Eurovision Song Contest 1987

The Eurovision Song Contest 1987 was the 32nd edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Brussels, Belgium, following the country's victory at the 1986 contest with the song "J'aime la vie" by Sandra Kim. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radio-télévision belge de la Communauté française (RTBF), the contest was held at the Centenary Palace on 9 May 1987 (also Europe Day) and hosted by French-Belgian singer Viktor Lazlo.

Eurovision Song Contest 1987
Dates
Final9 May 1987
Host
VenueCentenary Palace
Brussels, Belgium
Presenter(s)Viktor Lazlo
Musical directorJo Carlier
Directed byJacques Bourton
Executive supervisorFrank Naef
Executive producerMichel Gehu
Host broadcasterRadio-télévision belge de la Communauté française (RTBF)
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/brussels-1987 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries22
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries
  • A coloured map of the countries of EuropeBelgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Monaco in the Eurovision Song ContestLuxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Malta in the Eurovision Song ContestAustria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Morocco in the Eurovision Song ContestCyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987Iceland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987
         Competing countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1987
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 1-12 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Winning song Ireland
"Hold Me Now"
1986 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1988

Twenty-two countries took part in the contest with Greece and Italy returning to the competition after their absences the previous year. This set the record for the highest number of competing countries up until that point.

The winner was Ireland with the song "Hold Me Now" by Johnny Logan, who had also won the 1980 contest. He was the first performer to have won the Eurovision Song Contest twice.

Location edit

 
The Centenary Palace of the Brussels Exhibition Centre, host venue of the 1987 contest

The contest took place at the Brussels Exhibition Centre (Brussels Expo) in Brussels, Belgium. These are a set of exhibition halls built from 1930 on the Heysel/Heizel Plateau (Heysel Park) in Laeken (northern part of the City of Brussels) to celebrate the centenary of Belgian Independence. The Centenary Palace (French: Palais du Centenaire, Dutch: Eeuwfeestpaleis), where the main stage was located, is one of the remaining buildings of the Brussels International Exposition of 1935. Currently, it is still being used for trade fairs, as well as concerts, usually for bigger acts and artists.

Host city selection process edit

Locations of the considered venues: the chosen venue is marked in blue, while the eliminated locations are marked in red.

During the selection process of the host city and venue, a joint committee was created and had members from both broadcasting companies. The committee decided that a potential place for the contest was the Royal Theatre of Antwerp, as both locations proposed by RTBF (the Palais du Centenaire in Brussels and the Patinoire de Coronmeuse [fr] in Liege) would have required heavy renovation work to meet the proposed date for the contest. Nevertheless, RTBF demanded the event to be held in Brussels with the argument that the city symbolized more than Belgium itself, in addition to its federal functions as the capital of the country (with almost all governing bodies of the European Union also located there). On 6 October 1986, seven months ahead of the contest, RTBF surprisingly and one-sidedly announced that the Palais du Centenaire was chosen as the host venue for the Eurovision Song Contest 1987. The Flemish newspaper Het Laatste Nieuws, published that BRT proposed instead to host the contest at the Cirque Royal, near the Royal Palace of Brussels, adding that RTBF would be solely in charge of organizing the contest if BRT's counteroffer was not chosen. However, RTBF moved forward with its plans and confirmed that the Palais du Centenaire was the official contest's host venue.[1] BRT was offended by the choice of Brussels as the host city, and withdrew from the organization, but kept the duties to choose the host's country contestant.

Participating countries edit

Eurovision Song Contest 1987 – Participation summaries by country

The 1987 Eurovision was the biggest contest to date, and it was also the first in which 22 countries competed. Only Malta, Monaco and Morocco failed to compete out of all the countries which had entered the contest in the past. The large number of participating countries caused some problems for the EBU, which ranged from the available dates for the rehearsals to the readjustment of the duration of the televised finale. Due to this situation, after the contest, the EBU set the limit of participating countries to 22. This was a problematic question over the next five years as new and returning nations indicated an interest in participating, but they could not be accommodated.[2]

