1984 Summer Olympics national flag bearers

During the Parade of Nations portion of the 1984 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, athletes from each country participating in the Olympics paraded in the arena, preceded by their flag. The flag was borne by a sportsperson from that country chosen either by the National Olympic Committee or by the athletes themselves to represent their country.

Parade orderEdit

As the nation of the first modern Olympic Games, Greece entered the stadium first; whereas, the host nation of the United States marched last. Other countries entered in alphabetical order in the language of the host country (English), according with tradition and IOC guidelines.[1]

Whilst most countries entered under their short names, a few entered under more formal or alternative names, mostly due to political and naming disputes. The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) entered with the compromised name and flag of "Chinese Taipei" under T so that they did not enter together with conflicting People's Republic of China (commonly known as China), which entered as the "People's Republic of China" under C.

A record of 140 nations entered the stadium with a combined total of 7,078 athletes.[2] Eighteen nations made their Olympic debut, namely Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, British Virgin Islands, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Grenada, Mauritania, Mauritius, North Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and the United Arab Emirates. The People's Republic of China made its first appearance at the Summer Olympics since 1952, while the Republic of China participated for the first time under the name Chinese Taipei as a result of the IOC agreement. Thirteen countries, namely Afghanistan, Angola, Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Laos, Mongolia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Poland, and Vietnam, were part of the Soviet Union boycott of these Games.[3][4] Apart from the People's Republic of China, Romania and Yugoslavia were among the socialist countries to disregard the boycott and attend the Games. Albania, Iran and Libya also did not compete the Games, citing political reasons.[5]

Notable flag bearers in the opening ceremony featured the following athletes: six-time Olympian and Star sailor Hubert Raudaschl (Austria); defending Olympic champions Stelios Mygiakis (Greece) in Greco-Roman wrestling, Esko Rechardt in Finn sailing, Angelo Parisi (France) in heavyweight judo, Sara Simeoni (Italy) in women's high jump, Corneliu Ion (Romania) in rapid fire pistol shooting, and Alejandro Abascal in the Flying Dutchman; middle-distance runner and 1976 Olympic champion John Walker; dressage rider Christine Stückelberger (Switzerland); professional basketball player Dražen Dalipagić (Yugoslavia), who led his men's team to capture the gold medal in Moscow four years earlier; and hammer thrower Ed Burke (United States), who competed in his third appearance since the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City.[6]

ListEdit

The following is a list of each country's announced flag bearer. The list is sorted by the order in which each nation appears in the parade of nations. The names are given in their official designations by the IOC.

