1985 European Tour

The 1985 European Tour was the 14th official season of golf tournaments known as the PGA European Tour.

1985 European Tour season
Duration18 April 1985 (1985-04-18) – 2 November 1985 (1985-11-02)
Number of official events26
Most wins4 – Seve Ballesteros
Order of MeritSandy Lyle
Golfer of the YearBernhard Langer
Sir Henry Cotton rookie of the yearPaul Thomas

The Order of Merit was won by Scotland's Sandy Lyle, who won twice during the season including his first major, The Open Championship. Spain's Seve Ballesteros finished third on the money list despite recording four official tournament wins, including the French and Spanish Opens.

Rule changesEdit

In 1985, the European Tour became "All-Exempt", meaning that for the first time tournaments did not have their own pre-qualifying rounds.[1][2] The final two rounds of all major tournaments were played as two-balls, having previously been three-balls.[3]


The table below shows the 1985 European Tour schedule which was made up of 26 tournaments counting for the Order of Merit, and some non-counting "Approved Special Events".[4][5] There were several changes from the previous season, with the GSI L'Equipe Open replacing the Timex Open; the return of the British Masters[6] and the Bob Hope Classic, which was rebranded as the Four Stars National Pro-Celebrity; and the loss of the Tournament Players Championship and the Celtic International.

In addition, the Dunhill Cup, a new team event devised by Mark McCormack and held over the Old Course at St Andrews, was added to the schedule but did not count towards the Order of Merit; with a prize fund of US$1.2 million it was the richest tournament in the world, surpassing the Million Dollar Challenge in South Africa.[7]

Dates Tournament Host country Winner[a] Notes
11–14 Apr Masters Tournament United States   Bernhard Langer (12) Major championship; non-tour event[a]
18–21 Apr Tunisian Open Tunisia   Stephen Bennett (1)
25–28 Apr Cepsa Madrid Open Spain   Manuel Piñero (8)
2–5 May Italian Open Italy   Manuel Piñero (9)
9–12 May Car Care Plan International England   David J Russell (1)
16–19 May GSI L'Equipe Open France   Mark James (7) New tournament
24–27 May Whyte & Mackay PGA Championship England   Paul Way (2)
30 May – 2 Jun Four Stars National Pro-Celebrity England   Ken Brown (4)
7–10 Jun Dunhill British Masters England   Lee Trevino (2)
13–16 Jun U.S. Open United States   Andy North (n/a) Major championship; non-tour event[a]
13–16 Jun Jersey Open Jersey   Howard Clark (5)
20–23 Jun Carroll's Irish Open Republic of Ireland   Seve Ballesteros (24)
28–30 Jun Johnnie Walker Monte Carlo Open Monaco   Sam Torrance (11)
4–7 Jul Peugeot Open de France France   Seve Ballesteros (25)
11–13 Jul Lawrence Batley International Golf Classic England   Graham Marsh (9)
18–21 Jul The Open Championship England   Sandy Lyle (11) Major championship
25–28 Jul KLM Dutch Open Netherlands   Graham Marsh (10)
1–4 Aug Scandinavian Enterprise Open Sweden   Ian Baker-Finch (1)
8–11 Aug PGA Championship United States   Hubert Green (n/a) Major championship; non-tour event[a]
8–11 Aug Glasgow Open Scotland   Howard Clark (6)
15–18 Aug Benson and Hedges International Open England   Sandy Lyle (12)
22–25 Aug Lufthansa German Open West Germany   Bernhard Langer (13)
29 Aug – 1 Sep Panasonic European Open England   Bernhard Langer (14)
5–8 Sep Ebel European Masters Swiss Open Switzerland   Craig Stadler (1)
13–15 Sept Ryder Cup England   Europe Approved special event; team event
19–22 Sep Sanyo Open Spain   Seve Ballesteros (26)
26–29 Sep Suntory World Match Play England   Seve Ballesteros (n/a) Approved special event
3–6 Oct Lancome Trophy France   Nick Price (2)
10–13 Oct Compagnie de Chauffe Cannes Open France   Robert Lee (1)
17–20 Oct Dunhill Cup Scotland   Australia New tournament; approved special event; team event
24–27 Oct Benson and Hedges Spanish Open Spain   Seve Ballesteros (27)
30 Oct – 2 Nov Portuguese Open Portugal   Warren Humphreys (1)
  1. ^ a b c d The numbers in parentheses after the winners' names show the number of official career wins they had on the European Tour up to and including that event. Totals are only shown for members of the European Tour and are inclusive of the three United States-based major championships since, although not official tour events at the time, they have been recognised as such retrospecively. Victories in "Approved Special Events" are not recognised as official tour wins.

Order of MeritEdit

The PGA European Tour's money list was known as the "Order of Merit". It was based on prize money earned during the season and calculated in Pound sterling.

Position Player Country Prize money (£)
1 Sandy Lyle   Scotland 162,553
2 Bernhard Langer   West Germany 115,716
3 Seve Ballesteros   Spain 103,042
4 Ian Woosnam   Wales 82,235
5 Sam Torrance   Scotland 79,567
6 Howard Clark   England 79,386
7 Manuel Piñero   Spain 71,116
8 José Maria Cañizares   Spain 65,633
9 Gordon Brand, Jnr   Scotland 65,571
10 Paul Way   England 63,097


Award Winner Country
European Tour Golfer of the Year Bernhard Langer   West Germany
Sir Henry Cotton Rookie of the Year Paul Thomas   Wales

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Tour History". PGA European Tour. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  2. ^ Jacobs, Raymond (26 July 1984). "Satellite tour takes off". The Glasgow Herald. Glasgow, Scotland. p. 15. Retrieved 7 June 2020 – via Google News Archive.
  3. ^ "Sport in brief | Golf". The Guardian. London, England. 12 April 1985. p. 20. Retrieved 7 June 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ Platts, Mitchell (22 November 1984). "A news world opens for European tour". The Times. London, England. p. 28. Retrieved 8 June 2020 – via The Times Digital Archive.
  5. ^ Davies, David (22 November 1984). "Pro tour offers £4m". The Guardian. London, England. p. 27. Retrieved 7 June 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ Davies, David (31 July 1984). "Masters comes to Woburn". The Guardian. London, England. p. 23. Retrieved 8 June 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ Platts, Mitchell; Ballantine, John (22 January 1985). "St Andrews to be host of first £1 million event". The Times. London, England. p. 25. Retrieved 8 June 2020 – via The Times Digital Archive.

External linksEdit