1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

The 1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was part of the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season has no official bounds but cyclones tend to form between April and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean—the Bay of Bengal to the east of the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Sea to the west of India. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) releases unofficial advisories. An average of five tropical cyclones form in the North Indian Ocean every season with peaks in May and November.[1] Cyclones occurring between the meridians 45°E and 100°E are included in the season by the IMD.[2]

1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJune 2, 1988
Last system dissipatedDecember 8, 1988
Strongest storm
 • Maximum winds205 km/h (125 mph)
(3-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure955 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Deep depressions5
Cyclonic storms3
Severe cyclonic storms3
Very severe cyclonic storms2
Extremely severe cyclonic storms2
Super cyclonic storms0
Total fatalities6,740
Total damage$13 million (1988 USD)
Related articles
North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons
1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990


Deep Depression One (1A)Edit

Deep depression (IMD)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationJune 8 – June 12
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (3-min) 996 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression that formed on June 8 off the western coast of India tracked westward, becoming a tropical storm on the 9th. It looped to the north, where upper-level winds ripped it apart on the 12th.

Severe Cyclonic Storm Two (02B)Edit

Severe cyclonic storm (IMD)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 17 – October 19
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (3-min) 997 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance in the eastern Bay of Bengal developed into a tropical depression on October 17. It moved northwestward, briefly becoming a tropical storm before upper-level winds weakened it. The storm hit Bangladesh as a tropical depression on the 19th, but still managed to cause strong storm surge and flooding amounting to 1500 casualties.

Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Three (03B)Edit

Extremely severe cyclonic storm (IMD)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 14 – November 18
Peak intensity205 km/h (125 mph) (3-min) 984 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Three, which formed in the southern Bay of Bengal on November 14, tracked northward to reach a peak of 65 mph winds before hitting Myanmar on the 18th. The storm rapidly dissipated over land.

Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Four (04B)Edit

Extremely severe cyclonic storm (IMD)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 21 – November 30
Peak intensity215 km/h (130 mph) (3-min) 

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression just west of the Malay Peninsula on November 21. Its large circulation caused mudslides and flooding over western Indonesia before consolidating into a tropical storm on the 24th over the central Bay of Bengal. The storm turned northward, where conditions allowed for continued development. The storm became a cyclone on the 26th, and it continued to strengthen as it moved northward. Cyclone Four reached a peak of 130 mph just before hitting the Sundarbans part of Bangladesh. Heavy storm surge and torrential flooding killed 2000 people (with 6000 missing), and left millions homeless.

Deep Depression Five (05B)Edit

Deep depression (IMD)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationDecember 6 – December 8
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (3-min) 991 hPa (mbar)

From December 6 through the 8th, a tropical storm meandered through the central Bay of Bengal, remaining at sea through its lifetime.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: What is the annual frequency of Cyclones over the Indian Seas? What is its intra-annual variation?". India Meteorological Department. 2012. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  2. ^ "Bulletins Issued by Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) – Tropical Cyclones, New Delhi" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. May 25, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-12. Retrieved July 16, 2012.

External linksEdit