This table is sortable by country name (in English), the flag bearer's name, and the flag bearer's sport.
Order Nation Flag bearer Sport
1   Greece (GRE) Stelios Mygiakis Wrestling
2   Algeria (ALG) Abdelkrim Bendjemil Handball
3   Andorra (AND) Joan Tomàs Roca Shooting
4   Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) Lester Benjamin Athletics
5   Argentina (ARG) Ricardo Ibarra Rowing
6   Australia (AUS) Wayne Roycroft Equestrian
7   Austria (AUT) Hubert Raudaschl Sailing
8   Bahamas (BAH) Bradley Cooper Athletics
9   Bahrain (BRN) Youssef Mubarak Official
10   Bangladesh (BAN) Saidur Rahman Dawn Athletics
11   Barbados (BAR) Charles Pile Cycling
12   Belgium (BEL) Edgar Henri Cuepper Equestrian
13   Belize (BIZ) Lindford Gillitt Cycling
14   Benin (BEN) Firmin Abissi Boxing
15   Bermuda (BER) Clarence Saunders Athletics
16   Bhutan (BHU) Thinley Dorji Archery
17   Bolivia (BOL) Saúl Mendoza Fencing
18   Botswana (BOT) Norman Mangoye Official
19   Brazil (BRA) Eduardo de Souza Sailing
20   British Virgin Islands (IVB) Lindel Hodge Athletics
21   Burma (BIR) Latt Zaw Boxing
22   Cameroon (CMR) Issa Hayatou Official
23   Canada (CAN) Alex Baumann Swimming
24   Cayman Islands (CAY) Carson Ebanks Sailing
25   Central African Republic (CAF) André Marie Sayet Boxing (coach)
26   Chad (CHA) Ousman Miangoto Athletics
27   Chile (CHI) Carlos Rossi Sailing
28   China (CHN) Wang Libin Basketball
29   Colombia (COL) Pablo Restrepo Swimming
30   Republic of the Congo (CGO) Simone Nkabou Chef de mission
31   Costa Rica (CRC) Mariano Lara Shooting
32   Cyprus (CYP) Marios Kassianidis Athletics
33   Denmark (DEN) Michael Markussen Cycling
34   Djibouti (DJI) Djama Robleh Athletics
35   Dominican Republic (DOM) Pedro Nolasco Boxing
36   Ecuador (ECU) Brigitte Morillo Equestrian
37   Egypt (EGY) Mohamed Sayed Soliman Basketball
38   El Salvador (ESA) Kriscia García Athletics
39   Equatorial Guinea (GEQ) Secundino Borabota Athletics
40   Fiji (FIJ) Viliame Takayawa Judo
41   Finland (FIN) Esko Rechardt Sailing
42   France (FRA) Angelo Parisi Judo
43   Gabon (GAB) Odette Mistoul Athletics
44   The Gambia (GAM) Oumar Fye Athletics
45   West Germany (FRG) Wilhelm Kuhweide Sailing
46   Ghana (GHA) Makarios Djan Athletics
47   Great Britain (GBR) Lucinda Green Equestrian
48   Grenada (GRN) Bernard Wilson Boxing
49   Guatemala (GUA) Oswaldo Méndez Equestrian
50   Guinea (GUI) Abdoullaye Diallo Judo
51   Guyana (GUY) Earl Haley Athletics
52   Haiti (HAI) Ronald Agénor Tennis
53   Honduras (HON) Carlos Soto Judo
54   Hong Kong (HKG) Solomon Lee Shooting
55   Iceland (ISL) Einar Vilhjálmsson Athletics
56   India (IND) Zafar Iqbal Field hockey
57   Indonesia (INA) Lukman Niode Swimming
58   Iraq (IRQ) Ismail Salman Boxing
59   Ireland (IRL) Gerry Mullins Equestrian
60   Israel (ISR) Zehava Shmueli Athletics
61   Italy (ITA) Sara Simeoni Athletics
62   Ivory Coast (CIV) Avognan Nogboum Athletics
63   Jamaica (JAM) Bertland Cameron Athletics
64   Japan (JPN) Shigenobu Murofushi Athletics
65   Jordan (JOR) Mourad Barakat Chef de mission
66   Kenya (KEN) James Omondi Boxing
67   South Korea (KOR) Ha Hyung-joo Judo
68   Kuwait (KUW) Tareq Al-Ghareeb Judo
69   Lebanon (LIB) Toni Khouri Chef de mission
70   Lesotho (LES) Mochochonono Mokhutlole Chef de mission
71   Liberia (LBR) Wallace Obey Athletics
72   Liechtenstein (LIE) Manuela Marxer Athletics
73   Luxembourg (LUX) Jeannette Goergen Archery
74   Madagascar (MAD) Jean-Luc Bezoky Boxing
75   Malawi (MAW) Fletcher Kapito Boxing
76   Malaysia (MAS) Sabiahmad Abdullah Ahad Shooting
77   Mali (MLI) Karamoke Kory Konte Chef de mission
78   Malta (MLT) Peter Bonello Sailing
79   Mauritania (MTN) Oumar Samba Sy Wrestling
