1984 World Series
The 1984 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1984 season. The 81st edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff played between the American League (AL) champion Detroit Tigers and the National League (NL) champion San Diego Padres. The Tigers won the series, four games to one. This was the city of Detroit's first sports championship since the Tigers themselves won the 1968 World Series.
|1984 World Series|
|MVP||Alan Trammell (Detroit)|
|Umpires||Doug Harvey (NL), Larry Barnett (AL), Bruce Froemming (NL), Rich Garcia (AL), Paul Runge (NL), Mike Reilly (AL)|
|Hall of Famers||Umpires: Doug Harvey|
Tigers: Sparky Anderson (manager), Jack Morris, Alan Trammell
Padres: Dick Williams (manager), Goose Gossage, Tony Gwynn
|ALCS||Detroit Tigers over Kansas City Royals, 3–0|
|NLCS||San Diego Padres over Chicago Cubs, 3–2|
|TV announcers||Vin Scully and Joe Garagiola|
|Radio announcers||Jack Buck and Brent Musburger|
|World Series Program|
This was the first World Series that Peter Ueberroth presided over as commissioner. Ueberroth began his tenure on October 1, succeeding Bowie Kuhn. Ueberroth had been elected as Kuhn's successor prior to the 1984 season, but did not take over until the postseason as he was serving as the chairman of the 1984 Summer Olympics, which ran from July 28 through August 12.
This was the last World Series in which the designated hitter was used for games played in a NL team's ballpark in the World Series (as in even-numbered years, the DH would be used in all games, which was first instituted in 1976). The next World Series did not use the DH (as odd-numbered years saw the DH rule not in force for the World Series). Starting in 1986, the DH would only be used in games played at the AL representative's park.
The San Diego Padres won the National League West division by twelve games over both the Atlanta Braves and the Houston Astros, then defeated the Chicago Cubs, three games to two, in the National League Championship Series. The Detroit Tigers won the American League East division by fifteen games over the Toronto Blue Jays, then swept the Kansas City Royals, three games to none, in the American League Championship Series.
The 1984 World Series was a rematch between managers Sparky Anderson (Detroit) and Dick Williams (San Diego). The two had previously faced off in the 1972 World Series, with Anderson managing the Cincinnati Reds and Williams helming the victorious Oakland Athletics. The 1984 Series was Anderson's fifth overall as a manager—in addition to the 1972 Fall Classic, he had also managed the Reds during the 1970 World Series (which they lost to the Baltimore Orioles) and served as skipper during Cincinnati's back-to-back world championships in 1975 and 1976. Anderson's counterpart, Williams, was managing in his fourth World Series; he had headed the Boston Red Sox during the 1967 "Impossible Dream" season, when they won their first pennant in 21 years in a tight race over the Tigers, Minnesota Twins, and Chicago White Sox. After his Athletics won the 1972 World Series, Williams again led them to victory in the 1973 Series over the New York Mets.
Prior to 1984, only three managers (Joe McCarthy, Al Dark and Yogi Berra) had won pennants in both leagues. Nobody had ever won World Series as a manager in both leagues, thus ensuring that the winning manager of the 1984 Series would be the first to do so.
The 1984 World Series was also a battle of sorts between the multimillion-dollar American fast food chains. Domino's Pizza founder Tom Monaghan owned the Tigers while McDonald's founder Ray Kroc, who died several months before the 1984 World Series, owned the Padres. The series was informally known as the "Fast Food Fall Classic". It would feature the first World Series game at Jack Murphy Stadium (Game 1) and the final World Series game at Tiger Stadium (Game 5).
By May 24, 1984, the Detroit Tigers had just won their ninth straight game with Jack Morris on the mound winning his ninth game of the season. The Tigers record stood at 35–5, a major league record. In the next three games they would get swept by the Seattle Mariners and settle down to play .500 ball over the next 40 games. But in the end, they would wind up with a franchise record 104 wins and become only the third team in MLB history to lead the league wire-to-wire.
These Tigers were strong up the middle featuring all-stars at each middle position with catcher Lance Parrish setting a career high in home runs with 33, the record-setting tandem of Lou Whitaker at second base and Alan Trammell at shortstop (they played together from 1977–95) and solid center-fielder Chet Lemon. In addition to Morris, the pitching staff was anchored by starters Dan Petry and Milt Wilcox, with eventual Cy Young Award and Most Valuable Player winner, Willie Hernández (9–3, 1.92 ERA, 32 saves), closing.