Participants of the Eurovision Song Contest 1987[3][4][5][6]
Country Broadcaster Artist Song Language Songwriter(s) Conductor
  Austria ORF Gary Lux "Nur noch Gefühl" German
  • Stefanie Werger
  • Kenneth Westmore
Richard Oesterreicher
  Belgium BRT Liliane Saint-Pierre "Soldiers of Love" Dutch
Freddy Sunder
  Cyprus CyBC Alexia "Aspro mavro" (Άσπρο μαύρο) Greek
  • Andreas Papapavlou
  • Maria Papapavlou
Jo Carlier
  Denmark DR Bandjo with Anne-Cathrine Herdorf "En lille melodi" Danish
  • Helge Engelbrecht
  • Jacob Jonia
Henrik Krogsgaard
  Finland YLE Vicky Rosti "Sata salamaa" Finnish
  • Petri Laaksonen
  • Veli-Pekka Lehto
Ossi Runne
  France Antenne 2 Christine Minier "Les mots d'amour n'ont pas de dimanche" French
  • Gérard Curci
  • Marc Minier
Jean-Claude Petit
  Germany BR[a] Wind "Laß die Sonne in dein Herz" German Laszlo Bencker
  Greece ERT Bang "Stop" (Στοπ) Greek
Giorgos Niarchos
  Iceland RÚV Halla Margrét "Hægt og hljótt" Icelandic Valgeir Guðjónsson Hjálmar H. Ragnarsson
  Ireland RTÉ Johnny Logan "Hold Me Now" English Séan Sherrard Noel Kelehan
  Israel IBA Datner and Kushnir "Shir Habatlanim" (שיר הבטלנים) Hebrew Zohar Laskov Kobi Oshrat
  Italy RAI Umberto Tozzi and Raf "Gente di mare" Italian Gianfranco Lombardi
  Luxembourg CLT Plastic Bertrand "Amour amour" French
Alec Mansion
  Netherlands NOS Marcha "Rechtop in de wind" Dutch Peter Koelewijn Rogier van Otterloo
  Norway NRK Kate Gulbrandsen "Mitt liv" Norwegian Terje Fjærn
  Portugal RTP Nevada "Neste barco à vela" Portuguese
  • Alfredo Azinheira
  • Jorge Mendes
Jaime Oliveira
  Spain TVE Patricia Kraus "No estás solo" Spanish
Eduardo Leiva
  Sweden SVT Lotta Engberg "Boogaloo" Swedish
  • Christer Lundh
  • Mikael Wendt
Curt-Eric Holmquist
   Switzerland SRG SSR Carol Rich "Moitié moitié" French Jean-Jacques Egli No conductor
  Turkey TRT Seyyal Taner and Grup Lokomotif "Şarkım Sevgi Üstüne" Turkish Olcayto Ahmet Tuğsuz Garo Mafyan
  United Kingdom BBC Rikki "Only the Light" English Richard Peebles Ronnie Hazlehurst
  Yugoslavia JRT Novi fosili "Ja sam za ples" (Ја сам за плес) Serbo-Croatian
Nikica Kalogjera

Returning artists edit

Bold indicates a previous winner.

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Gary Lux   Austria 1983 (member of Westend), 1984 (as backing singer for Anita), 1985
Alexia   Cyprus 1981 (member of Island)
Wind   Germany 1985
Johnny Logan   Ireland 1980

Format edit

Host broadcaster rule edit

By 1986, Belgium has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 30 times since making its debut at the first contest in 1956 along 6 other countries. Before Sandra Kim's win, Belgium was the only one of the 7 founding countries to have never won the contest and had only twice finished in the top five (with Tonia's fourth place in 1966 and Jean Vallée's second place in 1978).

Sandra Kim's Eurovision victory in 1986 occurred amidst a complex political situation in Belgium. The country was undergoing massive constitutional reforms in which the Belgian state was transitioning from a centralized to a federal system. This was due to rising tensions between the two major linguistic regions of Belgium, Dutch-speaking Flanders and French-speaking Wallonia. Both regions had had independent broadcasters since 1960 (BRT in Flanders and RTBF in Wallonia) but had still agreed to jointly host the contest in the event of a Belgian victory. While the triumph of "J'aime la vie" in 1986 – an entry sent by French-speaking RTBF – reignited a sense of national union across all Belgian regions, the two regional broadcasters weren't able to overcome their disagreements and joint host the competition.[1] During the production of the event, BRT eventually withdrew from the project and RTBF organised the contest alone as host broadcaster.[8] BRT remained in charge of the selection of the Belgian entry for the contest. As a consequence, the host country images in Eurovision 1987 mostly showed footage of Wallonia.[9]

Budget edit

Holding the contest in Belgium caused several legal changes in the country's system and forced the implementation of most of the modern rules and regulations on the monetization of public television. This led to the authorization of advertising, sponsorships and marketing actions in the two public channels in the country. As a consequence, the RTBF was also allowed to sell sponsorship quotas for the event, setting a new precedent for the Eurovision Song Contest.

