticsEdit

  • Pole Position – #17 Dick Johnson – 2:16.46
  • Fastest Lap – #25 Tony Longhurst – 2:19.06 - Lap 4 (new lap record)
  • Race time of winning car- 7:02:10.28
  • Average Speed – 142.16  km/h [1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Tooheys 1000 Bathurst 1988, touringcarracing.net Retrieved on 29 January 2013
  2. ^ FIA Asia-Pacific Touring Car Championship – 1988 Index, touringcarracing.net Retrieved on 29 January 2013
  3. ^ Records, Titles and Awards, 1989 CAMS Manual of Motor Sport, page 55
  4. ^ a b c d e Entry List, Official Programme, Tooheys 1000, 2 October 1988
  5. ^ a b c Bill Tuckey, The Great Race 8, page 169
  6. ^ a b c Bill Tuckey, The Great Race 8, page 78

External linksEdit