The Detroit Tigers signed ageless wonder free-agent Darrell Evans (their first free-agent signing since Tito Fuentes in 1977) prior to the season, and acquired first baseman Dave Bergman in a trade with the Philadelphia Phillies that also brought them the aforementioned Hernández. Bergman would settle in as the Tigers' everyday first baseman providing steady glove-work. And of course there was "Mr. Clutch", right-fielder Kirk Gibson, who had a break-out year with 27 home runs, 29 stolen bases, 91 RBIs, and a .282 batting average.
After winning two World Championships with the 1975–76 Cincinnati Reds, manager Sparky Anderson was primed to win his first in the American League in his fifth full season with the Detroit Tigers. Anderson had proved to be somewhat prophetic, as he had made a bold statement in mid-1979 when he joined the Tigers that his team would be a pennant winner within five years.
San Diego PadresEdit
Williams was in his third season with the San Diego Padres after leading them to identical 81–81 (.500) records in 1982 and 1983. 1984 would mark only the second time in Padre history that the team would finish over .500, the other being an 84–78 record in 1978. With the Padres' NL pennant in 1984, Williams became the second manager to take three teams to the World Series (he had previously taken the 1967 Red Sox and the 1972 and 1973 Athletics to the Fall Classic).
The Padres set a franchise record for victories with 92 in 1984, being led by two veterans, first baseman Steve Garvey and third baseman Graig Nettles. Statistically, this team was not overwhelming, with Nettles and Kevin McReynolds leading the team with just twenty home runs. (The team eventually would lose McReynolds in Game 4 of the NLCS due to a broken wrist.) No player came close to 100 RBIs (Garvey, 86) or had over 30 doubles in the regular season, although Tony Gwynn won the first of his eight National League batting titles by hitting for a .351 average with 213 hits.
The pitching staff was average—a staff of twentysomethings and a 33-year-old closer, Goose Gossage (10–6, 25 SVs), who was signed as a free agent from the New York Yankees. Eric Show led the staff with fifteen wins with Ed Whitson and lefty Mark Thurmond having identical 14–8 records. But the sterling bullpen, headed by Gossage and Craig "Lefty" Lefferts, held the staff together enough to take this team to the "Big Show" although they would falter and get ripped by the Tiger bats losing the Series in five games.
To get to the Series, the Padres had to overcome a two-games-to-none deficit against the Chicago Cubs in the NLCS, rallying to win the final three games. The 1984 Padres adopted Ray Parker Jr.'s "Ghostbusters" as their theme song (à la the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates using Sister Sledge's "We Are Family" as their theme song). During their playoff series against the Chicago Cubs, the Padre fans turned Ghostbusters into Cubbusters.
|1||October 9||Detroit Tigers – 3, San Diego Padres – 2||Jack Murphy Stadium||3:18||57,908|
|2||October 10||Detroit Tigers – 3, San Diego Padres – 5||Jack Murphy Stadium||2:44||57,911|
|3||October 12||San Diego Padres – 2, Detroit Tigers – 5||Tiger Stadium||3:11||51,970|
|4||October 13||San Diego Padres – 2, Detroit Tigers – 4||Tiger Stadium||2:20||52,130|
|5||October 14||San Diego Padres – 4, Detroit Tigers – 8||Tiger Stadium||2:55||51,901|
|WP: Jack Morris (1–0) LP: Mark Thurmond (0–1)|
DET: Larry Herndon (1)
The Tigers struck first in Game 1 when Lou Whitaker doubled to lead off the top of the first and scored on Alan Trammell's single but their starter Jack Morris (a 19-game winner during the season) struggled in the bottom half, as he surrendered two-out singles to Steve Garvey and Graig Nettles, followed by a two-run double to Terry Kennedy. Padre starter Mark Thurmond took a 2–1 lead into the fifth, but then surrendered a crucial two-out, two-run homer to Larry Herndon. Nettles and Kennedy both singled to open the San Diego sixth, but Morris snuffed out their momentum by striking out the rest of the side. Kurt Bevacqua started what looked to be a comeback with a leadoff double in the seventh, but was thrown out at third while attempting to stretch the hit into a triple. Despite the close call, Morris remained focused and set down the last nine remaining Padre batters for a complete game, 3–2 victory.
|WP: Andy Hawkins (1–0) LP: Dan Petry (0–1) Sv: Craig Lefferts (1)|
SD: Kurt Bevacqua (1)
In Game 2, Lou Whitaker, Alan Trammell and Kirk Gibson hit consecutive singles to lead off the top of the first and put the Tigers up 1–0. After Gibson stole second, Trammell scored on Lance Parrish's sacrifice fly, then Darrell Evans's RBI single made it 3–0 Tigers. Padre stater Ed Whitson was pulled after just 2/3 innings. In the bottom of the inning, the Padres cut the lead to 3–1 on Graig Nettles's sacrifice fly, then in the fourth, Bobby Brown's RBI groundout made it 3–2 Tigers. Kurt Bevacqua then evened the series at 1–1 with a three-run home run in the fifth-inning off Dan Petry. To date, this remains the only World Series victory in Padres history. Andy Hawkins earned the win with 5 1/3 shutout innings while Craig Lefferts pitched a three-inning save.