For RTBF, this decision was a relief as the event was almost entirely funded with private funds. This opened the doors to the commercial potential of the event itself, starting a period of modernization and increased interest for the event.[10] Apart from the latent tensions, after the end of the contest the then-president of the BRT Cas Goossens praised RTBF for their "perfect organization" while at the same time regretting that the two broadcasters weren't able to collaborate. He added that the cost of hosting Eurovision would have been difficult to justify to the Flemish taxpayers.[1]

Contest overview edit

Results of the Eurovision Song Contest 1987[11]
R/O Country Artist Song Points Place
1   Norway Kate Gulbrandsen "Mitt liv" 65 9
2   Israel Datner and Kushnir "Shir Habatlanim" 73 8
3   Austria Gary Lux "Nur noch Gefühl" 8 20
4   Iceland Halla Margrét "Hægt og hljótt" 28 16
5   Belgium Liliane Saint-Pierre "Soldiers of Love" 56 11
6   Sweden Lotta Engberg "Boogaloo" 50 12
7   Italy Umberto Tozzi and Raf "Gente di mare" 103 3
8   Portugal Nevada "Neste barco à vela" 15 18
9   Spain Patricia Kraus "No estás solo" 10 19
10   Turkey Seyyal Taner and Grup Lokomotif "Şarkım Sevgi Üstüne" 0 22
11   Greece Bang "Stop" 64 10
12   Netherlands Marcha "Rechtop in de wind" 83 5
13   Luxembourg Plastic Bertrand "Amour amour" 4 21
14   United Kingdom Rikki "Only the Light" 47 13
15   France Christine Minier "Les mots d'amour n'ont pas de dimanche" 44 14
16   Germany Wind "Laß die Sonne in dein Herz" 141 2
17   Cyprus Alexia "Aspro mavro" 80 7
18   Finland Vicky Rosti "Sata salamaa" 32 15
19   Denmark Bandjo with Anne-Cathrine Herdorf "En lille melodi" 83 5
20   Ireland Johnny Logan "Hold Me Now" 172 1
21   Yugoslavia Novi fosili "Ja sam za ples" 92 4
22    Switzerland Carol Rich "Moitié moitié" 26 17

Spokespersons edit

Each country nominated a spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country via telephone. Known spokespersons at the 1987 contest are listed below.

Detailed voting results edit

Detailed voting results[16][17]
Total score
Norway
Israel
Austria
Iceland
Belgium
Sweden
Italy
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
Greece
Netherlands
Luxembourg
United Kingdom
France
Germany
Cyprus
Finland
Denmark
Ireland
Yugoslavia
Switzerland
Contestants
Norway 65 4 7 10 7 3 4 4 7 3 5 3 2 6
Israel 73 2 1 5 6 4 10 3 4 10 8 7 5 8
Austria 8 1 7
Iceland 28 4 4 4 6 10
Belgium 56 5 2 3 6 7 4 5 8 4 5 3 4
Sweden 50 12 8 1 3 7 2 3 7 7
Italy 103 3 6 3 5 1 12 12 8 4 1 12 1 4 12 12 7
Portugal 15 8 5 2
Spain 10 10
Turkey 0
Greece 64 1 2 6 8 5 7 5 7 12 6 5
Netherlands 83 5 2 10 5 7 3 8 3 12 2 2 6 8 10
Luxembourg 4 2 2
United Kingdom 47 10 5 3 5 3 3 1 2 1 4 3 2 5
France 44 1 4 5 4 1 12 5 10 2
Germany 141 3 8 10 12 10 7 4 5 1 6 10 6 10 6 6 10 12 7 7 1
Cyprus 80 6 6 2 12 2 6 5 3 6 10 8 10 4
Finland 32 10 3 4 2 1 8 2 1 1
Denmark 83 7 6 7 7 8 2 1 1 8 6 7 8 8 4 3
Ireland 172 8 4 12 12 12 12 8 10 10 12 10 12 1 6 8 12 5 6 12
Yugoslavia 92 12 7 8 10 8 6 6 12 2 2 10 8 1
Switzerland 26 1 2 5 7 3 4 1 3