80   Mauritius (MRI) Vivian Coralie Athletics
81   Mexico (MEX) Ivar Sisniega Modern pentathlon
82   Monaco (MON) Jean-Luc Adorno Swimming
83   Morocco (MAR) Lahcen Samsam Akka Athletics
84   Mozambique (MOZ) Daniel Firmino Official
85   Nepal (NEP) Khadga Ranabhat Official
86   Netherlands (NED) Ton Buunk Water polo
87   Netherlands Antilles (AHO) Evert Johan Kroon Swimming
88   New Zealand (NZL) John Walker Athletics
89   Nicaragua (NCA) Gustavo Herrera Official
90   Niger (NIG) Boubagar Soumana Boxing
91   Nigeria (NGR) Yusuf Alli Athletics
92   Norway (NOR) Alf Hansen Rowing
93   Oman (OMA) Mohamed Al-Busaidi Official
94   Pakistan (PAK) Manzoor Hussain Field hockey
95   Panama (PAN) José Díaz Weightlifting
96   Papua New Guinea (PNG) Iammogapi Launa Athletics
97   Paraguay (PAR) Max Narváez Judo
98   Peru (PER) Edwin Vásquez Shooting (official)
99   Philippines (PHI) Isidro del Prado Athletics
100   Portugal (POR) António Roquete Judo
101   Puerto Rico (PUR) Fernando Cañales Swimming
102   Qatar (QAT) Waheed Khamis Al-Salem Athletics
103   Romania (ROM) Corneliu Ion Shooting
104   Rwanda (RWA) Emmanuel Twagirayezu Athletics (coach)
105   San Marino (SMR) Maurizio Zonzini Gymnastics
106   Saudi Arabia (KSA) Safaq Al-Anzi Shooting
107   Senegal (SEN) Amadou Ciré Baal Shooting
108   Seychelles (SEY) Denis Rose Athletics
109   Sierra Leone (SLE) David Sawyerr Athletics
110   Singapore (SIN) Ang Peng Siong Swimming
111   Solomon Islands (SOL) Leslie Ata Weightlifting
112   Somalia (SOM) Abdi Bile Athletics
113   Spain (ESP) Alejandro Abascal Sailing
114   Sri Lanka (SRI) Lalin Jirasinha Sailing
115   Sudan (SUD) Abdul Al-Lalif Official
116   Suriname (SUR) Siegfried Cruden Athletics
117   Swaziland (SWZ) Lenford Dlamine Official
118   Sweden (SWE) Hans Svensson Rowing
119   Switzerland (SUI) Christine Stückelberger Equestrian
120   Syria (SYR) Joseph Atiyeh Wrestling
121   Chinese Taipei (TPE) Lee Fu-an Athletics
122   Tanzania (TAN) Michael Nassoro Boxing
123   Thailand (THA) Rangsit Yanothai Shooting
124   Togo (TOG) Denou Koffi Athletics
125   Tonga (TGA) Fine Sani Boxing
126   Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) Hasely Crawford Athletics
127   Tunisia (TUN) Fethi Baccouche Athletics
128   Turkey (TUR) Semra Aksu Athletics
129   Uganda (UGA) Ruth Kyalisima Athletics
130   United Arab Emirates (UAE) Mubarak Ismail Athletics
131   Uruguay (URU) Carlos Peinado Basketball
132   Venezuela (VEN) William Wuycke Athletics
133   Virgin Islands (ISV) Jodie Lawaetz Swimming
134   Samoa (SAM) Apelu Ioane Boxing
135   North Yemen (YAR) Ahmed Al-Ozari Official
136   Yugoslavia (YUG) Dražen Dalipagić Basketball
137   Zaire (ZAI) Christine Bakombo Athletics
138   Zambia (ZAM) Dave Lishebo Athletics
139   Zimbabwe (ZIM) Zephaniah Ncube Athletics
140   United States (USA) Ed Burke Athletics

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Technical Manual on Ceremonies" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. November 2005. p. 40. Retrieved 2019-10-06.
  2. ^ Harvey, Randy (26 February 1999). "Close to the Flame". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  3. ^ "1984: Moscow pulls out of US Olympics". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  4. ^ Burns, John F. (9 May 1984). "Moscow Will Keep Its Team From Los Angeles Olympics". The New York Times.
  5. ^ "Around the Olympics; Iran Announces Boycott Of the 1984 Olympics". The New York Times. 2 August 1983. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  6. ^ "3-Time Olympian & Olympic Flagbearer Ed Burke Sets World Record At PGSLC To Open National Masters, Meet Thru Sun". PR Newswire. Retrieved 11 August 2014.

See alsoEdit