Game 2 at Jack Murphy Stadium marked the last MLB playoff game to date where the DH was used in a National League ballpark. Since then, any World Series game in an American League park uses the DH (previously, the DH was used in alternating World Series), while pitchers bat in the NL parks. The next time the DH rule was used in a National League park was during a regular season series between the Toronto Blue Jays and Philadelphia Phillies during the 2010 season.
Besides Bevacqua's home run, this game is also remembered for what happened two batters later. Aurelio López relieved Petry and walked the next batter, Carmelo Martínez. On the first pitch to the next batter, Garry Templeton, catcher Lance Parrish called for a pitchout, but Lopez threw a fastball over the plate that struck umpire Larry Barnett in the midsection.
|WP: Milt Wilcox (1–0) LP: Tim Lollar (0–1) Sv: Willie Hernández (1)|
DET: Marty Castillo (1)
By the time the 1984 World Series rolled around, Tiger Stadium (built in 1912) became the oldest ballpark to ever host a World Series game. That record was eclipsed by Boston's Fenway Park (opened April 20, 1912, the same day as Tiger Stadium), which hosted in 1986, 2004, 2007 and 2013, and then by Chicago's Wrigley Field (opened in 1914), which hosted the Fall Classic in 2016 until being reclaimed by Fenway Park in 2018,
Tim Lollar failed to make it out of the second inning as Detroit erupted for four runs. Chet Lemon singled with one out, then with two outs, Marty Castillo's home run made it 2–0 Tigers. Lou Whitaker then walked and scored on Alan Trammell's double. A walk and single loaded the bases before Greg Booker relieved Lollar and walked Larry Herndon to force in another run. The Padres got on the board in the third when back-to-back leadoff singles off of Milt Wilcox was followed by an RBI groundout by Steve Garvey, but in the bottom of the inning, Booker walked three to load the bases with two outs. Greg Harris in relief hit Kirk Gibson with a pitch to force in the Tigers' last run. The Padres scored their last run in the seventh on Graig Nettles's sacrifice fly with runners on second and third off of Bill Scherrer. Willie Hernández pitched 2 1⁄3 innings of one-hit relief for the save. The 5–2 victory gave the Tigers a two games-to-one series lead.
|WP: Jack Morris (2–0) LP: Eric Show (0–1)|
SD: Terry Kennedy (1)
DET: Alan Trammell 2 (2)
Alan Trammell drilled a pair of two-run homers in the first and third innings to account for all of Detroit's offense as the Tigers beat Eric Show to take a three games-to-one lead in the Series. Jack Morris got his second Series victory in another complete-game effort, allowing two runs on Terry Kennedy's home run in the second and a wild pitch in the ninth to Kennedy that scored Steve Garvey, and five hits.
|WP: Aurelio López (1–0) LP: Andy Hawkins (1–1) Sv: Willie Hernández (2)|
SD: Kurt Bevacqua (2)
DET: Kirk Gibson 2 (2), Lance Parrish (1)
For the fourth consecutive game, the Padres' starting pitcher did not make it past the third inning, as the Tigers jumped on Mark Thurmond for three runs in the first inning. Lou Whitaker singled to lead off, then Kirk Gibson homered an out later, followed by consecutive singles by Lance Parrish, Larry Herndon and Chet Lemon. The Padres got on the board in the third when Bobby Brown hit a leadoff single off of Dan Petry, moved to third on two groundouts and scored on Steve Garvey's single. The Padres rallied to tie the score in the fourth when with runners on second and third Brown's sacrifice fly and Alan Wiggins's RBI single scored a run each to knock Petry out of the game, but the Tigers loaded the bases in the fifth off of Andy Hawkins when Rusty Kuntz's sacrifice fly put them up 4–3. Parrish's home run in the seventh off of Rich Gossage made it 5–3 Tigers, but the Padres cut the lead back to one on Kurt Bevacqua's home run off closer Willie Hernández. Kirk Gibson came to the plate in the bottom of the eighth for the Tigers with runners on second and third and one out. Gibson had homered earlier in the game, and Padres manager Dick Williams strolled to the mound to talk to Goose Gossage, seemingly with the purpose of ordering him to walk Gibson intentionally. Just before the at-bat, Gibson made a US$10 bet (flashing ten fingers) with his manager Sparky Anderson that Gossage (who had dominated Gibson in the past) would pitch to him. Gossage talked Williams into letting him pitch to Gibson, and Gibson responded with a three-run blast into the upper deck to clinch the Series for the Tigers. Gibson wound up driving in five runs and scoring three, including the run that gave Detroit the lead for good when he raced home on a pop-up sacrifice fly by little-used reserve Rusty Kuntz.
