1985 South African Grand Prix
The 1985 South African Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 19 October 1985 at the Kyalami Circuit in South Africa. It was the fifteenth and penultimate round of the 1985 FIA Formula One World Championship, the last World Championship Grand Prix to be held on a Saturday and the last World Championship Grand Prix where laurel wreaths were given to the drivers at the podium.
|1985 South African Grand Prix|
|Race 15 of 16 in the 1985 Formula One World Championship|
|Date||19 October 1985|
Transvaal Province, South Africa
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||4.104 km (2.55 mi)|
|Distance||75 laps, 308.8 km (191.248 mi)|
|Time||1:08.149 on lap 74|
The race was marked with some teams boycotting the event due to apartheid – the segregation of blacks and whites – and was the last South African Formula One race until apartheid ended in 1992. The race was won by Nigel Mansell in a Williams-Honda, who also took pole position.
The event was boycotted by two teams, Ligier and Renault, owing to mounting international pressures against tolerating the country's system of apartheid. French teams Ligier and Renault's boycotts were in lockstep with the French government's boycott and sanctioning of South Africa, apparently doing so under pressure. Most of the Formula One drivers, including Alain Prost, Niki Lauda and Nigel Mansell were personally very much against racing in South Africa, but the drivers held the mentality that because they were contracted to drive at every Grand Prix, they would race at Kyalami. 
Finland and Sweden held similar reservations regarding Finn Keke Rosberg and Swede Stefan Johansson competing. Sweden's National Automobile Federation had announced Johansson could not race in South Africa before the event, but he did race.
The latter held an equity interest in the single car Haas Lola team. While Alan Jones qualified 18th for that team, his car was not on the starting grid. Officially Jones cited illness as to why he did not race, but it was widely rumored at the time that Beatrice ordered the team to boycott. In 2017, Jones described a meeting with Bernie Ecclestone the night before the race, who suggested that Jones feign illness the next morning and not show up. Ecclestone described how Beatrice were under pressure in the US from activists such as Jesse Jackson not to race, under threats including strike action by African Americans working in their businesses. Only Jones and team management Teddy Mayer and Carl Haas were aware of this plan. Jones said "And so, on the Saturday morning I was gone. I just didn’t turn up. They had the car out ready to go, when they were told, “AJ’s been struck down by a virus and we are not racing.”"
It was the final South African Grand Prix until apartheid ended, with FISA president Jean-Marie Balestre announcing days after the race that a Grand Prix would not return to the nation because of apartheid. Even without the political pressures, this might well have been the final Formula One race held at Kyalami in its then form: FISA had long since deemed that circuits where lap times were under 60 seconds were considered too small for Grand Prix racing and with car speeds increasing all the time, it was reasonable to conclude that lap times from 1986 would be under 60 seconds. Kyalami's pole position time had actually fallen by over 10 seconds since the 1981 race, and Mansell's 1985 pole time of 1:02.366 was over two seconds faster than Nelson Piquet's 1984 pole time of 1:04.871.
The South African Grand Prix would only return in 1992, after apartheid ended, in a new configuration of the Kyalami circuit. Mansell would also win the 1992 race driving a Williams, albeit with a naturally-aspirated Renault engine.
Pole position went to Nigel Mansell, averaging 236.898 km/h (147.201 mph).
|6||11||Elio de Angelis||Lotus-Renault||1:04.611||1:04.129||+1.763|
|12||22||Riccardo Patrese||Alfa Romeo||1:06.386||1:04.948||+2.582|
|14||23||Eddie Cheever||Alfa Romeo||1:07.159||1:05.260||+2.894|
|19||29||Pierluigi Martini||Minardi-Motori Moderni||1:10.025||1:08.658||+6.292|
|20||24||Huub Rothengatter||Osella-Alfa Romeo||1:09.904||1:09.873||+7.507|
|2||6||Keke Rosberg||Williams-Honda||75||+ 7.572||3||6|
|3||2||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||74||+ 1 Lap||9||4|
|4||28||Stefan Johansson||Ferrari||74||+ 1 Lap||16||3|
|5||17||Gerhard Berger||Arrows-BMW||74||+ 1 Lap||11||2|
|6||18||Thierry Boutsen||Arrows-BMW||74||+ 1 Lap||10||1|
|7||3||Martin Brundle||Tyrrell-Renault||73||+ 2 Laps||17|
|Ret||11||Elio de Angelis||Lotus-Renault||52||Engine||6|
|Ret||29||Pierluigi Martini||Minardi-Motori Moderni||45||Radiator||20|
|Ret||24||Huub Rothengatter||Osella-Alfa Romeo||1||Electrical||21|
|Ret||22||Riccardo Patrese||Alfa Romeo||0||Collision||12|
|Ret||23||Eddie Cheever||Alfa Romeo||0||Collision||14|
Championship standings after the raceEdit
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings. Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
- Walker, Rob (February 1986). "Tiger, Tiger". Road & Track. New York, United States: Hachette Filipacchi Médias. 37 (6): 122.
- Paskman, Ken (24 October 1985). "Auto Racing". Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Florida, United States: Tribune Company (3 Star Edition): B.2.
- "1985 South African Grand Prix flashback". 5 February 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Martin, Gordon (17 September 1985). "The Apartheid Controversy Reaches Formula 1 Racing". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California, United States: Hearst Communications (Final Edition): 63.
- "Injury shelves Lauda". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: CanWest Global Communications (Final Edition): C.12. 27 September 1985.
- Jones, Clarke. AJ: How Alan Jones Climbed to the Top of Formula One. Penguin Random House Australia.
- "Australian F1 legend Alan Jones reveals untold story about his unusual absence from a grand prix". news.com.au. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
- "Grand Prix Results: South African GP, 1992". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "1985 South African Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 18 February 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "South Africa 1985 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
1985 European Grand Prix
|FIA Formula One World Championship
1985 Australian Grand Prix
1984 South African Grand Prix
|South African Grand Prix||Next race:|
1992 South African Grand Prix