1985 Nigerian coup d'état

The 1985 Nigerian coup d'état was a military coup which took place in Nigeria on 27 August 1985[1][2] when a faction of mid-level Armed Forces officers, led by the Chief of Army Staff Major-General Ibrahim Babangida, overthrew the government of Major General Muhammadu Buhari (who himself took power in the 1983 coup d'état).[3] Buhari was then detained in Benin City until 1988.[4] Babangida justified the coup by saying that Buhari failed to deal with the country's economic problems by implementing Buharism, and promised "to rejuvenate the economy ravaged by decades of government mismanagement and corruption".[5] Babangida then replaced the ruling Supreme Military Council (SMC) with a new Armed Forces Ruling Council (AFRC), which lasted until 1993. The regime survived a coup attempt in 1986 and 1990.

1985 Nigerian coup d'état
DateAugust 27, 1985

Coup succeeds.


Military government

Armed Forces faction

Commanders and leaders
Muhammadu Buhari Ibrahim Babangida


  1. ^ "ARMY OFFICERS SAID TO OVERTHROW NIGERIA'S RULING MILITARY COUNCIL". The New York Times. 28 August 1985. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Coup in Nigeria Ousts Military Ruler; Corruption and Ailing Economy Cited". The Los Angeles Times. 28 August 1985. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  3. ^ Siollun, Max. "Buhari And Idiagbon: A Missed Opportunity For Nigeria". Gamji.com. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  4. ^ Toyin Falola; Matthew M. Heaton (2008). A History of Nigeria. Cambridge University Press. p. 271.
  5. ^ Sanusi Lamido Sanusi (20 February 2003). "Buharism as Fascism: Engaging Balarabe Musa". London. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2013.