After being fired by the Cincinnati Reds in 1978, Sparky Anderson was hired by the Tigers in June 1979. Anderson, who had led the Reds to Series victories in 1975 and 1976, became the first manager to win a World Championship in both the American and National Leagues.
Game 5 had a starting time of 4:45 p.m. ET, following a 1:30 p.m. start for Game 4. These were the last outdoor World Series games to start earlier than prime time in the eastern United States (Game 6 in 1987, the last daytime World Series contest, was indoors at the Metrodome in Minneapolis). In addition, no World Series has ended as early as October 14 since 1984; in fact, with the exception of Game 1 in 1989 (played on October 14), no World Series has begun earlier than October 15 since 1984. Subsequent expansions of Major League Baseball's postseason—the best-of-five League Championship Series becoming best-of-seven affairs in 1985, the addition of wild card teams and the best-of-five Division Series in 1994, and the introduction of one-game Wild Card play-ins in 2012—have made earlier World Series calendar dates impossible, even when the regular season has ended on the last Sunday in September.
|San Diego Padres||3||1||2||3||3||0||1||1||1||15||44||4|
|Total attendance: 271,820 Average attendance: 54,364|
Winning player's share: $51,831 Losing player's share: $42,426
Three players set or tied World Series hitting records for a five-game World Series during the 1984 World Series. Series MVP Alan Trammell tied a record by collecting nine total hits, while teammate Lou Whitaker tied another record by scoring six runs. The Padres' Carmelo Martinez set a record by striking out nine times. Each of these records still stands, as of 2019[update].
Less than twenty years after winning the 1984 World Series Most Valuable Player Award, Alan Trammell would become manager of the Detroit Tigers.
The Detroit Tigers would not return to the World Series until 2006, six years after Comerica Park opened, but lost to the St. Louis Cardinals in five games. However, Trammell was fired before the season began and was replaced by Jim Leyland, who won a World Series ring managing the Florida Marlins in 1997.
This was the first of two World Series appearances for Padres outfielder and Hall of Famer Tony Gwynn. He would later lead the Padres back to the World Series in 1998, but his team was swept by the New York Yankees. 1984 teammate and backup catcher Bruce Bochy served as manager of the 1998 Padres. Bochy later managed the San Francisco Giants to three World Series championships in five seasons: 2010, 2012 (where they swept the Tigers) and 2014.
This is the Tigers' most recent World Series championship as of 2019[update].
- Press, Associated (October 25, 2013). "Shift to NL city means no World Series DH". ESPN.com. ESPN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.
Since 1986, the DH has been in the lineup for games in AL cities.
- Dickson, Paul (1989). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary. New York, United States of America: Facts On File. p. 157. ISBN 0816017417.
- "One of a Kind." Retrospective article about Anderson in Sports Illustrated, June 28, 1993.
- "1984 World Series Game 5 - San Diego Padres vs. Detroit Tigers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Johnson, Jay; Hughes, Joe (October 5, 1984). "Full house beats 9 Cubs". Evening Tribune. p. A-1.
The scene was joyous pandemonium after the game, as long-suffering fans danced in the aisles, hugged total strangers, whooped and sang along as "Cub-Busters" played on the stadium's loudspeakers.
- "1984 World Series Game 1 - Detroit Tigers vs. San Diego Padres". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 World Series Game 2 - Detroit Tigers vs. San Diego Padres". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 World Series Game 3 - San Diego Padres vs. Detroit Tigers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 World Series Game 4 - San Diego Padres vs. Detroit Tigers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Bastian, Jordan (May 11, 2010). "Jays' set vs. Phillies moved to Philadelphia". MLB.com. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
- 1984 World Series at WorldSeries.com (MLB.com)
- 1984 World Series at Baseball Almanac
- 1984 World Series at Baseball-Reference.com
- The 1984 Post-Season Games (box scores and play-by-play) at Retrosheet
- History of the World Series - 1984 at The SportingNews. Archived from the original on 2008.
- 1984 NLCS |Game 5 at MLB.com
- 1984 ALCS |Game 3 at MLB.com
- Detroit Jumped All Over 'Em at SI.com
- Baseball's Greatest Teams: 1984 Detroit Tigers at baseballlibrary.com
- 1984 Detroit Tigers: Day-by-Day Summary at baseballlibrary.com
- 1984 San Diego Padres: Day-by-Day Summary at baseballlibrary.com
- Twenty years ago, Padres concocted cohesive crew for run at World Series