12 points edit

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
8   Ireland   Austria,   Belgium,   Finland,   Italy,   Netherlands,   Sweden,    Switzerland,   United Kingdom
5   Italy   Germany,   Ireland,   Portugal,   Spain,   Yugoslavia
2   Germany   Denmark,   Iceland
  Yugoslavia   Norway,   Turkey
1   Cyprus   Greece
  France   Luxembourg
  Greece   Cyprus
  Netherlands   France
  Sweden   Israel

Broadcasts edit

Each participating broadcaster was required to relay the contest via its networks. Non-participating EBU member broadcasters were also able to relay the contest as "passive participants". Broadcasters were able to send commentators to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language and to relay information about the artists and songs to their television viewers.[18] Known details on the broadcasts in each country, including the specific broadcasting stations and commentators are shown in the tables below.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster Channel(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Austria ORF FS1 Ernst Grissemann [19][20]
  Belgium BRT TV1 Luc Appermont [21][22][23]
BRT 2
RTBF RTBF1 [21][22]
  Cyprus CyBC RIK [24]
A Programma [25]
  Denmark DR DR TV Jørgen de Mylius [26][27][28]
  Finland YLE TV1, 2-verkko [fi] Erkki Toivanen [29]
  France Antenne 2 Patrick Simpson-Jones [30][31]
  Germany ARD Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen Lotti Ohnesorge [de] and Christoph Deumling [de] [19][22][32]
  Greece ERT ERT1 [33]
  Iceland RÚV Sjónvarpið Kolbrún Halldórsdóttir [34]
  Ireland RTÉ RTÉ 1 Marty Whelan [35][36][37]
RTÉ FM3 Larry Gogan
  Israel IBA Israeli Television [38]
  Italy RAI Rai Due[b] Rosanna Vaudetti [39]
  Luxembourg CLT RTL Télévision [40]
RTL plus Matthias Krings [de] [41]
  Netherlands NOS Nederland 1 Willem van Beusekom [22]
  Norway NRK NRK Fjernsynet, NRK P2 John Andreassen [26][42]
  Portugal RTP RTP1 [43]
  Spain TVE TVE 2 Beatriz Pécker [es] [44]
  Sweden SVT TV1 Fredrik Belfrage [14][29][26]
RR [sv] SR P3 Jacob Dahlin [14][26]
   Switzerland SRG SSR SRG Sportkette [de] Bernard Thurnheer [de] [19][30][45]
SSR Chaîne sportive Serge Moisson [fr]
TSI Canale sportivo
  Turkey TRT TV1 [46]
  United Kingdom BBC BBC1 Terry Wogan [4][47][48]
BBC Radio 2 Ray Moore
  Yugoslavia JRT TV Beograd 1, TV Zagreb 1 Ksenija Urličić [15][39][49][50][51]
TV Koper-Capodistria
TV Ljubljana 1 [sl]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster Channel(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Australia SBS SBS TV[c] Terry Wogan [52]
  Czechoslovakia ČST ČST2[d] [53]
  Estonian SSR ETV[e] [54]
  Hungary MTV MTV2[f] István Vágó [56]
  Poland TP TP1[g] [57]
  Soviet Union CT USSR Programme One[e] [54][55]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ On behalf of the German public broadcasting consortium ARD[7]
  2. ^ Deferred broadcast at 22:45 CEST (20:45 UTC)[39]
  3. ^ Delayed broadcast on 11 May 1987 at 20:30 AEST (10:30 UTC)[52]
  4. ^ Delayed broadcast on 6 June 1987 at 16:55 CEST (15:55 UTC)[53]
  5. ^ a b Delayed broadcast on 4 June 1987 at 23:25 MSD (19:25 UTC)[54][55]
  6. ^ Deferred broadcast on 10 May at 20:00 CEST (18:00 UTC)[56]
  7. ^ Delayed broadcast on 23 May 1987 at 20:00 CEST (18:00 UTC)[57]

References edit

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External links edit